Dense wavelength division multiplexing (DWDM) is an important technology for expanding the capacity of optical network. The optical component based on the superimposed Bragg gratings shows that it can be used as one of advantageous multichannel components because of its excellent angle and wavelength selectivities. An optimized method for recording multiple Bragg gratings for wavelength demultiplexing in optical telecommunication band is proposed to achieve gratings with equal diffraction efficiency. A structure of three layers with twenty four gratings is demonstrated in a crystal by employing the optimized recording method. Then an initial wavelength demultiplexing experiment based on the formed gratings is carried out in optical telecommunication C-band. The results obtained by measuring and analyzing the transmitted spectra of the fabricated gratings show that the diffraction efficiencies of the gratings are uniform. It is suggested that this kind of multiple gratings can be used for increasing the number of the demultiplexed wavelengths in recording medium with unit volume for WDM.
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