Abstract

Adaptive optics systems are essential on all large telescopes for which image quality is important. These are complex systems with many design parameters requiring optimization before good performance can be achieved. The simulation of adaptive optics systems is therefore necessary to categorize the expected performance. We describe an adaptive optics simulation platform, developed at Durham University, which can be used to simulate adaptive optics systems on the largest proposed future extremely large telescopes as well as on current systems. This platform is modular, object oriented, and has the benefit of hardware application acceleration that can be used to improve the simulation performance, essential for ensuring that the run time of a given simulation is acceptable. The simulation platform described here can be highly parallelized using parallelization techniques suited for adaptive optics simulation, while still offering the user complete control while the simulation is running. The results from the simulation of a ground layer adaptive optics system are provided as an example to demonstrate the flexibility of this simulation platform.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).
  4. D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).
  5. C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, V. Korkiakoski, and M. Carbillet, 'Adaptive optics for high-contrast imaging: pyramid sensor versus spatially filtered Shack-Hartmann sensor,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 357, L26-L30 (2005).
  6. M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. Le Louarn, C. Verinaud, V. Korkiakoski, and E. Fedrigo, 'Parallel simulation tools for AO on ELTs,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, pp. 705-712 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. J. Ahmadia and B. L. Ellerbroek, 'Parallelized simulation code for multiconjugate adaptive optics,' in Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications, R. K. T. and M. Lloyd-Hart, eds., Proc. SPIE 5169, pp. 218-227 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. A. P. Doel, 'Comparison of Shack-Hartmann and curvature sensing for large telescopes,' in Adaptive Optical Systems and Applications, R. K. Tyson and R. Q. Fugate, eds., Proc. SPIE 2534, pp. 265-276 (1995).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. F. Assémat, R. Wilson, and E. Gendron, 'Method for simulating infinitely long and non stationary phase screens with optimized memory storage,' Opt. Express 14, 988-999 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. R. M. Myers (r.m.myers@durham.ac.uk), Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK (personal communication, 2006).
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  18. D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (2)

F. Assémat, R. Wilson, and E. Gendron, 'Method for simulating infinitely long and non stationary phase screens with optimized memory storage,' Opt. Express 14, 988-999 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (5)

Cray, Cray XD1 Supercomputer, Cray, 1st ed. (2005), http://www.cray.com/products/xd1/.

C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, V. Korkiakoski, and M. Carbillet, 'Adaptive optics for high-contrast imaging: pyramid sensor versus spatially filtered Shack-Hartmann sensor,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 357, L26-L30 (2005).

M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

M. Le Louarn, C. Verinaud, V. Korkiakoski, and E. Fedrigo, 'Parallel simulation tools for AO on ELTs,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, pp. 705-712 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

A. J. Ahmadia and B. L. Ellerbroek, 'Parallelized simulation code for multiconjugate adaptive optics,' in Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications, R. K. T. and M. Lloyd-Hart, eds., Proc. SPIE 5169, pp. 218-227 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

A. P. Doel, 'Comparison of Shack-Hartmann and curvature sensing for large telescopes,' in Adaptive Optical Systems and Applications, R. K. Tyson and R. Q. Fugate, eds., Proc. SPIE 2534, pp. 265-276 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ahmadia, A. J.

A. J. Ahmadia and B. L. Ellerbroek, 'Parallelized simulation code for multiconjugate adaptive optics,' in Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications, R. K. T. and M. Lloyd-Hart, eds., Proc. SPIE 5169, pp. 218-227 (2003).
[Crossref]

Alvarez, C.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
[Crossref]

Andersen, D. R.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arcidiacono, C.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Assémat, F.

F. Assémat, R. Wilson, and E. Gendron, 'Method for simulating infinitely long and non stationary phase screens with optimized memory storage,' Opt. Express 14, 988-999 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

Atad-Ettedgui, E.

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bacon, R.

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Barrado y Navascués, D.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
[Crossref]

Baruffolo, A.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Basden, A. G.

A. G. Basden, 'Adaptive optics simulation performance improvements using reconfigurable logic,' Appl. Opt. 46, 900-906 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

Beuzit, J.-L.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Boccaletti, A.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Brast, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Braud, J.

R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
[Crossref]

Butterley, T.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

Carbillet, M.

C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, V. Korkiakoski, and M. Carbillet, 'Adaptive optics for high-contrast imaging: pyramid sensor versus spatially filtered Shack-Hartmann sensor,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 357, L26-L30 (2005).

M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Collin, C.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Combes, M.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Conan, R.

R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
[Crossref]

Coustenis, A.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Crampton, D.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Delabre, B.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Diolaiti, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Doel, A. P.

A. P. Doel, 'Comparison of Shack-Hartmann and curvature sensing for large telescopes,' in Adaptive Optical Systems and Applications, R. K. Tyson and R. Q. Fugate, eds., Proc. SPIE 2534, pp. 265-276 (1995).
[Crossref]

Donaldson, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Drossart, P.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ellerbroek, B.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ellerbroek, B. L.

A. J. Ahmadia and B. L. Ellerbroek, 'Parallelized simulation code for multiconjugate adaptive optics,' in Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications, R. K. T. and M. Lloyd-Hart, eds., Proc. SPIE 5169, pp. 218-227 (2003).
[Crossref]

Farinato, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Fedrigo, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

M. Le Louarn, C. Verinaud, V. Korkiakoski, and E. Fedrigo, 'Parallel simulation tools for AO on ELTs,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, pp. 705-712 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
[Crossref]

Femenía, B.

M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, M.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Fini, L.

M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Frank, C.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Fusco, T.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Gendron, E.

F. Assémat, R. Wilson, and E. Gendron, 'Method for simulating infinitely long and non stationary phase screens with optimized memory storage,' Opt. Express 14, 988-999 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Geng, D.

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hawarden, T. G.

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Henning, T.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hirtzig, M.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hubin, N. N.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jolissaint, L.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kolb, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Korkiakoski, V.

C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, V. Korkiakoski, and M. Carbillet, 'Adaptive optics for high-contrast imaging: pyramid sensor versus spatially filtered Shack-Hartmann sensor,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 357, L26-L30 (2005).

M. Le Louarn, C. Verinaud, V. Korkiakoski, and E. Fedrigo, 'Parallel simulation tools for AO on ELTs,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, pp. 705-712 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lacombe, F.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lagrange, A. M.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Lagrange, A.-M.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Le Louarn, M.

C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, V. Korkiakoski, and M. Carbillet, 'Adaptive optics for high-contrast imaging: pyramid sensor versus spatially filtered Shack-Hartmann sensor,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 357, L26-L30 (2005).

M. Le Louarn, C. Verinaud, V. Korkiakoski, and E. Fedrigo, 'Parallel simulation tools for AO on ELTs,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, pp. 705-712 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lizon, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Lloyd-Hart, M.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Marchetti, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Masciadri, E.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
[Crossref]

Milton, M.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Morris, S.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mouillet, D.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Moutou, C.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Mundt, R.

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
[Crossref]

Myers, R.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Myers, R. M.

R. M. Myers (r.m.myers@durham.ac.uk), Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK (personal communication, 2006).

Oberti, S.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Pau, S.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Quirrenbach, A.

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rabou, P.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ragazzoni, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Ramsay-Howat, S. K.

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Redfern, R. M.

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Reiss, R.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Riccardi, A.

M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rigaut, F.

F. Rigaut, 'Ground conjugate wide field adaptive optics for the ELTs,' in Beyond Conventional Adaptive Optics: A Conference Devoted to the Development of Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes. Proceedings of the Topical Meeting (Venice, 2001) E. Vernet, R. Ragazzoni, S. Esposito, and N. Hubin eds., Garching, Germany: European Southern Observatory, 2002 ESO Conference and Workshop Proceedings, 58, pp. 11-16 (2002).

Rouan, D.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Russell, A. P. G.

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Saisse, M.

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

Santos, J.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Saunter, C. D.

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

Stoesz, S.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Szeto, K.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tokovinin, A.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tordo, S.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Veran, J.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

Verinaud, C.

M. Le Louarn, C. Verinaud, V. Korkiakoski, and E. Fedrigo, 'Parallel simulation tools for AO on ELTs,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, pp. 705-712 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vérinaud, C.

M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, V. Korkiakoski, and M. Carbillet, 'Adaptive optics for high-contrast imaging: pyramid sensor versus spatially filtered Shack-Hartmann sensor,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 357, L26-L30 (2005).

Vernet-Viard, E.

E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

Wilson, R.

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Assémat, R. Wilson, and E. Gendron, 'Method for simulating infinitely long and non stationary phase screens with optimized memory storage,' Opt. Express 14, 988-999 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wilson, R. W.

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zins, G.

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

E. Gendron, A. Coustenis, P. Drossart, M. Combes, M. Hirtzig, F. Lacombe, D. Rouan, C. Collin, S. Pau, A.-M. Lagrange, D. Mouillet, P. Rabou, T. Fusco, and G. Zins, 'VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging of Titan,' Astron. Astrophys. 417, L21-L24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Astrophys. J. (1)

E. Masciadri, R. Mundt, T. Henning, C. Alvarez, and D. Barrado y Navascués, 'A search for hot massive extrasolar planets around nearby young stars with the adaptive optics system NACO,' Astrophys. J. 625, 1004-1018 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (2)

A. G. Basden, F. Assémat, T. Butterley, D. Geng, C. D. Saunter, and R. W. Wilson, 'Acceleration of adaptive optics simulations using programmable logic,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 364, 1413-1418 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. Carbillet, C. Vérinaud, B. Femenía, A. Riccardi, and L. Fini, 'Modelling astronomical adaptive optics--I. The software package CAOS,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 356, 1263-1275 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (5)

M. Le Louarn, C. Verinaud, V. Korkiakoski, and E. Fedrigo, 'Parallel simulation tools for AO on ELTs,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, pp. 705-712 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. J. Ahmadia and B. L. Ellerbroek, 'Parallelized simulation code for multiconjugate adaptive optics,' in Astronomical Adaptive Optics Systems and Applications, R. K. T. and M. Lloyd-Hart, eds., Proc. SPIE 5169, pp. 218-227 (2003).
[Crossref]

R. Conan, M. Le Louarn, J. Braud, E. Fedrigo, and N. N. Hubin, 'Results of AO simulations for ELTs,' in Future Giant Telescopes, J. Angel, P. Roger, and R. Gilmozzi, eds., Proc. SPIE 4840, pp. 393-403 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. P. Doel, 'Comparison of Shack-Hartmann and curvature sensing for large telescopes,' in Adaptive Optical Systems and Applications, R. K. Tyson and R. Q. Fugate, eds., Proc. SPIE 2534, pp. 265-276 (1995).
[Crossref]

A. P. G. Russell, T. G. Hawarden, E. Atad-Ettedgui, S. K. Ramsay-Howat, A. Quirrenbach, R. Bacon, and R. M. Redfern, 'Instrumentation studies for a European extremely large telescope: a strawman instrument suite and implications for telescope design,' in Emerging Optoelectronic Applications, G. E. Jabbour and J. T. Rantala, eds., Proc. SPIE 5382, pp. 684-698 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. (1)

D. R. Andersen, S. Stoesz, S. Morris, M. Lloyd-Hart, D. Crampton, T. Butterley, B. Ellerbroek, L. Jolissaint, M. Milton, R. Myers, K. Szeto, A. Tokovinin, J. Veran, and R. Wilson, 'Performance modeling of a wide-field ground-layer adaptive optics system,' Pub. Astron. Soc. Pac. 118, 1574-1590 (2006).
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R. M. Myers (r.m.myers@durham.ac.uk), Department of Physics, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK (personal communication, 2006).

F. Rigaut, 'Ground conjugate wide field adaptive optics for the ELTs,' in Beyond Conventional Adaptive Optics: A Conference Devoted to the Development of Adaptive Optics for Extremely Large Telescopes. Proceedings of the Topical Meeting (Venice, 2001) E. Vernet, R. Ragazzoni, S. Esposito, and N. Hubin eds., Garching, Germany: European Southern Observatory, 2002 ESO Conference and Workshop Proceedings, 58, pp. 11-16 (2002).

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E. Marchetti, R. Brast, B. Delabre, R. Donaldson, E. Fedrigo, C. Frank, N. N. Hubin, J. Kolb, M. Le Louarn, J. Lizon, S. Oberti, R. Reiss, J. Santos, S. Tordo, R. Ragazzoni, C. Arcidiacono, A. Baruffolo, E. Diolaiti, J. Farinato, and E. Vernet-Viard, 'MAD status report,' in Advancements in Adaptive Optics, D. B. Calia, B. L. Ellerbroek, and R. Ragazzoni, eds., Proc. SPIE 5490, 236-247 (2004).

D. Mouillet, A. M. Lagrange, J.-L. Beuzit, C. Moutou, M. Saisse, M. Ferrari, T. Fusco, and A. Boccaletti, 'High contrast imaging from the ground: VLT/Planet Finder,' in ASP Conf. Ser. 321: Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow, pp. 39-46 (2004).

C. Vérinaud, M. Le Louarn, V. Korkiakoski, and M. Carbillet, 'Adaptive optics for high-contrast imaging: pyramid sensor versus spatially filtered Shack-Hartmann sensor,' Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 357, L26-L30 (2005).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic showing how a typical shared memory system operates. Someprocesses will have read and write access to the memory, while others will have read access only. Synchronization primitives will be used to ensure that data are not read while being written and vice versa.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Screen shot of the simulation control user interface. Novice users are able to control a simulation at the click of a button, while experienced users are able to query the simulation, obtain and display data, and alter the simulation state, including changing values and array contents.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Example of the parallelization of parallel optical paths. No data flow is required between these paths, except for the initial phase screens, meaning that minimal time is spent with theprocessors waiting for data to arrive.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Number of simulation time steps computed per unit time (simulation rate) when the simulation is parallelized over different numbers ofprocessors. The solid curve shows the case when individual objects are not parallelized, while the dotted curve shows the case when the Shack–Hartmann image creation and wavefront sensing algorithm are parallelized, providing a better fit to larger numbers ofprocessors. The simulation rate has been normalized to unity by the rate for an unparallelized simulation (with unparallelized simulation objects).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Design of a GLAO system.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic of the relative positions of the laser guide stars and science sampling points used for the GLAO simulation. The science sampling points (larger stars) are spaced uniformly 150   arc  sec apart, while the laser guide stars (smaller stars) are positioned equally around a circle with a diameter that can be varied between 200 and 750   arc  sec .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Flow chart showing how the GLAO simulation is carried out using the Durham AO simulation platform. The algorithms in different boxes are implemented on differentprocessors, and arrows show the direction of data flow between the algorithms. Typically, there will be between five and ten science paths (to determine how the AO performance changes at different angles from the vertical axis), and between five and ten AO paths, depending on the number of laser guide stars being used.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Strehl ratio as a function of distance from the on-axis direction. The solid curve is for a laser guide star separation of 700 arc sec from the on-axis direction, the dotted curve for a separation of 550   arc  sec , the dashed curve for a separation of 450   arc  sec , and the dot–dash curve for a separation of 250   arc  sec . The points and error bars are obtained from a sample of ten results for each point.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Change in the FWHM of corrected images as a function of angle from the on-axis direction. The solid curve is calculated with a guide star angle of 700   arc  sec from the axis, the dotted curve for 550   arc  sec , the dashed curve for 450   arc  sec , and the dot–dash curve for 250   arc  sec .

Tables (6)

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Table 1 Simulation Objects Used in a Study of the AO Simulation Strong Scalability

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Table 2 How Simulation Objects can be Placed on Different Computing Nodes to Parallelize a Simulation a

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Table 3 How the Parallelization of Simulation Objects can be used to Fit a Simulation to a Given Number of CPUs a

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Table 4 ELT Simulation Model Details

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Table 5 Time Spent in each Algorithm of the ELT Simulation a

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Table 6 Atmospheric Model Details

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