Abstract

We present a new method of the fiber grating sensing interrogation technique by utilizing an indium gallium arsenide photodiode linear array and blazed fiber Bragg gratings. An interrogation system based on an InGaAs photodiode linear array is designed, and the system performance is analyzed. The interrogation system shows a good prospect for smart sensing.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Byoungho Lee, "Review of the present status of optical fiber sensors," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57-79 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. A. Davis and A. D. Kersey, "All-fibre Bragg grating strain-sensor demodulation technique using a wavelength division coupler," Electron. Lett. 30, 75-77 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. T. Vohra, M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Chang, and B. A. Danver, "Fiber Bragg grating sensor system for civil structure monitoring: applications and field tests," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, B.Y. Kim and K. Hotate, eds., Proc. SPIE 3746, 32-37 (1999).
  4. A. D. Kersey and T. A. Berkoff, "Fiber-optic Bragg grating differential-temperature sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1183-2285 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. G. Simpson, Kaiming Zhou, Lin Zhang, L. Everall, and I. Bennion, "Optical sensor interrogation with a blazed fiber Bragg grating and a charge-coupled device linear array," Appl. Opt. 43, 33-40 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. F. Tovkach, "Method of measuring linear displacements and twist angle by means of a linear array of photodetectors," J. Opt. Technol. 72, 334-337 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, "Optical efficiency of image sensor pixels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610-1620 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. A. Hiskett, G. S. Buller, A. Y. Loudon, J. M. Smith, I. Gontijo, A. C. Walker, P. D. Townsend, and M. J. Robertson, "Performance and design of InGaAs InP photodiodes for single-photon counting at 1.55 μm," Appl. Opt. 39, 6818-6829 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2005

E. F. Tovkach, "Method of measuring linear displacements and twist angle by means of a linear array of photodetectors," J. Opt. Technol. 72, 334-337 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

Byoungho Lee, "Review of the present status of optical fiber sensors," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57-79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, "Optical efficiency of image sensor pixels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610-1620 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1997

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. A. Davis and A. D. Kersey, "All-fibre Bragg grating strain-sensor demodulation technique using a wavelength division coupler," Electron. Lett. 30, 75-77 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

A. D. Kersey and T. A. Berkoff, "Fiber-optic Bragg grating differential-temperature sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1183-2285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Bennion, I.

Berkoff, T. A.

A. D. Kersey and T. A. Berkoff, "Fiber-optic Bragg grating differential-temperature sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1183-2285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Buller, G. S.

Catrysse, P. B.

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, "Optical efficiency of image sensor pixels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610-1620 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. C.

S. T. Vohra, M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Chang, and B. A. Danver, "Fiber Bragg grating sensor system for civil structure monitoring: applications and field tests," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, B.Y. Kim and K. Hotate, eds., Proc. SPIE 3746, 32-37 (1999).

Danver, B. A.

S. T. Vohra, M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Chang, and B. A. Danver, "Fiber Bragg grating sensor system for civil structure monitoring: applications and field tests," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, B.Y. Kim and K. Hotate, eds., Proc. SPIE 3746, 32-37 (1999).

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Davis and A. D. Kersey, "All-fibre Bragg grating strain-sensor demodulation technique using a wavelength division coupler," Electron. Lett. 30, 75-77 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Everall, L.

Gontijo, I.

Hiskett, P. A.

Johnson, G. A.

S. T. Vohra, M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Chang, and B. A. Danver, "Fiber Bragg grating sensor system for civil structure monitoring: applications and field tests," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, B.Y. Kim and K. Hotate, eds., Proc. SPIE 3746, 32-37 (1999).

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Davis and A. D. Kersey, "All-fibre Bragg grating strain-sensor demodulation technique using a wavelength division coupler," Electron. Lett. 30, 75-77 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey and T. A. Berkoff, "Fiber-optic Bragg grating differential-temperature sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1183-2285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

LeBlanc, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Byoungho

Byoungho Lee, "Review of the present status of optical fiber sensors," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57-79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, A. Y.

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Robertson, M. J.

Simpson, A. G.

Smith, J. M.

Todd, M. D.

S. T. Vohra, M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Chang, and B. A. Danver, "Fiber Bragg grating sensor system for civil structure monitoring: applications and field tests," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, B.Y. Kim and K. Hotate, eds., Proc. SPIE 3746, 32-37 (1999).

Tovkach, E. F.

E. F. Tovkach, "Method of measuring linear displacements and twist angle by means of a linear array of photodetectors," J. Opt. Technol. 72, 334-337 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

Vohra, S. T.

S. T. Vohra, M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Chang, and B. A. Danver, "Fiber Bragg grating sensor system for civil structure monitoring: applications and field tests," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, B.Y. Kim and K. Hotate, eds., Proc. SPIE 3746, 32-37 (1999).

Walker, A. C.

Wandell, B. A.

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, "Optical efficiency of image sensor pixels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610-1620 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Lin

Zhou, Kaiming

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

M. A. Davis and A. D. Kersey, "All-fibre Bragg grating strain-sensor demodulation technique using a wavelength division coupler," Electron. Lett. 30, 75-77 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. D. Kersey and T. A. Berkoff, "Fiber-optic Bragg grating differential-temperature sensor," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1183-2285 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, and K. P. Koo, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Technol.

E. F. Tovkach, "Method of measuring linear displacements and twist angle by means of a linear array of photodetectors," J. Opt. Technol. 72, 334-337 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

P. B. Catrysse and B. A. Wandell, "Optical efficiency of image sensor pixels," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 1610-1620 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

Byoungho Lee, "Review of the present status of optical fiber sensors," Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 57-79 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. T. Vohra, M. D. Todd, G. A. Johnson, C. C. Chang, and B. A. Danver, "Fiber Bragg grating sensor system for civil structure monitoring: applications and field tests," in Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, B.Y. Kim and K. Hotate, eds., Proc. SPIE 3746, 32-37 (1999).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of a 640 pixel InGaAs photodiode array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the experimental apparatus.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Detected (a) strain- and (b) temperature-induced wavelength shifts with the InGaAs interrogation system.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SNR measurement of the InGaAs interrogation system.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Wavelength accuracy at (a) different wavelengths and (b) different operating temperatures.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Power accuracy at (a) different wavelengths and (b) different operating temperatures.

Equations (2)

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η QE = N electrons N photos .
SNR = 10 × log 10 [ P ( signal ) P ( noise ) ] .

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