Abstract

We report an investigation of two-color six-wave-mixing spectroscopy techniques using picosecond lasers for the detection of atomic hydrogen in an atmospheric-pressure hydrogen–air flame. An ultraviolet laser at 243nm was two-photon-resonant with the 2S1/21S1/2 transition, and a visible probe laser at 656nm was resonant with Hα transitions (n=3n=2). The signal dependence on the polarization of the pump laser was investigated for a two- beam polarization-spectroscopy experimental configuration and for a four- beam grating configuration. A direct comparison of the absolute signal and background levels in the two experimental geometries demonstrated a significant advantage to using the four-beam grating geometry over the simpler two-beam configuration. Picosecond laser pulses provided sufficient time resolution to investigate hydrogen collisions in the atmospheric-pressure flame. Time-resolved two-color laser-induced fluorescence was used to measure an n=2 population lifetime of 110 ps, and time-resolved two-color six-wave-mixing spectroscopy was used to measure a coherence lifetime of 76 ps. Based on the collisional time scale, we expect that the six-wave-mixing signal dependence on collisions is significantly reduced with picosecond laser pulses when compared to laser pulse durations on the nanosecond time scale.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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