Abstract

Polymer films are suitable substrates for optical data storage due to their mechanical and optical properties. Furthermore, oriented polymer films show an additional effect to laser writing. In this review the effects of laser writing on oriented polymer films are investigated by atomic force microscopy. A change in surface topography of the film is observed. Different polymer types and different draw ratios are used. The dependence of topography effects on the draw ratio is shown. A model of the writing effect is framed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. B. Marchant, Optical Recording (Addison-Wesley, 1990).
  2. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, I. V. Potemkin, and V. B. Svetovoy, "Direct writing in polymethyl methacrylate films using near-ultraviolet light Ar+ laser," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2030-2032 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Dietrich, S. Noehte, M. Gerspach, and K. Schulte-Wieking, "An optical data storage device based on adhesive tape: concept and theoretical aspects," presented at the Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 14-17 May 2000.
  4. K. Schulte-Wieking, S. Noehte, C. Dietrich, and M. Mayer, "A new cylindrically shaped optical data storage medium based on adhesive tape: concept and first results," presented at the International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-11 2002.
  5. T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. J. de Vries, C. Bonnebat, and J. Beautemps, "Uni- and biaxial orientation of polymer films and sheets," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp. 58, 109-156 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Buffeteau and B. Desbat, "Molecular orientation studies in polymer films by polarization modulation FT i.r. spectroscopy," Polymer 35, 2538-2541 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. S. Ryu, T. Inoue, and K. Osaki, "A birefringence study of polymer crystallization in the process of elongation of films," Polymer 39, 2515-2520 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. D. Beake, G. J. Leggett, and P. H. Shipway, "Tapping mode and phase imaging of biaxially oriented polyester films," Surf. Interface Anal. 31, 39-45 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, Springer Series in Material Sciences (Springer, 1995).
  11. K. Baba, K. Hayashi, I. Syuaib, K. Yamaki, and M. Miyagi, "Write-once optical data storage media with large reflectance change with metal-island films," Appl. Opt. 36, 2421-2426 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Yagil, M. Yosefin, D. J. Bergmann, and G. Deutscher, "Scaling theory for the optical properties of semicontinuous metal films," Phy. Rev. B 43, 11342-11352 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2004

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

B. D. Beake, G. J. Leggett, and P. H. Shipway, "Tapping mode and phase imaging of biaxially oriented polyester films," Surf. Interface Anal. 31, 39-45 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. S. Ryu, T. Inoue, and K. Osaki, "A birefringence study of polymer crystallization in the process of elongation of films," Polymer 39, 2515-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1994

T. Buffeteau and B. Desbat, "Molecular orientation studies in polymer films by polarization modulation FT i.r. spectroscopy," Polymer 35, 2538-2541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, I. V. Potemkin, and V. B. Svetovoy, "Direct writing in polymethyl methacrylate films using near-ultraviolet light Ar+ laser," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2030-2032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

Y. Yagil, M. Yosefin, D. J. Bergmann, and G. Deutscher, "Scaling theory for the optical properties of semicontinuous metal films," Phy. Rev. B 43, 11342-11352 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1977

A. J. de Vries, C. Bonnebat, and J. Beautemps, "Uni- and biaxial orientation of polymer films and sheets," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp. 58, 109-156 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Baba, K.

Beake, B. D.

B. D. Beake, G. J. Leggett, and P. H. Shipway, "Tapping mode and phase imaging of biaxially oriented polyester films," Surf. Interface Anal. 31, 39-45 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Beautemps, J.

A. J. de Vries, C. Bonnebat, and J. Beautemps, "Uni- and biaxial orientation of polymer films and sheets," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp. 58, 109-156 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bergmann, D. J.

Y. Yagil, M. Yosefin, D. J. Bergmann, and G. Deutscher, "Scaling theory for the optical properties of semicontinuous metal films," Phy. Rev. B 43, 11342-11352 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bonnebat, C.

A. J. de Vries, C. Bonnebat, and J. Beautemps, "Uni- and biaxial orientation of polymer films and sheets," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp. 58, 109-156 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, I. V. Potemkin, and V. B. Svetovoy, "Direct writing in polymethyl methacrylate films using near-ultraviolet light Ar+ laser," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2030-2032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Buffeteau, T.

T. Buffeteau and B. Desbat, "Molecular orientation studies in polymer films by polarization modulation FT i.r. spectroscopy," Polymer 35, 2538-2541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

de Vries, A. J.

A. J. de Vries, C. Bonnebat, and J. Beautemps, "Uni- and biaxial orientation of polymer films and sheets," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp. 58, 109-156 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Desbat, B.

T. Buffeteau and B. Desbat, "Molecular orientation studies in polymer films by polarization modulation FT i.r. spectroscopy," Polymer 35, 2538-2541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Deutscher, G.

Y. Yagil, M. Yosefin, D. J. Bergmann, and G. Deutscher, "Scaling theory for the optical properties of semicontinuous metal films," Phy. Rev. B 43, 11342-11352 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, C.

C. Dietrich, S. Noehte, M. Gerspach, and K. Schulte-Wieking, "An optical data storage device based on adhesive tape: concept and theoretical aspects," presented at the Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 14-17 May 2000.

K. Schulte-Wieking, S. Noehte, C. Dietrich, and M. Mayer, "A new cylindrically shaped optical data storage medium based on adhesive tape: concept and first results," presented at the International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-11 2002.

Dörfel, F.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Galle, A.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gerspach, M.

C. Dietrich, S. Noehte, M. Gerspach, and K. Schulte-Wieking, "An optical data storage device based on adhesive tape: concept and theoretical aspects," presented at the Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 14-17 May 2000.

Hayashi, K.

Inoue, T.

D. S. Ryu, T. Inoue, and K. Osaki, "A birefringence study of polymer crystallization in the process of elongation of films," Polymer 39, 2515-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jürgens, C.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kirchenschläger, O.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, Springer Series in Material Sciences (Springer, 1995).

Kresse, T.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leggett, G. J.

B. D. Beake, G. J. Leggett, and P. H. Shipway, "Tapping mode and phase imaging of biaxially oriented polyester films," Surf. Interface Anal. 31, 39-45 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lengl, G.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marchant, A. B.

A. B. Marchant, Optical Recording (Addison-Wesley, 1990).

Mayer, M.

K. Schulte-Wieking, S. Noehte, C. Dietrich, and M. Mayer, "A new cylindrically shaped optical data storage medium based on adhesive tape: concept and first results," presented at the International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-11 2002.

Miyagi, M.

Noehte, S.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Schulte-Wieking, S. Noehte, C. Dietrich, and M. Mayer, "A new cylindrically shaped optical data storage medium based on adhesive tape: concept and first results," presented at the International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-11 2002.

C. Dietrich, S. Noehte, M. Gerspach, and K. Schulte-Wieking, "An optical data storage device based on adhesive tape: concept and theoretical aspects," presented at the Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 14-17 May 2000.

Osaki, K.

D. S. Ryu, T. Inoue, and K. Osaki, "A birefringence study of polymer crystallization in the process of elongation of films," Polymer 39, 2515-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Potemkin, I. V.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, I. V. Potemkin, and V. B. Svetovoy, "Direct writing in polymethyl methacrylate films using near-ultraviolet light Ar+ laser," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2030-2032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, D. S.

D. S. Ryu, T. Inoue, and K. Osaki, "A birefringence study of polymer crystallization in the process of elongation of films," Polymer 39, 2515-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schulte-Wieking, K.

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Dietrich, S. Noehte, M. Gerspach, and K. Schulte-Wieking, "An optical data storage device based on adhesive tape: concept and theoretical aspects," presented at the Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 14-17 May 2000.

K. Schulte-Wieking, S. Noehte, C. Dietrich, and M. Mayer, "A new cylindrically shaped optical data storage medium based on adhesive tape: concept and first results," presented at the International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-11 2002.

Shipway, P. H.

B. D. Beake, G. J. Leggett, and P. H. Shipway, "Tapping mode and phase imaging of biaxially oriented polyester films," Surf. Interface Anal. 31, 39-45 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Svetovoy, V. B.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, I. V. Potemkin, and V. B. Svetovoy, "Direct writing in polymethyl methacrylate films using near-ultraviolet light Ar+ laser," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2030-2032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Syuaib, I.

Vollmer, M.

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, Springer Series in Material Sciences (Springer, 1995).

Yagil, Y.

Y. Yagil, M. Yosefin, D. J. Bergmann, and G. Deutscher, "Scaling theory for the optical properties of semicontinuous metal films," Phy. Rev. B 43, 11342-11352 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Yamaki, K.

Yosefin, M.

Y. Yagil, M. Yosefin, D. J. Bergmann, and G. Deutscher, "Scaling theory for the optical properties of semicontinuous metal films," Phy. Rev. B 43, 11342-11352 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

J. Appl. Phys.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, I. V. Potemkin, and V. B. Svetovoy, "Direct writing in polymethyl methacrylate films using near-ultraviolet light Ar+ laser," J. Appl. Phys. 71, 2030-2032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp.

A. J. de Vries, C. Bonnebat, and J. Beautemps, "Uni- and biaxial orientation of polymer films and sheets," J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Symp. 58, 109-156 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Phy. Rev. B

Y. Yagil, M. Yosefin, D. J. Bergmann, and G. Deutscher, "Scaling theory for the optical properties of semicontinuous metal films," Phy. Rev. B 43, 11342-11352 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Polymer

T. Buffeteau and B. Desbat, "Molecular orientation studies in polymer films by polarization modulation FT i.r. spectroscopy," Polymer 35, 2538-2541 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Ryu, T. Inoue, and K. Osaki, "A birefringence study of polymer crystallization in the process of elongation of films," Polymer 39, 2515-2520 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

T. Kresse, F. Dörfel, K. Schulte-Wieking, C. Jürgens, O. Kirchenschläger, G. Lengl, A. Galle, and S. Noehte, "tesa ROM and tesa WORM: multi-layered optical data storage based on polymer films and using metal island films as tunable absorber system," in Optical Data Storage 2004, B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar and H. Kobori, eds., Proc. SPIE 5380, 584-588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Surf. Interface Anal.

B. D. Beake, G. J. Leggett, and P. H. Shipway, "Tapping mode and phase imaging of biaxially oriented polyester films," Surf. Interface Anal. 31, 39-45 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, Springer Series in Material Sciences (Springer, 1995).

A. B. Marchant, Optical Recording (Addison-Wesley, 1990).

C. Dietrich, S. Noehte, M. Gerspach, and K. Schulte-Wieking, "An optical data storage device based on adhesive tape: concept and theoretical aspects," presented at the Optical Data Storage Topical Meeting, Whistler, British Columbia, Canada, 14-17 May 2000.

K. Schulte-Wieking, S. Noehte, C. Dietrich, and M. Mayer, "A new cylindrically shaped optical data storage medium based on adhesive tape: concept and first results," presented at the International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage, Waikoloa, Hawaii, 7-11 2002.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

AFM-picture and height profiles of laser marks in oriented COC film.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser marks in biaxially oriented COC film at different draw ratios: (a) 1 × 1 , (b) 1.5 × 1.5 , (c) 2 × 2 , (d) 2.5 × 2.5 , (e) 3 × 3 , and (f) 4 × 4 . Pulse length, 300 ns ; picture size, 6 µm .

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Laser marks in biaxially oriented PC film at different draw ratios: (a) 1 × 1 , (b) 1.3 × 1.3 , (c) 1.4 × 1.4 , (d) 1.5 × 1.5 , and (e) 1.7 × 1.7 . Pulse length, 600 ns ; picture size, 6 µm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pit depth of laser marks in biaxially oriented COC film at different draw ratios. The curves indicate the parabolical fits for low draw ratios.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pit depth of laser marks in biaxially oriented PC film at different draw ratios. The lines indicate the parabolical fits for low draw ratios.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Schematic illustration of writing effect in oriented polymer films: (a) oriented polymer chains before writing, (b) laser writing, and (c) disordered polymer chains after writing.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Polymer Types and Draw Ratios Used for These Investigations

Equations (2)

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DR = s stretched s original ,
d p = d 0 + α ( DR - 1 ) 2 .

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