Abstract

A theoretical model based on Fourier optics and the power-coupling overlap integral is built to investigate the interchannel response in a micro-electro-mechanical systems 1×N2 wavelength-selective switch. The simulation results demonstrate that the interchannel response depends significantly on the output port location and the radius of curvature of the micromirrors. For the output originally aligned with the input along the dispersion direction, it is possible to achieve interchannel-response suppression by rotating the two-dimensional (2D) collimator array by a slight angle, e.g., 20°. Experimental results under different conditions are also shown.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.
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    [CrossRef]
  3. D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, "Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switches with tilted 2D collimator arrays for inter-channel-response suppression," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2004 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuFF7.
  6. J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Gimbal-less MEMS two-axis optical scanner array with high fill-factor," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 14, 1323-1328 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "A high port-count wavelength-selective switch using a large scan-angle, high fill-factor, two-axis MEMS scanner array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1439-1441 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.
  10. T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  17. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996).
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a high fill-factor, large scan-angle, two-axis scanner array driven by a leverage mechanism," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1209-1213 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "A high port-count wavelength-selective switch using a large scan-angle, high fill-factor, two-axis MEMS scanner array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1439-1441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

1999 (1)

1982 (1)

Aksyuk, V. A.

Alavanja, M.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Basavanhally, N. R.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, "Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

Bishop, D. J.

Bismuth, J.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Bolle, C. A.

Cappuzzo, M.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, E.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

Cowen, A.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Cugalj, M.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Deren, A.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Dhuler, V.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Doerr, C. R.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

Ducellier, T.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Ford, J. E.

Gillet, A.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Gomez, L.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

Greywall, D. S.

Hah, D.

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, "Open-loop operation of MEMS-based 1 × N wavelength-selective switch with long-term stability and repeatability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041-1043 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hill, E.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Hnatiw, A.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Huang, S.

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, "Open-loop operation of MEMS-based 1 × N wavelength-selective switch with long-term stability and repeatability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041-1043 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ivancevic, D.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Kolodner, P.

Laskowski, E.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

Lavigne, B.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Leclerc, O.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Lopez, D. O.

López, D. O.

Low, Y.

Ma, Y.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Mala, M.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Mank, A.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Marom, D. M.

D. M. Marom, D. T. Neilson, D. S. Greywall, C. S. Pai, N. R. Basavanhally, V. A. Aksyuk, D. O. López, F. Pardo, M. E. Simon, Y. Low, P. Kolodner, and C. A. Bolle, "Wavelength-selective 1 × K switches using free-space optics and MEMS micromirrors: theory, design, and implementation," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1620-1630 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Neilson, R. Ryf, F. Pardo, V. A. Aksyuk, M.-E. Simon, D. O. Lopez, D. M. Marom, and S. Chandrasekhar, "MEMS-based channelized dispersion compensator with flat passbands," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 101-105 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Oh and D. M. Marom, "Attenuation mechanism effect on filter shape in channelized dynamic spectral equalizers," Appl. Opt. 43, 127-131 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Marom and S.-H. Oh, "Filter-shape dependence on attenuation mechanism in channelized dynamic spectral equalizers," in Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 2, pp. 416-417.
[CrossRef]

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

McMullin, D.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Merchant, C.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Miller, M.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Neilson, D. T.

Oh, S. H.

Oh, S.-H.

D. M. Marom and S.-H. Oh, "Filter-shape dependence on attenuation mechanism in channelized dynamic spectral equalizers," in Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 2, pp. 416-417.
[CrossRef]

Pai, C. S.

Pardo, F.

Peloso, P.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Roux, S. F.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Ryf, R.

Shaw, S.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Shen, B.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Sibille, J.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Simon, M. E.

Simon, M.-E.

Tay, L.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Toshiyoshi, H.

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, "Open-loop operation of MEMS-based 1 × N wavelength-selective switch with long-term stability and repeatability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041-1043 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Touahri, D.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Tsai, J. C.

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a high fill-factor, large scan-angle, two-axis scanner array driven by a leverage mechanism," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1209-1213 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "A high port-count wavelength-selective switch using a large scan-angle, high fill-factor, two-axis MEMS scanner array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1439-1441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Gimbal-less MEMS two-axis optical scanner array with high fill-factor," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 14, 1323-1328 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, "Open-loop operation of MEMS-based 1 × N wavelength-selective switch with long-term stability and repeatability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041-1043 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switches with tilted 2D collimator arrays for inter-channel-response suppression," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2004 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuFF7.

Wagner, R. E.

Walker, J. A.

Wong-Foy, A.

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

Wood, R.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

Wu, M. C.

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "A high port-count wavelength-selective switch using a large scan-angle, high fill-factor, two-axis MEMS scanner array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1439-1441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a high fill-factor, large scan-angle, two-axis scanner array driven by a leverage mechanism," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1209-1213 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switch with two cross-scanning one-axis analog micromirror arrays in a 4-f optical system," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 897-903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Gimbal-less MEMS two-axis optical scanner array with high fill-factor," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 14, 1323-1328 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, "Open-loop operation of MEMS-based 1 × N wavelength-selective switch with long-term stability and repeatability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041-1043 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switches with tilted 2D collimator arrays for inter-channel-response suppression," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2004 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuFF7.

Zami, T.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "A high port-count wavelength-selective switch using a large scan-angle, high fill-factor, two-axis MEMS scanner array," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1439-1441 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai, S. Huang, D. Hah, H. Toshiyoshi, and M. C. Wu, "Open-loop operation of MEMS-based 1 × N wavelength-selective switch with long-term stability and repeatability," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1041-1043 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Microelectromech. Syst. (2)

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Gimbal-less MEMS two-axis optical scanner array with high fill-factor," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 14, 1323-1328 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a high fill-factor, large scan-angle, two-axis scanner array driven by a leverage mechanism," J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1209-1213 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (8)

D. M. Marom and S.-H. Oh, "Filter-shape dependence on attenuation mechanism in channelized dynamic spectral equalizers," in Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2002), Vol. 2, pp. 416-417.
[CrossRef]

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, 1996).

D. M. Marom, C. R. Doerr, N. R. Basavanhally, M. Cappuzzo, L. Gomez, E. Chen, A. Wong-Foy, and E. Laskowski, "Wavelength-selective 1 × 2 switch utilizing a planar lightwave circuit stack and a MEMS micromirror array," in Proceedings of 2004 IEEE/LEOS International Conference on Optical MEMS and Their Applications (IEEE, 2004), pp. 28-29.

T. Ducellier, A. Hnatiw, M. Mala, S. Shaw, A. Mank, D. Touahri, D. McMullin, T. Zami, B. Lavigne, P. Peloso, and O. Leclerc, "Novel high performance hybrid waveguide-MEMS 1 × 9 wavelength selective switch in a 32-cascade loop experiment," in ECOC 2004, European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2004), paper Th4.2.2.

http://www.lightreading.com/document.asp?doc_id=69809&site=ofc.

http://www.coadna.com/CoAdna_1x8_2-28-06.pdf.

T. Ducellier, J. Bismuth, S. F. Roux, A. Gillet, C. Merchant, M. Miller, M. Mala, Y. Ma, L. Tay, J. Sibille, M. Alavanja, A. Deren, M. Cugalj, D. Ivancevic, V. Dhuler, E. Hill, A. Cowen, B. Shen, and R. Wood, "The MWS 1 × 4: a high performance wavelength switching building block," in ECOC 2002, 28th European Conference on Optical Communication (IEEE, 2002), paper 2.3.1.

J. C. Tsai and M. C. Wu, "l × N2 wavelength-selective switches with tilted 2D collimator arrays for inter-channel-response suppression," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2004 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper CTuFF7.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the 1 × N2 WSS with a rotated 2D collimator array. A two-axis analog micromirror array is used for 2D beam steering. The telescope expands the size of the optical beam.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Illustration of the theoretical model based on Fourier optics.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase variations of the projected images of (a) a horizontal output port and (b) a vertical output port. The simulation results are shown in (c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation results for (a) R = 30 mm and (b) R = 10 mm . Output spectra for each curvature are simulated with 0°, 10°, and 20° rotations of the collimator array. The arrows indicate the channel centers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Relative group delay within the passband of Fig. 4 for (a) R = 30 mm and (b) R = 10 mm .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectra from a selected output port which is horizontally aligned with the input at 0° rotation, when the collimator array is rotated by (a) 0°, (b) 10°, and (c) 20°. The dotted lines in (a) indicate the positions of the wavelength channels. The minor peaks between dotted lines are the interchannel response.

Equations (4)

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e output ( x , y , f ) = ( 2 π ω 0 x ω 0 y ) 1 / 2 exp [ ( x pf f 0 ) 2 ω 0 x 2 y 2 ω 0 y 2 ] × exp [ j k x   sin θ x + j k y   sin θ y ] .
e input ( x , y , f ) = ( 2 π ω 0 x ω 0 y ) 1 / 2 exp [ ( x pf f 0 ) 2 ω 0 x 2 y 2 ω 0 y 2 ] × ζ = 0 N 1 A ζ exp [ jk [ x ζ p ] sin θ x ζ + jky sin θ y ζ + ϕ ζ ] rect [ x ζ p p gap ] .
exp [ j k   ( x   ζ p ) 2 + y 2 R ]
Δ z ( Δ λ ) = ( 4 f 2 tan 2 θ r R λ 0 Δ λ ) ( 1 + | sin θ i sin θ r | ) ,

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