Abstract

Ag–Si3N4 composite films with metal fractions of 20% and 33% were prepared by magnetron sputtering. The Ag particles inside the composite films were less than 5nm in radius. The optical absorption and near-field enhancement properties of the composite films were measured. On the plots of optical absorption, the extra absorption was observed as well as the surface plasmon resonance absorption. The intensity of the extra absorption depended on the particle size and metal fraction. Moreover, the composite films with higher extra absorption had better near-field enhancement properties. These phenomena were possibly related with the interaction between Ag particles in composite films.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (4)

W. Wang, G. Yang, Z. Chen, H. Lu, Y. Zhou, G. Yang, and X. Kong, "Nonlinear refraction and saturable absorption in Au:BaTiO3 composite films," Appl. Opt. 42, 5591-5595 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Ou, J. Zhu, and J. H. Zhao, "Approach for imaging optical super-resolution based on Sb films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1521-1523 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Suh, G. K. Schenter, L. Zhu, and H. P. Lu, "Probing nanoscale surface enhanced Raman-scattering fluctuation dynamics using correlated AFM and confocal ultramicroscopy," Ultramicroscopy 97, 89-102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, A. S. Haka, H. Kneipp, K. Badizadegan, N. Yoshizawa, and C. Boone, "Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy in single living cells using gold nanoparticles," Appl. Spectrosc. 56, 150-154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sarychev and V. M. Shalaev, "Electromagnetic field fluctuation and optical nonlinearities in metal-dielectric composites," Phys. Rep. 335, 275-371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Osawa, "Dynamic Processes in Electrochemical Reactions Studied by Surface-Enhanced Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy (SEIRAS)," Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 70, 2861-2865 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

P. Sheng, "Theory for the dielectric function of granular composite media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 60-63 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

J. I. Gittleman and B. Abeles, "Comparison of the effective medium and the Maxwell-Garnett predictions for the dielectric constants of granular metals," Phys. Rev. B 15, 3273-3275 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

U. Krebig, "Electronic properties of small silver particles: the optical constants and their temperature dependence," J. Phys. F 4, 999-1014 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Abeles, B.

J. I. Gittleman and B. Abeles, "Comparison of the effective medium and the Maxwell-Garnett predictions for the dielectric constants of granular metals," Phys. Rev. B 15, 3273-3275 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Aubard, J.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Badizadegan, K.

Boone, C.

Broyer, M.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Chen, Z. Y.

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chernoutsan, K.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chopra, K. L.

K. L. Chopra, Thin Film Phenomena (McGraw-Hill, 1969).

Cottancin, E.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dneprovskii, V.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Félidj, N.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gavrilov, S.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gittleman, J. I.

J. I. Gittleman and B. Abeles, "Comparison of the effective medium and the Maxwell-Garnett predictions for the dielectric constants of granular metals," Phys. Rev. B 15, 3273-3275 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Griffiths, P. R.

Gusev, V.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Haka, A. S.

He, L.-T.

Ji, R.

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, H.

Kneipp, K.

Knittl, Z.

Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films: An Optical Multilayer Theory (Wiley, 1976).

Kong, X.

Krebig, U.

U. Krebig, "Electronic properties of small silver particles: the optical constants and their temperature dependence," J. Phys. F 4, 999-1014 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Lermé, J.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lévi, G.

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F. X.

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, L.

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Lu, H. P.

Y. D. Suh, G. K. Schenter, L. Zhu, and H. P. Lu, "Probing nanoscale surface enhanced Raman-scattering fluctuation dynamics using correlated AFM and confocal ultramicroscopy," Ultramicroscopy 97, 89-102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, S.

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Merklin, G. T.

Muljarov, E.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Osawa, M.

M. Osawa, "Dynamic Processes in Electrochemical Reactions Studied by Surface-Enhanced Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy (SEIRAS)," Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 70, 2861-2865 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ou, D. R.

Palpant, B.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pellarin, M.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Perez, A.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prével, B.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, S.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A. K.

A. K. Sarychev and V. M. Shalaev, "Electromagnetic field fluctuation and optical nonlinearities in metal-dielectric composites," Phys. Rep. 335, 275-371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schenter, G. K.

Y. D. Suh, G. K. Schenter, L. Zhu, and H. P. Lu, "Probing nanoscale surface enhanced Raman-scattering fluctuation dynamics using correlated AFM and confocal ultramicroscopy," Ultramicroscopy 97, 89-102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

A. K. Sarychev and V. M. Shalaev, "Electromagnetic field fluctuation and optical nonlinearities in metal-dielectric composites," Phys. Rep. 335, 275-371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media (Springer, 2000).

Shaligina, O.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, P.

P. Sheng, "Theory for the dielectric function of granular composite media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 60-63 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Shi, H.

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suh, Y. D.

Y. D. Suh, G. K. Schenter, L. Zhu, and H. P. Lu, "Probing nanoscale surface enhanced Raman-scattering fluctuation dynamics using correlated AFM and confocal ultramicroscopy," Ultramicroscopy 97, 89-102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Syrmicov, A.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Treilleux, M.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vialle, J. L.

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Yang, G.

Yang, L.

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, N.

Zhang, L.

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. H.

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, J.

Zhu, L.

Y. D. Suh, G. K. Schenter, L. Zhu, and H. P. Lu, "Probing nanoscale surface enhanced Raman-scattering fluctuation dynamics using correlated AFM and confocal ultramicroscopy," Ultramicroscopy 97, 89-102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, R. J.

Zhukov, E.

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. R. Ou, J. Zhu, and J. H. Zhao, "Approach for imaging optical super-resolution based on Sb films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1521-1523 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc. (2)

Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. (1)

M. Osawa, "Dynamic Processes in Electrochemical Reactions Studied by Surface-Enhanced Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy (SEIRAS)," Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 70, 2861-2865 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. E (1)

K. Chernoutsan, V. Dneprovskii, S. Gavrilov, V. Gusev, E. Muljarov, S. Romanov, A. Syrmicov, O. Shaligina, and E. Zhukov, "Linear and nonlinear optical properties of excitons in semiconductor-dielectric quantum wires," J. Phys. E 15, 111-117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. F (1)

U. Krebig, "Electronic properties of small silver particles: the optical constants and their temperature dependence," J. Phys. F 4, 999-1014 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

L. Yang, Y. Liu, Q. Wang, H. Shi, G. Li, and L. Zhang, "The plasmon resonance absorption of Ag/SiO2 nanocomposite films," Microelectron. Eng. 66, 192-198 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. K. Sarychev and V. M. Shalaev, "Electromagnetic field fluctuation and optical nonlinearities in metal-dielectric composites," Phys. Rep. 335, 275-371 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

N. Félidj, J. Aubard, and G. Lévi, "Controlling the optical response of regular arrays of gold particles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering," Phys. Rev. B 65, 075419 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Gittleman and B. Abeles, "Comparison of the effective medium and the Maxwell-Garnett predictions for the dielectric constants of granular metals," Phys. Rev. B 15, 3273-3275 (1977).
[CrossRef]

B. Palpant, B. Prével, J. Lermé, E. Cottancin, M. Pellarin, M. Treilleux, A. Perez, J. L. Vialle, and M. Broyer, "Optical properties of gold clusters in the size range 2-4 nm," Phys. Rev. B 57, 1963-1970 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P. Sheng, "Theory for the dielectric function of granular composite media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 60-63 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

F. X. Liu, M. Tang, L. Liu, S. Lu, J. Y. Wang, Z. Y. Chen, and R. Ji, "Enhanced optical properties of Ag-TiO2 (Rutile) hybrid nanopowder," Phys. Status Solidi A 179, 437-443 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

Y. D. Suh, G. K. Schenter, L. Zhu, and H. P. Lu, "Probing nanoscale surface enhanced Raman-scattering fluctuation dynamics using correlated AFM and confocal ultramicroscopy," Ultramicroscopy 97, 89-102 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media (Springer, 2000).

K. L. Chopra, Thin Film Phenomena (McGraw-Hill, 1969).

Z. Knittl, Optics of Thin Films: An Optical Multilayer Theory (Wiley, 1976).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

TEM images of Ag– Si 3 N 4 composite films ( f Ag = 20 % ) deposited at Ar pressure of (a) 2.0 Pa and (b) 1.0 Pa .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption coefficient α of Ag– Si 3 N 4 composite films: (a) r a = 3 nm and (b) r a = 1 nm . The metal fraction f Ag was as shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Cross-sectional view of the double-layer specimen orderly consisting of an Ag– Si 3 N 4 composite film and a recording layer( GeSbTe film).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic relationships between the parameters of laser pulse (i.e., the power and duration) and the responses of recording layer on samples (a) without Ag– Si 3 N 4 composite film and (b)–(d) containing Ag– Si 3 N 4 composite films: (b) f Ag = 33 % , r a = 3 nm ; (c) f Ag = 33 % , r a = 1 nm ; (d) f Ag = 20 % , r a = 3 nm . The symbols “×” and “Δ” denoted that the recording layer was unchanged or ablated, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SEM micrographs of laser-induced ablations on the same samples as in Fig. 4. The duration of laser pulse was 5 µs , and the input power was 7.2 mW .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured dielectric constants of Ag (solid curves) and Si 3 N 4 (dashed curves).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Optical constants n (solid curves) and k (dashed curves) of Ag– Si 3 N 4 composite films, calculated by using the Maxwell–Garnett equation.

Equations (2)

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ε Ag ε Ag 0 ,
ε Ag = ε Ag 0 + 2.64 / r a ( in nm ) ,

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