A. Romariz and K. Wagner, "Tunable vertical cavity surface-emitting laser with feedback to implement a pulsed neural model. 2. High-frequency effects and optical coupling," Appl. Opt. 46,4746-4753 (2007).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. Lecoeuche and D. Tsaptsinos, "Novel applications of neural networks in engineering," Eng. Applic. Artif. Intell. 19, 719-720 (2006).

[Crossref]

J. N. Blakely, L. Illing, and D. J. Gauthier, "High-speed chaos in an optical feedback system with flexible timescales," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 299-305 (2004).

[Crossref]

J. L. Johnson, "All-optical pulse generators for optical computing," in *Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing*, 195-197, Taipei, Taiwan, 2002.

J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, and A. Larson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).

[Crossref]

R. Sarpeshkar and M. O'Halloran, "Scalable hybrid computation with spikes," Neural Comput. 14, 2003-2038 (2002).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

P. Silveira, G. Pati, and K. Wagner, "Optical finite impulse response neural networks," Appl. Opt. 41, 4162-4180 (2002).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. Draghici, "On the capabilities of neural networks using limited precision weights," Neural Networks 15, 395-414 (2002).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

Y. Frauel, G. Pauliat, A. Villing, and G. Roosen, "High-capacity photorefractive neural network implementing a Kohonen topological map," Appl. Opt. 40, 5162-5169 (2001).

[Crossref]

R. van Rullen and S. Thorpe, "Rate coding versus temporal order coding: what the retinal ganglion cells tell the visual cortex," Neural Comput. 13, 1255-1283 (2001).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. Degen, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Transverse modes in thermally detuned oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 63, 023817 (2001).

[Crossref]

S. Tang and J. Liu, "Chaotic pulsing and quasi-periodic route to chaos in a semiconductor laser with delayed optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 329-336 (2001).

[Crossref]

E. Mos, J. Hoppenbrouwers, M. Hill, M. Blüm, J. Schleipen, and H. de Waardt, "Optical neuron by use of a laser diode with injection seeding and external optical feedback," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 11, 968-976 (2000).

[Crossref]

R. H. Hahnloser, R. Sarpeshkar, M. Mahowald, R. Douglas, and H. S. Seung, "Digital selection and analogue amplification coexist in a cortex-inspired silicon circuit," Nature 405, 947-951 (2000).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Giaquinta, M. Argentina, and M. Velarde, "A simple generalized excitability model mimicking salient features of neuron dynamics," Journal of Statistical Physics 101, 665-678 (2000).

[Crossref]

A. Murray, "Pulse-based computation in VLSI neural networks," in *Pulsed Neural Networks*, W. Maass and C. Bishop, eds., 87-107 (MIT Press, 1999).

D. V. Buonomano and M. Merzenich, "A neural network model of temporal code generation and position-invariant pattern recognition," Neural Comput. 11, 103-116 (1999).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

M. Recce, "Encoding information in neuronal activity," in *Pulsed Neural Networks*, W. Maass and C. Bishop, eds., pp. 111-126 (MIT Press, 1999).

T. Sejnowski, "Neural pulse coding," in *Pulsed Neural Networks*, W. Maass and C. M. Bishop, eds. (MIT Press, 1999).

P. Mena, J. Morikuni, S. Kang, A. Hartron, and K. Wyatt, "A simple rate-equation-based thermal VCSEL model," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 865-871 (1999).

[Crossref]

J. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, "Chaos in wavelength with a feedback tunable laser diode," Phys. Rev. E 57, 2795-2798 (1998).

[Crossref]

P. Moerland, E. Fiesler, and I. Saxena, "Discrete all-positive multilayer perceptrons for optical implementation," Opt. Eng. 37, 1305-1315 (1998).

[Crossref]

F. Rieke, D. Warland, R. von Steveninck, and W. Bialek, *Spikes: Exploring the Neural Code* (MIT Press, 1997).

M. V. Tsodyks and H. Markram, "The neural code between neocortical pyramidal neurons depends on neurotransmitter release probability," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94, 719-723 (1997).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

W. Maass, "Fast sigmoidal networks via spiking neurons," Neural Comput. 9, 279-304 (1997).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

F. Hoppensteadt and E. Izhikevich, *Weakly Connected Neural Networks* (Springer, 1997).

[Crossref]

W. Nakwaski, "Thermal aspects of efficient operation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 335-352 (1996).

[Crossref]

Y. Kuznetsov, *Elements of Applied Bifurcation Theory* (Springer-Verlag, 1995).

J. Hopfield, "Pattern recognition computation using action potential timing for stimulus representation," Nature 376, 33-36 (1995).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Johnson, "Pulsed-coupled neural nets: translation, rotation, scale, distortion, and intensity signal invariance for images," Appl. Opt. 33, 6239-6253 (1994).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

G. Zhou and D. Anderson, "Acoustic signal recognition with a photorefractive time-delay neural network," Opt. Lett. 19, 655-657 (1994).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

T. Takizawa, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos in a feedback Fabry-Perot Interferometer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 334-338 (1994).

[Crossref]

B. Linares-Barranco, E. Sánchez-Sinencio, A. Rodríguez-Vázquez, and J. Huertas, "A CMOS implementation of FitzHugh-Nagumo neuron model," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 956-965 (1991).

[Crossref]

C. Peterson, S. Redfield, J. Keeler, and E. Hartman, "Optoelectronic implementation of multilayer neural networks in a single photorefractive crystal," Opt. Eng. 29, 359-368 (1990).

[Crossref]

R. Eckhorn, H. Reitboeck, M. Arndt, and P. Dicke, "Feature linking via synchronization among distributed assemblies: simulations of results from cat visual cortex," Neural Comput. 2, 293-307 (1990).

[Crossref]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. Gu, and S. Lin, "Holography in artificial neural networks," Nature 343, 325-330 (1990).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

L. Abbott and T. Kepler, "Model neurons: from Hodgkin-Huxley to Hopfield," in *Statistical Mechanics of Neural Networks*, L. Garrido, ed., 5-18 (Springer, 1990).

[Crossref]

J. Rinzel and G. Ermentrout, "Analysis of neural excitability and oscillations," in *Methods in Neuronal Modeling: From Synapses to Networks*, I. Segev and J. Fleshman, eds., 135-169 (MIT Press, 1989).

C. Mead, *Analog VLSI and Neural Systems* (Addison-Wesley, 1989).

[Crossref]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, and K. Wagner, "Adaptive optical networks using photorefractive crystals," Appl. Opt. 27, 334-341 (1988).

N. H. Farhat, D. Psaltis, A. Prata, and E. Pack, "Optical implementation of the Hopfield model," Appl. Opt. 24, 1469-1475 (1985).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. Psaltis and N. Fahrat, "Optical information processing based on an associative-memory model of neural nets with thresholding and feedback," Opt. Lett. 10, 98-100 (1985).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

H. Gibbs, *Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light* (Academic Press, 1985).

H. Porte and J. Goedgebuer, "Bistability in wavelength using an electro-optically tuned dye laser," Opt. Commun. 51, 331-336 (1984).

[Crossref]

C. Morris and H. Lecar, "Voltage oscillations in the barnacle giant muscle fiber," Biophys. J. 35, 193-213 (1981).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Nagumo, S. Arimoto, and S. Yoshizawa, "An active pulse transmission line simulating nerve axon," Proc. IRE 50, 2061-2070 (1962).

[Crossref]

R. FitzHugh, "Impulses and physiological states in models of nerve membrane," Biophys. J. 1, 445-466 (1961).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. L. Hodgkin and A. F. Huxley, "A quantitative description of ion currents and its applications to conduction and excitation in nerve membranes," J. Physiol. 117, 500-544 (1952).

[PubMed]

L. Abbott and T. Kepler, "Model neurons: from Hodgkin-Huxley to Hopfield," in *Statistical Mechanics of Neural Networks*, L. Garrido, ed., 5-18 (Springer, 1990).

[Crossref]

A. Giaquinta, M. Argentina, and M. Velarde, "A simple generalized excitability model mimicking salient features of neuron dynamics," Journal of Statistical Physics 101, 665-678 (2000).

[Crossref]

J. Nagumo, S. Arimoto, and S. Yoshizawa, "An active pulse transmission line simulating nerve axon," Proc. IRE 50, 2061-2070 (1962).

[Crossref]

R. Eckhorn, H. Reitboeck, M. Arndt, and P. Dicke, "Feature linking via synchronization among distributed assemblies: simulations of results from cat visual cortex," Neural Comput. 2, 293-307 (1990).

[Crossref]

J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, and A. Larson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).

[Crossref]

F. Rieke, D. Warland, R. von Steveninck, and W. Bialek, *Spikes: Exploring the Neural Code* (MIT Press, 1997).

J. N. Blakely, L. Illing, and D. J. Gauthier, "High-speed chaos in an optical feedback system with flexible timescales," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 299-305 (2004).

[Crossref]

E. Mos, J. Hoppenbrouwers, M. Hill, M. Blüm, J. Schleipen, and H. de Waardt, "Optical neuron by use of a laser diode with injection seeding and external optical feedback," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 11, 968-976 (2000).

[Crossref]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. Gu, and S. Lin, "Holography in artificial neural networks," Nature 343, 325-330 (1990).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, and K. Wagner, "Adaptive optical networks using photorefractive crystals," Appl. Opt. 27, 334-341 (1988).

D. V. Buonomano and M. Merzenich, "A neural network model of temporal code generation and position-invariant pattern recognition," Neural Comput. 11, 103-116 (1999).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

E. Mos, J. Hoppenbrouwers, M. Hill, M. Blüm, J. Schleipen, and H. de Waardt, "Optical neuron by use of a laser diode with injection seeding and external optical feedback," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 11, 968-976 (2000).

[Crossref]

C. Degen, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Transverse modes in thermally detuned oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 63, 023817 (2001).

[Crossref]

R. Eckhorn, H. Reitboeck, M. Arndt, and P. Dicke, "Feature linking via synchronization among distributed assemblies: simulations of results from cat visual cortex," Neural Comput. 2, 293-307 (1990).

[Crossref]

R. H. Hahnloser, R. Sarpeshkar, M. Mahowald, R. Douglas, and H. S. Seung, "Digital selection and analogue amplification coexist in a cortex-inspired silicon circuit," Nature 405, 947-951 (2000).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. Draghici, "On the capabilities of neural networks using limited precision weights," Neural Networks 15, 395-414 (2002).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

R. Eckhorn, H. Reitboeck, M. Arndt, and P. Dicke, "Feature linking via synchronization among distributed assemblies: simulations of results from cat visual cortex," Neural Comput. 2, 293-307 (1990).

[Crossref]

C. Degen, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Transverse modes in thermally detuned oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 63, 023817 (2001).

[Crossref]

J. Rinzel and G. Ermentrout, "Analysis of neural excitability and oscillations," in *Methods in Neuronal Modeling: From Synapses to Networks*, I. Segev and J. Fleshman, eds., 135-169 (MIT Press, 1989).

P. Moerland, E. Fiesler, and I. Saxena, "Discrete all-positive multilayer perceptrons for optical implementation," Opt. Eng. 37, 1305-1315 (1998).

[Crossref]

C. Degen, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Transverse modes in thermally detuned oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Phys. Rev. A 63, 023817 (2001).

[Crossref]

R. FitzHugh, "Impulses and physiological states in models of nerve membrane," Biophys. J. 1, 445-466 (1961).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. N. Blakely, L. Illing, and D. J. Gauthier, "High-speed chaos in an optical feedback system with flexible timescales," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 299-305 (2004).

[Crossref]

A. Giaquinta, M. Argentina, and M. Velarde, "A simple generalized excitability model mimicking salient features of neuron dynamics," Journal of Statistical Physics 101, 665-678 (2000).

[Crossref]

H. Gibbs, *Optical Bistability: Controlling Light with Light* (Academic Press, 1985).

J. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, "Chaos in wavelength with a feedback tunable laser diode," Phys. Rev. E 57, 2795-2798 (1998).

[Crossref]

H. Porte and J. Goedgebuer, "Bistability in wavelength using an electro-optically tuned dye laser," Opt. Commun. 51, 331-336 (1984).

[Crossref]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. Gu, and S. Lin, "Holography in artificial neural networks," Nature 343, 325-330 (1990).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, and A. Larson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).

[Crossref]

R. H. Hahnloser, R. Sarpeshkar, M. Mahowald, R. Douglas, and H. S. Seung, "Digital selection and analogue amplification coexist in a cortex-inspired silicon circuit," Nature 405, 947-951 (2000).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. Peterson, S. Redfield, J. Keeler, and E. Hartman, "Optoelectronic implementation of multilayer neural networks in a single photorefractive crystal," Opt. Eng. 29, 359-368 (1990).

[Crossref]

E. Mos, J. Hoppenbrouwers, M. Hill, M. Blüm, J. Schleipen, and H. de Waardt, "Optical neuron by use of a laser diode with injection seeding and external optical feedback," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 11, 968-976 (2000).

[Crossref]

A. L. Hodgkin and A. F. Huxley, "A quantitative description of ion currents and its applications to conduction and excitation in nerve membranes," J. Physiol. 117, 500-544 (1952).

[PubMed]

J. Hopfield, "Pattern recognition computation using action potential timing for stimulus representation," Nature 376, 33-36 (1995).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

E. Mos, J. Hoppenbrouwers, M. Hill, M. Blüm, J. Schleipen, and H. de Waardt, "Optical neuron by use of a laser diode with injection seeding and external optical feedback," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 11, 968-976 (2000).

[Crossref]

F. Hoppensteadt and E. Izhikevich, *Weakly Connected Neural Networks* (Springer, 1997).

[Crossref]

B. Linares-Barranco, E. Sánchez-Sinencio, A. Rodríguez-Vázquez, and J. Huertas, "A CMOS implementation of FitzHugh-Nagumo neuron model," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 956-965 (1991).

[Crossref]

A. L. Hodgkin and A. F. Huxley, "A quantitative description of ion currents and its applications to conduction and excitation in nerve membranes," J. Physiol. 117, 500-544 (1952).

[PubMed]

J. N. Blakely, L. Illing, and D. J. Gauthier, "High-speed chaos in an optical feedback system with flexible timescales," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 299-305 (2004).

[Crossref]

F. Hoppensteadt and E. Izhikevich, *Weakly Connected Neural Networks* (Springer, 1997).

[Crossref]

J. Johnson, "Pulsed-coupled neural nets: translation, rotation, scale, distortion, and intensity signal invariance for images," Appl. Opt. 33, 6239-6253 (1994).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. Johnson and D. Ritter, "Observation of periodic waves in a pulse-coupled neural network," Opt. Lett. 18, 1253-1266 (1993).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

J. L. Johnson, "All-optical pulse generators for optical computing," in *Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting on Optics in Computing*, 195-197, Taipei, Taiwan, 2002.

C. Peterson, S. Redfield, J. Keeler, and E. Hartman, "Optoelectronic implementation of multilayer neural networks in a single photorefractive crystal," Opt. Eng. 29, 359-368 (1990).

[Crossref]

L. Abbott and T. Kepler, "Model neurons: from Hodgkin-Huxley to Hopfield," in *Statistical Mechanics of Neural Networks*, L. Garrido, ed., 5-18 (Springer, 1990).

[Crossref]

Y. Kuznetsov, *Elements of Applied Bifurcation Theory* (Springer-Verlag, 1995).

J. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, "Chaos in wavelength with a feedback tunable laser diode," Phys. Rev. E 57, 2795-2798 (1998).

[Crossref]

J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, and A. Larson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).

[Crossref]

C. Morris and H. Lecar, "Voltage oscillations in the barnacle giant muscle fiber," Biophys. J. 35, 193-213 (1981).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. Lecoeuche and D. Tsaptsinos, "Novel applications of neural networks in engineering," Eng. Applic. Artif. Intell. 19, 719-720 (2006).

[Crossref]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. Gu, and S. Lin, "Holography in artificial neural networks," Nature 343, 325-330 (1990).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

B. Linares-Barranco, E. Sánchez-Sinencio, A. Rodríguez-Vázquez, and J. Huertas, "A CMOS implementation of FitzHugh-Nagumo neuron model," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 956-965 (1991).

[Crossref]

S. Tang and J. Liu, "Chaotic pulsing and quasi-periodic route to chaos in a semiconductor laser with delayed optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 329-336 (2001).

[Crossref]

T. Takizawa, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos in a feedback Fabry-Perot Interferometer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 334-338 (1994).

[Crossref]

W. Maass, "Fast sigmoidal networks via spiking neurons," Neural Comput. 9, 279-304 (1997).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

R. H. Hahnloser, R. Sarpeshkar, M. Mahowald, R. Douglas, and H. S. Seung, "Digital selection and analogue amplification coexist in a cortex-inspired silicon circuit," Nature 405, 947-951 (2000).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

M. V. Tsodyks and H. Markram, "The neural code between neocortical pyramidal neurons depends on neurotransmitter release probability," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94, 719-723 (1997).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

C. Mead, *Analog VLSI and Neural Systems* (Addison-Wesley, 1989).

[Crossref]

D. V. Buonomano and M. Merzenich, "A neural network model of temporal code generation and position-invariant pattern recognition," Neural Comput. 11, 103-116 (1999).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

P. Moerland, E. Fiesler, and I. Saxena, "Discrete all-positive multilayer perceptrons for optical implementation," Opt. Eng. 37, 1305-1315 (1998).

[Crossref]

C. Morris and H. Lecar, "Voltage oscillations in the barnacle giant muscle fiber," Biophys. J. 35, 193-213 (1981).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

E. Mos, J. Hoppenbrouwers, M. Hill, M. Blüm, J. Schleipen, and H. de Waardt, "Optical neuron by use of a laser diode with injection seeding and external optical feedback," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 11, 968-976 (2000).

[Crossref]

A. Murray, "Pulse-based computation in VLSI neural networks," in *Pulsed Neural Networks*, W. Maass and C. Bishop, eds., 87-107 (MIT Press, 1999).

J. Nagumo, S. Arimoto, and S. Yoshizawa, "An active pulse transmission line simulating nerve axon," Proc. IRE 50, 2061-2070 (1962).

[Crossref]

W. Nakwaski, "Thermal aspects of efficient operation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," Opt. Quantum Electron. 28, 335-352 (1996).

[Crossref]

R. Sarpeshkar and M. O'Halloran, "Scalable hybrid computation with spikes," Neural Comput. 14, 2003-2038 (2002).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

T. Takizawa, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos in a feedback Fabry-Perot Interferometer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 334-338 (1994).

[Crossref]

C. Peterson, S. Redfield, J. Keeler, and E. Hartman, "Optoelectronic implementation of multilayer neural networks in a single photorefractive crystal," Opt. Eng. 29, 359-368 (1990).

[Crossref]

J. Goedgebuer, L. Larger, and H. Porte, "Chaos in wavelength with a feedback tunable laser diode," Phys. Rev. E 57, 2795-2798 (1998).

[Crossref]

H. Porte and J. Goedgebuer, "Bistability in wavelength using an electro-optically tuned dye laser," Opt. Commun. 51, 331-336 (1984).

[Crossref]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, X. Gu, and S. Lin, "Holography in artificial neural networks," Nature 343, 325-330 (1990).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

D. Psaltis, D. Brady, and K. Wagner, "Adaptive optical networks using photorefractive crystals," Appl. Opt. 27, 334-341 (1988).

K. Wagner and D. Psaltis, "Multilayer optical learning networks," Appl. Opt. 26, 5061-5076 (1987).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

N. H. Farhat, D. Psaltis, A. Prata, and E. Pack, "Optical implementation of the Hopfield model," Appl. Opt. 24, 1469-1475 (1985).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

M. Recce, "Encoding information in neuronal activity," in *Pulsed Neural Networks*, W. Maass and C. Bishop, eds., pp. 111-126 (MIT Press, 1999).

C. Peterson, S. Redfield, J. Keeler, and E. Hartman, "Optoelectronic implementation of multilayer neural networks in a single photorefractive crystal," Opt. Eng. 29, 359-368 (1990).

[Crossref]

R. Eckhorn, H. Reitboeck, M. Arndt, and P. Dicke, "Feature linking via synchronization among distributed assemblies: simulations of results from cat visual cortex," Neural Comput. 2, 293-307 (1990).

[Crossref]

F. Rieke, D. Warland, R. von Steveninck, and W. Bialek, *Spikes: Exploring the Neural Code* (MIT Press, 1997).

J. Rinzel and G. Ermentrout, "Analysis of neural excitability and oscillations," in *Methods in Neuronal Modeling: From Synapses to Networks*, I. Segev and J. Fleshman, eds., 135-169 (MIT Press, 1989).

B. Linares-Barranco, E. Sánchez-Sinencio, A. Rodríguez-Vázquez, and J. Huertas, "A CMOS implementation of FitzHugh-Nagumo neuron model," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 956-965 (1991).

[Crossref]

A. Romariz and K. Wagner, "Tunable vertical cavity surface-emitting laser with feedback to implement a pulsed neural model. 2. High-frequency effects and optical coupling," Appl. Opt. 46,4746-4753 (2007).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

B. Linares-Barranco, E. Sánchez-Sinencio, A. Rodríguez-Vázquez, and J. Huertas, "A CMOS implementation of FitzHugh-Nagumo neuron model," IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits 26, 956-965 (1991).

[Crossref]

R. Sarpeshkar and M. O'Halloran, "Scalable hybrid computation with spikes," Neural Comput. 14, 2003-2038 (2002).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

R. H. Hahnloser, R. Sarpeshkar, M. Mahowald, R. Douglas, and H. S. Seung, "Digital selection and analogue amplification coexist in a cortex-inspired silicon circuit," Nature 405, 947-951 (2000).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

P. Moerland, E. Fiesler, and I. Saxena, "Discrete all-positive multilayer perceptrons for optical implementation," Opt. Eng. 37, 1305-1315 (1998).

[Crossref]

E. Mos, J. Hoppenbrouwers, M. Hill, M. Blüm, J. Schleipen, and H. de Waardt, "Optical neuron by use of a laser diode with injection seeding and external optical feedback," IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 11, 968-976 (2000).

[Crossref]

T. Sejnowski, "Neural pulse coding," in *Pulsed Neural Networks*, W. Maass and C. M. Bishop, eds. (MIT Press, 1999).

R. H. Hahnloser, R. Sarpeshkar, M. Mahowald, R. Douglas, and H. S. Seung, "Digital selection and analogue amplification coexist in a cortex-inspired silicon circuit," Nature 405, 947-951 (2000).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

T. Takizawa, Y. Liu, and J. Ohtsubo, "Chaos in a feedback Fabry-Perot Interferometer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 334-338 (1994).

[Crossref]

S. Tang and J. Liu, "Chaotic pulsing and quasi-periodic route to chaos in a semiconductor laser with delayed optoelectronic feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 329-336 (2001).

[Crossref]

R. van Rullen and S. Thorpe, "Rate coding versus temporal order coding: what the retinal ganglion cells tell the visual cortex," Neural Comput. 13, 1255-1283 (2001).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

S. Lecoeuche and D. Tsaptsinos, "Novel applications of neural networks in engineering," Eng. Applic. Artif. Intell. 19, 719-720 (2006).

[Crossref]

M. V. Tsodyks and H. Markram, "The neural code between neocortical pyramidal neurons depends on neurotransmitter release probability," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 94, 719-723 (1997).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

R. van Rullen and S. Thorpe, "Rate coding versus temporal order coding: what the retinal ganglion cells tell the visual cortex," Neural Comput. 13, 1255-1283 (2001).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

A. Giaquinta, M. Argentina, and M. Velarde, "A simple generalized excitability model mimicking salient features of neuron dynamics," Journal of Statistical Physics 101, 665-678 (2000).

[Crossref]

F. Rieke, D. Warland, R. von Steveninck, and W. Bialek, *Spikes: Exploring the Neural Code* (MIT Press, 1997).

J. Gustavsson, J. Vukusic, J. Bengtsson, and A. Larson, "A comprehensive model for the modal dynamics of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 203-212 (2002).

[Crossref]

A. Romariz and K. Wagner, "Tunable vertical cavity surface-emitting laser with feedback to implement a pulsed neural model. 2. High-frequency effects and optical coupling," Appl. Opt. 46,4746-4753 (2007).

[Crossref]
[PubMed]

P. Silveira, G. Pati, and K. Wagner, "Optical finite impulse response neural networks," Appl. Opt. 41, 4162-4180 (2002).

[Crossref]
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