Abstract

The vertical distribution of absorbing aerosols affects the reflectance of the ocean-atmosphere system. The effect, due to the coupling between molecular scattering and aerosol absorption, is important in the visible, especially in the blue, where molecular scattering is effective, and becomes negligible in the near infrared. It increases with increasing Sun and view zenith angles and aerosol optical thickness and with decreasing scattering albedo but is practically independent of wind speed. Relative differences between the top of the atmosphere reflectance simulated with distinct vertical distributions may reach approximately 10% or even 20%, depending on aerosol absorption. In atmospheric correction algorithms, the differences are directly translated into errors on the retrieved water reflectance. These errors may reach values well above the 5×104 requirement in the blue, even for small aerosol optical thickness, preventing accurate retrieval of chlorophyll-a [Chl-a] concentration. Estimating aerosol scale height or altitude from measurements in the oxygen A band, possible with the polarization and directionality of the Earth's reflectance instrument and medium resolution imaging spectrometer, is expected to improve significantly the accuracy of the water reflectance retrievals and yield acceptable [Chl-a] concentration estimates in the presence of absorbing aerosols.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

B. van Diedenhoven, O. P. Hasekamp, and I. Aben, "Surface pressure retrieval from SCIAMACHY measurements in the O2 A band: validation of the measurements and sensitivity on aerosols," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5, 1469-1499 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. Dubuisson, D. Desailly, M. Vespérini, and R. Frouin, "Water vapor retrieval over ocean using near-infrared radiometry," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, V. F. Ganzon, and R. Evans, "Assessment of Saharan dust absorption in the visible from SeaWiFS imagery," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 18239-18249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Antoine and A. Morel, "A multiple scattering algorithm for atmospheric correction of remotely sensed ocean color (MERIS intrument): principle and implementation for atmospheres carrying various aerosols including absorbing ones," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1875-1916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Mobley, "Estimation of the remote-sensing reflectance from above-surface measurements," Appl. Opt. 38, 7442-7455 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

1996 (2)

F. M. Bréon and S. Bouffiès, "Land surface pressure estimates from measurements in the oxygen A absorption band," J. Appl. Meteorol. 35, 69-77 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Dubuisson, J. C. Buriez, and Y. Fouquart, "High spectral resolution solar radiative transfer in absorbing and scattering media: Application to the satellite simulation," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 103-126 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1994 (2)

H. R. Gordon and M. Wang, "Retrieval of water-leaving radiance and aerosol optical thickness over the oceans with SeaWiFS: a preliminary algorithm," Appl. Opt. 33, 443-452 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

J. L. Deuzé, M. Herman, and R. Santer, "Fourier series expansion of the transfer equation in the atmosphere-ocean system," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 483-494 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, and J. W. Hovenier, "The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light," Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371-391 (1987).

1983 (1)

1980 (1)

M. Viollier, D. Tanré, and P. Y. Deschamps, "An algorithm for remote sensing of water color from space," Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 18, 247-267 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

1974 (1)

A. A. Lacis and J. E. Hansen, "A parametrization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 118-113 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1954 (1)

Aben, I.

B. van Diedenhoven, O. P. Hasekamp, and I. Aben, "Surface pressure retrieval from SCIAMACHY measurements in the O2 A band: validation of the measurements and sensitivity on aerosols," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5, 1469-1499 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Antoine, D.

D. Antoine and A. Morel, "A multiple scattering algorithm for atmospheric correction of remotely sensed ocean color (MERIS intrument): principle and implementation for atmospheres carrying various aerosols including absorbing ones," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1875-1916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bailleul, T.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bonnel, B.

L. Duforêt, P. Dubuisson, B. Bonnel, F. Parol, and M. Vesperini, "Validation of a radiative transfer model for simulations of polarized radiances in a coupled ocean-atmosphere system," in Proceedings of International Radiation Symposium (Deepak, Hampton, 2005).

Bosma, P. B.

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, and J. W. Hovenier, "The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light," Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371-391 (1987).

Bouffiès, S.

F. M. Bréon and S. Bouffiès, "Land surface pressure estimates from measurements in the oxygen A absorption band," J. Appl. Meteorol. 35, 69-77 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bréon, F. M.

F. M. Bréon and S. Bouffiès, "Land surface pressure estimates from measurements in the oxygen A absorption band," J. Appl. Meteorol. 35, 69-77 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bréon, F.-M.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bricaud, A.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Briottet, X.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Buriez, J. C.

P. Dubuisson, J. C. Buriez, and Y. Fouquart, "High spectral resolution solar radiative transfer in absorbing and scattering media: Application to the satellite simulation," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 103-126 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Buriez, J.-C.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cosnefroy, H.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cox, C.

de Haan, J. F.

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, and J. W. Hovenier, "The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light," Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371-391 (1987).

Desailly, D.

P. Dubuisson, D. Desailly, M. Vespérini, and R. Frouin, "Water vapor retrieval over ocean using near-infrared radiometry," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Deschamps, P. Y.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Deschamps, M. Herman, and D. Tanré, "Modeling of the atmospheric effects and its application to the remote sensing of ocean color," Appl. Opt. 22, 3751-3758 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Viollier, D. Tanré, and P. Y. Deschamps, "An algorithm for remote sensing of water color from space," Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 18, 247-267 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Deschamps, P.-Y.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Deuzé, J. L.

J. L. Deuzé, M. Herman, and R. Santer, "Fourier series expansion of the transfer equation in the atmosphere-ocean system," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 483-494 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ding, K.

Du, T.

Dubovik, O.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dubuisson, P.

P. Dubuisson, D. Desailly, M. Vespérini, and R. Frouin, "Water vapor retrieval over ocean using near-infrared radiometry," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Dubuisson, J. C. Buriez, and Y. Fouquart, "High spectral resolution solar radiative transfer in absorbing and scattering media: Application to the satellite simulation," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 103-126 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Duforêt, P. Dubuisson, B. Bonnel, F. Parol, and M. Vesperini, "Validation of a radiative transfer model for simulations of polarized radiances in a coupled ocean-atmosphere system," in Proceedings of International Radiation Symposium (Deepak, Hampton, 2005).

Duforêt, L.

L. Duforêt, P. Dubuisson, B. Bonnel, F. Parol, and M. Vesperini, "Validation of a radiative transfer model for simulations of polarized radiances in a coupled ocean-atmosphere system," in Proceedings of International Radiation Symposium (Deepak, Hampton, 2005).

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Esaias, W. E.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, and C. R. McClain, "An overview of SeaWiFS Ocean Color," NASA Tech. Memo 104566, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1992), Vol. 1, 25 pp.

Evans, R.

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, V. F. Ganzon, and R. Evans, "Assessment of Saharan dust absorption in the visible from SeaWiFS imagery," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 18239-18249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, G. C.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, and C. R. McClain, "An overview of SeaWiFS Ocean Color," NASA Tech. Memo 104566, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1992), Vol. 1, 25 pp.

Fouquart, Y.

P. Dubuisson, J. C. Buriez, and Y. Fouquart, "High spectral resolution solar radiative transfer in absorbing and scattering media: Application to the satellite simulation," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 103-126 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Frouin, R.

P. Dubuisson, D. Desailly, M. Vespérini, and R. Frouin, "Water vapor retrieval over ocean using near-infrared radiometry," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, H.

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ganzon, V. F.

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, V. F. Ganzon, and R. Evans, "Assessment of Saharan dust absorption in the visible from SeaWiFS imagery," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 18239-18249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Goloub, P.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

Gregg, W. W.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, and C. R. McClain, "An overview of SeaWiFS Ocean Color," NASA Tech. Memo 104566, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1992), Vol. 1, 25 pp.

Hagolle, O.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, J. E.

A. A. Lacis and J. E. Hansen, "A parametrization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 118-113 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hasekamp, O. P.

B. van Diedenhoven, O. P. Hasekamp, and I. Aben, "Surface pressure retrieval from SCIAMACHY measurements in the O2 A band: validation of the measurements and sensitivity on aerosols," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5, 1469-1499 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Herman, M.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, M. Herman, and R. Santer, "Fourier series expansion of the transfer equation in the atmosphere-ocean system," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 483-494 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Deschamps, M. Herman, and D. Tanré, "Modeling of the atmospheric effects and its application to the remote sensing of ocean color," Appl. Opt. 22, 3751-3758 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Higurashi, A.

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B. N.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. B.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, and C. R. McClain, "An overview of SeaWiFS Ocean Color," NASA Tech. Memo 104566, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1992), Vol. 1, 25 pp.

Hovenier, J. W.

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, and J. W. Hovenier, "The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light," Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371-391 (1987).

Kaufman, Y. J.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lacis, A. A.

A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Lacis and J. E. Hansen, "A parametrization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 118-113 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Lafrance, B.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leroy, M.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maritorena, S.

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

McClain, C. R.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, and C. R. McClain, "An overview of SeaWiFS Ocean Color," NASA Tech. Memo 104566, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1992), Vol. 1, 25 pp.

Mitomi, Y.

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mobley, C. D.

Morel, A.

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Antoine and A. Morel, "A multiple scattering algorithm for atmospheric correction of remotely sensed ocean color (MERIS intrument): principle and implementation for atmospheres carrying various aerosols including absorbing ones," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1875-1916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and J. L. Muller, "Normalized water-leaving radiance and remote sensing reflectance: bidirectional reflectance and others factors," in NASA Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, NASA Rep. NASA/TM 2002-210004/Rev3-Vol2, J.L.Muller and G.Fargion, eds. (NASA, 2002), pp. 183-210.

Moulin, C.

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, V. F. Ganzon, and R. Evans, "Assessment of Saharan dust absorption in the visible from SeaWiFS imagery," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 18239-18249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Muller, J. L.

A. Morel and J. L. Muller, "Normalized water-leaving radiance and remote sensing reflectance: bidirectional reflectance and others factors," in NASA Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, NASA Rep. NASA/TM 2002-210004/Rev3-Vol2, J.L.Muller and G.Fargion, eds. (NASA, 2002), pp. 183-210.

Munk, W.

Nakajima, T.

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nicolas, J. M.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noguchi, T.

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oinas, V.

A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Parol, F.

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Duforêt, P. Dubuisson, B. Bonnel, F. Parol, and M. Vesperini, "Validation of a radiative transfer model for simulations of polarized radiances in a coupled ocean-atmosphere system," in Proceedings of International Radiation Symposium (Deepak, Hampton, 2005).

Podaire, A.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Santer, R.

J. L. Deuzé, M. Herman, and R. Santer, "Fourier series expansion of the transfer equation in the atmosphere-ocean system," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 483-494 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sèze, G.

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Slutsker, I.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, A.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tanré, D.

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. Deschamps, M. Herman, and D. Tanré, "Modeling of the atmospheric effects and its application to the remote sensing of ocean color," Appl. Opt. 22, 3751-3758 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Viollier, D. Tanré, and P. Y. Deschamps, "An algorithm for remote sensing of water color from space," Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 18, 247-267 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Thieuleux, F.

F. Thieuleux, "Contribution à l'amélioration de la correction atmosphérique pour la couleur de l'océan depuis l'espace," Ph.D. dissertation (Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, 2002).

Toratani, M.

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Diedenhoven, B.

B. van Diedenhoven, O. P. Hasekamp, and I. Aben, "Surface pressure retrieval from SCIAMACHY measurements in the O2 A band: validation of the measurements and sensitivity on aerosols," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5, 1469-1499 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vesperini, M.

L. Duforêt, P. Dubuisson, B. Bonnel, F. Parol, and M. Vesperini, "Validation of a radiative transfer model for simulations of polarized radiances in a coupled ocean-atmosphere system," in Proceedings of International Radiation Symposium (Deepak, Hampton, 2005).

Vespérini, M.

P. Dubuisson, D. Desailly, M. Vespérini, and R. Frouin, "Water vapor retrieval over ocean using near-infrared radiometry," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Viollier, M.

M. Viollier, D. Tanré, and P. Y. Deschamps, "An algorithm for remote sensing of water color from space," Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 18, 247-267 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Yang, H.

Zhang, T.

Appl. Opt. (7)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

J. F. de Haan, P. B. Bosma, and J. W. Hovenier, "The adding method for multiple scattering calculations of polarized light," Astron. Astrophys. 183, 371-391 (1987).

Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. (1)

B. van Diedenhoven, O. P. Hasekamp, and I. Aben, "Surface pressure retrieval from SCIAMACHY measurements in the O2 A band: validation of the measurements and sensitivity on aerosols," Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss. 5, 1469-1499 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boundary-Layer Meteorol. (1)

M. Viollier, D. Tanré, and P. Y. Deschamps, "An algorithm for remote sensing of water color from space," Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 18, 247-267 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (2)

P.-Y. Deschamps, F.-M. Bréon, M. Leroy, A. Podaire, A. Bricaud, J.-C. Buriez, and G. Sèze, "The POLDER Mission: instrument characteristics and scientific objectives," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 32, 598-615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. Hagolle, P. Goloub, P. Y. Deschamps, H. Cosnefroy, X. Briottet, T. Bailleul, J. M. Nicolas, F. Parol, B. Lafrance, and M. Herman, "Results of POLDER in-flight calibration," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 3, 1550-1566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (1)

D. Antoine and A. Morel, "A multiple scattering algorithm for atmospheric correction of remotely sensed ocean color (MERIS intrument): principle and implementation for atmospheres carrying various aerosols including absorbing ones," Int. J. Remote Sens. 20, 1875-1916 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Meteorol. (1)

F. M. Bréon and S. Bouffiès, "Land surface pressure estimates from measurements in the oxygen A absorption band," J. Appl. Meteorol. 35, 69-77 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (2)

A. A. Lacis and J. E. Hansen, "A parametrization for the absorption of solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 118-113 (1974).
[CrossRef]

O. Dubovik, B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanré, and I. Slutsker, "Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations," J. Atmos. Sci. 59, 590-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (5)

A. A. Lacis and V. Oinas, "A description of the correlated k-distribution method," J. Geophys. Res. 96, 9027-9064 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, "Atmospheric correction of ocean color imagery in the Earth Observing System era," J. Geophys. Res. 102, 17081-17106 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Dubuisson, D. Desailly, M. Vespérini, and R. Frouin, "Water vapor retrieval over ocean using near-infrared radiometry," J. Geophys. Res. 109, D19106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Moulin, H. R. Gordon, V. F. Ganzon, and R. Evans, "Assessment of Saharan dust absorption in the visible from SeaWiFS imagery," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 18239-18249 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and S. Maritorena, "Bio-optical properties of oceanic waters: a reappraisal," J. Geophys. Res. 106, 7163-7180 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Oceanogr. (1)

H. Fukushima, A. Higurashi, Y. Mitomi, T. Nakajima, T. Noguchi, T. Tanaka, and M. Toratani, "Correction of atmospheric effects on ADEOS/OCTS ocean color data: algorithm description and evaluation of its performance," J. Oceanogr. 54, 417-430 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (2)

P. Dubuisson, J. C. Buriez, and Y. Fouquart, "High spectral resolution solar radiative transfer in absorbing and scattering media: Application to the satellite simulation," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 55, 103-126 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Deuzé, M. Herman, and R. Santer, "Fourier series expansion of the transfer equation in the atmosphere-ocean system," J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 41, 483-494 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

World Climate Research Program 112, A preliminary cloudness standard atmosphere for radiation computations, WMO Rep. WMO/TD-24 (World Meteorological Research Organization, 1986).

A. Morel and J. L. Muller, "Normalized water-leaving radiance and remote sensing reflectance: bidirectional reflectance and others factors," in NASA Ocean Optics Protocols for Satellite Ocean Color Sensor Validation, NASA Rep. NASA/TM 2002-210004/Rev3-Vol2, J.L.Muller and G.Fargion, eds. (NASA, 2002), pp. 183-210.

S. B. Hooker, W. E. Esaias, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, and C. R. McClain, "An overview of SeaWiFS Ocean Color," NASA Tech. Memo 104566, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, 1992), Vol. 1, 25 pp.

F. Thieuleux, "Contribution à l'amélioration de la correction atmosphérique pour la couleur de l'océan depuis l'espace," Ph.D. dissertation (Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, 2002).

L. Duforêt, P. Dubuisson, B. Bonnel, F. Parol, and M. Vesperini, "Validation of a radiative transfer model for simulations of polarized radiances in a coupled ocean-atmosphere system," in Proceedings of International Radiation Symposium (Deepak, Hampton, 2005).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Error Δ ρ w on the water reflectance at 490   nm when atmospheric correction algorithms suppose that the aerosol concentration follows an exponential law with H 0 of 2 km whereas aerosols are actually between 4 and 5 km. Δ ρ w is given for a τ A ( 550 ) of 0.1 or 0.6 and for (a) strongly (URB) or (b) moderately (CONT) absorbing aerosols with a θ s of 30°. Relative azimuth angles are 90° and 180°.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Same as Fig. 1 but Δ ρ w is given at 560   nm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relative error (%) of the [Chl-a] due to aerosol vertical structure. The actual (prescribed) [Chl-a] is 0.03   mg   m 3 , and θ s is 30°.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Same as Fig. 3, but for an actual [Chl-a] concentration of 0.3   mg   m 3 .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Same as Fig. 3, but for an actual [Chl-a] concentration of 3.1   mg   m 3 .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Aerosol layer altitude Z A ( km ) as a function of the reflectance ratio using the oxygen A band channels of POLDER. Simulations are presented for θ s of 0°, 30°, and 60°, and for θ v of 30° and Δ ϕ of 0°, assuming an urban aerosol model with an optical thickness τ A ( 550 ) of 0.3.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) POLDER image for a dust plume off Africa on 1 May 2003 and (b) estimation of the altitude of the aerosol layer from measurements in the two oxygen A bands of the POLDER instrument.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Relative error (%) on [Chl-a] when the altitude of the URB aerosol layer is underestimated or overestimated by 0.5 km. The actual [Chl-a] is 0.03   mg   m 3 and θ s is 30°.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Same as Fig. 8 but for an actual [Chl-a] of 0.3   mg   m 3 .

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Same as Fig. 8 but for an actual [Chl-a] of 3.1   mg   m 3 .

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Upper and Lower Limits in TOA Reflectance a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Same as Table 1 But for Moderately Absorbing Aerosols

Tables Icon

Table 3 Conditions of View Zenith Angle θ v a

Tables Icon

Table 4 Sensitivity of the Reflectance in the Oxygen A Band Measured by POLDER

Tables Icon

Table 5 Theoretical Accuracy a (km) on the Aerosol Layer Altitude Z A

Tables Icon

Table 6 Theoretical Accuracy (km) of the Layer Altitude Z A Estimated for a Dust Plume Off the Coast of Africa

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ρ ( θ s , θ v , Δ ϕ , λ ) = π L ( θ s , θ v , Δ ϕ , λ ) E s   cos   θ s ,
Δ ( H 0 = 2   km / 4–5   km ) = | ρ ( H 0 = 2   km ) ρ ( 4–5   km ) | × 100 ρ ( H 0 = 2   km ) ( % ) ,
Δ ( 4–5   km / 0–0.7   km )
= | ρ ( 4–5   km ) ρ ( 0–0.7   km ) | × 100 ρ ( 4–5   km ) ( % ) ,
ρ t ( λ ) = ρ path ( λ ) + T ( λ ) ρ g ( λ ) + t ( λ ) ρ w ( λ ) ,
ρ path ( λ ) = ρ R ( λ ) + ρ A ( λ ) + ρ R A ( λ ) ,
log [ Chl - a ] = a 0 + a 1 Y + a 2 Y 2 + a 3 Y 3 ,
Y = log [ R w ( 490 ) + Δ R w ( 490 ) R w ( 560 ) + Δ R w ( 560 ) ] ,
ρ w ( λ ) = π L w ( λ , 0 + ) E d ( λ , 0 + ) 0.54 R w ( λ ) ,
Y log [ R w ( 490 ) + Δ ρ w ( 490 ) / 0.54 R w ( 560 ) + Δ ρ w ( 560 ) / 0.54 ] .
Δ [ Chl - a ] = [ Chl - a ] actual [ Chl - a ] estimated [ Chl - a ] actual ,

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