Abstract

Two-photon excited (TPE) side illumination fluorescence studies in a Rh6G–RhB dye mixture doped polymer optical fiber (POF) and the effect of energy transfer on the attenuation coefficient is reported. The dye doped POF is pumped sideways using 800nm, 70fs laser pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser, and the TPE fluorescence emission is collected from the end of the fiber for different propagation distances. The fluorescence intensity of RhB doped POF is enhanced in the presence of Rh6G as a result of energy transfer from Rh6G to RhB. Because of the reabsorption and reemission process in dye molecules, an effective energy transfer is observed from the shorter wavelength part of the fluorescence spectrum to the longer wavelength part as the propagation distance is increased in dye doped POF. An energy transfer coefficient is found to be higher at shorter propagation distances compared to longer distances. A TPE fluorescence signal is used to characterize the optical attenuation coefficient in dye doped POF. The attenuation coefficient decreases at longer propagation distances due to the reabsorption and reemission process taking place within the dye doped fiber as the propagation distance is increased.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2007

2006

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Svoboda and R. Yasuda, “Principles of two-photon excitation microscopy and its applications to neuroscience,” Neuron 50, 823-839 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Heumann, S. Bar, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, “Semiconductor-laser-pumped high-power upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108(2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K. I. Ueda, “Power scaling of Tm3+ doped ZBLAN blue upconversion fiber lasers: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 65-70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C h. Scharf, K. Peter, P. Bauer, Ch. Jung, M. Thelakkat, and J. Kohler, “Towards the characterisation of energy-transfer processes in organic donor-acceptor dyads based on triphenyldiamine and perylenebisimides,” Chem. Phys. 328, 403-409(2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. N. Miller, “Fluorescence energy transfer methods in bio analysis,” Analyst (Amsterdam) 130, 265-270 (2005).

D. Seth, D. Chakrabarty, A. Chakraborty, and N. Sarkar, “Study of energy transfer from 7-amino coumarin donors to rhodamine 6G acceptor in non-aqueous reverse micelles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 401, 546-552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. Geetha, M Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Loss characterisation in rhodamine 6G doped polymer film waveguide by side illumination fluorescence,” J. Opt. A Pure. Appl. Opt 6, 379-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy Transfer in Rh 6G: Rh B system in PMMA matrix under CW laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

G. Cerulla, S. Stagira, M. Zavelani-Rossi, S. D. Silvestri, T. Virgili, D. G. Lidzey, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Ultrafast Forster transfer dynamics in tetraphenylporphyrin doped poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” Chem. Phys. Lett. 335, 27-33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. V. Deshpande and E. B. Namdas, “Correlation between lasing and photo physical performance of dyes in polymethylmethacrylate,” J. Lumin. 91, 25-31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Selvin, “The renaissance of fluorescence resonance energy transfer,” Nat. Struct. Biol. 7, 730-734 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kaino, “Waveguide fabrication using organic nonlinear optical materials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 2, R1-R7 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Nishizawa, A. Tagaya, and Y. Koike, “High efficiency organic dye doped polymer optical fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 331-333 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Otomo, S. Yokoyama, T. Nakahama, and S. Mashiko, “Super narrowing mirrorless laser emission in dendrimer doped polymer waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 3881-3883 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

1997

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, and G. A. Pagani, “Two photon pumped frequency upconversion lasing of a new blue green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49-52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, R. H. Jordan, A. Dodabalapur, H. E. Katz, M. L. Schilling, R. E. Slusher, and S. Ozawa, “Polymer microdisc and microring lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2093-2095 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703-3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “Highbandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, and J. J. Song, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnSSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071-1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Mukherjee, “Two photon pumped upconverted lasing in dye doped polymer waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 3423-3425(1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, “High brightness blue and green light sources pumped with a 980 nm emitting laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802-804 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1990

R. D. Singh, A. K. Sharman, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and D. Mohan, “Energy transfer study on Coumarin 30-Rhodamine 6G dye mixture using a laser fluorimeter,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 419-425(1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

1987

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, and H. Ito, “Tunable laser by sheet of dye doped plastic fibers,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Inf. Commun. Eng. J70-C, 1479-1484 (1987).

1984

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980

P. J. Sebastian and K. Sathianandan, “Donor concentration dependence of the emission peak in rhodamine 6G-rhodamine B energy transfer dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 35, 113-114 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1961

W. K. Kaiser and C. G. B. Garrett, “Two-photon excitation in CaF2:Eu2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 229-231 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1931

M. Goppert-Mayer, “Ueber elementarakte mit zwei quanenspreungen,” Ann. Phys. 9, 273-294 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Abbotto, A.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, and G. A. Pagani, “Two photon pumped frequency upconversion lasing of a new blue green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49-52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ando, A.

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, and H. Ito, “Tunable laser by sheet of dye doped plastic fibers,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Inf. Commun. Eng. J70-C, 1479-1484 (1987).

Argyros, A.

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid-filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bar, S.

E. Heumann, S. Bar, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, “Semiconductor-laser-pumped high-power upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108(2006).
[CrossRef]

Barton, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bassett, I. M.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, P.

C h. Scharf, K. Peter, P. Bauer, Ch. Jung, M. Thelakkat, and J. Kohler, “Towards the characterisation of energy-transfer processes in organic donor-acceptor dyads based on triphenyldiamine and perylenebisimides,” Chem. Phys. 328, 403-409(2006).
[CrossRef]

Bhatti, H. S.

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Bhawalkar, J. D.

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, “Upconversion dye-doped polymer fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3549-3551 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703-3705 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

G. Cerulla, S. Stagira, M. Zavelani-Rossi, S. D. Silvestri, T. Virgili, D. G. Lidzey, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Ultrafast Forster transfer dynamics in tetraphenylporphyrin doped poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” Chem. Phys. Lett. 335, 27-33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brandrup, J.

J. Brandrup, E. H. Immergut, and E. S. Grulke, “Refractive indices of polymers” in Polymer Handbook, 4th ed. (Wiley, 1999), Vol. 1, p. 571.

Butterworth, S.

E. Heumann, S. Bar, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, “Semiconductor-laser-pumped high-power upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108(2006).
[CrossRef]

Cerulla, G.

G. Cerulla, S. Stagira, M. Zavelani-Rossi, S. D. Silvestri, T. Virgili, D. G. Lidzey, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Ultrafast Forster transfer dynamics in tetraphenylporphyrin doped poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” Chem. Phys. Lett. 335, 27-33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chakrabarty, D.

D. Seth, D. Chakrabarty, A. Chakraborty, and N. Sarkar, “Study of energy transfer from 7-amino coumarin donors to rhodamine 6G acceptor in non-aqueous reverse micelles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 401, 546-552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chakraborty, A.

D. Seth, D. Chakrabarty, A. Chakraborty, and N. Sarkar, “Study of energy transfer from 7-amino coumarin donors to rhodamine 6G acceptor in non-aqueous reverse micelles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 401, 546-552 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

Cox, F. M.

Dayton, M.

Deshpande, A. V.

A. V. Deshpande and E. B. Namdas, “Correlation between lasing and photo physical performance of dyes in polymethylmethacrylate,” J. Lumin. 91, 25-31 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Diening, A.

E. Heumann, S. Bar, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, “Semiconductor-laser-pumped high-power upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108(2006).
[CrossRef]

Dodabalapur, A.

Dulick, M.

Facchetti, A.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, and G. A. Pagani, “Two photon pumped frequency upconversion lasing of a new blue green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49-52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Faulkner, G. E.

Fellew, M.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Y.

G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K. I. Ueda, “Power scaling of Tm3+ doped ZBLAN blue upconversion fiber lasers: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 65-70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, C. G. B.

W. K. Kaiser and C. G. B. Garrett, “Two-photon excitation in CaF2:Eu2+,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7, 229-231 (1961).
[CrossRef]

Garwey, D. W.

Geetha, K.

M. R. Sheeba, K. Geetha, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Fabrication and characterization of dye doped polymer optical fiber as a light amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 46, 106-112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Geetha, M Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Loss characterisation in rhodamine 6G doped polymer film waveguide by side illumination fluorescence,” J. Opt. A Pure. Appl. Opt 6, 379-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goppert-Mayer, M.

M. Goppert-Mayer, “Ueber elementarakte mit zwei quanenspreungen,” Ann. Phys. 9, 273-294 (1931).
[CrossRef]

Grulke, E. S.

J. Brandrup, E. H. Immergut, and E. S. Grulke, “Refractive indices of polymers” in Polymer Handbook, 4th ed. (Wiley, 1999), Vol. 1, p. 571.

Gvishi, R.

R. Gvishi, G. Ruland, and P. N. Prasad, “New laser medium: dye-doped sol-gel fiber,” Opt. Commun. 126, 66-72 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hanawa, T.

S. Muto, A. Ando, O. Yoda, T. Hanawa, and H. Ito, “Tunable laser by sheet of dye doped plastic fibers,” Trans. Inst. Electron. Inf. Commun. Eng. J70-C, 1479-1484 (1987).

Hays, J. M.

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, and J. J. Song, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnSSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071-1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, and G. A. Pagani, “Two photon pumped frequency upconversion lasing of a new blue green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49-52 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, “Upconversion dye-doped polymer fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3549-3551 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “Highbandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).
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K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Nishizawa, A. Tagaya, and Y. Koike, “High efficiency organic dye doped polymer optical fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 331-333 (2000).
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K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Nishizawa, A. Tagaya, and Y. Koike, “High efficiency organic dye doped polymer optical fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 331-333 (2000).
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M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
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G. S. He, L. Yuan, P. N. Prasad, A. Abbotto, A. Facchetti, and G. A. Pagani, “Two photon pumped frequency upconversion lasing of a new blue green dye material,” Opt. Commun. 140, 49-52 (1997).
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G. S. He, J. D. Bhawalkar, C. F. Zhao, C. K. Park, and P. N. Prasad, “Upconversion dye-doped polymer fiber laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 3549-3551 (1996).
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G. S. He, C. F. Zhao, J. D. Bhawalkar, and P. N. Prasad, “Two-photon pumped cavity lasing in novel dye doped bulk matrix rods,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3703-3705 (1995).
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G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K. I. Ueda, “Power scaling of Tm3+ doped ZBLAN blue upconversion fiber lasers: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 65-70 (2006).
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E. Heumann, S. Bar, K. Rademaker, G. Huber, S. Butterworth, A. Diening, and W. Seelert, “Semiconductor-laser-pumped high-power upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061108(2006).
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M. R. Sheeba, K. Geetha, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Fabrication and characterization of dye doped polymer optical fiber as a light amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 46, 106-112 (2007).
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M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).
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K. Geetha, M Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Loss characterisation in rhodamine 6G doped polymer film waveguide by side illumination fluorescence,” J. Opt. A Pure. Appl. Opt 6, 379-383 (2004).
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Rajesh, M

K. Geetha, M Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Loss characterisation in rhodamine 6G doped polymer film waveguide by side illumination fluorescence,” J. Opt. A Pure. Appl. Opt 6, 379-383 (2004).
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M. Sheeba, K. J. Thomas, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Multimode laser emission from dye doped polymer optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 46, 8089-8094 (2007).
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M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).
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X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, and J. J. Song, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnSSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071-1073 (1993).
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R. D. Singh, A. K. Sharman, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and D. Mohan, “Energy transfer study on Coumarin 30-Rhodamine 6G dye mixture using a laser fluorimeter,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 419-425(1990).
[CrossRef]

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M. Sheeba, K. J. Thomas, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Multimode laser emission from dye doped polymer optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 46, 8089-8094 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).
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Sheeba, M. R.

Shionoya, S.

Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, “High brightness blue and green light sources pumped with a 980 nm emitting laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802-804 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K. I. Ueda, “Power scaling of Tm3+ doped ZBLAN blue upconversion fiber lasers: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 65-70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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G. Cerulla, S. Stagira, M. Zavelani-Rossi, S. D. Silvestri, T. Virgili, D. G. Lidzey, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Ultrafast Forster transfer dynamics in tetraphenylporphyrin doped poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” Chem. Phys. Lett. 335, 27-33 (2001).
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R. D. Singh, A. K. Sharman, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and D. Mohan, “Energy transfer study on Coumarin 30-Rhodamine 6G dye mixture using a laser fluorimeter,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 419-425(1990).
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N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
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Song, J. J.

X. H. Yang, J. M. Hays, W. Shan, and J. J. Song, “Two-photon pumped blue lasing in bulk ZnSe and ZnSSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1071-1073 (1993).
[CrossRef]

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G. Cerulla, S. Stagira, M. Zavelani-Rossi, S. D. Silvestri, T. Virgili, D. G. Lidzey, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Ultrafast Forster transfer dynamics in tetraphenylporphyrin doped poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” Chem. Phys. Lett. 335, 27-33 (2001).
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K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Nishizawa, A. Tagaya, and Y. Koike, “High efficiency organic dye doped polymer optical fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 331-333 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, T.

K. Kuriki, T. Kobayashi, N. Imai, T. Tamura, S. Nishihara, Y. Nishizawa, A. Tagaya, and Y. Koike, “High efficiency organic dye doped polymer optical fiber lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 331-333 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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C h. Scharf, K. Peter, P. Bauer, Ch. Jung, M. Thelakkat, and J. Kohler, “Towards the characterisation of energy-transfer processes in organic donor-acceptor dyads based on triphenyldiamine and perylenebisimides,” Chem. Phys. 328, 403-409(2006).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, G.

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy Transfer in Rh 6G: Rh B system in PMMA matrix under CW laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, K. J.

Thomas, V.

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy Transfer in Rh 6G: Rh B system in PMMA matrix under CW laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tostenrude, J.

Townsend, J. S.

Ueda, K. I.

G. Qin, S. Huang, Y. Feng, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, and K. I. Ueda, “Power scaling of Tm3+ doped ZBLAN blue upconversion fiber lasers: modeling and experiments,” Appl. Phys. B 82, 65-70 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Unnikrishnan, N. V.

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy Transfer in Rh 6G: Rh B system in PMMA matrix under CW laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Singh, A. K. Sharman, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and D. Mohan, “Energy transfer study on Coumarin 30-Rhodamine 6G dye mixture using a laser fluorimeter,” J. Mod. Opt. 37, 419-425(1990).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vallabhan, C. P. G.

M. R. Sheeba, K. Geetha, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Fabrication and characterization of dye doped polymer optical fiber as a light amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 46, 106-112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheeba, K. J. Thomas, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Multimode laser emission from dye doped polymer optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 46, 8089-8094 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Geetha, M Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Loss characterisation in rhodamine 6G doped polymer film waveguide by side illumination fluorescence,” J. Opt. A Pure. Appl. Opt 6, 379-383 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fibre fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Virgili, T.

G. Cerulla, S. Stagira, M. Zavelani-Rossi, S. D. Silvestri, T. Virgili, D. G. Lidzey, and D. D. C. Bradley, “Ultrafast Forster transfer dynamics in tetraphenylporphyrin doped poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene),” Chem. Phys. Lett. 335, 27-33 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Mita, Y. Wang, and S. Shionoya, “High brightness blue and green light sources pumped with a 980 nm emitting laser diode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 802-804 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Webb, W. W.

Wittorf, R.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup to record the TPE SIF emission from the dye doped POF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of Rh6G, RhB, and dye mixture doped PMMA samples.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral overlap between the absorption of the RhB ( 0.25 mM ) doped PMMA and the emission of the Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) doped PMMA samples.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Shift of fluorescence emission peak as a result of the energy transfer process in a dye mixture doped POF (a) Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ), (b) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.11 mM ), (c) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.25 mM ), and (d) RhB ( 0.25 mM ).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectral overlap between the absorption and the emission spectra of dye doped samples (a) Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) doped PMMA and (b) RhB ( 0.25 mM ) doped PMMA.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

TPE SIF spectra for different propagation distances ( 4 26 mm ) through the fiber; (a) Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ), (b) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.11 mM ), (c) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.25 mM ), and (d) RhB ( 0.25 mM ).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Redshift of the peak fluorescence emission with propagation distance ( 4 26 mm ) through the fiber. (a) Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ), (b) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.11 mM ), (c) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.25 mM ), and (d) RhB( 0.25 mM ).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Intensity ratio of the first peak with respect to the second peak ( I 1 / l 2 ) versus the propagation distance. (b) Natural logarithm of ( I 1 / l 2 ) versus the propagation distance.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Natural logarithm of the transmitted intensity versus the propagation distance through the fiber for different wavelengths. (a) Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ), (b) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.11 mM ), (c) dye mixture Rh6G ( 0.25 mM ) and RhB ( 0.25 mM ), and (d) RhB ( 0.25 mM ).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Enhancement in RhB Fluorescence Intensity as a Result of the Energy Transfer from Rh6G to RhB

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( R 0 ) 6 = 9000 ln 10 K 2 ϕ d 128 π 5 N n 4 F D ( λ ) ε A ( λ ) λ 4 d λ ,
J( λ )= F D ( λ ) ε A ( λ ) λ 4 d λ ,
Y ( z ) = Y ( 0 ) e βz
Y ( z ) = Y ( 01 ) e β 1 Z
Y ( z ) = Y ( 02 ) e β 2 Z
Y ( z ) = Y 01 H ( Z c Z ) e β 1 z + Y 02 H ( Z Z c ) e β 2 z ,
H ( x ) = 1 , x > 0 = 0 , x < 0.
I ( λ , z ) = I 0 ( λ ) exp ( α ( λ ) z ) ,
I z = I 01 H ( Z 0 Z ) e α 1 z I 02 H ( Z Z 0 ) e α 2 z ,

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