Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a tunable fiber laser based on an optical circulator (OC) and two tunable fiber Bragg gratings (TFBGs). The OC acts as a pump power router to improve the pumping efficiency, and a 4% increase in overall conversion efficiency has been observed. The combined tuning spectra range of two TFBGs could cover the entire C-band spectrum from 1530 to 1560  nm. Stable laser output power above 10   dBm is obtained using 1.9 m of erbium-doped fiber and TFBGs with 50% reflectivity. With power equalization by using variable optical attenuators, the power variation is less than 0 .1   dB in the whole C band with narrow linewidth of 0 .05   nm. A signal-to-noise ratio of 60   dB and a continuous tuning resolution of 0 .5   nm have been achieved. The TFBG-based tunable fiber laser can be a promising light source for WDM transmission and fiber sensor applications.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S.-K. Liaw, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "Parallel pump-shared linear-cavity lasers array using 980 nm pump reflectors or N pieces of gain fibers as self-equalizers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 19-21 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblance, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C.-C. Lee, Y.-K. Chen, and S.-K. Liaw, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission," Opt. Lett. 23, 358-360 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Kim, B. Lee, and D.-H. Kim, "Experiments on chaos synchronization in two separate erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 290-292 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
    [PubMed]
  6. R. M. Sova, C.-S. Kim, and J. U. Kang, "Dual-wavelength, all-PM Er/Yb fiber ring laser with wavelength and channel separation tenability," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 301-302.
  7. A. Kamil, M. Rahman, and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser pumped from FBG fiber laser sharing the same EDF," in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 40-41.
  8. P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.
  9. M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.
  10. H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Gautam and J. W. Y Lit, "L-band multiwavelength fiber laser using an elliptical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 606-608 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. O. Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics, 1st ed. (Prentice Hall, 2001), Chap. 1.
  14. M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, "Numerical analysis of multifrequency erbium-doped fibre ring laser employing periodic filter and frequency shifter," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115-119 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2003

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, "Numerical analysis of multifrequency erbium-doped fibre ring laser employing periodic filter and frequency shifter," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115-119 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblance, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

D. Gautam and J. W. Y Lit, "L-band multiwavelength fiber laser using an elliptical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 606-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Kim, B. Lee, and D.-H. Kim, "Experiments on chaos synchronization in two separate erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 290-292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

S.-K. Liaw, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "Parallel pump-shared linear-cavity lasers array using 980 nm pump reflectors or N pieces of gain fibers as self-equalizers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 19-21 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Abbey, S.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.

Ahmad, H.

A. Kamil, M. Rahman, and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser pumped from FBG fiber laser sharing the same EDF," in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 40-41.

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Babin, F.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblance, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, "Numerical analysis of multifrequency erbium-doped fibre ring laser employing periodic filter and frequency shifter," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115-119 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblance, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-K.

Cheng, P.-H.

P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.

Chi, S.

S.-K. Liaw, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "Parallel pump-shared linear-cavity lasers array using 980 nm pump reflectors or N pieces of gain fibers as self-equalizers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 19-21 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ding, L.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Dong, X.-Y.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Engstrom, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.

Feng, D.-J.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Fidric, B.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gautam, D.

D. Gautam and J. W. Y Lit, "L-band multiwavelength fiber laser using an elliptical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 606-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ge, C.-F.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Hsu, W.-Y.

P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.

Huang, C.-B.

P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.

Kai, G.-Y.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Kamil, A.

A. Kamil, M. Rahman, and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser pumped from FBG fiber laser sharing the same EDF," in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 40-41.

Kang, J. U.

R. M. Sova, C.-S. Kim, and J. U. Kang, "Dual-wavelength, all-PM Er/Yb fiber ring laser with wavelength and channel separation tenability," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 301-302.

Karasek, M.

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, "Numerical analysis of multifrequency erbium-doped fibre ring laser employing periodic filter and frequency shifter," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115-119 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kasap, S. O.

S. O. Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics, 1st ed. (Prentice Hall, 2001), Chap. 1.

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.-S.

R. M. Sova, C.-S. Kim, and J. U. Kang, "Dual-wavelength, all-PM Er/Yb fiber ring laser with wavelength and channel separation tenability," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 301-302.

Kim, D.-H.

S. Kim, B. Lee, and D.-H. Kim, "Experiments on chaos synchronization in two separate erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 290-292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, B. Lee, and D.-H. Kim, "Experiments on chaos synchronization in two separate erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 290-292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.

P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.

Leblanc, M.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leblance, M.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblance, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

S. Kim, B. Lee, and D.-H. Kim, "Experiments on chaos synchronization in two separate erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 290-292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-C.

Lee, R.-K.

P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.

Liaw, S.-K.

S.-K. Liaw, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "Parallel pump-shared linear-cavity lasers array using 980 nm pump reflectors or N pieces of gain fibers as self-equalizers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 19-21 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C.-C. Lee, Y.-K. Chen, and S.-K. Liaw, "Single-longitudinal-mode fiber laser with passive multiple-ring cavity and its application for video transmission," Opt. Lett. 23, 358-360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lit, J. W. Y

D. Gautam and J. W. Y Lit, "L-band multiwavelength fiber laser using an elliptical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 606-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.-L.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Liu, Z.-G.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Lu, K.-C.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Mitchard, G.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.

Muendel, M.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rahman, M.

A. Kamil, M. Rahman, and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser pumped from FBG fiber laser sharing the same EDF," in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 40-41.

Sanders, S.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.

Schinn, G. W.

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblance, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Q.-Q.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

Sova, R. M.

R. M. Sova, C.-S. Kim, and J. U. Kang, "Dual-wavelength, all-PM Er/Yb fiber ring laser with wavelength and channel separation tenability," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 301-302.

Tseng, H.-Y.

S.-K. Liaw, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "Parallel pump-shared linear-cavity lasers array using 980 nm pump reflectors or N pieces of gain fibers as self-equalizers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 19-21 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tu, K.-H.

P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.

Zhao, D.-H.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron.

M. Karasek and A. Bellemare, "Numerical analysis of multifrequency erbium-doped fibre ring laser employing periodic filter and frequency shifter," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 147, 115-119 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

S.-K. Liaw, H.-Y. Tseng, and S. Chi, "Parallel pump-shared linear-cavity lasers array using 980 nm pump reflectors or N pieces of gain fibers as self-equalizers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 19-21 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblance, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, B. Lee, and D.-H. Kim, "Experiments on chaos synchronization in two separate erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 290-292 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Chen, F. Babin, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Widely tunable single-frequency erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 185-187 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Gautam and J. W. Y Lit, "L-band multiwavelength fiber laser using an elliptical fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 606-608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, "Fiber grating sensors," J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442-1463 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

S. O. Kasap, Optoelectronics and Photonics, 1st ed. (Prentice Hall, 2001), Chap. 1.

L. Ding, D.-J. Feng, H.-L. Liu, C.-F. Ge, D.-H. Zhao, G.-Y. Kai, Z.-G. Liu, K.-C. Lu, Q.-Q. Sheng, and X.-Y. Dong, "A novel dual wavelength Er-doped fiber laser with narrow line-width," in Proceedings of the Fifth Asia-Pacific Conference on Optoelectronics and Communications Conference (APCC/OECC, 1999), Vol. 2, pp. 1501-1503.
[PubMed]

R. M. Sova, C.-S. Kim, and J. U. Kang, "Dual-wavelength, all-PM Er/Yb fiber ring laser with wavelength and channel separation tenability," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 301-302.

A. Kamil, M. Rahman, and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Brillouin erbium fiber laser pumped from FBG fiber laser sharing the same EDF," in Proceedings of The 4th Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 2001), pp. 40-41.

P.-H. Cheng, K.-H. Tu, C.-B. Huang, R.-K. Lee, W.-Y. Hsu, and Y. Lai, "Stabilization of an active harmonic mode-locked Er-fiber laser using a reflective fiber grating resonator," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 260.

M. Muendel, B. Engstrom, S. Abbey, S. Sanders, B. Fidric, and G. Mitchard, "High-power fiber lasers," in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (OSA, 1999), p. 361.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) (a) Wavelength tunability of TFBG versus turns of micrometer screw. (b) Superposed transmission spectra of two TFBGs. The total tuning range may cover the C band.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration of the proposed linear-cavity tunable laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) Relation between the laser output power and the reflectivity of TFBG for the linear-cavity fiber laser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) SNR ratio versus reflectivity of FBG of the linear-cavity fiber laser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Laser output power versus pump power using different EDF lengths.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) SNR versus EDF length using different pump levels for the linear-cavity laser.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Single wavelength spectrum of the tunable fiber laser.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Superimposed output spectra of the tunable fiber laser as the wavelength of TFBG is tuned across the C band after power equalization.

Equations (97)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1560   nm
10   dBm
0 .1   dB
0 .05   nm
60   dB
0 .5   nm
1 × 2
Δ λ B = 2 n Λ ( { 1 ( n 2 2 ) [ P 12 ν ( p 11 + p 12 ) ] } ε + [ α + ( d n d T ) n ] Δ T ) ,
P i , j
Δ T
{ ( n 2 / 2 ) [ P 12 ν ( P 11 P 12 ) ] }
1 λ B δ λ B δ ε = 0.78 × 10 6   μ ε 1 .
1   nm
1000   με
1 .3   μm
95%
1 λ B δ λ B δ T = 6.67 × 10 6 ° C 1 .
( 0 .001   nm )
0.1 ° C
1   μ
0 .5   mm / turn
5.0   mm
1554 .27   nm
2 .41   nm / turn
4.82 nm / per   mm
0.1   nm
Δ λ B = 0.00482 nm / μm × d
15   nm
1545   nm
1560   nm
1480 / 1550   nm
1480   nm
L 1
L 2
L = 2 L 1 + L 2 = 5   m
1550   nm
n = 1.45
L = 5   m
λ m
λ m + 1
1.66 × 10 4   nm
ν f = 30   MHz
λ m = ( 2   Ln / m )
ν f = c / 2 L
1480   nm
980   nm
980   nm
1480   nm
1 × 2
1552 .68   nm
1545   nm
1560   nm
1 × 2
ε 1
ε 2
P Las = ( 1 R 2 ) ε 2 P R out ,
R 2
ε 2
P R out
P R out = ε 2 R 2 P R out exp [ 2 α S L + 2 P P abs / P S C S + 2 P S abs / P S I S ] ,
R 2 = R 1 R 2
ε 2 = ε 1 ε 2
α S
P P abs
P S abs
P S C S
P S I S
1550   nm
50%
1550   nm
17 .5   dB / m
1550   nm
12   mW
11 .7   dBm
0 .2   nm
( < 0 .01   nm )
0 .1   nm
± 0 .1   dB
0 .05   nm
1530   nm
0 .5   nm
0 .4   ms
1600   nm
15   nm
30   nm
50%
1 .6   dB
1480   nm
30   mW
4   mW
11 .7   dBm
1480 / 1550   nm
1480   nm
4   mW
1 × 2
0 .05   nm
0 .5   nm

Metrics