Abstract

What we believe to be a new principle is introduced for the design and selection of gradient-index antireflection profiles that are effective over a wide range of incident angles as well as wavelengths at a given physical film thickness. It is shown that at oblique incidence the smoothness of the optical path of incident light inside a gradient-index film has a crucial effect on the overall reflection. Thus the smoothness of variations in refractive angle (rather than that of the index profile itself) needs to be maximized for wide-angle operation. As an example, the performance of Gaussian and Quintic profiles at large incident angles are considered in light of this point of view.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

J. A. Dobrowolski, D. Poitras, P. Ma, H. Vakil, and M. Acree, "Toward perfect antireflection coatings: numerical investigation," Appl. Opt. 41, 3075-3083 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kanamori, M. Ishimori, and K. Hane, "High efficient light-emitting diodes with antireflection subwavelength gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1064-1066 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

J. A. Dobrowolski, "Optical properties of films and coatings," in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), pp. 42.19-42.34.

E. B. Grann, M. G. Moharam, and D. A. Pommet, "Optimal design for antireflective tapered two-dimensional subwavelength grating structures," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 333-339 (1995).

1992 (2)

1989 (2)

A. Thelen, Design of Optical Interference Coatings (McGraw-Hill, 1989).

J. C. Monga, "Anti-reflection coatings for grazing incidence angles," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 381-387 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1983 (2)

1982 (1)

1980 (1)

1977 (1)

1973 (1)

P. B. Clapham and M. C. Hutley, "Reduction of lens reflexion by the 'moth eye' principle," Nature 244, 281-282 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

A. Mussett and A. Thelen, "Multilayer antireflection coatings," in Progress in Optics Vol. 8, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1970), pp. 203-237.

1966 (1)

R. Jacobsson, "Light reflection from films of continuously varying refractive index," in Progress in Optics, Vol. 5, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1966), pp. 247-286.

1961 (1)

P. Baumeister, "The transmission and degree of polarization of quarter-wave stacks at nonnormal incidence," Opt. Acta. 8, 105-119 (1961).

Acree, M.

Baglin, J. E. E.

Baumeister, P.

P. Baumeister, "The transmission and degree of polarization of quarter-wave stacks at nonnormal incidence," Opt. Acta. 8, 105-119 (1961).

Blasi, B.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clapham, P. B.

P. B. Clapham and M. C. Hutley, "Reduction of lens reflexion by the 'moth eye' principle," Nature 244, 281-282 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Doll, W.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dreibholz, J.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feder, R.

Glaubitt, W.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gombert, A.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grann, E. B.

Haller, I.

Hammer, W. N.

Hane, K.

Y. Kanamori, M. Ishimori, and K. Hane, "High efficient light-emitting diodes with antireflection subwavelength gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1064-1066 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Heinzel, A.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Horbelt, W.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hutley, M. C.

P. B. Clapham and M. C. Hutley, "Reduction of lens reflexion by the 'moth eye' principle," Nature 244, 281-282 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ishimori, M.

Y. Kanamori, M. Ishimori, and K. Hane, "High efficient light-emitting diodes with antireflection subwavelength gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1064-1066 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jacobsson, R.

R. Jacobsson, "Light reflection from films of continuously varying refractive index," in Progress in Optics, Vol. 5, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1966), pp. 247-286.

Juneja, J. S.

Kanamori, Y.

Y. Kanamori, M. Ishimori, and K. Hane, "High efficient light-emitting diodes with antireflection subwavelength gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1064-1066 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. K.

Lin, S. Y.

Lu, T. M.

Luther, J.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ma, P.

Minot, M. J.

Moharam, M. G.

Monga, J. C.

J. C. Monga, "Double-layer broadband antireflection coatings for grazing incidence angles," Appl. Opt. 31, 546-553 (1992).

J. C. Monga, "Anti-reflection coatings for grazing incidence angles," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 381-387 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mussett, A.

A. Mussett and A. Thelen, "Multilayer antireflection coatings," in Progress in Optics Vol. 8, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1970), pp. 203-237.

Piotrowski, S. H. C.

Poitras, D.

Pommet, D. A.

Rose, K.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sankur, H.

Sari, S.

Schubert, E. F.

Southwell, W. H.

Spiller, E.

Sporn, D.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thelen, A.

A. Thelen, Design of Optical Interference Coatings (McGraw-Hill, 1989).

A. Mussett and A. Thelen, "Multilayer antireflection coatings," in Progress in Optics Vol. 8, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1970), pp. 203-237.

Vakil, H.

Verly, P. G.

Willey, R. R.

Wittwer, V.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xi, J.-Q.

Ye, D.

Yeh, P.

Zanke, C.

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (9)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Kanamori, M. Ishimori, and K. Hane, "High efficient light-emitting diodes with antireflection subwavelength gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1064-1066 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

J. C. Monga, "Anti-reflection coatings for grazing incidence angles," J. Mod. Opt. 36, 381-387 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (1)

P. B. Clapham and M. C. Hutley, "Reduction of lens reflexion by the 'moth eye' principle," Nature 244, 281-282 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Acta. (1)

P. Baumeister, "The transmission and degree of polarization of quarter-wave stacks at nonnormal incidence," Opt. Acta. 8, 105-119 (1961).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Sol. Energy (1)

A. Gombert, W. Glaubitt, K. Rose, J. Dreibholz, C. Zanke, B. Blasi, A. Heinzel, W. Horbelt, D. Sporn, W. Doll, V. Wittwer, and J. Luther, "Grazing with very high solar transmittance," Sol. Energy 62, 177-188 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. Mussett and A. Thelen, "Multilayer antireflection coatings," in Progress in Optics Vol. 8, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1970), pp. 203-237.

J. A. Dobrowolski, "Optical properties of films and coatings," in Handbook of Optics, M. Bass, ed. (McGraw-Hill, 1995), pp. 42.19-42.34.

A. Thelen, Design of Optical Interference Coatings (McGraw-Hill, 1989).

R. Jacobsson, "Light reflection from films of continuously varying refractive index," in Progress in Optics, Vol. 5, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, 1966), pp. 247-286.

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