Abstract

We consider the possibility of a complete real-time analysis of the polarization state of light using two types of polarization-holographic grating that decompose the light analyzed into orthogonal circular and orthogonal linear bases. It is shown that it is possible to determine the ellipticity, the direction of rotation, and the azimuth of the polarization ellipse of light by the measurement of the intensity of the diffraction orders by the obtained formulas. The possibility of creating gratings that give an orthogonal linear basis on actual polarization-sensitive materials is shown. A comparison of the experimental results with the theory is given.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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