Abstract

A simple switchable multiwavelength double-clad fiber laser using a multimode fiber Bragg grating (MMFG) as a wavelength selective component is demonstrated. The MMFG is fabricated directly in the active double-clad fiber, resulting in low splicing loss and compact configuration. By properly adjusting the polarization controller in the cavity, the double-clad fiber laser can stably operate at different multiwavelength states at room temperature. At lower pump levels, the laser can be switched between single- and dual-wavelength operations, while at higher pump levels the laser can switch between dual- and triple-wavelength operations. The slope efficiency of the system is 41% with the maximum output power of 6.2 W.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Röser, J. Rothhard, B. Ortac, A. Liem, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, and J. Limpert, "131 W 220 fs fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 2754-2756 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Liu, M. A. Norsen, and R. D. Mead, "60-W green output by frequency doubling of a polarized Yb-doped fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 67-69 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Q. Mao and J. W. Y. Lit, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612-614 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610, (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, "Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 2056-2061 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Bellemare, M. Karásek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Têtu, "Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 825-831 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Mizunami, T. V. Djambova, T. Niiho, and S. Gupta, "Bragg gratings in multimode and few-mode optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 230-235 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. H. Feng, Y. G. Liu, S. Z. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, "L-band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 12, 3834-3839 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Moon, U. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Multi-wavelength linear-cavity tunable fiber laser using a chirped fiber Bragg grating and a few-mode fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 13, 5614-5620 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, "Switchable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 762-764 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Moon, U. Paek, and Y. Chung, "Multi-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser using few-mode fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 12, 6147-6152 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. T. Erdogan and V. Mizrahi, "Characterization of UV-induced birefringence in photosensitive Ge-doped silica optical fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2100-2105 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Bardal, A. Kamal, and P. St. J. Russell, "Photoinduced birefringence in optical fibers: a comparative study of low-birefringence and high-birefringence fibers," Opt. Lett. 17, 411-413 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

2004 (5)

2002 (1)

Q. Mao and J. W. Y. Lit, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612-614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

1996 (1)

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

Bardal, S.

Bellemare, A.

Chaudhuri, C. P.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chu, B. C. B.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y.

Djambova, T. V.

Dong, L.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

X. H. Feng, Y. G. Liu, S. Z. Yuan, G. Kai, W. Zhang, and X. Dong, "L-band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 12, 3834-3839 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, "Switchable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 762-764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, "Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 2056-2061 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, X. P.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

Feng, X.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, "Switchable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 762-764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, "Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 2056-2061 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, X. H.

Fu, S.

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, "Switchable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 762-764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Graydon, O.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, S.

Hong, N. J.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G.

Kamal, A.

Karásek, M.

Laming, R. I.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

Li, S.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Lit, J. W. Y.

Q. Mao and J. W. Y. Lit, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612-614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, "Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 2056-2061 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, "Switchable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 762-764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. G.

Loh, W. H.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Q.

Q. Mao and J. W. Y. Lit, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612-614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mead, R. D.

Mizrahi, V.

Mizunami, T.

Moon, D.

Ng, M. N.

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610, (2000).
[CrossRef]

Niiho, T.

Norsen, M. A.

Ortac, B.

Paek, U.

Rochette, M.

Röser, F.

Rothhard, J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Têtu, M.

Yang, X.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, "Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 2056-2061 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, "Switchable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 762-764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S. Z.

Zhang, W.

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

X. P. Dong, S. Li, K. S. Chiang, M. N. Ng, and B. C. B. Chu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fibre laser based on a high-birefringence fibre loop mirror," Electron. Lett. 36, 1609-1610, (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Q. Mao and J. W. Y. Lit, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with cascaded fiber grating cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 612-614 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. Feng, Y. Liu, S. Fu, S. Yuan, and X. Dong, "Switchable dual-wavelength ytterbium-doped fiber laser based on a few-mode fiber grating," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 762-764 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Zhao, X. Yang, C. Lu, N. J. Hong, X. Guo, C. P. Chaudhuri, and X. Dong, "Switchable multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber lasers by using cascaded fiber Bragg gratings written in high birefringence fiber," Opt. Commun. 230, 313-317 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the multiwavelength double-clad fiber laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single-wavelength oscillations of the YDCL.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Repeatedly scanned output spectra of the dual-wavelength oscillation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Triple-wavelength operation of the YDCL.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dual-wavelength operations of the YDCL pumped at high levels: (a) 1057.40 and 1060.96   nm , (b) 1060.04 and 1060.96   nm .

Metrics