A procedure is developed to determine the transverse-mode structure of a cavity consisting of a dense, evanescently coupled, waveguide laser array, which, in addition, is externally coupled by feedback from an external cavity. The formalism is used to determine the loss and phasing properties of a multicore fiber array coupled to an external self-Fourier cavity. Best performance is predicted for linear arrays of up to five cores, or two-dimensional arrays of up to 25 cores. A low-loss,
in-phase, fundamental array mode is predicted, which achieves better than
discrimination against higher-order modes at periodically spaced values of the array length.
However, we show that a shift in operating wavelength of typically a few nanometers can bring about near-perfect phasing and loss operation over a continuum of fiber lengths. With increased fill factor, significantly more of the output power can be concentrated in the central lobe of the far field but at the penalty of increased loss in the fundamental eigenmode.
© 2007 Optical Society of America
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