Abstract

We demonstrate that a three-dimensional (3D) index-guided multimode plasmonic waveguide can be approximated to a two-dimensional (2D) lossy slab waveguide by using an effective-index method. It is found that this 2D approximation is more accurate when the width of the multimode waveguide increases. Such a 2D approximation can be used for a quicker and more efficient design of complicated multimode plasmonic devices. 1×N ultrasmall multimode interference splitters based on multimode surface plasmon waveguides are designed by using this 2D model and the designs are validated with a 3D finite-difference time-domain method.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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