Abstract

A 4×4 pixel array with analog on-chip processing has been fabricated within a 0.35μm complementary metal oxide semiconductor process as a prototype sensor for laser Doppler blood flow imaging. At each pixel the bandpass and frequency weighted filters necessary for processing laser Doppler blood flow signals have been designed and fabricated. Because of the space constraints of implementing an accurate ω0.5 filter at the pixel level, this has been approximated using the “roll off” of a high-pass filter with a cutoff frequency set at 10kHz. The sensor has been characterized using a modulated laser source. Fixed pattern noise is present that is demonstrated to be repeatable across the array and can be calibrated. Preliminary blood flow results on a finger before and after occlusion demonstrate that the sensor array provides the potential for a system that can be scaled to a larger number of pixels for blood flow imaging.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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