Abstract

We present a photonic crystal cloaking device at optical wavelengths based on the association of two lattices working in different regimes, namely, stop band and negative refraction. The idea is to reconstruct in phase an incident cut Gaussian modulated plane wave by using the photonic crystal dispersion properties to ensure that no light penetrates in the core of the device. It is believed that such a cloaking device could become a building block for future generations of 3D integrated optical circuits.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062(1987)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3970 (2000)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Matsumoto, K. Eom, and T. Baba, “Focusing of light by negative refraction in a photonic crystal slab superlens on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” Opt. Lett. , 31, 2786-2788(2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Centeno and D. Cassagne, “Graded photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. , 30, 2278-2281 (2005)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Negative-index metamaterial at 780 nm wavelength”, Opt. Lett. 32, 53-55 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. B. Pendry, D. Shurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with non-magnetic metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224-227 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  14. U. Leonhardt, “Optical conforming mapping,” Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2007)
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with non-magnetic metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224-227 (2007)
[CrossRef]

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Negative-index metamaterial at 780 nm wavelength”, Opt. Lett. 32, 53-55 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (7)

T. Matsumoto, K. Eom, and T. Baba, “Focusing of light by negative refraction in a photonic crystal slab superlens on silicon-on-insulator substrate,” Opt. Lett. , 31, 2786-2788(2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conforming mapping,” Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Shurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

E. Centeno and D. Cassagne, “Graded photonic crystals,” Opt. Lett. , 30, 2278-2281 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3970 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062(1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baba, T.

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with non-magnetic metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224-227 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Cassagne, D.

Centeno, E.

Chettiar, U. K.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with non-magnetic metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224-227 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Decoopman, T.

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Dolling, G.

Eom, K.

Fabre, N.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Fasquel, S.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

François, M.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

John, S.

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with non-magnetic metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224-227 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Legrand, C.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conforming mapping,” Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lheurette, E.

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

Lippens, D.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, T.

Mélique, M. X.

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Mélique, X.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, M.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J.

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Shurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3970 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perrin, M.

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Popa, B. I.

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with non-magnetic metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224-227 (2007)
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Shurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Shurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Shurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express 14, 9794-9804 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vanbésien, O.

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Wegener, M.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062(1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. A (1)

M. Perrin, S. Fasquel, T. Decoopman, M. X. Mélique, O. Vanbésien, E. Lheurette, and D. Lippens, “Left-handed electromagnetism obtained via nanostructured metamaterials: comparison with that from microstructured photonic crystals,” J. Opt. A 7, S3-S11 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (2)

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 41-48 (2007)
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with non-magnetic metamaterials,” Nat. Photon. 1, 224-227 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opto-Electron. Rev. (1)

N. Fabre, S. Fasquel, C. Legrand, X. Mélique, M. Muller, M. François, O. Vanbésien, and D. Lippens, “Towards focusing using photonic crystal flat lens,” Opto-Electron. Rev. 14, 225-232 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. A. Cummer, B. I. Popa, D. Schurig, D. R. Smith, and J. Pendry, “Full-wave simulations of electromagnetic cloaking structures,” Phys. Rev. E 74, 036621 (2006)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062(1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966-3970 (2000)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

J. B. Pendry, D. Shurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314, 977-980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conforming mapping,” Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the butterfly optical device for cloaking operation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Band structure of PC1 (period, 476 nm ; hole diameter, 347 nm ) for the main directions of the first Brillouin zone, and (b) equifrequency plot for the second band. (c) Band structure of PC2 (period, 775 nm ; hole diameter, 736 nm ) showing the full bandgap around λ = 1.55 μm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cloaking device simulation at 1. 55 μm : (a) electric field amplitude (linear scale), (b) electric field phase.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplitude analysis of the incident and transmitted waves at different wavelengths.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Frequency analysis of the transmitted signal at 1.55 μm ( 193 THz ) as a function of position (lateral shift) at output.

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