Abstract

We report on a simple and robust technique to temporally shape ultrashort pulses. A number of birefringent crystals with appropriate crystal length and orientation form a crystal set. When a short pulse propagates through the crystal set, the pulse is divided into numerous pulses, producing a desired temporal shape. Flexibility in the final pulse shape is achieved through varying initial pulse duration, divided-pulse number, the polarization-mode delay, and energy distribution of the divided pulses. The energy efficiency of the technique is near 100% for a pulse train of alternating polarizations, and 50% for a linearly polarized pulse train.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2007 (2)

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.

B. Dromey, M. Zepf, M. Landreman, K. O'Keeffe, T. Robinson, and S. M. Hooker, "Generation of a train of ultrashort pulses from a compact birefringent crystal array," Appl. Opt. 46, 5142-5146 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

I. V. Bazarov and C. K. Sinclair, "Multivariate optimization of a high brightness dc gun photoinjector," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 034202 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, "Passive pulse shaping of femtosecond pulses using birefringent dispersive media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 272-274 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, "Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224-1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908-920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

Ahn, J.

Alfano, R. R.

Asaka, T.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Averitt, R.

Backus, S.

Bates, H. E.

Bazarov, I.

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.

Bazarov, I. V.

I. V. Bazarov and C. K. Sinclair, "Multivariate optimization of a high brightness dc gun photoinjector," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 034202 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

Dewa, H.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Dromey, B.

Dugan, M. A.

Efimov, A.

Esarey, E.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, "Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224-1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanaki, H.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Hooker, S. M.

Kapteyn, H.

Kim, J.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, "Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224-1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Krasinski, J. S.

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, "Passive pulse shaping of femtosecond pulses using birefringent dispersive media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 272-274 (1996).
[CrossRef]

La Grone, M. J.

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, "Passive pulse shaping of femtosecond pulses using birefringent dispersive media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 272-274 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Landreman, M.

Laude, V.

Leaird, D. E.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908-920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Maginnis, K.

Mizuno, A.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M.

O'Keeffe, K.

Ouzounov, D. G.

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.

Park, S.

Patel, J. S.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908-920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Radzewicz, C.

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, "Passive pulse shaping of femtosecond pulses using birefringent dispersive media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 272-274 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, T.

Russek, U.

Schiller, N.

Siders, C. W.

Siders, J. L. W.

Sinclair, C.

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.

Sinclair, C. K.

I. V. Bazarov and C. K. Sinclair, "Multivariate optimization of a high brightness dc gun photoinjector," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 034202 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

Suzuki, S.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Taniuchi, T.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Taylor, A.

Taylor, A. J.

Temkin, R. J.

Tomizawa, H.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Tournois, P.

Tull, J. X.

Umstadter, D.

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, "Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224-1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verluise, F.

Warren, W. S.

Weiner, A. M.

C. W. Siders, J. L. W. Siders, A. J. Taylor, S. Park, and A. M. Weiner, "Efficient high-energy pulse-train generation using a 2n-pulse Michelson interferometer," Appl. Opt. 37, 5302-5305 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908-920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.

Wullert II, J. R.

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908-920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yanagida, K.

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

Zeek, E.

Zepf, M.

Zhou, S.

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Radzewicz, M. J. La Grone, and J. S. Krasinski, "Passive pulse shaping of femtosecond pulses using birefringent dispersive media," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 272-274 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. M. Weiner, D. E. Leaird, J. S. Patel, and J. R. Wullert II, "Programmable shaping of femtosecond optical pulses by use of 128-element liquid crystal phase modulator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 908-920 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Umstadter, E. Esarey, and J. Kim, "Nonlinear plasma waves resonantly driven by optimized laser pulse trains," Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1224-1227 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams (1)

I. V. Bazarov and C. K. Sinclair, "Multivariate optimization of a high brightness dc gun photoinjector," Phys. Rev. ST Accel. Beams 8, 034202 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

H. Tomizawa, T. Asaka, H. Dewa, H. Hanaki, T. Kobayashi, A. Mizuno, S. Suzuki, T. Taniuchi, and K. Yanagida, "Development of adaptive feedback control system of both spatial and temporal beam shaping for UV-laser light source for RF gun," in Proceedings of LINAC 2004 (2004), pp. 207-209.

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, F. W. Wise, I. Bazarov, and C. Sinclair, "Efficient temporal ultrashort pulse shaping with birefringent crystals," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper CTuFF3.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Principle of pulse shaping. C1–C4 are a-cut YVO4 crystals. Each shade (color) of the pulses presents one orientation of polarization. The output pulse sequence has alternating linear polarizations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Schematic of the cross correlator. BS, beam splitter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a) Source spectrum, (b) autocorrelation of source pulse.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse shaping by crystal stacking. Left side, simulations. Right side, corresponding experimental results.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse shaping at 520   nm . (a) Simulated pulse burst produced with 6.9 and 13.7   mm YVO 4 crystals; (b) experimental results corresponding to (a); (c) simulated pulse burst produced with 3.5, 6.9, and 13.7   mm YVO 4 crystals; (d) experimental results corresponding to (c).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Simulation results of pulse shaping by five-crystal stack: (a) burst of 32 200 fs pulses with large spacing, (b) square pulse produced by 32 200 fs pulses with small spacing.

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