Spatial engineering of polarization is proposed as a novel method of beam shaping. It is shown that a flat-top-shaped focus can be obtained in the far field by changing the polarization in the pupil plane in a spatially inhomogeneous manner. Experiments have been carried out to verify the validity of this method in one dimension. By comparison with traditional beam shaping methods, polarization beam shaping yields the smallest flat-top focus while maintaining high efficiency.
© 2007 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article