Abstract

Quadrature interferometry based on 3×3 fiber couplers could be used to double the effective imaging depth in swept-source optical coherence tomography. This is due to its ability to suppress the complex conjugate artifact naturally. We present theoretical and experimental results for a 3×3 Mach-Zehnder interferometer using a new unbalanced differential optical detection method. The new interferometer provides simultaneous access to complementary phase components of the complex interferometric signal. No calculations by trigonometric relationships are needed. We demonstrate a complex conjugate artifact suppression of 27 dB obtained in swept-source optical coherence tomography using our unbalanced differential detection. We show that our unbalanced differential detection has increased the signal-to-noise ratio by at least 4 dB compared to the commonly used balanced detection technique. This is due to better utilization of optical power.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (1)

C. Flueraru, H Kumazaki, S. Sherif, S. Chang, and Y. Mao, “Quadrature Mach-Zehnder interferometer with application in optical coherence tomography,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, L5-L8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (3)

2004 (2)

2003 (5)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

G. Hausler and M. W. Lindner, “Coherence radar and spectral radar--new tools for dermatological diagnosis,” J Biomed. Opt. 3, 21-31 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

F. Fercher, C. K. Hitzenberger, G. Kamp, and S. Y. El-Zaiat, “Measurement of intraocular distances by backscattering spectral interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 117, 43-48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

1982 (1)

R. G. Priest, “Analysis of fiber interferometer utilizing 3×3 fiber coupler,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-30, 1589-1591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

S. K. Sheem, “Optical fiber interferometers with [3×3] directional couplers: analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3865-3872 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

R. G. Priest, “Analysis of fiber interferometer utilizing 3×3 fiber coupler,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. MTT-30, 1589-1591 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J Biomed. Opt. (1)

G. Hausler and M. W. Lindner, “Coherence radar and spectral radar--new tools for dermatological diagnosis,” J Biomed. Opt. 3, 21-31 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. K. Sheem, “Optical fiber interferometers with [3×3] directional couplers: analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3865-3872 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

C. Flueraru, H Kumazaki, S. Sherif, S. Chang, and Y. Mao, “Quadrature Mach-Zehnder interferometer with application in optical coherence tomography,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, L5-L8 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Fercher, C. K. Hitzenberger, G. Kamp, and S. Y. El-Zaiat, “Measurement of intraocular distances by backscattering spectral interferometry,” Opt. Commun. 117, 43-48 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (8)

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express 11, 2953-2963 (2003).

M. A. Choma, M. V. Saranic, C. Yang, and J. A. Izatt, “Sensitivity advantage of swept source and Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 11, 2183-2189 (2003).

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Removing the depth-degeneracy in optical frequency domain imaging with frequency shifting,” Opt. Express 12, 4822-4828 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, W. Jung, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, “Full range polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 12, 6033-6039 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Sarunic, M. A. Choma, C. Yang, and J. A. Izatt, “Instantaneous complex conjugate resolved spectral domain and swept-source OCT using 3×3 fiber couplers,” Opt. Express 13, 957-967 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, K. Taira, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Amplified, frequency swept lasers for frequency domain reflectometry and OCT imaging: design and scaling principles,” Opt. Express 13, 3513-3528 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, J. G. Fujimoto, J. Y. Jiang, and A. E. Cable, “Three-dimensional and C-mode OCT imaging with a compact, frequency swept laser source at 1300 nm,” Opt. Express 13, 10523-10537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, and A. F. Fercher, “Performance of Fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 11, 889-894 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (6)

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. E. Bouma and G. J. Tearney, Handbook of Optical Coherence Tomography (Marcel Dekker, 2002).

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