Abstract

A novel approach to an integral imaging system using a pliable plastic optical fiber array is proposed. The proposed system has the advantage that it can utilize a light source for three-dimensional (3D) images at an arbitrary location because the point light sources are formed by the plastic fiber array with flexible optical paths. Two-dimensional images can also be expressed in the proposed system. The light efficiency of this system is high compared with previous point light source array integral imaging systems. The feasibility of the proposed method is explained and demonstrated with experiments.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. B. Lee, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Min, "Three-dimensional display and information processing based on integral imaging," in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display, T.-C. Poon, ed. (Springer, 2006), pp. 333-378.
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, "Three-dimensional display by use of integral photography with dynamically variable image planes," Opt. Lett. 26, 1481-1482 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. J.-Y. Son, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Ban, V. Savelief, and E. F. Pen, "Multi-view image display system," U.S. patent 6,606,078 (12 August 2003).
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

2001 (2)

B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, "Three-dimensional display by use of integral photography with dynamically variable image planes," Opt. Lett. 26, 1481-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S.-S. Kim, K. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J. Chun, "Optical design and analysis for super multiview three-dimensional imaging system," Proc. SPIE 4297, 222-226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE/OSA J. Display Tech. (1)

J.-Y. Son and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional imaging methods based on multiview images," IEEE/OSA J. Display Tech. 1, 125-140 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Imaging (1)

J. S. Ren, A. Aggoun, and M. McCormick, "Maximum viewing width integral image," J. Electron. Imaging 14, 023019 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S.-S. Kim, K. Sohn, V. Savaljev, E. F. Pen, J.-Y. Son, and J. Chun, "Optical design and analysis for super multiview three-dimensional imaging system," Proc. SPIE 4297, 222-226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J.-Y. Son, Y.-J. Choi, J.-E. Ban, V. Savelief, and E. F. Pen, "Multi-view image display system," U.S. patent 6,606,078 (12 August 2003).

B. Lee, J.-H. Park, and S.-W. Min, "Three-dimensional display and information processing based on integral imaging," in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display, T.-C. Poon, ed. (Springer, 2006), pp. 333-378.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematics of the proposed method consisting of an SLM, an acryl plate, a plastic optical fiber array, and light sources: (a) the case of generating point light source array (3D mode), (b) 2D mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Structure of (a) fiber output plane that is used as the point light source, (b) the schematic of an acryl plate ( 0.27   mm hole size and 1   mm spacing).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Forming a 3D image with a point light source array: (a) resolution limitation, (b) principle.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Difference between the focused light source and extended light source.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Blurring effect by adjacent rays in the optical fiber.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Simulation results of the focused light source and extended light source ( d e l s denotes the diameter of the extended light source).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Experimental setup.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) Pictures of the acryl plate when the lights for the (a) 3D mode and (b) 2D mode are on.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) (a) Formation of elemental images for the real and the virtual images, (b) the binocular disparity.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(Color online) Experimental results: (a) 3D images observed from different viewing directions, (b) 2D images.

Equations (1)

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Ω N P L S × S E I / ρ SLM ,

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