Abstract

A novel dynamic gain equalizer for flattening Er-doped fiber amplifiers based on a twisted long-period fiber grating (LPFG) induced by high-frequency CO2 laser pulses isreported for the first time to our knowledge. Experimental results show that its transverse-load sensitivity is up to 0.34dB/(g·mm1), while the twist ratio of the twisted LPFG is 20rad/m, which is 7 times higher than that of a torsion-free LPFG. In addition, it is found that the strong orientation dependence of the transverse-load sensitivity of the torsion-free LPFGreported previously has been weakened considerably. Therefore such a dynamic gain equalizer based on the unique transverse-load characteristics of the twisted LPFG provides a much larger adjustable range and makes packaging of the gain equalizer much easier. A demonstration has been carried out to flatten an Er-doped fiber amplifier to ±0.5dB over a 32nm bandwidth.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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