Abstract

We describe the guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering (GAWBS) characteristics of hole-assisted fiber (HAF). We clarify numerically and experimentally that the GAWBS spectrum corresponding to a particular acoustic mode is observed for HAF and that the efficiency for that mode can be controlled simply by designing the air-hole size and position. We also reveal the temperature dependence of the GAWBS characteristics in HAF.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Shelby, M. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, "Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," Physic. Rev. 15, 127-135 (1985).
  2. G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).
  3. Y. Tanaka and K. Ogusu, "Temperature coefficient of sideband frequencies produced by depolarized guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1769-1771 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Shiraki and M. Ohashi, "Sound velocity measurement based on guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1177-1180 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.
  7. T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, "Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412-414 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, "Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 17-19 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. July, H. I. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, "Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonon in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 14, 4141-4150 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. K. Sittig and G. A. Coquin, "Visualization of plane-strain vibration modes of a long cylinder capable of producing sound radiation," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 48, 1150-1159 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. B. Nelson, S. B. Dong, and R. D. Kalra, "Vibration and waves in laminated orthotropic circular cylinders," J. Sound Vib. 18, 429-444 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Localized acoustic wave propagating in photonic crystal fibers," presented at the Ninth Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet, Yokohama, Japan, July 2004.
  15. V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.
  17. K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (3)

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.

J. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, "Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 17-19 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. July, H. I. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, "Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonon in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 14, 4141-4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, "Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Localized acoustic wave propagating in photonic crystal fibers," presented at the Ninth Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet, Yokohama, Japan, July 2004.

2003 (1)

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Y. Tanaka and K. Ogusu, "Temperature coefficient of sideband frequencies produced by depolarized guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1769-1771 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. Shiraki and M. Ohashi, "Sound velocity measurement based on guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1177-1180 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

R. Shelby, M. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, "Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," Physic. Rev. 15, 127-135 (1985).

1971 (1)

R. B. Nelson, S. B. Dong, and R. D. Kalra, "Vibration and waves in laminated orthotropic circular cylinders," J. Sound Vib. 18, 429-444 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

E. K. Sittig and G. A. Coquin, "Visualization of plane-strain vibration modes of a long cylinder capable of producing sound radiation," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 48, 1150-1159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G.

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

Anderson, U. L.

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baggett, J.

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

Bayer, P. W.

R. Shelby, M. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, "Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," Physic. Rev. 15, 127-135 (1985).

Benchabane, S.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beugnot, J.

Coquin, G. A.

E. K. Sittig and G. A. Coquin, "Visualization of plane-strain vibration modes of a long cylinder capable of producing sound radiation," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 48, 1150-1159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Dainese, P.

Delmonte, T.

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

Dong, S. B.

R. B. Nelson, S. B. Dong, and R. D. Kalra, "Vibration and waves in laminated orthotropic circular cylinders," J. Sound Vib. 18, 429-444 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Elser, D.

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enomori, I.

I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Localized acoustic wave propagating in photonic crystal fibers," presented at the Ninth Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet, Yokohama, Japan, July 2004.

Finazzi, V.

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

Fragnito, H. I.

Glockl, O.

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hogari, K.

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

July, N.

Kalra, R. D.

R. B. Nelson, S. B. Dong, and R. D. Kalra, "Vibration and waves in laminated orthotropic circular cylinders," J. Sound Vib. 18, 429-444 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Khelif, A.

P. Dainese, P. St. J. Russell, G. S. Wiederhecker, N. July, H. I. Fragnito, V. Laude, and A. Khelif, "Raman-like light scattering from acoustic phonon in photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 14, 4141-4150 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Korn, A.

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koshiba, M.

I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Localized acoustic wave propagating in photonic crystal fibers," presented at the Ninth Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet, Yokohama, Japan, July 2004.

Kurokawa, K.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laude, V.

Leuchs, G.

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levenson, M.

R. Shelby, M. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, "Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," Physic. Rev. 15, 127-135 (1985).

Lorenz, S.

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maillotte, H.

J. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, "Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 17-19 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marquardt, Ch.

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsui, T.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mélin, G.

Mussot, A.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, K.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakazono, A.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, "Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, R. B.

R. B. Nelson, S. B. Dong, and R. D. Kalra, "Vibration and waves in laminated orthotropic circular cylinders," J. Sound Vib. 18, 429-444 (1971).
[CrossRef]

O'Driscoll, E.

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

Ogusu, K.

Y. Tanaka and K. Ogusu, "Temperature coefficient of sideband frequencies produced by depolarized guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1769-1771 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ohashi, M.

K. Shiraki and M. Ohashi, "Sound velocity measurement based on guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1177-1180 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petrovich, M.

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

Russell, P. St. J.

Saitoh, K.

I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Localized acoustic wave propagating in photonic crystal fibers," presented at the Ninth Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet, Yokohama, Japan, July 2004.

Sakamoto, T.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.

Sankawa, I.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shelby, R.

R. Shelby, M. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, "Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," Physic. Rev. 15, 127-135 (1985).

Shibata, N.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, "Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shiraki, K.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Shiraki and M. Ohashi, "Sound velocity measurement based on guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1177-1180 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sittig, E. K.

E. K. Sittig and G. A. Coquin, "Visualization of plane-strain vibration modes of a long cylinder capable of producing sound radiation," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 48, 1150-1159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Sylvestre, T.

J. Beugnot, T. Sylvestre, H. Maillotte, G. Mélin, and V. Laude, "Guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 32, 17-19 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taguchi, N.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, "Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, S.

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, "Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Tanaka and K. Ogusu, "Temperature coefficient of sideband frequencies produced by depolarized guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1769-1771 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Watson, M.

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

Wiederhecker, G. S.

Wilm, M.

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, K. Kurokawa, K. Tajima, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Temperature-increase characteristics in bent hole-assisted fiber under high power," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 25, 1231-1237 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic-crystal fibers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4729-4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

K. Nakajima, K. Hogari, J. Zhou, K. Tajima, and I. Sankawa, "Hole-assisted design for small bending and splice losses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1737-1739 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Shibata, A. Nakazono, N. Taguchi, and S. Tanaka, "Forward Brillouin scattering in holey fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 412-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tanaka and K. Ogusu, "Temperature coefficient of sideband frequencies produced by depolarized guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1769-1771 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Shiraki and M. Ohashi, "Sound velocity measurement based on guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1177-1180 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (1)

E. K. Sittig and G. A. Coquin, "Visualization of plane-strain vibration modes of a long cylinder capable of producing sound radiation," J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 48, 1150-1159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Sound Vib. (1)

R. B. Nelson, S. B. Dong, and R. D. Kalra, "Vibration and waves in laminated orthotropic circular cylinders," J. Sound Vib. 18, 429-444 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. Laude, A. Khelif, S. Benchabane, M. Wilm, T. Sylvestre, B. Kibler, A. Mussot, J. M. Dudley, and H. Maillotte, "Phononic band-gap guidance of acoustic modes in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. B 71, 045107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. Elser, U. L. Anderson, A. Korn, O. Glockl, S. Lorenz, Ch. Marquardt, and G. Leuchs, "Reduction of guided acoustic wave Brillouin scattering in photonic crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 133901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physic. Rev. (1)

R. Shelby, M. Levenson, and P. W. Bayer, "Guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering," Physic. Rev. 15, 127-135 (1985).

Other (4)

G. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic, 2007).

I. Enomori, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "Localized acoustic wave propagating in photonic crystal fibers," presented at the Ninth Optoelectronics and Communications Conference/Third International Conference on Optical Internet, Yokohama, Japan, July 2004.

T. Matsui, K. Nakajima, T. Sakamoto, K. Shiraki, and I. Sankawa, "Controllability of guided acoustic-wave Brillouin scattering in hole-assisted fiber," presented at the Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Anaheim, California, 27-29 March 2007.

E. O'Driscoll, M. Watson, T. Delmonte, M. Petrovich, V. Finazzi, and J. Baggett, "Microstructured fibres for high power beam delivery applications," presented at ECOC 2005, 31st European Conference on Optical Communication Glasgow, Scotland, 25-29 September 2005.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross sections of HAF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Acoustic mode behavior in the optical fibers. (a) Conventional fiber and (b) HAF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Calculated acoustic mode characteristics of TR 2,7 mode of SMF and HAFs with d / 2 a = 1.0 : (a) the acoustic mode distributions and (b) the frequency shift dependence on the normalized air-hole position Λ / 2 a .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Structural dependence of relative GAWBS efficiency g HAF / g SMF for TR 2,7 and TR 2,15 : (a) the dependence on the normalized air-hole position Λ / 2 a and (b) the dependence on the normalized air-hole diameter d / 2 a .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured GAWBS spectra of SMF and HAFs.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Structural dependence of the acoustic wavelength at the largest sidebands in Fig. 6.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Temperature dependence of GAWBS frequency shifts.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Structural Parameters of the Test Fibers a

Equations (6)

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· ( [ c ] s u ) + ω 2 ρ u = 0 ,
{ x ( c 11 u x x + c 12 u y y ) + y [ c 44 ( u x y + u y x ) ] x ( c 12 u x x + c 11 u y y ) + y [ c 44 ( u x y + u y x ) ] } + ω 2 ρ { u x u y } = { 0 } .
{ ξ [ α 2 u x ξ + ( α 2 2 ) u y ψ ] + ψ ( u x ψ + u y ξ ) ξ [ ( α 2 2 ) u x ξ + α 2 u y ψ ] + ψ ( u x ψ + u y ξ ) } + y m 2 { u x u y } = { 0 } ,
α = V s V L = c 44 c 11 ,
g m ε 2 = [ k 0 Δ n ( x , y ) · E 2 ( x , y ) d x d y ] 2 ,
Δ n = n 3 2 [ p 11 S x ( x , y ) + p 12 S y ( x , y ) ] ,

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