Abstract

A depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging system with electrically variable image planes is proposed. For implementing the variable image planes, polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal (PDLC) films and a projector are adopted as a new display system in the integral imaging. Since the transparencies of PDLC films are electrically controllable, we can make each film diffuse the projected light successively with a different depth from the lens array. As a result, the proposed method enables control of the location of image planes electrically and enhances the depth. The principle of the proposed method is described, and experimental results are also presented.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (4)

A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers," in Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, B. Javidi, F. Okano, and J.-Y. Son, eds., Proc. SPIE 6392, 639204 (2006).

J. Aria, M. Okui, T. Yamashita, and F. Okano, "Integral three-dimensional television using a 2000-scanning-line video system," Appl. Opt. 45, 1704-1712 (2006).

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices," Appl. Opt. 45, 4334-4343 (2006).

2005 (3)

2004 (5)

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging by use of optical path control," Opt. Lett. 29, 1790-1792 (2004).

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing," Opt. Express 12, 6020-6032 (2004).

A. Sullivan, "DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XI, A. J. Woods, J. O. Merritt, S. A. Benton, and M. T. Bolas, eds., Proc. SPIE 5291, 279-284 (2004).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Analysis of image depth in integral imaging and its enhancement by correction to elemental images," Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization VII, Proc. SPIE 5524, 387-395 (2004).

S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array," J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).

2003 (4)

2001 (2)

1997 (1)

1988 (1)

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, "La photograhie integrale," Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).

Arai, J.

Aria, J.

Cho, S.-W.

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers," in Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, B. Javidi, F. Okano, and J.-Y. Son, eds., Proc. SPIE 6392, 639204 (2006).

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices," Appl. Opt. 45, 4334-4343 (2006).

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).

Choi, H.

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices," Appl. Opt. 45, 4334-4343 (2006).

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers," in Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, B. Javidi, F. Okano, and J.-Y. Son, eds., Proc. SPIE 6392, 639204 (2006).

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate," Opt. Express 11, 1862-1875 (2003).

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging with a stepped lens array or a composite lens array for three-dimensional display," in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 730-731.

Davies, N.

Dohi, T.

Forman, M. C.

Hain, M.

Hata, N.

Hong, J.

S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array," J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging by use of optical path control," Opt. Lett. 29, 1790-1792 (2004).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Analysis of image depth in integral imaging and its enhancement by correction to elemental images," Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization VII, Proc. SPIE 5524, 387-395 (2004).

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging with a stepped lens array or a composite lens array for three-dimensional display," in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 730-731.

Hoshino, H.

Iwahara, M.

Jang, J.-S.

Javidi, B.

Jin, F.

Jung, S.

Katayama, Y.

Kim, J.

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices," Appl. Opt. 45, 4334-4343 (2006).

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers," in Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, B. Javidi, F. Okano, and J.-Y. Son, eds., Proc. SPIE 6392, 639204 (2006).

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Analysis of image depth in integral imaging and its enhancement by correction to elemental images," Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization VII, Proc. SPIE 5524, 387-395 (2004).

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing," Opt. Express 12, 6020-6032 (2004).

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices," Appl. Opt. 45, 4334-4343 (2006).

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers," in Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, B. Javidi, F. Okano, and J.-Y. Son, eds., Proc. SPIE 6392, 639204 (2006).

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).

S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array," J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing," Opt. Express 12, 6020-6032 (2004).

Lee, B.

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices," Appl. Opt. 45, 4334-4343 (2006).

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers," in Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, B. Javidi, F. Okano, and J.-Y. Son, eds., Proc. SPIE 6392, 639204 (2006).

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Analysis of image depth in integral imaging and its enhancement by correction to elemental images," Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization VII, Proc. SPIE 5524, 387-395 (2004).

S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array," J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging by use of optical path control," Opt. Lett. 29, 1790-1792 (2004).

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing," Opt. Express 12, 6020-6032 (2004).

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate," Opt. Express 11, 1862-1875 (2003).

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 40, 5217-5232 (2001).

B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, "Three-dimensional display by use of integral photography with dynamically variable image planes," Opt. Lett. 26, 1481-1482 (2001).

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging with a stepped lens array or a composite lens array for three-dimensional display," in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 730-731.

Liao, H.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, "La photograhie integrale," Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).

McCormick, M.

Min, S.-W.

Okano, F.

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).

Okui, M.

Park, J.-H.

Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices," Appl. Opt. 45, 4334-4343 (2006).

H. Choi, Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Layered-panel integral imaging without the translucent problem," Opt. Express 13, 5769-5776 (2005).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Analysis of image depth in integral imaging and its enhancement by correction to elemental images," Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization VII, Proc. SPIE 5524, 387-395 (2004).

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging by use of optical path control," Opt. Lett. 29, 1790-1792 (2004).

S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array," J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, "Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing," Opt. Express 12, 6020-6032 (2004).

J.-H. Park, S. Jung, H. Choi, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with multiple image planes using a uniaxial crystal plate," Opt. Express 11, 1862-1875 (2003).

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, "Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography," Appl. Opt. 40, 5217-5232 (2001).

B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, "Three-dimensional display by use of integral photography with dynamically variable image planes," Opt. Lett. 26, 1481-1482 (2001).

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging with a stepped lens array or a composite lens array for three-dimensional display," in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 730-731.

Schmiedchen, M.

Spiegel, W.

Stern, A.

A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).

Sullivan, A.

A. Sullivan, "DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XI, A. J. Woods, J. O. Merritt, S. A. Benton, and M. T. Bolas, eds., Proc. SPIE 5291, 279-284 (2004).

Tschudi, T.

Yamashita, T.

Yang, L.

Yuyama, I.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, "La photograhie integrale," Comptes Rendus Acad. Sci. 146, 446-451 (1908).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Display (1)

S. Jung, J. Hong, J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral-imaging 3D display using different optical path lengths by polarization devices or mirror barrier array," J. Soc. Inf. Display 12, 461-467 (2004).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. Stern and B. Javidi, "Three-dimensional image sensing, visualization, and processing using integral imaging," Proc. IEEE 94, 591-607 (2006).

Proc. SPIE (3)

J. Hong, J.-H. Park, J. Kim, and B. Lee, "Analysis of image depth in integral imaging and its enhancement by correction to elemental images," Novel Optical Systems Design and Optimization VII, Proc. SPIE 5524, 387-395 (2004).

Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, "Integral imaging with variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid crystal layers," in Three-Dimensional TV, Video, and Display V, B. Javidi, F. Okano, and J.-Y. Son, eds., Proc. SPIE 6392, 639204 (2006).

A. Sullivan, "DepthCube solid-state 3D volumetric display," in Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems XI, A. J. Woods, J. O. Merritt, S. A. Benton, and M. T. Bolas, eds., Proc. SPIE 5291, 279-284 (2004).

Other (3)

http://www.dmdisplay.com/english/technology/default.asp.

H. Choi, J.-H. Park, J. Hong, and B. Lee, "Depth-enhanced integral imaging with a stepped lens array or a composite lens array for three-dimensional display," in The 16th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (LEOS, 2003), Vol. 2, pp. 730-731.

T. Okoshi, Three-Dimensional Imaging Techniques (Academic, 1976).

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