Abstract

A diode-side-pumped high-power 1319nm single-wavelength Nd:YAG continuous wave (cw) laser is described. Through reasonable coating design of the cavity mirrors, the 1064nm strongest line as well as the 1338nm one have been successfully suppressed. The laser output powers corresponding to four groups of different output couplers operating at 1319nm single wavelength have been compared. The output coupler with the transmission T=5.3% has the highest output power, and a 131W cw output power was achieved at the pumping power of 555W. The optical–optical conversion efficiency is 23.6%, and the slope efficiency is 46%. The output power is higher than the total output power of the dual-wavelength laser operating at 1319nm and 1338nm in the experiment.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. J. Whitley, "A review of recent system demonstrations incorporating 1.3-μm praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1744-1760 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, "High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: scientific and medical applications," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 1999), pp. 126-127.
  3. J. Fanta, V. Mandys, and L. Horák, "Lesser curve photoseromyolysis with the Nd-YAG laser," Lasers Med. Sci. 5, 317-322 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).
  7. Y. Inoue and S. Fujikawa, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser producing 122 W cw power at 1.319 um," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 751-756 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Vitert, "Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature," Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566-2572 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Y. Shen and H. Su, "Operating conditions of continuous wave simultaneous dual wavelength laser in neodymium host crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6647-6651 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 5th ed. (Springer, 1999).
  12. D. L. Yu and D. Y. Tang, "Experimental study of a high-power cw side-pumped Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 37-42 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).

2004 (1)

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. L. Yu and D. Y. Tang, "Experimental study of a high-power cw side-pumped Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 37-42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Inoue and S. Fujikawa, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser producing 122 W cw power at 1.319 um," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 751-756 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Y. Shen and H. Su, "Operating conditions of continuous wave simultaneous dual wavelength laser in neodymium host crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6647-6651 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. J. Whitley, "A review of recent system demonstrations incorporating 1.3-μm praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1744-1760 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

J. Fanta, V. Mandys, and L. Horák, "Lesser curve photoseromyolysis with the Nd-YAG laser," Lasers Med. Sci. 5, 317-322 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Vitert, "Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature," Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566-2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bi, Y.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bo, Y.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boquillon, J. P.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, "High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: scientific and medical applications," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 1999), pp. 126-127.

Cui, D. F.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fanta, J.

J. Fanta, V. Mandys, and L. Horák, "Lesser curve photoseromyolysis with the Nd-YAG laser," Lasers Med. Sci. 5, 317-322 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fujikawa, S.

Y. Inoue and S. Fujikawa, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser producing 122 W cw power at 1.319 um," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 751-756 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guillet, H.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, "High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: scientific and medical applications," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 1999), pp. 126-127.

Horák, L.

J. Fanta, V. Mandys, and L. Horák, "Lesser curve photoseromyolysis with the Nd-YAG laser," Lasers Med. Sci. 5, 317-322 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hou, W.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C. H.

Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. H.

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. X.

Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).

Inoue, Y.

Y. Inoue and S. Fujikawa, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser producing 122 W cw power at 1.319 um," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 751-756 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koechner, W.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 5th ed. (Springer, 1999).

Li, R. N.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, W. X.

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. C.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandys, V.

J. Fanta, V. Mandys, and L. Horák, "Lesser curve photoseromyolysis with the Nd-YAG laser," Lasers Med. Sci. 5, 317-322 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Musset, O.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, "High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: scientific and medical applications," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 1999), pp. 126-127.

Roy, S.

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, "High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: scientific and medical applications," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 1999), pp. 126-127.

Shen, H. Y.

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen and H. Su, "Operating conditions of continuous wave simultaneous dual wavelength laser in neodymium host crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6647-6651 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Vitert, "Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature," Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566-2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Vitert, "Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature," Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566-2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Su, H.

H. Y. Shen and H. Su, "Operating conditions of continuous wave simultaneous dual wavelength laser in neodymium host crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6647-6651 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z. P.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, D. Y.

D. L. Yu and D. Y. Tang, "Experimental study of a high-power cw side-pumped Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 37-42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van Vitert, L. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Vitert, "Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature," Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566-2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wei, M.

Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).

Wei, Y.

Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).

Whitley, T. J.

T. J. Whitley, "A review of recent system demonstrations incorporating 1.3-μm praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1744-1760 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z. Y.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X. D.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, Q. J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yu, D. L.

D. L. Yu and D. Y. Tang, "Experimental study of a high-power cw side-pumped Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 37-42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G. P.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, R. R.

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z. D.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. B.

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.J.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y. P.

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. Inoue and S. Fujikawa, "Diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser producing 122 W cw power at 1.319 um," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 751-756 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, Y. P. Zhou, G. F. Yu, C. H. Huang, Z. D. Zeng, W. J. Zhang, and Q. J. Ye, "Simultaneous multiple wavelength laser action in various neodymium host crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2315-2318 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Y. Shen and H. Su, "Operating conditions of continuous wave simultaneous dual wavelength laser in neodymium host crystals," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 6647-6651 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. J. Whitley, "A review of recent system demonstrations incorporating 1.3-μm praseodymium-doped fluoride fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1744-1760 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laser Technol. (1)

Y. Wei, G. Zhang, C. H. Huang, L. X. Huang, and M. Wei, "A single wavelength 1318.8 nm Nd:YAG laser," Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 29, 258-260 (2005).

Lasers Med. Sci. (1)

J. Fanta, V. Mandys, and L. Horák, "Lesser curve photoseromyolysis with the Nd-YAG laser," Lasers Med. Sci. 5, 317-322 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Z. P. Sun, R. N. Li, Y. Bi, X. D. Yang, Y. Bo, W. Hou, X. C. Lin, H. B. Zhang, D. F. Cui, and Z. Y. Xu, "Generation of 4.3-W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

D. L. Yu and D. Y. Tang, "Experimental study of a high-power cw side-pumped Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 37-42 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Zhang, H. Y. Shen, R. R. Zeng, C. H. Huang, W. X. Lin, and J. H. Huang, "The study of 1341.4 nm Nd:YAlO3 laser intracavity frequency doubling by LiB3O5," Opt. Commun. 183, 461-466 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Vitert, "Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature," Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566-2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. P. Boquillon, O. Musset, H. Guillet, and S. Roy, "High efficiency flashlamp-pumped lasers at 1.3 μm with Nd-doped crystals: scientific and medical applications," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 1999), pp. 126-127.

W. Koechner, Solid-State Laser Engineering, 5th ed. (Springer, 1999).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of energy levels of Nd 3 + in YAG crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the laser diode-side-pumped Nd:YAG laser system: (a) diode side-pump module cross section; (b) experiment configuration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output power versus the pumping power under different output couplers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured spectrum of the laser operating on 1319 nm single wavelength.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Continuous wave output power curve of a Nd:YAG laser at 1319 nm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Characteristic of Nd:YAG dual-wavelength laser output power using an output coupler ( T = 5.1 % at 1319 nm and T = 4.6 % at 1338 nm ).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured spectrum of Nd:YAG laser operating on simultaneous dual wavelengths.

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