C.-I. Chang, *Hyperspectral Imaging: Techniques for Spectral Detection and Classification* (Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2003).

D. Manolakis, D. Marden, and G. A. Shaw, "Hyperspectral image processing for automatic target detection applications," Lincoln Lab. J. 14, 79-116 (2003).

D. A. Landgrebe, *Signal Theory Methods in Multispectral Remote Sensing* (Wiley, 2003).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David and H. Ren, "Detection, identification, and estimation of biological aerosols and vapors with Fourier transform infrared spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 42, 4887-4900 (2003).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Ben-David, "Remote detection of biological aerosols at a distance of 3 km with a passive Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)," Opt. Express 11, 418-429 (2003).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Backscattering measurements of atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} laser wavelengths: implications of aerosol spectral structure on differential absorption lidar retrieval of molecular species," Appl. Opt. 38, 2616-2624 (1999).

[Crossref]

H. Cramér, *Mathematical Methods of Statistics* (Princeton U. Press, 1999), Chap. 17.4.

F. Rocadenbosch and A. Comeron, "Error analysis for the lidar backward inversion algorithm," Appl. Opt. 38, 4461-4474 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Backscattering measurements of atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} laser wavelengths: implications of aerosol spectral structure on differential absorption lidar retrieval of molecular species," Appl. Opt. 38, 2616-2624 (1999).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, C. Soriano, A. Comeron, and J.-M. Baldasano, "Lidar inversion of atmospheric backscatter and extinction-to-backscatter ratios by use of a Kalman filter," Appl. Opt. 38, 3175-3189 (1999).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, A. Comeron, and D. Pineda, "Assessment of lidar inversion errors for homogeneous atmospheres," Appl. Opt. 37, 2199-2206 (1998).

[Crossref]

S. M. Kay, *Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing: Detection Theory* (Prentice Hall, 1998), Vol. II.

A. Ben-David, "Mueller matrix for atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} wavelengths from backscattering polarized lidar measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 26041-26050 (1998).

[Crossref]

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, and I. N. Polonsky, "Analytical solution to lidar return signals from clouds with regard to multiple scattering," Appl. Phys. B 60, 345-353 (1995).

[Crossref]

W. B. Grant, "Lidar for atmospheric and hydrospheric studies," in *Tunable Laser Applications*, F. J. Durate, ed. (Dekker, 1995), pp. 213-305.

C. M. Bishop, *Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition* (Oxford U. Press, 1995), Chap. 3.

J. Harsanyi and C.-I. Chang, "Hyperspectral image classification and dimensionality reduction: an orthogonal subspace projection approach," IEEE Trans. Geocsi. Remote Sens. 32, 779-785 (1994).

[Crossref]

N. L. Johnson, S. Kotz, and N. Balakrishnan, *Continuous Univariate Distributions* (Wiley, 1994), Vol. 1.

L. L. Scharf, *Statistical Signal Processing, Detection, Estimation, and Time Series Analysis* (Addison-Wesley, 1991).

I. S. Reed and X. Yu, "Adaptive multiple-band CFAR detection of an optical pattern with unknown spectral distribution," IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1760-1770 (1990).

[Crossref]

R. M. Measures, *Laser Remote Chemical Analysis* (Wiley, 1988).

R. T. H. Collis and P. B. Russell, "Lidar measurement of particles and gases by elastic backscattering and differential absorption," in *Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere*, E. D. Hinkley, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1976), Chap. 4, pp. 71-151.

R. T. H. Collis, "Lidar: a new atmospheric probe," Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 92, 220-230 (1966).

[Crossref]

N. L. Johnson, S. Kotz, and N. Balakrishnan, *Continuous Univariate Distributions* (Wiley, 1994), Vol. 1.

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Remote detection of biological aerosols at a distance of 3 km with a passive Fourier transform infrared (FTIR)," Opt. Express 11, 418-429 (2003).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Ben-David and H. Ren, "Detection, identification, and estimation of biological aerosols and vapors with Fourier transform infrared spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 42, 4887-4900 (2003).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Ben-David, "Backscattering measurements of atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} laser wavelengths: implications of aerosol spectral structure on differential absorption lidar retrieval of molecular species," Appl. Opt. 38, 2616-2624 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Backscattering measurements of atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} laser wavelengths: implications of aerosol spectral structure on differential absorption lidar retrieval of molecular species," Appl. Opt. 38, 2616-2624 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Mueller matrix for atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} wavelengths from backscattering polarized lidar measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 26041-26050 (1998).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Optimal bandwidth for topographical DIAL detection," Appl. Opt. 35, 1531-1536 (1996).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Ben-David, "Temperature dependence of water vapor absorption coefficients for CO_{2} differential absorption lidars," Appl. Opt. 32, 7479-7483 (1993).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. M. Bishop, *Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition* (Oxford U. Press, 1995), Chap. 3.

C.-I. Chang, *Hyperspectral Imaging: Techniques for Spectral Detection and Classification* (Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2003).

J. Harsanyi and C.-I. Chang, "Hyperspectral image classification and dimensionality reduction: an orthogonal subspace projection approach," IEEE Trans. Geocsi. Remote Sens. 32, 779-785 (1994).

[Crossref]

R. T. H. Collis and P. B. Russell, "Lidar measurement of particles and gases by elastic backscattering and differential absorption," in *Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere*, E. D. Hinkley, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1976), Chap. 4, pp. 71-151.

R. T. H. Collis, "Lidar: a new atmospheric probe," Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 92, 220-230 (1966).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch and A. Comeron, "Error analysis for the lidar backward inversion algorithm," Appl. Opt. 38, 4461-4474 (1999).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, C. Soriano, A. Comeron, and J.-M. Baldasano, "Lidar inversion of atmospheric backscatter and extinction-to-backscatter ratios by use of a Kalman filter," Appl. Opt. 38, 3175-3189 (1999).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, A. Comeron, and D. Pineda, "Assessment of lidar inversion errors for homogeneous atmospheres," Appl. Opt. 37, 2199-2206 (1998).

[Crossref]

H. Cramér, *Mathematical Methods of Statistics* (Princeton U. Press, 1999), Chap. 17.4.

W. B. Grant, "Lidar for atmospheric and hydrospheric studies," in *Tunable Laser Applications*, F. J. Durate, ed. (Dekker, 1995), pp. 213-305.

J. Harsanyi and C.-I. Chang, "Hyperspectral image classification and dimensionality reduction: an orthogonal subspace projection approach," IEEE Trans. Geocsi. Remote Sens. 32, 779-785 (1994).

[Crossref]

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

N. L. Johnson, S. Kotz, and N. Balakrishnan, *Continuous Univariate Distributions* (Wiley, 1994), Vol. 1.

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, and I. N. Polonsky, "Analytical solution to lidar return signals from clouds with regard to multiple scattering," Appl. Phys. B 60, 345-353 (1995).

[Crossref]

S. M. Kay, *Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing: Detection Theory* (Prentice Hall, 1998), Vol. II.

N. L. Johnson, S. Kotz, and N. Balakrishnan, *Continuous Univariate Distributions* (Wiley, 1994), Vol. 1.

D. A. Landgrebe, *Signal Theory Methods in Multispectral Remote Sensing* (Wiley, 2003).

[Crossref]

D. Manolakis, D. Marden, and G. A. Shaw, "Hyperspectral image processing for automatic target detection applications," Lincoln Lab. J. 14, 79-116 (2003).

D. Manolakis, D. Marden, and G. A. Shaw, "Hyperspectral image processing for automatic target detection applications," Lincoln Lab. J. 14, 79-116 (2003).

R. M. Measures, *Laser Remote Chemical Analysis* (Wiley, 1988).

R. M. Measures, *Laser Remote Sensing: Fundamentals and Applications* (Wiley, 1984).

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, and I. N. Polonsky, "Analytical solution to lidar return signals from clouds with regard to multiple scattering," Appl. Phys. B 60, 345-353 (1995).

[Crossref]

I. S. Reed and X. Yu, "Adaptive multiple-band CFAR detection of an optical pattern with unknown spectral distribution," IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1760-1770 (1990).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, C. Soriano, A. Comeron, and J.-M. Baldasano, "Lidar inversion of atmospheric backscatter and extinction-to-backscatter ratios by use of a Kalman filter," Appl. Opt. 38, 3175-3189 (1999).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch and A. Comeron, "Error analysis for the lidar backward inversion algorithm," Appl. Opt. 38, 4461-4474 (1999).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, A. Comeron, and D. Pineda, "Assessment of lidar inversion errors for homogeneous atmospheres," Appl. Opt. 37, 2199-2206 (1998).

[Crossref]

R. T. H. Collis and P. B. Russell, "Lidar measurement of particles and gases by elastic backscattering and differential absorption," in *Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere*, E. D. Hinkley, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1976), Chap. 4, pp. 71-151.

L. L. Scharf, *Statistical Signal Processing, Detection, Estimation, and Time Series Analysis* (Addison-Wesley, 1991).

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

D. Manolakis, D. Marden, and G. A. Shaw, "Hyperspectral image processing for automatic target detection applications," Lincoln Lab. J. 14, 79-116 (2003).

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

I. S. Reed and X. Yu, "Adaptive multiple-band CFAR detection of an optical pattern with unknown spectral distribution," IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1760-1770 (1990).

[Crossref]

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, and I. N. Polonsky, "Analytical solution to lidar return signals from clouds with regard to multiple scattering," Appl. Phys. B 60, 345-353 (1995).

[Crossref]

J. D. Klett, "Stable analytical inversion solution for processing lidar returns," Appl. Opt. 20, 211-220 (1981).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. D. Klett, "Lidar inversion with variable backscatter/extinction ratios," Appl. Opt. 24, 1638-1643 (1985).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

F. G. Fernald, "Analysis of atmospheric lidar observations: some comments," Appl. Opt. 23, 652-653 (1984).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

V. A. Kovalev, "Lidar measurement of the vertical aerosol extinction profiles with range-dependent backscatter-to-extinction ratios," Appl. Opt. 32, 6053-6065 (1993).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

L. R. Bissonnette, "Sensitivity analysis of lidar incersion algorithms," Appl. Opt. 25, 2122-2125 (1986).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

F. Rocadenbosch and A. Comeron, "Error analysis for the lidar backward inversion algorithm," Appl. Opt. 38, 4461-4474 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Backscattering measurements of atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} laser wavelengths: implications of aerosol spectral structure on differential absorption lidar retrieval of molecular species," Appl. Opt. 38, 2616-2624 (1999).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, A. Comeron, and D. Pineda, "Assessment of lidar inversion errors for homogeneous atmospheres," Appl. Opt. 37, 2199-2206 (1998).

[Crossref]

F. Rocadenbosch, C. Soriano, A. Comeron, and J.-M. Baldasano, "Lidar inversion of atmospheric backscatter and extinction-to-backscatter ratios by use of a Kalman filter," Appl. Opt. 38, 3175-3189 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. Ansmann, U. Wandinger, M. Reibessel, C. Weitcamp, and M. Michaelis, "Independent measurements of extinction and backscatter profiles in cirrus clouds by using combined Raman elastic-backscatter lidar," Appl. Opt. 31, 7113-7131 (1992).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

G. J. Kunz and G. de Leeuw, "Inversion of lidar signals with the slope method," Appl. Opt. 32, 3249-3256 (1993).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. V. Samoilova, Y. S. Balin, M. M. Krekova, and D. M. Winker, "Method for reconstructing atmospheric optical parameters from the data of polarized lidar sensing," Appl. Opt. 44, 3499-3509 (2005).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Ben-David, "Temperature dependence of water vapor absorption coefficients for CO_{2} differential absorption lidars," Appl. Opt. 32, 7479-7483 (1993).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Ben-David, "Backscattering measurements of atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} laser wavelengths: implications of aerosol spectral structure on differential absorption lidar retrieval of molecular species," Appl. Opt. 38, 2616-2624 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David and H. Ren, "Detection, identification, and estimation of biological aerosols and vapors with Fourier transform infrared spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 42, 4887-4900 (2003).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Ben-David, "Optimal bandwidth for topographical DIAL detection," Appl. Opt. 35, 1531-1536 (1996).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

E. P. Zege, I. L. Katsev, and I. N. Polonsky, "Analytical solution to lidar return signals from clouds with regard to multiple scattering," Appl. Phys. B 60, 345-353 (1995).

[Crossref]

D. W. J. Stein, S. G. Beaven, L. E. Hoff, E. M. Winter, A. P. Schaum, and A. D. Stocker, "Anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery," IEEE Signal Process Mag. 19, 58-69 (2002).

[Crossref]

I. S. Reed and X. Yu, "Adaptive multiple-band CFAR detection of an optical pattern with unknown spectral distribution," IEEE Trans. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. 38, 1760-1770 (1990).

[Crossref]

J. Harsanyi and C.-I. Chang, "Hyperspectral image classification and dimensionality reduction: an orthogonal subspace projection approach," IEEE Trans. Geocsi. Remote Sens. 32, 779-785 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. Ben-David, "Mueller matrix for atmospheric aerosols at CO_{2} wavelengths from backscattering polarized lidar measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 103, 26041-26050 (1998).

[Crossref]

D. Manolakis, D. Marden, and G. A. Shaw, "Hyperspectral image processing for automatic target detection applications," Lincoln Lab. J. 14, 79-116 (2003).

R. T. H. Collis, "Lidar: a new atmospheric probe," Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 92, 220-230 (1966).

[Crossref]

R. T. H. Collis and P. B. Russell, "Lidar measurement of particles and gases by elastic backscattering and differential absorption," in *Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere*, E. D. Hinkley, ed. (Springer-Verlag, 1976), Chap. 4, pp. 71-151.

R. M. Measures, *Laser Remote Sensing: Fundamentals and Applications* (Wiley, 1984).

R. M. Measures, *Laser Remote Chemical Analysis* (Wiley, 1988).

W. B. Grant, "Lidar for atmospheric and hydrospheric studies," in *Tunable Laser Applications*, F. J. Durate, ed. (Dekker, 1995), pp. 213-305.

H. Cramér, *Mathematical Methods of Statistics* (Princeton U. Press, 1999), Chap. 17.4.

D. A. Landgrebe, *Signal Theory Methods in Multispectral Remote Sensing* (Wiley, 2003).

[Crossref]

L. L. Scharf, *Statistical Signal Processing, Detection, Estimation, and Time Series Analysis* (Addison-Wesley, 1991).

C.-I. Chang, *Hyperspectral Imaging: Techniques for Spectral Detection and Classification* (Kluwer Academic/Plenum, 2003).

S. M. Kay, *Fundamentals of Statistical Signal Processing: Detection Theory* (Prentice Hall, 1998), Vol. II.

N. L. Johnson, S. Kotz, and N. Balakrishnan, *Continuous Univariate Distributions* (Wiley, 1994), Vol. 1.

C. M. Bishop, *Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition* (Oxford U. Press, 1995), Chap. 3.