Abstract

Rhodamine 6G and Rhodamine B dye mixture doped polymer optical fiber amplifier (POFA), which can operate in a broad wavelength region (60nm), has been successfully fabricated and tested. Tunable operation of the amplifier over a broad wavelength region is achieved by mixing different ratios of the dyes. The dye doped POFA is pumped axially using 532nm, 10ns laser pulses from a frequency doubled Q-switched Nd: YAG laser and the signals are taken from an optical parametric oscillator. A maximum gain of 22.3dB at 617nm wavelength has been obtained for a 7cm long dye mixture doped POFA. The effects of pump energy and length of the fiber on the performance of the fiber amplifier are also studied. There exists an optimum length for which the amplifier gain is at a maximum value.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).
  3. F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid- filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, “Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178-184 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, “Thermal tuning of polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 824-826 (2001).
  6. K. Kuriki and Y. Koike, “Plastic optical fiber lasers and amplifiers containing lanthanide complexes,” Chem. Rev. 102, 2347-2356 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).
  9. A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High-power and high-gain organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: novel techniques for preparation and spectral investigation,” Appl. Opt. 36 (1997).
  11. A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).
  12. H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Karimi, N. Granpayeh, and M. K. Morravegfarshi, “Analysis and design of a dye doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387-396 (2004).
  14. H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Rajesh, M. Sheeba, K. Geetha, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Fabrication and characterization of dye doped polymer optical fiber as a light amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 46, 106-112 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).
  17. A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, S. D. Jackson, and R. P. Mildren, “Microstructured polymer fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1882-1884 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Xu, “Properties of Nd3+ -doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 225, 55-59 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics--Materials, Physics and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2007).
  21. Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).
  22. B. J. Scott, M. H. Bartl, G. Wirnsberger, and G. D. Stucky, “Energy transfer in dye-doped mesostructured composites,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5499-5502 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and O. Ziemann, POF--Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer, 2002).
  24. M. Sheeba, K. J. Thomas, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Multimode laser emission from dye doped polymer optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 46, 8089-8094 (2007).
  25. G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).
  26. D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  27. R. G. Bennet, “Radiationless intermolecular energy transfer. I. Singlet-singlet transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 41, 3037-3040 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  28. T. Forster, “Transfer mechanisms of electronic excitations,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7-17 (1959).
    [CrossRef]
  29. E. Sahar and D. Treves, “Excited singlet-state absorption in dyes and their effect on dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 962-967 (1977).
  30. N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  31. P. J. Sebastian and K. Sathianandan, “Donor concentration dependence of the emission peak in rhodamine 6G-rhodamine B energy transfer dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 35, 113-114 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  32. E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994), p. 382.
  33. B. Min, H. Yoon, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Coupled structure for wide-band EDFA with gain and noise figure improvements from C to L-band ASE injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 480-482 (2000).
  34. J. Lee, Uh-Chan Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, “Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for an L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid- filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, S. D. Jackson, and R. P. Mildren, “Microstructured polymer fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1882-1884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Karimi, N. Granpayeh, and M. K. Morravegfarshi, “Analysis and design of a dye doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387-396 (2004).

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

X. Xu, “Properties of Nd3+ -doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 225, 55-59 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

B. J. Scott, M. H. Bartl, G. Wirnsberger, and G. D. Stucky, “Energy transfer in dye-doped mesostructured composites,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5499-5502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).

K. Kuriki and Y. Koike, “Plastic optical fiber lasers and amplifiers containing lanthanide complexes,” Chem. Rev. 102, 2347-2356 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, “Thermal tuning of polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 824-826 (2001).

2000 (2)

B. Min, H. Yoon, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Coupled structure for wide-band EDFA with gain and noise figure improvements from C to L-band ASE injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 480-482 (2000).

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, “Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178-184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

J. Lee, Uh-Chan Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, “Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for an L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).

1997 (1)

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High-power and high-gain organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: novel techniques for preparation and spectral investigation,” Appl. Opt. 36 (1997).

1996 (1)

G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

1993 (1)

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

P. J. Sebastian and K. Sathianandan, “Donor concentration dependence of the emission peak in rhodamine 6G-rhodamine B energy transfer dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 35, 113-114 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

E. Sahar and D. Treves, “Excited singlet-state absorption in dyes and their effect on dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 962-967 (1977).

1964 (1)

R. G. Bennet, “Radiationless intermolecular energy transfer. I. Singlet-singlet transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 41, 3037-3040 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

T. Forster, “Transfer mechanisms of electronic excitations,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7-17 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S. J.

J. Lee, Uh-Chan Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, “Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for an L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).

Argyros, A.

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid- filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, S. D. Jackson, and R. P. Mildren, “Microstructured polymer fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1882-1884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Bartl, M. H.

B. J. Scott, M. H. Bartl, G. Wirnsberger, and G. D. Stucky, “Energy transfer in dye-doped mesostructured composites,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5499-5502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Barton, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Bassett, I. M.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Bennet, R. G.

R. G. Bennet, “Radiationless intermolecular energy transfer. I. Singlet-singlet transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 41, 3037-3040 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Bhatti, H. S.

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chaplin, R. P.

G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. K.

G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, “Thermal tuning of polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 824-826 (2001).

Coleman, B.

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cox, F. M.

Daum, W.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and O. Ziemann, POF--Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer, 2002).

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994), p. 382.

Dexter, D. L.

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Fellew, M.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Fleming, J. W.

Forster, T.

T. Forster, “Transfer mechanisms of electronic excitations,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7-17 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, K.

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

Geetha, K.

M. Rajesh, M. Sheeba, K. Geetha, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Fabrication and characterization of dye doped polymer optical fiber as a light amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 46, 106-112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).

Granpayeh, N.

M. Karimi, N. Granpayeh, and M. K. Morravegfarshi, “Analysis and design of a dye doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387-396 (2004).

Henry, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Ishigure, T.

Issa, N. A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Jackson, S. D.

Karimi, M.

M. Karimi, N. Granpayeh, and M. K. Morravegfarshi, “Analysis and design of a dye doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387-396 (2004).

Kinoshita, T.

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koike, Y.

K. Kuriki and Y. Koike, “Plastic optical fiber lasers and amplifiers containing lanthanide complexes,” Chem. Rev. 102, 2347-2356 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, “Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178-184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High-power and high-gain organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: novel techniques for preparation and spectral investigation,” Appl. Opt. 36 (1997).

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Krauser, J.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and O. Ziemann, POF--Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer, 2002).

Kumar, G. A.

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).

Kuriki, K.

K. Kuriki and Y. Koike, “Plastic optical fiber lasers and amplifiers containing lanthanide complexes,” Chem. Rev. 102, 2347-2356 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics--Materials, Physics and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2007).

Large, M. C. J.

F. M. Cox, A. Argyros, and M. C. J. Large, “Liquid- filled hollow core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 4135-4140 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Lee, J.

J. Lee, Uh-Chan Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, “Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for an L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).

Lee, W. J.

B. Min, H. Yoon, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Coupled structure for wide-band EDFA with gain and noise figure improvements from C to L-band ASE injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 480-482 (2000).

Li, Z.

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. Y.

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, “Thermal tuning of polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 824-826 (2001).

Manos, S.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Mildren, R. P.

Min, B.

B. Min, H. Yoon, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Coupled structure for wide-band EDFA with gain and noise figure improvements from C to L-band ASE injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 480-482 (2000).

Ming, H.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morravegfarshi, M. K.

M. Karimi, N. Granpayeh, and M. K. Morravegfarshi, “Analysis and design of a dye doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387-396 (2004).

Nampoori, V. P. N.

M. Rajesh, M. Sheeba, K. Geetha, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Fabrication and characterization of dye doped polymer optical fiber as a light amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 46, 106-112 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheeba, K. J. Thomas, M. Rajesh, V. P. N. Nampoori, C. P. G. Vallabhan, and P. Radhakrishnan, “Multimode laser emission from dye doped polymer optical fiber,” Appl. Opt. 46, 8089-8094 (2007).

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).

Nihei, E.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High-power and high-gain organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: novel techniques for preparation and spectral investigation,” Appl. Opt. 36 (1997).

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Padden, W.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Park, N.

B. Min, H. Yoon, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Coupled structure for wide-band EDFA with gain and noise figure improvements from C to L-band ASE injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 480-482 (2000).

J. Lee, Uh-Chan Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, “Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for an L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).

Peng, G. D.

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, “Thermal tuning of polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 824-826 (2001).

G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Penty, R. V.

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Pun, E. Y. B.

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qian, G. D.

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

Radhakrishnan, P.

Rajesh, M.

Reilly, M. A.

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

Ryu, Uh-Chan

J. Lee, Uh-Chan Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, “Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for an L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).

Sahar, E.

E. Sahar and D. Treves, “Excited singlet-state absorption in dyes and their effect on dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 962-967 (1977).

Sasaki, K.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High-power and high-gain organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: novel techniques for preparation and spectral investigation,” Appl. Opt. 36 (1997).

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sathianandan, K.

P. J. Sebastian and K. Sathianandan, “Donor concentration dependence of the emission peak in rhodamine 6G-rhodamine B energy transfer dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 35, 113-114 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Scott, B. J.

B. J. Scott, M. H. Bartl, G. Wirnsberger, and G. D. Stucky, “Energy transfer in dye-doped mesostructured composites,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5499-5502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sebastian, P. J.

P. J. Sebastian and K. Sathianandan, “Donor concentration dependence of the emission peak in rhodamine 6G-rhodamine B energy transfer dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 35, 113-114 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Sheeba, M.

Singh, R. D.

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Stucky, G. D.

B. J. Scott, M. H. Bartl, G. Wirnsberger, and G. D. Stucky, “Energy transfer in dye-doped mesostructured composites,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5499-5502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tagaya, A.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High-power and high-gain organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: novel techniques for preparation and spectral investigation,” Appl. Opt. 36 (1997).

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Teramoto, S.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, E. Nihei, K. Sasaki, and Y. Koike, “High-power and high-gain organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers: novel techniques for preparation and spectral investigation,” Appl. Opt. 36 (1997).

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

Thomas, G.

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).

Thomas, K. J.

Thomas, V.

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).

Treves, D.

E. Sahar and D. Treves, “Excited singlet-state absorption in dyes and their effect on dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 962-967 (1977).

Unnikrishnan, N. V.

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vallabhan, C. P. G.

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, S. D. Jackson, and R. P. Mildren, “Microstructured polymer fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1882-1884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Wang, M. Q.

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

Wang, Z. Y.

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

Whitbread, T. W.

G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

White, I. H.

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wirnsberger, G.

B. J. Scott, M. H. Bartl, G. Wirnsberger, and G. D. Stucky, “Energy transfer in dye-doped mesostructured composites,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5499-5502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, Z.

G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, “Properties of Nd3+ -doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 225, 55-59 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, E. Nihei, S. Teramoto, K. Fujii, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Basic performance of an organic dye-doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Opt. 34, 988 (1995).

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

Yoon, H.

B. Min, H. Yoon, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Coupled structure for wide-band EDFA with gain and noise figure improvements from C to L-band ASE injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 480-482 (2000).

Zagari, J.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Zamzow, P. E.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and O. Ziemann, POF--Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer, 2002).

Zhang, Q.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Z.

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Liang, Q. Zhang, Z. Zheng, H. Ming, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, and H. Zhao, “Optical amplification of Eu(DBM)3 phen-doped polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 29, 477-479 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ziemann, O.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and O. Ziemann, POF--Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer, 2002).

Zou, J.

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

Y. Yang, J. Zou, H. Rong, G. D. Qian, Z. Y. Wang, and M. Q. Wang, “Influence of various coumarin dyes on the laser performance of laser dyes co-doped into ORMOSILs,” Appl. Phys. B 86, 309-313 (2006).

M. Karimi, N. Granpayeh, and M. K. Morravegfarshi, “Analysis and design of a dye doped polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 387-396 (2004).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. A. Reilly, B. Coleman, E. Y. B. Pun, R. V. Penty, and I. H. White, “Optical gain at 650 nm from a polymer waveguide with dye doped cladding,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 231116 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Tagaya, Y. Koike, T. Kinoshita, E. Nihei, T. Yamamoto, and K. Sasaki, “Polymer optical fiber amplifier,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 883-884 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev. (1)

K. Kuriki and Y. Koike, “Plastic optical fiber lasers and amplifiers containing lanthanide complexes,” Chem. Rev. 102, 2347-2356 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Discuss. Faraday Soc. (1)

T. Forster, “Transfer mechanisms of electronic excitations,” Discuss. Faraday Soc. 27, 7-17 (1959).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. Sahar and D. Treves, “Excited singlet-state absorption in dyes and their effect on dye lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 13, 962-967 (1977).

A. Tagaya, S. Teramoto, T. Yamamoto, K. Fujii, E. Nihei, Y. Koike, and K. Sasaki, “Theoretical and experimental investigation of rhodamine B doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 2215-2220 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

B. Min, H. Yoon, W. J. Lee, and N. Park, “Coupled structure for wide-band EDFA with gain and noise figure improvements from C to L-band ASE injection,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 480-482 (2000).

J. Lee, Uh-Chan Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, “Enhancement of power conversion efficiency for an L-band EDFA with a secondary pumping effect in the unpumped EDF section,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, “Thermal tuning of polymer optical fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 824-826 (2001).

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

H. Liang, Z. Zheng, Z. Li, J. Xu, B. Chen, H. Zhao, Q. Zhang, and H. Ming, “Fabrication and amplification of rhodamine B doped step-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 93, 681-685 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836-850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Bennet, “Radiationless intermolecular energy transfer. I. Singlet-singlet transfer,” J. Chem. Phys. 41, 3037-3040 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

G. D. Peng, P. K. Chu, Z. Xiong, T. W. Whitbread, and R. P. Chaplin, “Dye-doped step-index polymer optical fiber for broadband optical amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2215-2223 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Koike, T. Ishigure, and E. Nihei, “High-bandwidth graded-index polymer optical fiber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1475-1489 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishigure, Y. Koike, and J. W. Fleming, “Optimum index profile of the perfluorinated polymer based GI polymer optical fiber and its dispersion properties,” J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 178-184 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

N. V. Unnikrishnan, H. S. Bhatti, and R. D. Singh, “Energy transfer in dye mixtures studied by laser fluorimetry,” J. Mod. Opt. 31, 983-987 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Photochem. Photobiol. A (1)

G. A. Kumar, V. Thomas, G. Thomas, N. V. Unnikrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Energy transfer in Rh 6G:Rh B system in PMMA matrix under cw laser excitation,” J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 153, 145-151 (2002).

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

B. J. Scott, M. H. Bartl, G. Wirnsberger, and G. D. Stucky, “Energy transfer in dye-doped mesostructured composites,” J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5499-5502 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

P. J. Sebastian and K. Sathianandan, “Donor concentration dependence of the emission peak in rhodamine 6G-rhodamine B energy transfer dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 35, 113-114 (1980).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, “Properties of Nd3+ -doped polymer optical fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 225, 55-59 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. Rajesh, K. Geetha, M. Sheeba, C. P. G. Vallabhan, P. Radhakrishnan, and V. P. N. Nampoori, “Characterisation of rhodamine 6G doped polymer optical fiber by side illumination fluorescence,” Opt. Eng. 45, 075003 (2006).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, G. Barton, I. M. Bassett, M. Fellew, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, M. C. J. Large, S. Manos, W. Padden, L. Poladian, and J. Zagari, “Recent progress in microstructured polymer optical fiber fabrication and characterisation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 199-209 (2003).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (3)

M. G. Kuzyk, Polymer Fiber Optics--Materials, Physics and Applications (Taylor and Francis, 2007).

E. Desurvire, Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers: Principles and Applications (Wiley, 1994), p. 382.

W. Daum, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and O. Ziemann, POF--Polymer Optical Fibers for Data Communication (Springer, 2002).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the amplification studies in dye doped POF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Shift of fluorescence emission peak due to nonradiative energy transfer process in dye mixture doped POF (a) Rh 6G ( 0.25 mM ), (b) dye mixture Rh 6G ( 0.25 mM ) and Rh B ( 0.11 mM ), (c) dye mixture Rh 6G ( 0.25 mM ) and Rh B ( 0.25 mM ), and (d) Rh B ( 0.25 mM ). Pump energy is 0.06 mJ / pulse .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplification of a weak signal at 602 nm in a 7 cm long dye mixture doped POF amplifier [ Rh 6 G ( 0.25     mM )     a n d     Rh B ( 0.11      mM ) ] . Pump energy is 0.06 mJ / pulse .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Gain for different signal wavelengths in a 7 cm long dye doped POFA at a pump energy of 0.06 mJ / pulse : (a) Rh 6G ( 0.25 mM ), (b) dye mixture Rh 6G ( 0.25 mM ) and Rh B ( 0.11 mM ), (c) dye mixture Rh 6G ( 0.25 mM ) and Rh B ( 0.25 mM ), and (d) Rh B ( 0.25 mM ).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Gain dependence on the input pump energy of the dye doped POFA. Here the fiber length is 7 cm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Gain dependence on the length of the POFA. Here the pump energy is 0.06 mJ / pulse .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fluorescence intensity (for a typical sample Rh 6G ( 0.25 mM ) and Rh B ( 0.11 mM ) doped POF (at 605 nm ) versus the time of exposure of the dye doped POF to the pump pulse of energy 0.06 mJ at 532 nm .

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