Abstract

Optical prisms are most commonly employed because of their ability to output an image of different orientation relative to the input object. Previous papers have presented a systematic but numeric approximation for designing a single prism, which outputs an image with a specific image orientation. Instead of a numerical solution, an exact analytical solution for the same problem is offered. Further, how to design prism systems by using off-the-shelf right-angle prisms and roof prisms as building blocks to obtain an output image with a specific image orientation is addressed. Illustrative examples are given to verify the proposed approach and demonstrate its use.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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