Abstract

A paraxial model describing the astigmatism generated by a plane-parallel plate is derived. This model fits the framework of the 4×4 matrix formalism that Arsenault used to describe cylindrical lenses. The framework including this new model is used to build a compact system description of a plane-parallel plate combined with a cylindrical lens, from which several imaging properties are derived. Calculation results are compared with ray-trace simulation results and measurements. Both the ray-trace and the experimental results are in excellent agreement with the calculated results.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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