Abstract

The effect of laser pulse duration on the morphology, composition, crystallinity and optical properties of self-organized Si microcones fabricated using 248nm laser pulses (500fs, 5ps and 15ns) in an SF6 atmosphere, is presented in this paper. Despite distinct differences in the morphology, the Si cones show similar structure and composition independently of the laser pulse duration used: a core of single- crystalline Si, covered by a few hundred nanometer thick, sulfur-doped nanocrystalline Si layer, where no amorphous Si is present. The obtained features exhibit strong below-bandgap absorptance, making them excellent candidates for Si based photodetectors with improved spectral response.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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