Abstract

The dynamic process of the multiple generation and deletion of anisotropy with linearly polarized actinic light is investigated experimentally in azo-dye-colored gelatin. The results of the investigation are in good compliance with the possible mechanism of anisotropy generation in the azo-dye-colored materials proposed by the author [Z. V. Wardosanidze, Appl. Opt. 45, 438–444 (2006)]

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References

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  1. F. Weigert, "Uber einen neuen effekt der strahlung in lichtempfindlichen schichten," Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 21, 479-483 (1919) (in German).
  2. T. Kondo, "Uber den photoanisotropen effect (Weigert-effect) an farbstoffen.," I/Z Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. 31, 153-167 (1932) (in German).
  3. Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Polarization photography in partial polarization of lights fluxes (photopolarimetry), Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 18, 52-56 (1992) (in Russian).
  4. Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Polarization photography (Weigert-photography)," presented at the XXVI Colloquium Spectroscopium Internationale, Sofia, Bulgaria 2-9 July 1989, Vol. III, p. 196.
  5. Sh. D. Kakichashvili and F. X. Efimov, "On the application of polarization photography (Weigert's photography) in the problems of photo elasticity," in Handbook of Photoanisotropy and Photogirotropy Phenomenas in Condensed Media and Polarization Holography, N. N. Gogiberidze, ed. (MECNIEREBA, 1987), pp. 113-116 (in Russian).
  6. Z. V. Vardosanidze, Sh. D. Kakichashvili, and I. I. Shopov, "An attempt for application of the new photoanisotropic (polarization) materials for photography of the sun," Ann. Geophys. OIII.1-8, p. 241 (1990).
  7. Sh. D. Kakichashvili, Polarization Holography (Nauka, 1989) (in Russian).
  8. Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Method of polarization recording of holograms," Kvantovaya Elektron. (Kiev) [Quantum Electron.] 1, 1435-1441 (1974) (in Russian).
  9. Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Reconstruction of polarization microstructure of natural light by means of polarization-holograohic method," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 13, 1180-1183 (1987) (in Russian).
  10. Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Holographic recording in the general case of linear polarization: coincident beams," Opt. Eng. 45, 085801 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Holographic chiral structure on the basis of Weigert's effect," Appl. Opt. 45, 2666-2671 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Zone plate with an anisotropy profile," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 15, 41-44 (1989) (in Russian).
  13. Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Zone plate of anisotropic profile," in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak and M. Zayac, eds. Proc. SPIE 1574, 109-120 (1991).
  14. Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Polarization holographic elements," in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak and M. Zayac, eds., Proc. SPIE 1574, 101-108 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. D. Shatalin and Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Polarization hologramm with 100% diffractive efficiency (polarization cinoform)," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 13, 1051-1055 (1987) (in Russian).
  16. Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Self-recording phenomenon in the process of reconstruction from a highly efficient dynamic hologram on azo-dye-colored material with powerful Weigert's effect," Appl. Opt. 46, 2575-2580 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Characteristic properties of the polarization-holography recording and reconstruction in the photoanisotropy medium Mordant pure yellow," in Handbook of Photoanisotropy and Photogirotropy Phenomenas in Condensed Media and Polarization Holography, N. N.Gogiberidze, ed. (MECNIEREBA, 1987), pp. 79-81 (in Russian).
  18. Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "On dynamic pumping of power in a polarization hologram," in Handbook of Vector and Three-Dimensional Holography (Scientific Council of Academy of Science of the USSR on the problem "Holography," (Tbilisi, 1990), pp. 66-69 (in Russian).
  19. Organic Photochromes (Chimia, 1982), p. 285 (in Russian).
  20. R. C. Collier, B. Burckhardt, and L. Lin, Optical Holography (MIR, 1973), p. 686 (in Russian).
  21. Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caufield, ed. (MIR, 1982), p. 733 (in Russian).
  22. M. Ivanov, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, "Photoinduced ichroism and birefringence in films of mordant pure yellow/poly (vinil alcohol): simultaneous real-time investigations at two wavelengths," Opt. Quant. Electron. 26, 1013-1018 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Z. V. Wardosanidze, "One more possible mechanism of Weigert's effect in azo-dye-colored materials," Appl. Opt. 45, 438-444 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. L. H. Lin, "Hologram formation in hardened dichromate gelatin films," Appl. Opt. 8, 963-966 (1969).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. I. D. Shatalin, "To the mechanisms of photoanisotropy in photochemical trans-cis isomerisation," Opt. Specktrosk. [Opt. Spectrosc.] 66, 362-364 (1989) (in Russian).
  26. T. D. Ebralidze, N. A. Ebralidze, and M. A. Bazadze, "Weigert's effect mechanism observed in dyes," Appl. Opt. 41, 78-79 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

2002 (1)

1994 (1)

M. Ivanov, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, "Photoinduced ichroism and birefringence in films of mordant pure yellow/poly (vinil alcohol): simultaneous real-time investigations at two wavelengths," Opt. Quant. Electron. 26, 1013-1018 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Polarization photography in partial polarization of lights fluxes (photopolarimetry), Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 18, 52-56 (1992) (in Russian).

1991 (2)

Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Zone plate of anisotropic profile," in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak and M. Zayac, eds. Proc. SPIE 1574, 109-120 (1991).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Polarization holographic elements," in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak and M. Zayac, eds., Proc. SPIE 1574, 101-108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

Z. V. Vardosanidze, Sh. D. Kakichashvili, and I. I. Shopov, "An attempt for application of the new photoanisotropic (polarization) materials for photography of the sun," Ann. Geophys. OIII.1-8, p. 241 (1990).

1989 (2)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Zone plate with an anisotropy profile," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 15, 41-44 (1989) (in Russian).

I. D. Shatalin, "To the mechanisms of photoanisotropy in photochemical trans-cis isomerisation," Opt. Specktrosk. [Opt. Spectrosc.] 66, 362-364 (1989) (in Russian).

1987 (2)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Reconstruction of polarization microstructure of natural light by means of polarization-holograohic method," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 13, 1180-1183 (1987) (in Russian).

I. D. Shatalin and Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Polarization hologramm with 100% diffractive efficiency (polarization cinoform)," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 13, 1051-1055 (1987) (in Russian).

1974 (1)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Method of polarization recording of holograms," Kvantovaya Elektron. (Kiev) [Quantum Electron.] 1, 1435-1441 (1974) (in Russian).

1969 (1)

1932 (1)

T. Kondo, "Uber den photoanisotropen effect (Weigert-effect) an farbstoffen.," I/Z Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. 31, 153-167 (1932) (in German).

1919 (1)

F. Weigert, "Uber einen neuen effekt der strahlung in lichtempfindlichen schichten," Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 21, 479-483 (1919) (in German).

Ann. Geophys. (1)

Z. V. Vardosanidze, Sh. D. Kakichashvili, and I. I. Shopov, "An attempt for application of the new photoanisotropic (polarization) materials for photography of the sun," Ann. Geophys. OIII.1-8, p. 241 (1990).

Appl. Opt. (5)

I/Z Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. (1)

T. Kondo, "Uber den photoanisotropen effect (Weigert-effect) an farbstoffen.," I/Z Wiss. Photogr. Photophys. Photochem. 31, 153-167 (1932) (in German).

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Kiev) [Quantum Electron.] (1)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Method of polarization recording of holograms," Kvantovaya Elektron. (Kiev) [Quantum Electron.] 1, 1435-1441 (1974) (in Russian).

Opt. Eng. (1)

Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Holographic recording in the general case of linear polarization: coincident beams," Opt. Eng. 45, 085801 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quant. Electron. (1)

M. Ivanov, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, N. Tomova, V. Dragostinova, "Photoinduced ichroism and birefringence in films of mordant pure yellow/poly (vinil alcohol): simultaneous real-time investigations at two wavelengths," Opt. Quant. Electron. 26, 1013-1018 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Specktrosk. [Opt. Spectrosc.] (1)

I. D. Shatalin, "To the mechanisms of photoanisotropy in photochemical trans-cis isomerisation," Opt. Specktrosk. [Opt. Spectrosc.] 66, 362-364 (1989) (in Russian).

Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] (4)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Zone plate with an anisotropy profile," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 15, 41-44 (1989) (in Russian).

I. D. Shatalin and Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Polarization hologramm with 100% diffractive efficiency (polarization cinoform)," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 13, 1051-1055 (1987) (in Russian).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Reconstruction of polarization microstructure of natural light by means of polarization-holograohic method," Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 13, 1180-1183 (1987) (in Russian).

Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Polarization photography in partial polarization of lights fluxes (photopolarimetry), Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. [Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.] 18, 52-56 (1992) (in Russian).

Proc. SPIE (1)

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "Polarization holographic elements," in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak and M. Zayac, eds., Proc. SPIE 1574, 101-108 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. (1)

F. Weigert, "Uber einen neuen effekt der strahlung in lichtempfindlichen schichten," Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 21, 479-483 (1919) (in German).

Other (9)

Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Zone plate of anisotropic profile," in International Colloquium on Diffractive Optical Elements, J. Nowak and M. Zayac, eds. Proc. SPIE 1574, 109-120 (1991).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Characteristic properties of the polarization-holography recording and reconstruction in the photoanisotropy medium Mordant pure yellow," in Handbook of Photoanisotropy and Photogirotropy Phenomenas in Condensed Media and Polarization Holography, N. N.Gogiberidze, ed. (MECNIEREBA, 1987), pp. 79-81 (in Russian).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, "On dynamic pumping of power in a polarization hologram," in Handbook of Vector and Three-Dimensional Holography (Scientific Council of Academy of Science of the USSR on the problem "Holography," (Tbilisi, 1990), pp. 66-69 (in Russian).

Organic Photochromes (Chimia, 1982), p. 285 (in Russian).

R. C. Collier, B. Burckhardt, and L. Lin, Optical Holography (MIR, 1973), p. 686 (in Russian).

Handbook of Optical Holography, H. J. Caufield, ed. (MIR, 1982), p. 733 (in Russian).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and Z. V. Wardosanidze, "Polarization photography (Weigert-photography)," presented at the XXVI Colloquium Spectroscopium Internationale, Sofia, Bulgaria 2-9 July 1989, Vol. III, p. 196.

Sh. D. Kakichashvili and F. X. Efimov, "On the application of polarization photography (Weigert's photography) in the problems of photo elasticity," in Handbook of Photoanisotropy and Photogirotropy Phenomenas in Condensed Media and Polarization Holography, N. N. Gogiberidze, ed. (MECNIEREBA, 1987), pp. 113-116 (in Russian).

Sh. D. Kakichashvili, Polarization Holography (Nauka, 1989) (in Russian).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme of the experimental plant. 1, He–Cd laser; 2, investigated sample; 3, He–Ne laser; 4, polarizer; 5, analyzer; 6, optical detector; and 7, recorder.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Picture of the dynamic of multiple recording and deletion of Weigert's effect. Curves 1–1′ represent initial stage of the recording and deletion processes; curves 2 2 , 3 3 , and 4 4 represent the following three stages of the recording and deletion processes in the same mutual orientations of the sample and polarization of the actinic light; curves 5 5 represent the final stages of the recording and deletion processes in the mutually orthogonal, relative to initial, orientation of the sample and the polarization of the actinic light.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic picture of transformation of the absorbing oscillators of the azo-dye-colored materials: (a) and (b) first stage of the exposure process (recording), (c) second stage of the exposure process (deletion), and (d) and (e) final stage of recording and deletion processes.

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