Abstract

The description of an adaptive optics (AO) system with no wavefront sensor to correct primary aberrations is presented. This system is based on closed loop software that iteratively analyzes a point source target image on the instrument focal plane and suitably modifies the AO device. The performed tests with a pull-only deformable mirror (DM) have shown that the system works very well, reaching an optimal focusing condition in a few seconds using standard components. Such a system can be conveniently applied in all the fields in which a not very fast optical adaptation is acceptable.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  26. S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Fast wavefront active control by a DSP-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093,102 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  31. G. Vdovin, "Spatial light modulator based on the control of the wavefront curvature," Opt. Commun. 115, 170-178 (1995).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2007 (1)

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "No wavefront sensor adaptive optics system for compensation of primary aberrations by software analysis of a point source image. 1. Methods," Appl. Opt. 46, 0000-0000 (2007). [same issue (81592)]
[Crossref]

2006 (5)

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Fast wavefront active control by a DSP-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093,102 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Bonora and L. Poletto, "Push-pull membrane mirrors for adaptive optics," Opt. Express 14, 11,935-11,944 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Zommer, E. Ribak, S. Lipson, and J. Adler, "Simulated annealing in ocular adaptive optics," Opt. Lett. 31, 1-3 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Gray, W. Merigan, J. Wolfing, B. Gee, J. Porter, A. Dubra, T. Twietmeyer, K. Ahamd, R. Tumbar, F. Reinholz, and D. Williams, "In vivo fluorescence imaging of primate retinal ganglion cells and retinal pigment epithelial cells," Opt. Express 14, 7144-7158 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Fernández and L. Vabre, "Adaptive optics with a magnetic deformable mirror: application in the human eye," Opt. Express 14, 8900-8917 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (6)

B. Potsaid, Y. Bellouard, and J. Wen, "Adaptive scanning optical microscope (ASOM): A multidisciplinary optical microscope design for large field of view and high resolution imaging," Opt. Express 13, 6504-6518 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Zawadzki, S. Jones, S. Olivier, M. Zhao, B. Bower, J. Izatt, S. Choi, S. Laut, and J. Werner, "Adaptive-optics optical coherence tomography for high-resolution and high-speed 3D retinal in vivo imaging," Opt. Express 13, 8532-8546 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Shakespeare, R. Pearson, J. Grenestedt, P. Hutapea, and V. Gupta, "MEMS integrated submount alignment for optoelectronics," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 504 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "Aberration estimation from single point image in a simulated adaptive optics system," in Proceedings of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE-EMBS, 27th Annual International Conference, pp. 3173-3176 (2005).

R. K. Tyson, D. E. Canning, and J. S. Tharp, "Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 1: tip-tilt configuration, diagnostics, and closed-loop results," Opt. Eng. 44, 096002 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, "Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results," Opt. Eng. 44, 096003 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. Iskander, M. Collins, M. Morelande, and M. Zhu, "Analyzing the dynamic wavefront aberrations in the human eye," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 51, 1969-1980 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhu, M. Collins, and D. Iskander, "Microfluctuations of wavefront aberrations of the eye," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 24, 562-671 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Villoresi, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, and S. D. Silvestri, "Optimization of high-order harmonic generation by adaptive control of a sub-10-fs pulse wave front," Opt. Lett. 29, 207-209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

A. Roorda, F. Romero-Borja, W. Donnelly, H. Queener, T. Hebert, and M. Campbell, "Adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy," Opt. Express 10, 405-412 (2002).
[PubMed]

F. Gonté, A. Courteville, and R. Dändliker, "Optimization of single-mode fiber coupling efficiency with an adaptive membrane mirror," Opt. Eng. 41, 10731076 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

J.-F. Le Gargasson, M. Glanc, and P. Léna, "Retinal imaging with adaptive optics," C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV Phys. Astrophys. 2, 1131-1138 (2001).

2000 (3)

T. Okada, K. Ebata, M. Shiozaki, T. Kyotani, A. Tsuboi, M. Sawada, and H. Fukushima, "Development of adaptive mirror for CO2 laser," in High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, X. Chen, T. Fujioka, and A. Matsunawa, eds., Proc. SPIE 3888, 509-520 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Jackel and I. Moshe, "Adaptive compensation of lower order thermal aberrations in concave-convex power oscillators under variable pump conditions," Opt. Eng. 39, 2330-2337 (2000).
[Crossref]

O. Albert, L. Sherman, G. Mourou, and T. Norris, "Smart microscope: an adaptive optics learning system for aberration correction in multiphoton confocal microscopy," Opt. Lett. 25, 52-54 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

1998 (1)

J. Hardy, Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes (Oxford University Press, 1998).

1997 (2)

1995 (1)

G. Vdovin, "Spatial light modulator based on the control of the wavefront curvature," Opt. Commun. 115, 170-178 (1995).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

E. Clafin and N. Bareket, "Configuring an electrostatic membrane mirror by least-squares fitting with analytically derived influence functions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 1833-1839 (1986).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

1976 (1)

Adler, J.

S. Zommer, E. Ribak, S. Lipson, and J. Adler, "Simulated annealing in ocular adaptive optics," Opt. Lett. 31, 1-3 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ahamd, K.

Albert, O.

Arnold, T.

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

Atta, R. V.

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bareket, N.

E. Clafin and N. Bareket, "Configuring an electrostatic membrane mirror by least-squares fitting with analytically derived influence functions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 1833-1839 (1986).
[Crossref]

Bartsch, D.

Beer, N.

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bellouard, Y.

Bliss, E.

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bonora, S.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Fast wavefront active control by a DSP-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093,102 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Bonora and L. Poletto, "Push-pull membrane mirrors for adaptive optics," Opt. Express 14, 11,935-11,944 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Villoresi, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, G. Tondello, C. Vozzi, M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, and S. D. Silvestri, "Optimization of high-order harmonic generation by adaptive control of a sub-10-fs pulse wave front," Opt. Lett. 29, 207-209 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bower, B.

Burkhart, S.

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

Campbell, M.

Canning, D. E.

R. K. Tyson, D. E. Canning, and J. S. Tharp, "Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 1: tip-tilt configuration, diagnostics, and closed-loop results," Opt. Eng. 44, 096002 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. K. Tyson, J. S. Tharp, and D. E. Canning, "Measurement of the bit-error rate of an adaptive optics, free-space laser communications system, part 2: multichannel configuration, aberration characterization, and closed-loop results," Opt. Eng. 44, 096003 (2005).
[Crossref]

Capraro, I.

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Fast wavefront active control by a DSP-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093,102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Choi, S.

Clafin, E.

E. Clafin and N. Bareket, "Configuring an electrostatic membrane mirror by least-squares fitting with analytically derived influence functions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 3, 1833-1839 (1986).
[Crossref]

Cohen, S.

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

Collins, M.

D. Iskander, M. Collins, M. Morelande, and M. Zhu, "Analyzing the dynamic wavefront aberrations in the human eye," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 51, 1969-1980 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhu, M. Collins, and D. Iskander, "Microfluctuations of wavefront aberrations of the eye," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 24, 562-671 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Courteville, A.

F. Gonté, A. Courteville, and R. Dändliker, "Optimization of single-mode fiber coupling efficiency with an adaptive membrane mirror," Opt. Eng. 41, 10731076 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dändliker, R.

F. Gonté, A. Courteville, and R. Dändliker, "Optimization of single-mode fiber coupling efficiency with an adaptive membrane mirror," Opt. Eng. 41, 10731076 (2002).
[Crossref]

Deppo, V. D.

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "No wavefront sensor adaptive optics system for compensation of primary aberrations by software analysis of a point source image. 1. Methods," Appl. Opt. 46, 0000-0000 (2007). [same issue (81592)]
[Crossref]

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "Aberration estimation from single point image in a simulated adaptive optics system," in Proceedings of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE-EMBS, 27th Annual International Conference, pp. 3173-3176 (2005).

Donnelly, W.

Dubra, A.

Ebata, K.

T. Okada, K. Ebata, M. Shiozaki, T. Kyotani, A. Tsuboi, M. Sawada, and H. Fukushima, "Development of adaptive mirror for CO2 laser," in High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, X. Chen, T. Fujioka, and A. Matsunawa, eds., Proc. SPIE 3888, 509-520 (2000).
[Crossref]

Fainman, Y.

Fernández, E.

Frassetto, F.

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "No wavefront sensor adaptive optics system for compensation of primary aberrations by software analysis of a point source image. 1. Methods," Appl. Opt. 46, 0000-0000 (2007). [same issue (81592)]
[Crossref]

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "Aberration estimation from single point image in a simulated adaptive optics system," in Proceedings of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE-EMBS, 27th Annual International Conference, pp. 3173-3176 (2005).

Freeman, W.

Fukushima, H.

T. Okada, K. Ebata, M. Shiozaki, T. Kyotani, A. Tsuboi, M. Sawada, and H. Fukushima, "Development of adaptive mirror for CO2 laser," in High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, X. Chen, T. Fujioka, and A. Matsunawa, eds., Proc. SPIE 3888, 509-520 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gee, B.

Glanc, M.

J.-F. Le Gargasson, M. Glanc, and P. Léna, "Retinal imaging with adaptive optics," C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV Phys. Astrophys. 2, 1131-1138 (2001).

Gonté, F.

F. Gonté, A. Courteville, and R. Dändliker, "Optimization of single-mode fiber coupling efficiency with an adaptive membrane mirror," Opt. Eng. 41, 10731076 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gray, D.

Grenestedt, J.

W. Shakespeare, R. Pearson, J. Grenestedt, P. Hutapea, and V. Gupta, "MEMS integrated submount alignment for optoelectronics," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 504 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grisan, E.

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "No wavefront sensor adaptive optics system for compensation of primary aberrations by software analysis of a point source image. 1. Methods," Appl. Opt. 46, 0000-0000 (2007). [same issue (81592)]
[Crossref]

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "Aberration estimation from single point image in a simulated adaptive optics system," in Proceedings of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE-EMBS, 27th Annual International Conference, pp. 3173-3176 (2005).

Gupta, V.

W. Shakespeare, R. Pearson, J. Grenestedt, P. Hutapea, and V. Gupta, "MEMS integrated submount alignment for optoelectronics," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 504 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hardy, J.

J. Hardy, Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes (Oxford University Press, 1998).

Hebert, T.

Hutapea, P.

W. Shakespeare, R. Pearson, J. Grenestedt, P. Hutapea, and V. Gupta, "MEMS integrated submount alignment for optoelectronics," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 504 (2005).
[Crossref]

Irwan, R.

Iskander, D.

D. Iskander, M. Collins, M. Morelande, and M. Zhu, "Analyzing the dynamic wavefront aberrations in the human eye," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 51, 1969-1980 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Zhu, M. Collins, and D. Iskander, "Microfluctuations of wavefront aberrations of the eye," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 24, 562-671 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Izatt, J.

Jackel, S.

S. Jackel and I. Moshe, "Adaptive compensation of lower order thermal aberrations in concave-convex power oscillators under variable pump conditions," Opt. Eng. 39, 2330-2337 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jones, S.

Kyotani, T.

T. Okada, K. Ebata, M. Shiozaki, T. Kyotani, A. Tsuboi, M. Sawada, and H. Fukushima, "Development of adaptive mirror for CO2 laser," in High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, X. Chen, T. Fujioka, and A. Matsunawa, eds., Proc. SPIE 3888, 509-520 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lane, R.

Laut, S.

Le Gargasson, J.-F.

J.-F. Le Gargasson, M. Glanc, and P. Léna, "Retinal imaging with adaptive optics," C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV Phys. Astrophys. 2, 1131-1138 (2001).

Léna, P.

J.-F. Le Gargasson, M. Glanc, and P. Léna, "Retinal imaging with adaptive optics," C. R. Acad. Sci. Ser. IV Phys. Astrophys. 2, 1131-1138 (2001).

Liang, J.

Lipson, S.

S. Zommer, E. Ribak, S. Lipson, and J. Adler, "Simulated annealing in ocular adaptive optics," Opt. Lett. 31, 1-3 (2006).
[Crossref]

Merigan, W.

Miller, D.

Morelande, M.

D. Iskander, M. Collins, M. Morelande, and M. Zhu, "Analyzing the dynamic wavefront aberrations in the human eye," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 51, 1969-1980 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moshe, I.

S. Jackel and I. Moshe, "Adaptive compensation of lower order thermal aberrations in concave-convex power oscillators under variable pump conditions," Opt. Eng. 39, 2330-2337 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

Naletto, G.

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "No wavefront sensor adaptive optics system for compensation of primary aberrations by software analysis of a point source image. 1. Methods," Appl. Opt. 46, 0000-0000 (2007). [same issue (81592)]
[Crossref]

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "Aberration estimation from single point image in a simulated adaptive optics system," in Proceedings of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE-EMBS, 27th Annual International Conference, pp. 3173-3176 (2005).

Nisoli, M.

Noll, R.

Norris, T.

Okada, T.

T. Okada, K. Ebata, M. Shiozaki, T. Kyotani, A. Tsuboi, M. Sawada, and H. Fukushima, "Development of adaptive mirror for CO2 laser," in High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, X. Chen, T. Fujioka, and A. Matsunawa, eds., Proc. SPIE 3888, 509-520 (2000).
[Crossref]

Olivier, S.

Pascolini, M.

Pearson, R.

W. Shakespeare, R. Pearson, J. Grenestedt, P. Hutapea, and V. Gupta, "MEMS integrated submount alignment for optoelectronics," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 504 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pigg, D.

R. Zacharias, N. Beer, E. Bliss, S. Burkhart, S. Cohen, S. Sutton, R. V. Atta, S. Winters, J. T. Salmon, M. L. C. Stolz, D. Pigg, and T. Arnold, "Alignment and wavefront control systems of the National Ignition Facility," Opt. Eng. 43, 2873-2884 (2004).
[Crossref]

Poletto, L.

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Appl. Opt. (5)

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L. Zhu, M. Collins, and D. Iskander, "Microfluctuations of wavefront aberrations of the eye," Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 24, 562-671 (2004).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

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F. Gonté, A. Courteville, and R. Dändliker, "Optimization of single-mode fiber coupling efficiency with an adaptive membrane mirror," Opt. Eng. 41, 10731076 (2002).
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[Crossref]

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Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Okada, K. Ebata, M. Shiozaki, T. Kyotani, A. Tsuboi, M. Sawada, and H. Fukushima, "Development of adaptive mirror for CO2 laser," in High-Power Lasers in Manufacturing, X. Chen, T. Fujioka, and A. Matsunawa, eds., Proc. SPIE 3888, 509-520 (2000).
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Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. Bonora, I. Capraro, L. Poletto, M. Romanin, C. Trestino, and P. Villoresi, "Fast wavefront active control by a DSP-driven deformable membrane mirror," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 093,102 (2006).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

E. Grisan, F. Frassetto, V. D. Deppo, G. Naletto, and A. Ruggeri, "Aberration estimation from single point image in a simulated adaptive optics system," in Proceedings of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society IEEE-EMBS, 27th Annual International Conference, pp. 3173-3176 (2005).

J. Hardy, Adaptive Optics for Astronomical Telescopes (Oxford University Press, 1998).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Block diagram of the software iterative procedure to minimize the aberrations in the optical system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the optical setup used in the tests of the AO system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Wavefront surfaces (obtained with the WFA) before and after the DM correction for the three considered cases. The blue dashed lines overplotted to the z axis represent the total w-f excursion.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Zernike coefficient values before and after the correction for the three considered cases. Dark points represent the aberrations before the correction; the gray ones are representative of the corrected w-f. In addition, the surface P-t-V and RMS values are reported (with the same color meaning). A gray line joins the three main aberrations (defocus, astigmatism, coma); this line, in case of ideal correction, would coincide with the dark continuous one.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Zernike Coefficients before and after the Aberration Correction

Metrics