Abstract

We present what we believe to be a novel method for order sorting a Fabry–Perot interferometer using a Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) in tandem. We demonstrate how the order sorting is achieved using a model instrument response as an example of an instrument working in the 525  μm band, although the method is generally applicable at all wavelengths. We show that an instrument of this type can be realized with a large bandwidth, a large field of view, and good transmission efficiency. These attributes make this instrument concept a useful technique in applications where true imaging spectroscopy is required, such as mapping large astronomical sources. We compare the performance of the new instrument to grating and standard FTS instruments in circumstances where the measurement is background and detector noise limited. We use a figure of merit based on the field of view and speed of detection and find that the new system has a speed advantage over a FTS with the same field of view in all circumstances. The instrument will be faster than a grating instrument with the same spectral resolution once the field of view is >13 times larger under high background conditions and >50 times larger with detector performances that match the photon noise from Zodiacal light.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
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  3. A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
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2004 (5)

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Griffin, B. M. Swinyard, and L. Vigroux, "The Herschel-SPIRE instrument," Proc. SPIE 5487, 413-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

K. Dohlen, A. Origne, D. Pouliquen, and B. Swinyard, "Optical design of the SPIRE instrument for FIRST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 119-128 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. Posselt, G. S. Wright, O. Le Fevre, K. Cornelisse, and P. Jakobsen, "Imaging Fourier transform spectrometer for NGST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 706-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics--7th (Expanded) ed. (CUP, 1999).

1998 (4)

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robins, and W. J. Stewart, "Low-frequency plasmons in thin wire structures," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10, 4785-4816 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Kettunen, M. Kuittinen, J. Turunen, and P. Vahimaa, "Spectral filtering with finitely conducting inductive grids," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 2783-2785 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. Guida, D. Maystre, G. Tayeb, and P. Vincent, "Mean-field theory of 2D metallic photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2308-2315 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

G. Davis, I. Furniss, W. Towlson, W. Glencross, P. Ade, R. Emery, B. Swinyard, D. Naylor, T. Patrick, and R. Sidey, "Design and performance of cryogenic, scanning Fabry-Perot interferometers for the long-wavelength spectrometer on the infrared space observatory," Appl. Opt. 34, 92-107 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

1982 (2)

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

J. P. Maillard and G. Michel, "A high resolution Fourier transform spectrometer for the Cassegrain focus at the CFH telescope," in Instrumentation for Astronomy with Large Optical Telescopes, IAU Coll. 67, C. M. Humphries, ed., Vol. 92, 213-222 (D. Reidel, 1982).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

R. Ulrich, K. F. Renk, and L. Genzel, "Tunable sub-mm interferometers of the Fabry-Perot type," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 11, 363-371 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Ade, P.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Davis, I. Furniss, W. Towlson, W. Glencross, P. Ade, R. Emery, B. Swinyard, D. Naylor, T. Patrick, and R. Sidey, "Design and performance of cryogenic, scanning Fabry-Perot interferometers for the long-wavelength spectrometer on the infrared space observatory," Appl. Opt. 34, 92-107 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atherton, P. D.

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

Baluteau, J.-P.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, O.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bender, R.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bolatto, A. D.

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics--7th (Expanded) ed. (CUP, 1999).

Bradford, C. M.

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bremer, M. N.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Caldwell, M.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cepa, J.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Colina, L.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cornelisse, K.

W. Posselt, G. S. Wright, O. Le Fevre, K. Cornelisse, and P. Jakobsen, "Imaging Fourier transform spectrometer for NGST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 706-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dargent, P.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, J.

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davies, R. L.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Davis, G.

Dohlen, K.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Dohlen, A. Origne, D. Pouliquen, and B. Swinyard, "Optical design of the SPIRE instrument for FIRST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 119-128 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Emery, R.

Ferand, D.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ferlet, M.

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Furniss, I.

Geis, N.

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Genzel, L.

R. Ulrich, K. F. Renk, and L. Genzel, "Tunable sub-mm interferometers of the Fabry-Perot type," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 11, 363-371 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Genzel, R.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Glasse, A.

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Glencross, W.

Goodson, G.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Greene, T.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, M.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Griffin, M. J.

M. J. Griffin, B. M. Swinyard, and L. Vigroux, "The Herschel-SPIRE instrument," Proc. SPIE 5487, 413-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guida, G.

Haggerty, M.

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Hargrave, P.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harmer, C. F. W.

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

Henning, T.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, F.

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Hofmann, R.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Holden, A. J.

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robins, and W. J. Stewart, "Low-frequency plasmons in thin wire structures," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10, 4785-4816 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hook, R. N.

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

Howat, S. K. Ramsay

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ivison, R.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, J.

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Jackson, J. M.

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, P.

W. Posselt, G. S. Wright, O. Le Fevre, K. Cornelisse, and P. Jakobsen, "Imaging Fourier transform spectrometer for NGST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 706-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jennings, D.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karnik, A.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katterloher, R.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kerschbaum, F.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kettunen, V.

Kuittinen, M.

Lagage, P. O.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lambros, S. D.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Le Fevre, O.

W. Posselt, G. S. Wright, O. Le Fevre, K. Cornelisse, and P. Jakobsen, "Imaging Fourier transform spectrometer for NGST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 706-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lehnert, M. D.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, D.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Madden, S. C.

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Maillard, J. P.

J. P. Maillard and G. Michel, "A high resolution Fourier transform spectrometer for the Cassegrain focus at the CFH telescope," in Instrumentation for Astronomy with Large Optical Telescopes, IAU Coll. 67, C. M. Humphries, ed., Vol. 92, 213-222 (D. Reidel, 1982).
[CrossRef]

Martignac, J.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

Meixner, M.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Michel, G.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Maillard and G. Michel, "A high resolution Fourier transform spectrometer for the Cassegrain focus at the CFH telescope," in Instrumentation for Astronomy with Large Optical Telescopes, IAU Coll. 67, C. M. Humphries, ed., Vol. 92, 213-222 (D. Reidel, 1982).
[CrossRef]

Naylor, D.

Nikola, T.

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Norgaard, H.-U.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Oloffson, G.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Origne, A.

K. Dohlen, A. Origne, D. Pouliquen, and B. Swinyard, "Optical design of the SPIRE instrument for FIRST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 119-128 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Parker, N. M.

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

Patrick, T.

Pendry, J.

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robins, and W. J. Stewart, "Low-frequency plasmons in thin wire structures," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10, 4785-4816 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pike, C. D.

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

Poglitsch, A.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Posselt, W.

W. Posselt, G. S. Wright, O. Le Fevre, K. Cornelisse, and P. Jakobsen, "Imaging Fourier transform spectrometer for NGST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 706-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pouliquen, D.

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Dohlen, A. Origne, D. Pouliquen, and B. Swinyard, "Optical design of the SPIRE instrument for FIRST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 119-128 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ray, T.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Renk, K. F.

R. Ulrich, K. F. Renk, and L. Genzel, "Tunable sub-mm interferometers of the Fabry-Perot type," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 11, 363-371 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Renotte, E.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ressler, M.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rieke, G.

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rieke, G. H.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Robins, D. J.

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robins, and W. J. Stewart, "Low-frequency plasmons in thin wire structures," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10, 4785-4816 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, L.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Royer, P.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rumitz, M.

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Saglia, R.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saraceno, P.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Savage, M. L.

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sharples, R. M.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sidey, R.

Stacey, G. J.

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. Geis, R. Genzel, M. Haggerty, F. Herrmann, J. Jackson, S. C. Madden, T. Nikola, A. Poglitsch, M. Rumitz, and G. J. Stacey, "FIFI: The MPE Garching/UC Berkeley far-infrared imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer," in Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust, Vol. 73 (1995), pp. 547-550.

Stewart, W. J.

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robins, and W. J. Stewart, "Low-frequency plasmons in thin wire structures," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10, 4785-4816 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swain, M. R.

M. R. Swain, C. M. Bradford, G. J. Stacey, A. D. Bolatto, J. M. Jackson, M. L. Savage, and J. Davidson, "Design of the South Pole imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer (SPIFI)," Proc. SPIE 3354, 480-492 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Swinyard, B.

Swinyard, B. M.

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Griffin, B. M. Swinyard, and L. Vigroux, "The Herschel-SPIRE instrument," Proc. SPIE 5487, 413-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tayeb, G.

Taylor, K.

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

Thatte, N. A.

R. M. Sharples, R. Bender, M. D. Lehnert, S. K. Ramsay Howat, M. N. Bremer, R. L. Davies, R. Genzel, R. Hofmann, R. Ivison, R. Saglia, and N. A. Thatte, "KMOS: an infrared multiple-object integral field spectrograph for the ESO VLT," Proc. SPIE 5492, 1179-1186 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Towlson, W.

Turunen, J.

Ulrich, R.

R. Ulrich, K. F. Renk, and L. Genzel, "Tunable sub-mm interferometers of the Fabry-Perot type," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 11, 363-371 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Vahimaa, P.

van Dishoeck, E.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Hoof, C.

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vigroux, L.

M. J. Griffin, B. M. Swinyard, and L. Vigroux, "The Herschel-SPIRE instrument," Proc. SPIE 5487, 413-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vincent, P.

Waelkens, C.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Poglitsch, C. Waelkens, O. Bauer, J. Cepa, T. Henning, C. van Hoof, R. Katterloher, F. Kerschbaum, D. Lemke, E. Renotte, L. Rodriguez, P. Royer, and P. Saraceno, "The photodetector array camera and spectrometer (PACS) for the Herschel Space Observatory," Proc. SPIE 5487, 425-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wells, M.

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics--7th (Expanded) ed. (CUP, 1999).

Wright, D.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wright, G.

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wright, G. S.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Posselt, G. S. Wright, O. Le Fevre, K. Cornelisse, and P. Jakobsen, "Imaging Fourier transform spectrometer for NGST," Proc. SPIE 4013, 706-714 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Youngs, I.

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhender, A.

G. S. Wright, G. H. Rieke, L. Colina, E. van Dishoeck, G. Goodson, T. Greene, P. O. Lagage, A. Karnik, S. D. Lambros, D. Lemke, M. Meixner, H.-U. Norgaard, G. Oloffson, T. Ray, M. Ressler, C. Waelkens, D. Wright, and A. Zhender, "The JWST MIRI instrument concept," Proc. SPIE 5487, 653-663 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. (1)

R. Ulrich, K. F. Renk, and L. Genzel, "Tunable sub-mm interferometers of the Fabry-Perot type," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 11, 363-371 (1963).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, D. J. Robins, and W. J. Stewart, "Low-frequency plasmons in thin wire structures," J. Phys. Condens. Matter 10, 4785-4816 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

P. D. Atherton, K. Taylor, C. D. Pike, C. F. W. Harmer, N. M. Parker, and R. N. Hook, "TAURUS: a wide-field imaging Fabry-Perot spectrometer for astronomy," Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 201, 661-696 (1982).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, "Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773-4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (9)

B. M. Swinyard, G. Rieke, M. Ressler, A. Glasse, G. Wright, M. Ferlet, and M. Wells, "Sensitivity estimates for the mid-infrared instrument (MIRI) on the JWST," Proc. SPIE 5487, 785-793 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Swinyard, K. Dohlen, D. Ferand, J.-P. Baluteau, D. Pouliquen, P. Dargent, G. Michel, J. Martignac, P. Ade, P. Hargrave, M. Griffin, D. Jennings, and M. Caldwell, "The imaging FTS for Herschel SPIRE," Proc. SPIE 4850, 698-709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Griffin, B. M. Swinyard, and L. Vigroux, "The Herschel-SPIRE instrument," Proc. SPIE 5487, 413-424 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (14)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission of a FPI over the 5 15   μm with the gap set to 0 .6   mm and the etalon reflectivity set to 0.9. This gives a resolving power of between 7000 at 5   μm and 2000 at 15   μm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Outline concept of cascaded interferometers. A low resolution FTS spectrum is taken at each gap setting of the FPI to build up the high resolution spectrum. Collimated beams through the system are shown at exaggeratedly large angles to illustrate the imaging nature of the instrument.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Required FPI pupil size versus FOV size for 3500   mm telescope to keep F a = 2 F r with reflectivity set to that needed for R = 5000 and gap = 0.597   mm . Wavelength represented by each line on the plot goes from 5   μm at bottom to 12 .4   μm at top in approximately even steps.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Notional input spectrum with lines set at wavelengths of astrophysical interest—the line intensities are arbitrary and the lines are “infinitely” narrow—i.e., defined by a single point in the model spectrum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Example of the effect of stepping the FPI, here taken at the location of one of the lines in the spectrum. Only a few of the steps are shown for clarity—at each step a FTS spectrum is taken.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Resolution versus wavelength for etalon reflectivity of 0.9 and gap 0 .597   mm .

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Recovered model FTS spectra for each FPI gap setting for the input spectrum shown in Fig. 4. The x-axis is the recovered wavelength from the FTS, and the y-axis is the FPI gap setting. The high resolution spectrum is clearly recovered, and it only remains to convert this to wavelength once the order is established.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Full reconstructed spectrum rendered in wavelength with the multiple FTS spectra shown in the center, the high resolution FPI scans offset for clarity below, and the original input spectrum offset above. Note the accurate recovery of the continuum spectrum from both the low and high resolution spectra.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Upper panel—comparison of theoretical FPI Airy profile (black) and recovered profile of 10.5 µm line in input spectrum (gray). Lower panel—recovered spectrum of lines separated by 0 .0036   μm compared to input spectrum.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Sketch showing possible implementation of broadband cascaded interferometers using a dichroic and a Mach–Zehnder FTS. Here the beam from the sky is chromatically divided using a dichroic to feed a different wavelength band to optimized FPI, and there are two identical beam splitters (BS) in the FTS section of the spectrometer with a single moving mirror.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Schematic drawing of the possible FPI device.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Drawing of a possible metallic grid for the inner surfaces IS of the device.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Estimated reflection coefficient R (upper panel), transmission T, and absorption A (lower panel) for a metallic grid with a = 1   μm , d 0.1   μm , and t 0.1 0.5   μm under normal incidence for the 5 15   μm band.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Variation of transmission (upper panel) and finesse (lower panel) of a metal mesh FPI etalon over the 5 15   μm band for a mesh with parameters as discussed in the text.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Example Calculation of Comparison between FTS, FpFTS, and Grating for IFU Linear FoV 1∕10 That of the FTS and FpFTS

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison between FpFTS and Grating with R = 5000 for Background Limited and Zodiacal Light or Detector Noise Limited Cases versus Relative Grating Field Size a

Equations (6)

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2 n d / λ = m ,
I F P I ( λ , d ) = ( 1 A 1 R ) 2 1 1 + F sin 2 ( δ 2 ) ,
S ( λ , d ) = δ ( λ λ o ) { I F P I ( λ , d ) I FTS ( λ ) } ,
F t 2 = F r 2 + F a 2 + F d 2 ,
F a = 4 D F P 2 λ ϕ 2 D T 2 d ,
D FTS > R λ D T ϕ k 2 ,

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