We present a new method to simultaneously reconstruct the images of oxyhemoglobin,
deoxyhemoglobin, and water concentrations, as well as the volume fraction images of the scattering particles using continuous wave multispectral diffuse optical tomography with the absorption and scattering spectral prior constraints. In this method, the nonlinear relationship between the reduced scattering coefficient and the volume fraction and the size of the particles is linearized, allowing direct reconstruction of the volume fraction of scattering particles in tissues. The method is validated by a series of numerical simulations, phantom experiments, and in vivo clinical experiments. The initial clinical results indicate that the volume fraction of scattering particles in a malignant tumor is higher than that in a benign tumor.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
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