M. Spurr and M. Dunn, "Euclidean light: high-school geometry to solve problems in Gaussian beam optics," Opt. Photonics News 13(8), 40-44 (2002).

[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, J. J. Xu, and C. B. Zhang, "Analysis of laser diode pumped solid-state laser resonator by the transform circle approach," Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 203-205 (2000).

[CrossRef]

G. Y. Zhang, "A dynamic analysis on solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 40, 1065-1073 (1991) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, "Solutions and characters of the thermal-insensitive resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 40, 407-413 (1991) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, "Graphic design method of optical resonator (III)," Lasers 4, 41-46 (1977) (in Chinese).

A. E. Siegman, "A canonical formulation for analyzing multielement unstable resonators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-40 (1976).

[CrossRef]

P. Baues, "The connection of geometric optics with the propagation of Gaussian beams and the theory of optical resonators," Opto-Electronics 1, 103-118 (1969).

[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, "Imaging of optical modes-resonators with internal lenses," Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 44, 455-494 (1965).

J. Alda, "Laser and gaussian beam propagation and transformation," in *Encyclopaedia of Optical Engineering* (Marcel Dekker, 2003), pp. 999-1013.

P. Baues, "The connection of geometric optics with the propagation of Gaussian beams and the theory of optical resonators," Opto-Electronics 1, 103-118 (1969).

[CrossRef]

G. A. Deschamps and P. E. Mast, in *Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-optics,* J. Fox, ed. (Polytechnic, 1964).

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

M. Spurr and M. Dunn, "Euclidean light: high-school geometry to solve problems in Gaussian beam optics," Opt. Photonics News 13(8), 40-44 (2002).

[CrossRef]

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang and S. G. Guo, *Graphic Analysis and Design Method of Optical Resonator* (National Defence Industry Press, 2003), pp. 4-18 (in Chinese).

H. Kogelnik, "Imaging of optical modes-resonators with internal lenses," Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 44, 455-494 (1965).

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

M. Zhao and B. Lu, "Gaussian beam transformation through resonator mirror," Laser J. 2, 19-22 (1989) (in Chinese).

G. A. Deschamps and P. E. Mast, in *Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-optics,* J. Fox, ed. (Polytechnic, 1964).

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

A. E. Siegman, "A canonical formulation for analyzing multielement unstable resonators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-40 (1976).

[CrossRef]

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, J. J. Xu, and C. B. Zhang, "Analysis of laser diode pumped solid-state laser resonator by the transform circle approach," Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 203-205 (2000).

[CrossRef]

M. Spurr and M. Dunn, "Euclidean light: high-school geometry to solve problems in Gaussian beam optics," Opt. Photonics News 13(8), 40-44 (2002).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Wang and D. Zhao, *Matrix Optics* (CHEP-Springer, 2000).

H. Weber, *Laser Resonators* (Huazhong Institute of Technology, 1983) (in Chinese).

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, J. J. Xu, and C. B. Zhang, "Analysis of laser diode pumped solid-state laser resonator by the transform circle approach," Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 203-205 (2000).

[CrossRef]

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, J. J. Xu, and C. B. Zhang, "Analysis of laser diode pumped solid-state laser resonator by the transform circle approach," Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 203-205 (2000).

[CrossRef]

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, J. J. Xu, and C. B. Zhang, "Analysis of laser diode pumped solid-state laser resonator by the transform circle approach," Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 203-205 (2000).

[CrossRef]

G. Y. Zhang, "Solutions and characters of the thermal-insensitive resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 40, 407-413 (1991) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, "A dynamic analysis on solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 40, 1065-1073 (1991) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, "Graphic design method of optical resonator (III)," Lasers 4, 41-46 (1977) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang and S. G. Guo, *Graphic Analysis and Design Method of Optical Resonator* (National Defence Industry Press, 2003), pp. 4-18 (in Chinese).

S. M. Wang and D. Zhao, *Matrix Optics* (CHEP-Springer, 2000).

M. Zhao and B. Lu, "Gaussian beam transformation through resonator mirror," Laser J. 2, 19-22 (1989) (in Chinese).

C. B. Zhang, F. Song, F. Z. Meng, X. Ding, G. Y. Zhang, and M. R. Shang, "Measurement of the laser diode end-pumped solid laser's thermal focal length by using the curve of output," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 1517-1520 (2002) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, F. Song, S. G. Guo, and F. Z. Meng, "Control on dynamical stablity of solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 51, 253-258 (2002) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, "A dynamic analysis on solid laser resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 40, 1065-1073 (1991) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, "Solutions and characters of the thermal-insensitive resonator," Acta. Phys. Sin. 40, 407-413 (1991) (in Chinese).

J. Arnaud, "Representation of Gaussian beams by complex rays," Appl. Opt. 24, 538-543 (1985).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Nemoto, "Waist shift of a Gaussian beam by plane dielectric interfaces," Appl. Opt. 27, 1833-1839 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Nemoto, "Waist shift of a Gaussian beam by a dielectric plate," Appl. Opt. 28, 1643-1647 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Nemoto, "Transformation of waist parameters of a Gaussian beam by a thick lens," Appl. Opt. 29, 809-816 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Kogelink and T. Li, "Laser beams and resonators," Appl. Opt. 5, 1550-1567 (1966).

[CrossRef]

P. Laures, "Geometrical approach to Gaussian beam propagation," Appl. Opt. 6, 747-755 (1967).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Song, C. B. Zhang, X. Ding, J. J. Xu, G. Y. Zhang, M. Leigh, and N. Peyghambarian, "Determination of thermal focal length and pumping radius in gain medium in laser-diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2145-2147 (2002).

[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, "Imaging of optical modes-resonators with internal lenses," Bell. Syst. Tech. J. 44, 455-494 (1965).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, J. J. Xu, and C. B. Zhang, "Analysis of laser diode pumped solid-state laser resonator by the transform circle approach," Chin. Phys. Lett. 17, 203-205 (2000).

[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, "A canonical formulation for analyzing multielement unstable resonators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 35-40 (1976).

[CrossRef]

M. Zhao and B. Lu, "Gaussian beam transformation through resonator mirror," Laser J. 2, 19-22 (1989) (in Chinese).

G. Y. Zhang, "Graphic design method of optical resonator (III)," Lasers 4, 41-46 (1977) (in Chinese).

M. Spurr and M. Dunn, "Euclidean light: high-school geometry to solve problems in Gaussian beam optics," Opt. Photonics News 13(8), 40-44 (2002).

[CrossRef]

P. Baues, "The connection of geometric optics with the propagation of Gaussian beams and the theory of optical resonators," Opto-Electronics 1, 103-118 (1969).

[CrossRef]

H. Weber, *Laser Resonators* (Huazhong Institute of Technology, 1983) (in Chinese).

S. M. Wang and D. Zhao, *Matrix Optics* (CHEP-Springer, 2000).

G. Y. Zhang and S. G. Guo, *Graphic Analysis and Design Method of Optical Resonator* (National Defence Industry Press, 2003), pp. 4-18 (in Chinese).

J. Alda, "Laser and gaussian beam propagation and transformation," in *Encyclopaedia of Optical Engineering* (Marcel Dekker, 2003), pp. 999-1013.

"Propagation characteristics of laser beams," www.mellesgriot.com/pdf/CatalogX/X_36_6-9.pdf.

G. A. Deschamps and P. E. Mast, in *Proceedings of the Symposium on Quasi-optics,* J. Fox, ed. (Polytechnic, 1964).