Abstract

We present a novel technique to align a tiled grating in all five relevant degrees of freedom utilized in the compressor of the high-power chirped-pulse amplification laser system Polaris at the Institute for Optics and Quantum Electronics, Jena, Germany. With this technique, alignment errors of the two gratings with respect to each other can be detected with an accuracy of 1  μrad for the rotational and 40  nm for the translational degrees of freedom. This is well sufficient to recompress 1030   nm pulses, which were stretched to 2 .2   ns before amplification, to their bandwith limit of 150  fs.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, "Optics in the relativistic regime," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 309 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. B. Treacy, "Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454-458 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. J. Kessler, J. Bunkenburg, H. Huang, A. Kozlov, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Demonstration of coherent addition of multiple gratings for high-energy chirped-pulse-amplified lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 635-637 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, "An array-grating compressor for high-power chirped-pulse amplification lasers," Opt. Commun. 145, 367-376 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, "Method to mosaic gratings that relies on analysis of far-field intensity patterns in two wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 269, 285-290 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Zeng and L. Li, "Method of making mosaic gratings by using a two-color heterodyne interferometer containing a reference grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 152-154 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. J. Bunkenburg, T. J. Kessler, W. Skulski, and H. Huang, "Phase-locked control of tiled-grating assemblies for chirped-pulse-amplified lasers using a Mach-Zehnder interferometer," Opt. Lett. 31, 1561-1563 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, "Method to mosaic gratings that relies on analysis of far-field intensity patterns in two wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 269, 285-290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zuo, X. Wei, X. Wang, Q. Zhu, R. Ren, Z. Huang, H. Liu, and C. Ying, "Eliminating the longitudinal piston error between tiled gratings by angle tuning," Opt. Lett. 32, 280-282 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2004 (2)

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kessler, J. Bunkenburg, H. Huang, A. Kozlov, and D. D. Meyerhofer, "Demonstration of coherent addition of multiple gratings for high-energy chirped-pulse-amplified lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 635-637 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, "An array-grating compressor for high-power chirped-pulse amplification lasers," Opt. Commun. 145, 367-376 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, "Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454-458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Bödefeld, R.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.

Bulanov, S. V.

G. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, "Optics in the relativistic regime," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bunkenburg, J.

Canning, D.

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ehrt, D.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Erden, M. F.

Guardalben, M. J.

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hein, J.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.

Hellwing, M.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hornung, M.

R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.

Hu, Y.

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, "Method to mosaic gratings that relies on analysis of far-field intensity patterns in two wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 269, 285-290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H.

Huang, Z.

Kalb, A.

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kato, Y.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, "An array-grating compressor for high-power chirped-pulse amplification lasers," Opt. Commun. 145, 367-376 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. H.

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kessler, T. J.

King, G.

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kozlov, A.

Li, L.

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, "Method to mosaic gratings that relies on analysis of far-field intensity patterns in two wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 269, 285-290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zeng and L. Li, "Method of making mosaic gratings by using a two-color heterodyne interferometer containing a reference grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 152-154 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

Meyerhofer, D. D.

Mourou, G.

G. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, "Optics in the relativistic regime," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Ozaktas, H. M.

Podleska, S.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, J.

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, R.

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.

Schnepp, M.

R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.

Siebold, M.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.

Skulski, W.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, T.

G. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, "Optics in the relativistic regime," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, "Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454-458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Wei, X.

Wiutzer, W.

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ying, C.

Yonemura, M.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, "An array-grating compressor for high-power chirped-pulse amplification lasers," Opt. Commun. 145, 367-376 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, L.

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, "Method to mosaic gratings that relies on analysis of far-field intensity patterns in two wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 269, 285-290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Zeng and L. Li, "Method of making mosaic gratings by using a two-color heterodyne interferometer containing a reference grating," Opt. Lett. 31, 152-154 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, "An array-grating compressor for high-power chirped-pulse amplification lasers," Opt. Commun. 145, 367-376 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Q.

Zuo, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bödefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt, and W. Wiutzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. B. Treacy, "Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454-458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

T. Zhang, M. Yonemura, and Y. Kato, "An array-grating compressor for high-power chirped-pulse amplification lasers," Opt. Commun. 145, 367-376 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, L. Zeng, and L. Li, "Method to mosaic gratings that relies on analysis of far-field intensity patterns in two wavelengths," Opt. Commun. 269, 285-290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, "Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 56, 219-221 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

J. Qiao, A. Kalb, M. J. Guardalben, G. King, D. Canning, and J. H. Kelly, "Large-aperture grating tiling by interferometry for petawatt chirped-pulse-amplification systems," Opt. Express 15, 9562-9574 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

G. Mourou, T. Tajima, and S. V. Bulanov, "Optics in the relativistic regime," Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 309 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. Bödefeld, M. Hornung, M. Schnepp, M. Siebold, J. Hein, and R. Sauerbrey, "Alignment of a multi grating mosaic compressor in a PW-class CPA-laser," presented at CLEO Europe 2005, Munich, Germany, 12-17 June 2005.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Setup in the vacuum compressor chamber of the 100 TW stage of Polaris. The grating for the second and third pass is tiled, the adjustable grating (right) can be aligned to the fixed one (left) with respect to five degrees of freedom (translational, Δx shift and Δz piston; rotational, Δ θ x tip, Δ θ y tilt, and Δ θ z twist). The inset depicts the optical setup used to align the tiled grating comprising an expanded probe beam, a beam splitter, and lenses imaging the far field of the different diffraction orders of the probe beam onto three CCD cameras.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Measurement (upper row) and numerical simulation (lower row) of the far field distributions of the alignment beam in arbitrary units to test the sensitivity of the alignmentprocedure for intentional misalignments of the adjustable grating:(a) tilt, Θ y = 10   μrad ; tip, Θ x = 2   μrad ; (b) tilt, Θ y = 1   μrad ; tip, Θ x = 10   μrad ; (c) piston, Δ z = π .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Single-shot two-photon fluorescence dye-autocorrelation measurements of the compressed pulses for varying piston misalignments. (A) Perfectly aligned tiled grating and maximal compression to 150   fs (FWHM). (B)–(D) Introduction of an intentional piston misalignment, increasing from (B) to (D), leading to two spectrally separated pulse fronts generating symmetric wings in the autocorrelation trace. The horizontal line outs were taken by vertically averaging over 10 pixels along the line indicated in (A). Note that the line outs were shifted vertically for clarity.

Equations (2)

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d piston = 2 Δ z ( { cos [ θ in ( λ 0 ) ] } 1 + { cos [ θ out ( λ 0 ) ] } 1 )
ϕ shift = 2 π D 1 ( Δ x mod D ) ,

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