Abstract

Two types of sunphotometric measurement are considered in this study: direct-Sun irradiance and diffuse-sky radiance. Based on CIMEL CE318 Sun–sky radiometer characteristics, we introduce a gain-corrected solid angle that allows interconverting calibration coefficients of these two types of measurement, thus realizing a “vicarious” radiance calibration. The accuracy of the gain-corrected solid angle depends on the number of available historical calibration records. The method is easy to use, provided that at least one laboratory calibration has been made previously. Examples coming from three distinct CE318 versions belonging to the AERONET/PHOTONS network are presented to provide details on the vicarious calibration method and protocols. From the error propagation analysis and the comparison with laboratory results, the uncertainty of the vicarious radiance calibration is shown to be comparable with the laboratory one, e.g., 3%–5%.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. E. Volz, “Photometer mit Selen-photoelement zurspektralen Messung der Sonnenstrahlung und zer Bestimmung der Wallenlangenabhangigkeit der Dunsttrubung,” Arch. Meteorl. Geophys. Bioklimatol. B 10, l00-131 (1959).
  2. WCRP-54, Radiation and Climate. Workshop on Implementation of the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (World Meteorological Organization, 1991).
  3. WMO/GAW Aerosol Measurement procedures guidelines and recommendations, WMO TD No. 1178, (Global Atmospheric Watch, 2003).
  4. D. S. Bigelow, J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson, “The USDA ultraviolet radiation monitoring program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 601-615 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Takamura and T. Nakajima, “Overview of SKYNET and its activities,” Ópt. Pura Apli. 37, 3303-3308 (2004).
  6. B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Ångström, “Apparent solar constant variations and their relation to variability of atmospheric transmission,” Tellus 22, 205-218 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. E. Shaw, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman, “Investigations of atmospheric extinction using solar radiation measurements made with a multiple wavelength radiometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 12, 374-380 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. E. Shaw, “Sun photometry,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 64, 4-11 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Schmechtig, R.P.Santer, J.-C. Roger, and A. Meygret, “Automatic ground-based station for vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 3221, 309-317 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Six, “Station automatique de mesures pour l'étalonnage en vol des capteurs satellitaires: application à SPOT/HRV sur le site de la Crau,” Thèse de doctoral, (l'Université du Littoral, 2002).
  14. R. P. Santer, C. Six, and J. P. Buis, “Vicarious calibration on land site using automatic ground based optical measurements: applications to SPOT-HRV,” Proc. SPIE 4891, 524-534(2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. A. Gueymard, “The sun's total and spectral irradiance for solar energy applications and solar radiation models,” Sol. Energy 76, 423-453 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. A. Gueymard, “Reference solar spectra: their evolution, standardization issues, and comparison to recent measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 37, 323-340 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Berndt, and J. Schlemmer, “Extraterrestrial solar spectrum 360-1050 nm from rotating shadowband spectroradiometer measurements at the Southern Great Plains (ARM) Site,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4424 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90, 205-258 (1984).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C. A. Gueymard, “Reference solar spectra: their evolution, standardization issues, and comparison to recent measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 37, 323-340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

C. A. Gueymard, “The sun's total and spectral irradiance for solar energy applications and solar radiation models,” Sol. Energy 76, 423-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Takamura and T. Nakajima, “Overview of SKYNET and its activities,” Ópt. Pura Apli. 37, 3303-3308 (2004).

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

R. P. Santer, C. Six, and J. P. Buis, “Vicarious calibration on land site using automatic ground based optical measurements: applications to SPOT-HRV,” Proc. SPIE 4891, 524-534(2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Berndt, and J. Schlemmer, “Extraterrestrial solar spectrum 360-1050 nm from rotating shadowband spectroradiometer measurements at the Southern Great Plains (ARM) Site,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Bigelow, J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson, “The USDA ultraviolet radiation monitoring program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 601-615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

C. Schmechtig, R.P.Santer, J.-C. Roger, and A. Meygret, “Automatic ground-based station for vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 3221, 309-317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90, 205-258 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

G. E. Shaw, “Sun photometry,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 64, 4-11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

G. E. Shaw, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman, “Investigations of atmospheric extinction using solar radiation measurements made with a multiple wavelength radiometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 12, 374-380 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

A. Ångström, “Apparent solar constant variations and their relation to variability of atmospheric transmission,” Tellus 22, 205-218 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

F. E. Volz, “Photometer mit Selen-photoelement zurspektralen Messung der Sonnenstrahlung und zer Bestimmung der Wallenlangenabhangigkeit der Dunsttrubung,” Arch. Meteorl. Geophys. Bioklimatol. B 10, l00-131 (1959).

Ackerman, T. P.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ångström, A.

A. Ångström, “Apparent solar constant variations and their relation to variability of atmospheric transmission,” Tellus 22, 205-218 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Beaubien, A. F.

D. S. Bigelow, J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson, “The USDA ultraviolet radiation monitoring program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 601-615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Berndt, J.

L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Berndt, and J. Schlemmer, “Extraterrestrial solar spectrum 360-1050 nm from rotating shadowband spectroradiometer measurements at the Southern Great Plains (ARM) Site,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, D. S.

D. S. Bigelow, J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson, “The USDA ultraviolet radiation monitoring program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 601-615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bösenberg, J.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buis, J. P.

R. P. Santer, C. Six, and J. P. Buis, “Vicarious calibration on land site using automatic ground based optical measurements: applications to SPOT-HRV,” Proc. SPIE 4891, 524-534(2003).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Charlson, R. J.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diner, D. J.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, J. H.

D. S. Bigelow, J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson, “The USDA ultraviolet radiation monitoring program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 601-615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gueymard, C. A.

C. A. Gueymard, “Reference solar spectra: their evolution, standardization issues, and comparison to recent measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 37, 323-340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Gueymard, “The sun's total and spectral irradiance for solar energy applications and solar radiation models,” Sol. Energy 76, 423-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, L.

L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Berndt, and J. Schlemmer, “Extraterrestrial solar spectrum 360-1050 nm from rotating shadowband spectroradiometer measurements at the Southern Great Plains (ARM) Site,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Herman, B. M.

G. E. Shaw, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman, “Investigations of atmospheric extinction using solar radiation measurements made with a multiple wavelength radiometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 12, 374-380 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B. N.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jankowiak, I.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, R. A.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, Y. J.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kiedron, P.

L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Berndt, and J. Schlemmer, “Extraterrestrial solar spectrum 360-1050 nm from rotating shadowband spectroradiometer measurements at the Southern Great Plains (ARM) Site,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Labs, D.

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90, 205-258 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Lavenu, F.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Menzies, R. T.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meygret, A.

C. Schmechtig, R.P.Santer, J.-C. Roger, and A. Meygret, “Automatic ground-based station for vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 3221, 309-317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M. A.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, T.

T. Takamura and T. Nakajima, “Overview of SKYNET and its activities,” Ópt. Pura Apli. 37, 3303-3308 (2004).

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Neckel, H.

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90, 205-258 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Orgen, J. A.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reagan, J. A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Shaw, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman, “Investigations of atmospheric extinction using solar radiation measurements made with a multiple wavelength radiometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 12, 374-380 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Roger, J.-C.

C. Schmechtig, R.P.Santer, J.-C. Roger, and A. Meygret, “Automatic ground-based station for vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 3221, 309-317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Santer, R. P.

R. P. Santer, C. Six, and J. P. Buis, “Vicarious calibration on land site using automatic ground based optical measurements: applications to SPOT-HRV,” Proc. SPIE 4891, 524-534(2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Schmechtig, R.P.Santer, J.-C. Roger, and A. Meygret, “Automatic ground-based station for vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 3221, 309-317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schlemmer, J.

L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Berndt, and J. Schlemmer, “Extraterrestrial solar spectrum 360-1050 nm from rotating shadowband spectroradiometer measurements at the Southern Great Plains (ARM) Site,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmechtig, C.

C. Schmechtig, R.P.Santer, J.-C. Roger, and A. Meygret, “Automatic ground-based station for vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 3221, 309-317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seinfeld, J. H.

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Setzer, A.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, G. E.

G. E. Shaw, “Sun photometry,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 64, 4-11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Shaw, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman, “Investigations of atmospheric extinction using solar radiation measurements made with a multiple wavelength radiometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 12, 374-380 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Six, C.

R. P. Santer, C. Six, and J. P. Buis, “Vicarious calibration on land site using automatic ground based optical measurements: applications to SPOT-HRV,” Proc. SPIE 4891, 524-534(2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Six, “Station automatique de mesures pour l'étalonnage en vol des capteurs satellitaires: application à SPOT/HRV sur le site de la Crau,” Thèse de doctoral, (l'Université du Littoral, 2002).

Slusser, J. R.

D. S. Bigelow, J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson, “The USDA ultraviolet radiation monitoring program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 601-615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Slutsker, I.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, A.

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Takamura, T.

T. Takamura and T. Nakajima, “Overview of SKYNET and its activities,” Ópt. Pura Apli. 37, 3303-3308 (2004).

Tanré, D.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vermote, E.

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volz, F. E.

F. E. Volz, “Photometer mit Selen-photoelement zurspektralen Messung der Sonnenstrahlung und zer Bestimmung der Wallenlangenabhangigkeit der Dunsttrubung,” Arch. Meteorl. Geophys. Bioklimatol. B 10, l00-131 (1959).

Adv. Space Res. (1)

C. A. Gueymard, “Reference solar spectra: their evolution, standardization issues, and comparison to recent measurements,” Adv. Space Res. 37, 323-340 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Arch. Meteorl. Geophys. Bioklimatol. B (1)

F. E. Volz, “Photometer mit Selen-photoelement zurspektralen Messung der Sonnenstrahlung und zer Bestimmung der Wallenlangenabhangigkeit der Dunsttrubung,” Arch. Meteorl. Geophys. Bioklimatol. B 10, l00-131 (1959).

Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. (3)

D. S. Bigelow, J. R. Slusser, A. F. Beaubien, and J. H. Gibson, “The USDA ultraviolet radiation monitoring program,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 79, 601-615 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Shaw, “Sun photometry,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 64, 4-11 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Kahn, J. A. Orgen, T. P. Ackerman, J. Bösenberg, R. J. Charlson, D. J. Diner, B. N. Holben, R. T. Menzies, M. A. Miller, and J. H. Seinfeld, “Aerosol data sources and their roles within PARAGON,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 85, 1511-1522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

G. E. Shaw, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman, “Investigations of atmospheric extinction using solar radiation measurements made with a multiple wavelength radiometer,” J. Appl. Meteorol. 12, 374-380 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

L. Harrison, P. Kiedron, J. Berndt, and J. Schlemmer, “Extraterrestrial solar spectrum 360-1050 nm from rotating shadowband spectroradiometer measurements at the Southern Great Plains (ARM) Site,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, 4424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M. D. King, Y. J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker, “Accuracy assessments of aerosol optical properties retrieved from AERONET sun and sky-radiance measurements,” J. Geophys. Res. 105, 9791-9806 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ópt. Pura Apli. (1)

T. Takamura and T. Nakajima, “Overview of SKYNET and its activities,” Ópt. Pura Apli. 37, 3303-3308 (2004).

Proc. SPIE (2)

C. Schmechtig, R.P.Santer, J.-C. Roger, and A. Meygret, “Automatic ground-based station for vicarious calibration,” Proc. SPIE 3221, 309-317 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. P. Santer, C. Six, and J. P. Buis, “Vicarious calibration on land site using automatic ground based optical measurements: applications to SPOT-HRV,” Proc. SPIE 4891, 524-534(2003).
[CrossRef]

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, I. Slutsker, D. Tanré, J. P. Buis, A. Setzer, E. Vermote, J. A. Reagan, Y. J. Kaufman, T. Nakajima, F. Lavenu, I. Jankowiak, and A. Smirnov, “AERONET--a federated instrument network and data archive for aerosol characterization,” Remote Sens. Environ. 66, 1-16 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Energy (1)

C. A. Gueymard, “The sun's total and spectral irradiance for solar energy applications and solar radiation models,” Sol. Energy 76, 423-453 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Phys. (1)

H. Neckel and D. Labs, “The solar radiation between 3300 and 12500 Å,” Sol. Phys. 90, 205-258 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Tellus (1)

A. Ångström, “Apparent solar constant variations and their relation to variability of atmospheric transmission,” Tellus 22, 205-218 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

WCRP-54, Radiation and Climate. Workshop on Implementation of the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (World Meteorological Organization, 1991).

WMO/GAW Aerosol Measurement procedures guidelines and recommendations, WMO TD No. 1178, (Global Atmospheric Watch, 2003).

C. Six, “Station automatique de mesures pour l'étalonnage en vol des capteurs satellitaires: application à SPOT/HRV sur le site de la Crau,” Thèse de doctoral, (l'Université du Littoral, 2002).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Time series of calibration coefficients V 0 and C a (normalized to the first calibration) for CIMEL radiometer no. 111 (CE318-2 version) included in AERONET/PHOTONS network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Gain-corrected solid angle of radiometer no. 111 computed from historical calibration coefficients (Fig. 1). Estimated error ranges are also presented for Ω c and Ω s . The solid straight line ( 0.2913 sr , i.e., average of Ω s from 1998 to 2007) represents the last (and also the most accurate) value of Ω s , t .

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Instrument Characteristics with Respect to CE318 Functions and Versions a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Typical Uncertainties (%) in the Calibration Parameters for CIMEL Radiometers Belonging to AERONET/PHOTONS Network a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Modeled CIMEL Band Extraterrestrial Solar Irradiance E 0

Tables Icon

Table 4 Vicarious Radiance Calibration (15 February 2007) for Radiometer No. 111 (CE318-2 Version) a

Tables Icon

Table 5 Vicarious Radiance Calibration for Radiometer no. 140 (CE318-NE Version) and Comparison with Laboratory Results a

Tables Icon

Table 6 Verifying Laboratory Radiance Calibration versus the Vicarious Method for Radiometer no. 350 (CE318-DP Version). a

Equations (16)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( λ ) = C s ( λ ) V s ( λ ) ,
L ( λ ) = C a ( λ ) V a ( λ ) ,
V a ( λ ) V s ( λ ) = H G a × G a ( λ ) L G × G s ( λ ) ,
G x G y = { 50 F x + 6 50 F y + 6 , version   1 , 2 2 F x - F y , version   N , N E , D P ,
Ω v = E ( λ ) L ( λ ) = C s ( λ ) V s ( λ ) C a ( λ ) V a ( λ ) ,
Ω = Ω v ( H G a / L G ) .
V s ( λ ) = V 0 ( λ ) exp [ - τ ( λ ) m ] f es ,
E 0 ( λ ) = C s ( λ ) V 0 ( λ ) .
Ω c ( λ , t ) = E 0 ( λ ) C a ( λ , t ) V 0 ( λ , t ) G s ( λ ) G a ( λ ) ,
Δ Ω s = 1 N λ [ N λ ( Δ Ω c ( λ ) ) 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
Δ Ω s , t = 1 N t [ N t ( Δ Ω s ( t ) ) 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
C k ( λ ) = C a ( λ ) V a @ 6 ( λ ) V k @ 6 ( λ ) ,
V k ( λ ) G a ( λ ) V a ( λ ) G k ( λ ) = H G k H G a .
C k ( λ ) = C a ( λ ) G a ( λ ) / G k ( λ ) H G k / H G a .
Δ C a C a = ( Δ V 0 V 0 ) 2 + ( Δ E 0 E 0 ) 2 + ( Δ Ω Ω ) 2 + [ Δ ( G s / G a ) G s / G a ] 2 ,
Δ C k C k = ( Δ C a C a ) 2 + [ Δ ( V a @ 6 / V k @ 6 ) V a @ 6 / V k @ 6 ] 2 .

Metrics