Abstract

The laser performances of the 1.06μm F3/24I11/24 four-level transition and of the 0.9μm F3/24I9/24 quasi-three-level transition were investigated using multipass pumped Nd-based media in thin-disk geometry. When pumping at 0.81μm into the F5/24 level, continuous-wave laser operation was obtained with powers in excess of 10  W at 1.06μm, in the multiwatt region at 0.91μm in Nd:YVO4 and Nd:GdVO4, and at 0.95μm in Nd:YAG. Intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:YVO4 thin-disk lasers with output powers of 6.4  W at 532  nm and of 1.6  W at 457  nm were realized at this pumping wavelength. The pumping at 0.88μm, which is directed into the F3/24 emitting level, was also employed, and Nd:YVO4 and Nd:GdVO4 thin-disk lasers with 9  W output power at 1.06μm and visible laser radiation at 0.53μm with output power in excess of 4 W were realized. Frequency-doubled Nd:vanadate thin-disk lasers with deep blue emission at 0.46μm were obtained under pumping directly into the F3/24 emitting level.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, "Operation of resonantly pumped Tm:Ho:YAG in active mirror mode," Opt. Commun. 104, 97-101 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Kasamatsu and H. Sekita, "Laser-diode-pumped Nd:YAG active-mirror laser," Appl. Opt. 36, 1879-1181 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Witting, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
  4. C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, "A 1-kW CW thin disc laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 650-657 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws," IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598-609 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Giesen, J. Speiser, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, and K. Petermann, "Thin-disk lasers come of age," Photonics Spectra 41(5), 52-58 (2007).
  7. A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, and D. Burns, "Progress towards high-power, high-brightness neodymium-based thin-disk lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 305-344 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Johannsen, S. Erhard, D. Müller, C. Stewen, A. Giesen, and K. Contag, "Nd:YAG thin disk laser," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H.Injeyan, U.Keller, and C.Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 137-143.
  9. J. Gao, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, "25-W diode-pumped continuous-wave quasi-three-level Nd:YAG thin disk laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB34.
  10. J. Gao, M. Larionov, J. Speiser, A. Giesen, A. Douillet, J. Keupp, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, "Nd:YVO4 thin disk laser with 5.8 watts output power at 914 nm," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuI1.
  11. N. Pavel and T. Taira, "Continuous-wave high-power multi-pass pumped thin-disc Nd:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Commun. 260, 271-276 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Knoke, K. Pochomis, and G. Holleman, "Generation of 2 W cw output power at 457 nm based on a frequency doubled Nd:YVO4 thin disc laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CFE5.
    [PubMed]
  13. Y. Kong, X. Lin, R. Li, Z. Xu, and X. Han, "A novel blue light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Commun. 237, 405-409 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurements of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li 3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. P. Risk, "Modeling of longitudinally pumped solid-state lasers exhibiting reabsorption losses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1412-1423 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Taira, W. M. Tulloch, and R. L. Byer, "Modeling of quasi-three-level lasers and operation of cw Yb:YAG lasers," Appl. Opt. 36, 1867-1874 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Agnesi and P. Uggetti, "Measurement of thermal diffractive losses in end-pumped solid-state lasers," Opt. Commun. 212, 371-376 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, "Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 844-846 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. V. Lupei, N. Pavel, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, "Highly efficient 1063-nm continuous-wave laser emission in Nd:GdVO4," Opt. Lett. 28, 2366-2368 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. Dudley, N. Hodgson, H. Hoffman, and F. Kopper, "Direct 880 nm diode-pumping of vanadate lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuI3.
  22. N. Pavel and T. Taira, "High-power continuous-wave intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4-LBO laser under diode pumping into the emitting level," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 631-637 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws," IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, J. Speiser, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, and K. Petermann, "Thin-disk lasers come of age," Photonics Spectra 41(5), 52-58 (2007).

2006 (1)

N. Pavel and T. Taira, "Continuous-wave high-power multi-pass pumped thin-disc Nd:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Commun. 260, 271-276 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. Pavel and T. Taira, "High-power continuous-wave intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4-LBO laser under diode pumping into the emitting level," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 631-637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Y. Kong, X. Lin, R. Li, Z. Xu, and X. Han, "A novel blue light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Commun. 237, 405-409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, and D. Burns, "Progress towards high-power, high-brightness neodymium-based thin-disk lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 305-344 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, "Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 844-846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, N. Pavel, Y. Sato, and T. Taira, "Highly efficient 1063-nm continuous-wave laser emission in Nd:GdVO4," Opt. Lett. 28, 2366-2368 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Agnesi and P. Uggetti, "Measurement of thermal diffractive losses in end-pumped solid-state lasers," Opt. Commun. 212, 371-376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, "A 1-kW CW thin disc laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 650-657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

1994 (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Witting, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

1993 (1)

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, "Operation of resonantly pumped Tm:Ho:YAG in active mirror mode," Opt. Commun. 104, 97-101 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li 3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Risk, "Modeling of longitudinally pumped solid-state lasers exhibiting reabsorption losses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1412-1423 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurements of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hügel, A. Voss, K. Witting, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Sato, T. Taira, N. Pavel, and V. Lupei, "Laser operation with near quantum-defect slope efficiency in Nd:YVO4 under direct pumping into the emitting level," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 844-846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Stewen, K. Contag, M. Larionov, A. Giesen, and H. Hügel, "A 1-kW CW thin disc laser," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 650-657 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Pavel and T. Taira, "High-power continuous-wave intracavity frequency-doubled Nd:GdVO4-LBO laser under diode pumping into the emitting level," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 631-637 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. A. Caird, S. A. Payne, P. R. Staber, A. J. Ramponi, L. L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, "Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li 3F12:Cr3+ laser," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077-1099 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, "Fifteen years of work on thin-disk lasers: results and scaling laws," IEEE. J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598-609 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (4)

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, and H. P. Weber, "Operation of resonantly pumped Tm:Ho:YAG in active mirror mode," Opt. Commun. 104, 97-101 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi and P. Uggetti, "Measurement of thermal diffractive losses in end-pumped solid-state lasers," Opt. Commun. 212, 371-376 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Pavel and T. Taira, "Continuous-wave high-power multi-pass pumped thin-disc Nd:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Commun. 260, 271-276 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kong, X. Lin, R. Li, Z. Xu, and X. Han, "A novel blue light generation by frequency doubling of a diode-pumped Nd:YAG thin disk laser," Opt. Commun. 237, 405-409 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photonics Spectra (1)

A. Giesen, J. Speiser, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, and K. Petermann, "Thin-disk lasers come of age," Photonics Spectra 41(5), 52-58 (2007).

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay and R. A. Clay, "The measurements of internal losses in 4-level lasers," Phys. Lett. 20, 277-278 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, and D. Burns, "Progress towards high-power, high-brightness neodymium-based thin-disk lasers," Prog. Quantum Electron. 28, 305-344 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

I. Johannsen, S. Erhard, D. Müller, C. Stewen, A. Giesen, and K. Contag, "Nd:YAG thin disk laser," in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, H.Injeyan, U.Keller, and C.Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), pp. 137-143.

J. Gao, J. Speiser, and A. Giesen, "25-W diode-pumped continuous-wave quasi-three-level Nd:YAG thin disk laser," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper TuB34.

J. Gao, M. Larionov, J. Speiser, A. Giesen, A. Douillet, J. Keupp, E. M. Rasel, and W. Ertmer, "Nd:YVO4 thin disk laser with 5.8 watts output power at 914 nm," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuI1.

S. Knoke, K. Pochomis, and G. Holleman, "Generation of 2 W cw output power at 457 nm based on a frequency doubled Nd:YVO4 thin disc laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference and Photonic Applications Systems Technologies, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CFE5.
[PubMed]

D. Dudley, N. Hodgson, H. Hoffman, and F. Kopper, "Direct 880 nm diode-pumping of vanadate lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), Vol. 73 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper CTuI3.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup and (b) a view of a thin-disk laser crystal attached to the heat sink.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Output power at 1064   nm versus pump power at 808 and 880   nm for the 0.3 at.% Nd:YVO 4 thin-disk laser with an output mirror of T = 3.2 % and (b) M 2 factor of the laser beam's function of the absorbed pump power.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power at 1064   nm versus absorbed pump power for the Nd:YVO 4 thin-disk laser and an output mirror with T = 3.2 % . Signs are experimental results and lines represent simulations with losses L i = 0.015 ( λ p = 808   nm ) and L i = 0.013 ( λ p = 880   nm ) .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup used for visible light generation by intracavity frequency doubling. M1, S2, M3, M4, mirrors; NLC, nonlinear crystal; λ ω , infrared radiation; λ 2 ω , visible light.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Output power at 532   nm versus pump power for the 0.3 at.% Nd:YVO 4 thin-disk laser laser that was intracavity frequency doubled with LBO and (b) the M 2 factor of the visible laser beams.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power at 914   nm versus pump power at 808 and 880   nm obtained for the 0.3 at.% Nd:YVO 4 thin-disk laser with an output mirror of T = 0.7 % .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output power at 457   nm versus pump power for the Nd:YVO 4 thin-disk laser that was intracavity frequency doubled with BiBO.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summarized Results Obtained with Nd-based Thin-Disk Lasers at 1.06 μm Fundamental Wavelength of Emission (λω) and Green Light at 0.53 μm (λ) Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling with LBO NLC a

Tables Icon

Table 2 Results Obtained with Nd-based Thin-Disk Lasers at 0.91 μm (λω) and Blue Light (λ) Generation by Intracavity Frequency Doubling with BiBO NLC (for Nd:YVO4 and Nd:GdVO4) and with BBO NLC (in the Case of Nd:YAG)

Metrics