Abstract

We narrowed the spectral bandwidth of our 2 W broad-area laser to 8±1  GHz with a coarse tunability of 12   nm centered near 790   nm in an external cavity. Our passively stabilized external cavity was designed for use with high-power semiconductor lasers. The cavity length and mount are modular with a fixed pivot point so that the optical elements can be changed to access a broad frequency spectrum and enable multiple applications. The bandwidth was observed to be dependent on the multimode transverse structure of the laser.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. Ruseva and J. Hald, "High-power 457-nm light source by frequency doubling of an amplified diode laser," Appl. Opt. 42, 5500-5507 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, "Amplified reflection, phase conjugation, and oscillation in degenerate four-wave mixing," Opt. Lett. 1, 16-18 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. H. M. van Tartwijk, H. J. C. van der Linden, and D. Lenstra, "Theory of a diode laser with phase-conjugate feedback," Opt. Lett. 17, 1590-1592 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, and D. Fekete, "Observation of amplified phase-conjugate reflection and optical parametric oscillation by degenerate four-wave mixing in a transparent medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41-44 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. W. Hänsch, "Repetitively pulsed tunable dye laser for high resolution spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 11, 895-898 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. G. Littman and H. J. Metcalf, "Spectrally narrow pulsed dye laser without beam expander," Appl. Opt. 17, 2224-2227 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. L. Goldberg and M. K. Chun, "Injection locking characteristics of a 1 W broad stripe laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1900-1902 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Tsuchida, "Tunable, narrow-linewidth output from an injection-locked high-power AlGaAs laser diode array," Opt. Lett. 19, 1741-1743 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, and I. Ury, "Coherent coupling of diode lasers by phase conjugation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240-1242 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. MacCormick and J. Feinberg, "High-brightness output from a laser-diode array coupled to a phase-conjugating mirror," Opt. Lett. 18, 211-213 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Løbel, P. M. Petersen, and P. M. Johansen, "Tunable single-mode operation of a high-power laser-diode array by use of an external cavity with a grating and a photorefractive phase-conjugate mirror," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2000-2005 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Oria, D. Bloch, M. Fichet, and M. Ducloy, "Efficient phase-conjugation of a cw low-power laser diode in a short Cs vapor cell at 852 nm," Opt. Lett. 14, 1082-1084 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. Cyr, M. Breton, M. Têtu, and S. Thériault, "Laser-diode frequency control by resonant phase-conjugate reflection from an atomic vapor," Opt. Lett. 16, 1298-1300 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. J. Gaeta and J. F. Lam, "Resonant self-pumped phase conjugation in cesium vapor at 0.85 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2223-2224 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Kürz and T. Mukai, "Frequency stabilization of a semiconductor laser by external phase-conjugate feedback," Opt. Lett. 21, 1369-1371 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Lucente, G. M. Carter, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Nonlinear mixing and phase conjugation in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 467-469 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Lucente, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. M. Carter, "Spatial and frequency dependence of four-wave mixing in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1897-1899 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. Bochove, "Theory of a semiconductor laser with phase-conjugate optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3891-3899 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. M. Løbel, P. M. Petersen, and P. M. Johansen, "Physical origin of laser frequency scanning induced by photorefractive phase-conjugate feedback," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 219-227 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  24. W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. W. Pan, D. J. Evans, G. R. Gray, L. M. Smith, R. E. Benner, C. W. Johnson, and D. D. Knowlton, "Spatial and temporal coherence of broad-area lasers with grating feedback," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2531-2536 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. N. Zerger, M. J. Lim, K. P. Coulter, and T. E. Chupp, "Polarization of 129Xe with high power external-cavity laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1798-1800 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  27. I. A. Nelson, B. Chann, and T. G. Walker, "Spin-exchange optical pumping using a frequency-narrowed high power diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1356-1358 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  28. P. McNicholl and H. J. Metcalf, "Synchronous cavity mode and feedback wavelength scanning in dye laser oscillators with gratings," Appl. Opt. 24, 2757-2761 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. S. B. Bayram and T. E. Chupp, "Operation of a single mode external-cavity laser diode array near 780 nm," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 4169-4171 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Control of the spatiotemporal emission of a broad-area semiconductor laser by spatially filtered feedback," Opt. Lett. 28, 1135-1137 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of a broad-area semiconductor laser in an external cavity: stabilization and feedback induced instabilities," Opt. Commun. 244, 355-365 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of a broad-area semiconductor laser in an external cavity: stabilization and feedback induced instabilities," Opt. Commun. 244, 355-365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

S. B. Bayram and T. E. Chupp, "Operation of a single mode external-cavity laser diode array near 780 nm," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 4169-4171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

J. N. Zerger, M. J. Lim, K. P. Coulter, and T. E. Chupp, "Polarization of 129Xe with high power external-cavity laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1798-1800 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Nelson, B. Chann, and T. G. Walker, "Spin-exchange optical pumping using a frequency-narrowed high power diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1356-1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

1997 (2)

T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Bochove, "Theory of a semiconductor laser with phase-conjugate optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3891-3899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (2)

N. Cyr, M. Breton, M. Têtu, and S. Thériault, "Laser-diode frequency control by resonant phase-conjugate reflection from an atomic vapor," Opt. Lett. 16, 1298-1300 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Gaeta and J. F. Lam, "Resonant self-pumped phase conjugation in cesium vapor at 0.85 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2223-2224 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

M. Oria, D. Bloch, M. Fichet, and M. Ducloy, "Efficient phase-conjugation of a cw low-power laser diode in a short Cs vapor cell at 852 nm," Opt. Lett. 14, 1082-1084 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (3)

M. Lucente, G. M. Carter, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Nonlinear mixing and phase conjugation in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 467-469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Lucente, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. M. Carter, "Spatial and frequency dependence of four-wave mixing in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1897-1899 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg and M. K. Chun, "Injection locking characteristics of a 1 W broad stripe laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1900-1902 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, and I. Ury, "Coherent coupling of diode lasers by phase conjugation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240-1242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985 (3)

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[CrossRef]

P. McNicholl and H. J. Metcalf, "Synchronous cavity mode and feedback wavelength scanning in dye laser oscillators with gratings," Appl. Opt. 24, 2757-2761 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (2)

D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, and D. Fekete, "Observation of amplified phase-conjugate reflection and optical parametric oscillation by degenerate four-wave mixing in a transparent medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41-44 (1978).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Littman and H. J. Metcalf, "Spectrally narrow pulsed dye laser without beam expander," Appl. Opt. 17, 2224-2227 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

1972 (1)

Bayram, S. B.

S. B. Bayram and T. E. Chupp, "Operation of a single mode external-cavity laser diode array near 780 nm," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 4169-4171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benner, R. E.

Bloch, D.

Bochove, E.

E. Bochove, "Theory of a semiconductor laser with phase-conjugate optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3891-3899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Breton, M.

Buggle, C.

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bystrom, K. J.

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Carter, G. M.

M. Lucente, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. M. Carter, "Spatial and frequency dependence of four-wave mixing in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1897-1899 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Lucente, G. M. Carter, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Nonlinear mixing and phase conjugation in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 467-469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

I. A. Nelson, B. Chann, and T. G. Walker, "Spin-exchange optical pumping using a frequency-narrowed high power diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1356-1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chun, M. K.

L. Goldberg and M. K. Chun, "Injection locking characteristics of a 1 W broad stripe laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1900-1902 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chupp, T. E.

S. B. Bayram and T. E. Chupp, "Operation of a single mode external-cavity laser diode array near 780 nm," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 4169-4171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Zerger, M. J. Lim, K. P. Coulter, and T. E. Chupp, "Polarization of 129Xe with high power external-cavity laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1798-1800 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Coulter, K. P.

J. N. Zerger, M. J. Lim, K. P. Coulter, and T. E. Chupp, "Polarization of 129Xe with high power external-cavity laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1798-1800 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, and I. Ury, "Coherent coupling of diode lasers by phase conjugation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240-1242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Cyr, N.

Ducloy, M.

Elsäßer, W.

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of a broad-area semiconductor laser in an external cavity: stabilization and feedback induced instabilities," Opt. Commun. 244, 355-365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Control of the spatiotemporal emission of a broad-area semiconductor laser by spatially filtered feedback," Opt. Lett. 28, 1135-1137 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, D. J.

Feinberg, J.

Fekete, D.

D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, and D. Fekete, "Observation of amplified phase-conjugate reflection and optical parametric oscillation by degenerate four-wave mixing in a transparent medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41-44 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fichet, M.

Fischer, I.

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of a broad-area semiconductor laser in an external cavity: stabilization and feedback induced instabilities," Opt. Commun. 244, 355-365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Control of the spatiotemporal emission of a broad-area semiconductor laser by spatially filtered feedback," Opt. Lett. 28, 1135-1137 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

M. Lucente, G. M. Carter, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Nonlinear mixing and phase conjugation in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 467-469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Lucente, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. M. Carter, "Spatial and frequency dependence of four-wave mixing in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1897-1899 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, C. J.

C. J. Gaeta and J. F. Lam, "Resonant self-pumped phase conjugation in cesium vapor at 0.85 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2223-2224 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg and M. K. Chun, "Injection locking characteristics of a 1 W broad stripe laser diode," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1900-1902 (1988).
[CrossRef]

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gray, G. R.

Hadley, G. R.

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hald, J.

Hänsch, T. W.

Happer, W.

T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hildebrandt, L.

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hohimer, J. P.

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Johansen, P. M.

Johnson, C. W.

Kemmann, M.

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Knowlton, D. D.

Kürz, P.

Lam, J. F.

C. J. Gaeta and J. F. Lam, "Resonant self-pumped phase conjugation in cesium vapor at 0.85 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 2223-2224 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

Lim, M. J.

J. N. Zerger, M. J. Lim, K. P. Coulter, and T. E. Chupp, "Polarization of 129Xe with high power external-cavity laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1798-1800 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Littman, M. G.

Løbel, M.

Lucente, M.

M. Lucente, J. G. Fujimoto, and G. M. Carter, "Spatial and frequency dependence of four-wave mixing in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 1897-1899 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Lucente, G. M. Carter, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Nonlinear mixing and phase conjugation in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 467-469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

MacCormick, S.

Mandre, S. K.

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of a broad-area semiconductor laser in an external cavity: stabilization and feedback induced instabilities," Opt. Commun. 244, 355-365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Control of the spatiotemporal emission of a broad-area semiconductor laser by spatially filtered feedback," Opt. Lett. 28, 1135-1137 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McNicholl, P.

Metcalf, H. J.

Mooradian, A.

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

Nelson, I. A.

I. A. Nelson, B. Chann, and T. G. Walker, "Spin-exchange optical pumping using a frequency-narrowed high power diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1356-1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oria, M.

Owyoung, A.

J. P. Hohimer, A. Owyoung, and G. R. Hadley, "Single-channel injection locking of a diode-laser array with a cw dye laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 1244-1246 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Pan, M. W.

Pepper, D. M.

D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, and D. Fekete, "Observation of amplified phase-conjugate reflection and optical parametric oscillation by degenerate four-wave mixing in a transparent medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41-44 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, "Amplified reflection, phase conjugation, and oscillation in degenerate four-wave mixing," Opt. Lett. 1, 16-18 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersen, P. M.

Ruseva, V.

Sacher, J.

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scifres, D. R.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Seppala, J.

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sharfin, W. F.

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. M.

Soltz, B. A.

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Stry, S.

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, H. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Têtu, M.

Thériault, S.

Tsuchida, H.

Ury, I.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, and I. Ury, "Coherent coupling of diode lasers by phase conjugation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240-1242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

van der Linden, H. J. C.

van Tartwijk, G. H. M.

Vollmer, B. J.

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

von Klitzing, W.

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walker, T. G.

I. A. Nelson, B. Chann, and T. G. Walker, "Spin-exchange optical pumping using a frequency-narrowed high power diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1356-1358 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Waters, R. G.

W. F. Sharfin, J. Seppala, A. Mooradian, B. A. Soltz, R. G. Waters, B. J. Vollmer, and K. J. Bystrom, "High-power, diffraction-limited, narrow-band, external-cavity diode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 1731-1733 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Weller, J. F.

L. Goldberg, H. F. Taylor, J. F. Weller, and D. R. Scifres, "Injection locking of coupled-stripe diode laser arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 236-238 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Yariv, and I. Ury, "Coherent coupling of diode lasers by phase conjugation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1240-1242 (1986).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, and D. Fekete, "Observation of amplified phase-conjugate reflection and optical parametric oscillation by degenerate four-wave mixing in a transparent medium," Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41-44 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv and D. M. Pepper, "Amplified reflection, phase conjugation, and oscillation in degenerate four-wave mixing," Opt. Lett. 1, 16-18 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zerger, J. N.

J. N. Zerger, M. J. Lim, K. P. Coulter, and T. E. Chupp, "Polarization of 129Xe with high power external-cavity laser diode arrays," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 1798-1800 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (11)

M. Lucente, G. M. Carter, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Nonlinear mixing and phase conjugation in broad-area diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 467-469 (1988).
[CrossRef]

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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. K. Mandre, I. Fischer, and W. Elsäßer, "Spatiotemporal emission dynamics of a broad-area semiconductor laser in an external cavity: stabilization and feedback induced instabilities," Opt. Commun. 244, 355-365 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. Bochove, "Theory of a semiconductor laser with phase-conjugate optical feedback," Phys. Rev. A 55, 3891-3899 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. Stry, L. Hildebrandt, J. Sacher, C. Buggle, M. Kemmann, and W. von Klitzing, "Compact tunable diode laser with diffraction-limited 1 Watt for atom cooling and trapping," in Laser Resonators and Beam Control VII, A. V. Kudryashov, ed., Proc. SPIE 5336, 17-25 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. G. Walker and W. Happer, "Spin-exchange optical pumping of noble-gas nuclei," Rev. Mod. Phys. 69, 629-642 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. B. Bayram and T. E. Chupp, "Operation of a single mode external-cavity laser diode array near 780 nm," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73, 4169-4171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the Littman–Metcalf design with the parameters used to derive constraints for our ECDL mount.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Photograph of our external cavity broad-area laser. The ECDL mount is shown with the grating, feedback mirror, and BAL placed in a Littman–Metcalf cavity configuration. The grating and feedback mirror can be adjusted along their respective arms to access cavity lengths ranging from 5 to 52   cm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Superposition of spectra taken with a SPEX 1.26   m Czerny–Turner high-resolution spectrometer demonstrating the coarse tunable range of our ECDL. The intensity fluctuations are the result of variations in the spatial beam profile as the ECDL was being tuned. (b) Power versus wavelength data showing that the ECDL power was stable over the coarse wavelength tuning range. The data was taken with optical density of 0.7 in front of the Molectron powermeter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output from a scanning Fabry–Perot interferometer with 15 GHz FSR showing the variation in spectral bandwidth as the feedback is directed to (a) the top, (b) the middle; and (c) the bottom of the BAL. The ECDL was operating at ∼1 W.

Equations (3)

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m n λ = sin θ + sin ϕ ,
L min = ( W t g ) cos ϕ cos ( θ ϕ ) + W g 2 .
M p min = ( L W g / 2 ) cos ϕ .

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