Abstract

We investigate experimentally the influence of the grating reflectivity, grating resolution, and diode facet antireflection (AR) coating on the intrinsic linewidth of an external-cavity diode laser built with a diffraction grating in a Littrow configuration. Grating lasers at 399, 780, and 852 nm are determined to have typical linewidths between 250 and 600 kHz from measurements of their frequency noise power spectral densities. The linewidths are little affected by the presence of an AR coating on the diode facet but narrow as the grating reflectivity and grating resolution are increased, with the resolution exerting a greater effect. We also use frequency noise measurements to characterize a laser mount with improved mechanical stability.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, "Using diode lasers for atomic physics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1-20 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Patrick and C. E. Wieman, "Frequency stabilization of a diode laser using simultaneous optical feedback from a diffraction grating and a narrowband Fabry-Perot cavity," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2593-2595 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347-355 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, "Oscillation center frequency tuning, quantum FM noise, and direct frequency modulation characteristics in external grating loaded semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 961-970 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Patzak, H. Olesen, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, and T. Mukai, "Spectral linewidth reduction in semiconductor lasers by an external cavity with weak optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 19, 938-940 (1983).
  7. E. Patzak, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, T. Mukai, and H. Olesen, "Semiconductor laser linewidth in optical feedback configurations," Electron. Lett. 19, 1026-1027 (1983).
  8. G. P. Agrawal, "Line narrowing in a single-mode injection laser due to external optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 468-471 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. H. Henry, "Theory of spontaneous emission noise in open resonators and its application to lasers and optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288-297 (1986).
  10. H. Sun, S. Menhart, and A. Adams, "Calculation of spectral linewidth reduction of external-cavity strong-feedback semiconductor lasers," Appl. Opt. 33, 4771-4775 (1994).
  11. K. Kikuchi and T. Okoshi, "Simple formula giving spectrum-narrowing ratio of semiconductor-laser output obtained by optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 18, 10-11 (1982).
  12. R. F. Kazarinov and C. H. Henry, "The relation of line narrowing and chirp reduction resulting from the coupling of a semiconductor laser to a passive resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1401-1409 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Tromborg, H. Olesen, X. Pan, and S. Saito, "Transmission line description of optical feedback and injection locking for Fabry-Perot and DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1875-1889 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Spectral characteristics of external-cavity controlled semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44-59 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, "10 kHz linewidth 1.5 μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55 nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 19, 110-112 (1983).
  16. R. Wyatt, "Spectral linewidth of external cavity semiconductor lasers with strong, frequency-selective feedback," Electron. Lett. 21, 658-659 (1985).
  17. J. O. Binder, G. D. Cormack, and A. Somani, "Intermodal tuning characteristics of an InGaAsP laser with optical feedback from an external-grating reflector," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1191-1199 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Genty, A. Gröhn, H. Talvitie, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Analysis of the linewidth of a grating-feedback GaAlAs laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1193-1198 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. G. Genty, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Measurements of linewidth variations within external-cavity modes of a grating-cavity laser," Opt. Commun. 203, 295-300 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. I. D. Henning, "Linewidth broadening in semiconductor lasers due to mode competition noise," Electron. Lett. 19, 935-936 (1983).
  21. H. Talvitie, A. Pietiläinen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, "Passive frequency and intensity stabilization of extended-cavity diode lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1-7 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. Audoin, "Frequency metrology," in Metrology and Fundamental Constants, corso 68 of International School of Physics Enrico Fermi, A. F. Milone, P. Giacomo, and F. Leschiutta, eds. (North-Holland, 1980), pp. 169-222.
  23. H. Li and H. R. Telle, "Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high-finesse resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257-264 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Laurila, T. Joutsenoja, R. Hernberg, and M. Kuittinen, "Tunable external-cavity diode laser at 650 nm based on a transmission diffraction grating," Appl. Opt. 41, 5632-5637 (2002).
  25. T. Kiguchi, A. Uematsu, M. Kitano, and H. Ogura, "Grating external cavity diode lasers with broad tunable range and narrow spectral linewidth for high-resolution spectroscopy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 1 35, 5890-5895 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  26. K. L. Corwin, Z.-T. Lu, C. F. Hand, R. J. Epstein, and C. E. Wieman, "Frequency-stabilized diode laser with the Zeeman shift in an atomic vapor," Appl. Opt. 37, 3295-3298 (1998).
  27. B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, and R. Drullinger, "Frequency stabilization of semiconductor lasers by resonant optical feedback," Opt. Lett. 12, 876-878 (1987).
  28. C. H. Henry, "Theory of the linewidth of semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 259-264 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Fundamental line broadening of single-mode (GaAl) As diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 511-513 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  30. C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, "Littrow' configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477-4479 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2002

G. Genty, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Measurements of linewidth variations within external-cavity modes of a grating-cavity laser," Opt. Commun. 203, 295-300 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Laurila, T. Joutsenoja, R. Hernberg, and M. Kuittinen, "Tunable external-cavity diode laser at 650 nm based on a transmission diffraction grating," Appl. Opt. 41, 5632-5637 (2002).

2001

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, "Littrow' configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477-4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

G. Genty, A. Gröhn, H. Talvitie, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Analysis of the linewidth of a grating-feedback GaAlAs laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1193-1198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

H. Talvitie, A. Pietiläinen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, "Passive frequency and intensity stabilization of extended-cavity diode lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. Kiguchi, A. Uematsu, M. Kitano, and H. Ogura, "Grating external cavity diode lasers with broad tunable range and narrow spectral linewidth for high-resolution spectroscopy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 1 35, 5890-5895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1991

H. Patrick and C. E. Wieman, "Frequency stabilization of a diode laser using simultaneous optical feedback from a diffraction grating and a narrowband Fabry-Perot cavity," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2593-2595 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Wieman and L. Hollberg, "Using diode lasers for atomic physics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 1-20 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. O. Binder, G. D. Cormack, and A. Somani, "Intermodal tuning characteristics of an InGaAsP laser with optical feedback from an external-grating reflector," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1191-1199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

H. Li and H. R. Telle, "Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high-finesse resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257-264 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987

B. Dahmani, L. Hollberg, and R. Drullinger, "Frequency stabilization of semiconductor lasers by resonant optical feedback," Opt. Lett. 12, 876-878 (1987).

R. F. Kazarinov and C. H. Henry, "The relation of line narrowing and chirp reduction resulting from the coupling of a semiconductor laser to a passive resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1401-1409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

B. Tromborg, H. Olesen, X. Pan, and S. Saito, "Transmission line description of optical feedback and injection locking for Fabry-Perot and DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1875-1889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

C. H. Henry, "Theory of spontaneous emission noise in open resonators and its application to lasers and optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288-297 (1986).

1985

R. Wyatt, "Spectral linewidth of external cavity semiconductor lasers with strong, frequency-selective feedback," Electron. Lett. 21, 658-659 (1985).

1984

G. P. Agrawal, "Line narrowing in a single-mode injection laser due to external optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 468-471 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, "10 kHz linewidth 1.5 μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55 nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 19, 110-112 (1983).

I. D. Henning, "Linewidth broadening in semiconductor lasers due to mode competition noise," Electron. Lett. 19, 935-936 (1983).

E. Patzak, H. Olesen, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, and T. Mukai, "Spectral linewidth reduction in semiconductor lasers by an external cavity with weak optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 19, 938-940 (1983).

E. Patzak, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, T. Mukai, and H. Olesen, "Semiconductor laser linewidth in optical feedback configurations," Electron. Lett. 19, 1026-1027 (1983).

1982

K. Kikuchi and T. Okoshi, "Simple formula giving spectrum-narrowing ratio of semiconductor-laser output obtained by optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 18, 10-11 (1982).

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, "Oscillation center frequency tuning, quantum FM noise, and direct frequency modulation characteristics in external grating loaded semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 961-970 (1982).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Henry, "Theory of the linewidth of semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 259-264 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Fundamental line broadening of single-mode (GaAl) As diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 511-513 (1981).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Spectral characteristics of external-cavity controlled semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44-59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347-355 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Adams, A.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, "Line narrowing in a single-mode injection laser due to external optical feedback," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 20, 468-471 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Audoin, C.

C. Audoin, "Frequency metrology," in Metrology and Fundamental Constants, corso 68 of International School of Physics Enrico Fermi, A. F. Milone, P. Giacomo, and F. Leschiutta, eds. (North-Holland, 1980), pp. 169-222.

Binder, J. O.

J. O. Binder, G. D. Cormack, and A. Somani, "Intermodal tuning characteristics of an InGaAsP laser with optical feedback from an external-grating reflector," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1191-1199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cormack, G. D.

J. O. Binder, G. D. Cormack, and A. Somani, "Intermodal tuning characteristics of an InGaAsP laser with optical feedback from an external-grating reflector," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1191-1199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Corwin, K. L.

Dahmani, B.

Devlin, W. J.

R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, "10 kHz linewidth 1.5 μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55 nm tuning range," Electron. Lett. 19, 110-112 (1983).

Drullinger, R.

Epstein, R. J.

Esslinger, T.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, M. W.

M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Fundamental line broadening of single-mode (GaAl) As diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 511-513 (1981).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Spectral characteristics of external-cavity controlled semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44-59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

G. Genty, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Measurements of linewidth variations within external-cavity modes of a grating-cavity laser," Opt. Commun. 203, 295-300 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, A. Gröhn, H. Talvitie, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Analysis of the linewidth of a grating-feedback GaAlAs laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1193-1198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gröhn, A.

G. Genty, A. Gröhn, H. Talvitie, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Analysis of the linewidth of a grating-feedback GaAlAs laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1193-1198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hand, C. F.

Hänsch, T. W.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hawthorn, C. J.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, "Littrow' configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477-4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hemmerich, A.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Henning, I. D.

I. D. Henning, "Linewidth broadening in semiconductor lasers due to mode competition noise," Electron. Lett. 19, 935-936 (1983).

Henry, C. H.

R. F. Kazarinov and C. H. Henry, "The relation of line narrowing and chirp reduction resulting from the coupling of a semiconductor laser to a passive resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1401-1409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Henry, "Theory of spontaneous emission noise in open resonators and its application to lasers and optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288-297 (1986).

C. H. Henry, "Theory of the linewidth of semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 259-264 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hernberg, R.

Hollberg, L.

Ikonen, E.

H. Talvitie, A. Pietiläinen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, "Passive frequency and intensity stabilization of extended-cavity diode lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Joutsenoja, T.

Kaivola, M.

G. Genty, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Measurements of linewidth variations within external-cavity modes of a grating-cavity laser," Opt. Commun. 203, 295-300 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, A. Gröhn, H. Talvitie, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Analysis of the linewidth of a grating-feedback GaAlAs laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1193-1198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kazarinov, R. F.

R. F. Kazarinov and C. H. Henry, "The relation of line narrowing and chirp reduction resulting from the coupling of a semiconductor laser to a passive resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1401-1409 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kiguchi, T.

T. Kiguchi, A. Uematsu, M. Kitano, and H. Ogura, "Grating external cavity diode lasers with broad tunable range and narrow spectral linewidth for high-resolution spectroscopy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 1 35, 5890-5895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

K. Kikuchi and T. Okoshi, "Simple formula giving spectrum-narrowing ratio of semiconductor-laser output obtained by optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 18, 10-11 (1982).

Kitano, M.

T. Kiguchi, A. Uematsu, M. Kitano, and H. Ogura, "Grating external cavity diode lasers with broad tunable range and narrow spectral linewidth for high-resolution spectroscopy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 1 35, 5890-5895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347-355 (1980).
[CrossRef]

König, W.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kuittinen, M.

Lang, R.

R. Lang and K. Kobayashi, "External optical feedback effects on semiconductor injection laser properties," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 16, 347-355 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Laurila, T.

Li, H.

H. Li and H. R. Telle, "Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high-finesse resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257-264 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Z.-T.

Ludvigsen, H.

G. Genty, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Measurements of linewidth variations within external-cavity modes of a grating-cavity laser," Opt. Commun. 203, 295-300 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Genty, A. Gröhn, H. Talvitie, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Analysis of the linewidth of a grating-feedback GaAlAs laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1193-1198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Talvitie, A. Pietiläinen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, "Passive frequency and intensity stabilization of extended-cavity diode lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Menhart, S.

Mooradian, A.

M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Fundamental line broadening of single-mode (GaAl) As diode lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 511-513 (1981).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Fleming and A. Mooradian, "Spectral characteristics of external-cavity controlled semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 44-59 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

E. Patzak, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, T. Mukai, and H. Olesen, "Semiconductor laser linewidth in optical feedback configurations," Electron. Lett. 19, 1026-1027 (1983).

E. Patzak, H. Olesen, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, and T. Mukai, "Spectral linewidth reduction in semiconductor lasers by an external cavity with weak optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 19, 938-940 (1983).

Nilsson, O.

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, "Oscillation center frequency tuning, quantum FM noise, and direct frequency modulation characteristics in external grating loaded semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 961-970 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ogura, H.

T. Kiguchi, A. Uematsu, M. Kitano, and H. Ogura, "Grating external cavity diode lasers with broad tunable range and narrow spectral linewidth for high-resolution spectroscopy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 1 35, 5890-5895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

K. Kikuchi and T. Okoshi, "Simple formula giving spectrum-narrowing ratio of semiconductor-laser output obtained by optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 18, 10-11 (1982).

Olesen, H.

B. Tromborg, H. Olesen, X. Pan, and S. Saito, "Transmission line description of optical feedback and injection locking for Fabry-Perot and DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1875-1889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Patzak, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, T. Mukai, and H. Olesen, "Semiconductor laser linewidth in optical feedback configurations," Electron. Lett. 19, 1026-1027 (1983).

E. Patzak, H. Olesen, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, and T. Mukai, "Spectral linewidth reduction in semiconductor lasers by an external cavity with weak optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 19, 938-940 (1983).

Pan, X.

B. Tromborg, H. Olesen, X. Pan, and S. Saito, "Transmission line description of optical feedback and injection locking for Fabry-Perot and DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1875-1889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, H.

H. Patrick and C. E. Wieman, "Frequency stabilization of a diode laser using simultaneous optical feedback from a diffraction grating and a narrowband Fabry-Perot cavity," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 62, 2593-2595 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Patzak, E.

E. Patzak, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, T. Mukai, and H. Olesen, "Semiconductor laser linewidth in optical feedback configurations," Electron. Lett. 19, 1026-1027 (1983).

E. Patzak, H. Olesen, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, and T. Mukai, "Spectral linewidth reduction in semiconductor lasers by an external cavity with weak optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 19, 938-940 (1983).

Pietiläinen, A.

H. Talvitie, A. Pietiläinen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, "Passive frequency and intensity stabilization of extended-cavity diode lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, L.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

B. Tromborg, H. Olesen, X. Pan, and S. Saito, "Transmission line description of optical feedback and injection locking for Fabry-Perot and DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1875-1889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Patzak, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, T. Mukai, and H. Olesen, "Semiconductor laser linewidth in optical feedback configurations," Electron. Lett. 19, 1026-1027 (1983).

E. Patzak, H. Olesen, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, and T. Mukai, "Spectral linewidth reduction in semiconductor lasers by an external cavity with weak optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 19, 938-940 (1983).

S. Saito, O. Nilsson, and Y. Yamamoto, "Oscillation center frequency tuning, quantum FM noise, and direct frequency modulation characteristics in external grating loaded semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 961-970 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Scholten, R. E.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, "Littrow' configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477-4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Somani, A.

J. O. Binder, G. D. Cormack, and A. Somani, "Intermodal tuning characteristics of an InGaAsP laser with optical feedback from an external-grating reflector," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1191-1199 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sugimura, A.

E. Patzak, H. Olesen, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, and T. Mukai, "Spectral linewidth reduction in semiconductor lasers by an external cavity with weak optical feedback," Electron. Lett. 19, 938-940 (1983).

E. Patzak, A. Sugimura, S. Saito, T. Mukai, and H. Olesen, "Semiconductor laser linewidth in optical feedback configurations," Electron. Lett. 19, 1026-1027 (1983).

Sun, H.

Talvitie, H.

G. Genty, A. Gröhn, H. Talvitie, M. Kaivola, and H. Ludvigsen, "Analysis of the linewidth of a grating-feedback GaAlAs laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1193-1198 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Talvitie, A. Pietiläinen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, "Passive frequency and intensity stabilization of extended-cavity diode lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1-7 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Telle, H. R.

H. Li and H. R. Telle, "Efficient frequency noise reduction of GaAlAs semiconductor lasers by optical feedback from an external high-finesse resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 257-264 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tromborg, B.

B. Tromborg, H. Olesen, X. Pan, and S. Saito, "Transmission line description of optical feedback and injection locking for Fabry-Perot and DFB lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 1875-1889 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, A.

T. Kiguchi, A. Uematsu, M. Kitano, and H. Ogura, "Grating external cavity diode lasers with broad tunable range and narrow spectral linewidth for high-resolution spectroscopy," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 1 35, 5890-5895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vuletic, V.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K. P.

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, "Littrow' configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 4477-4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Weidemüller, M.

L. Ricci, M. Weidemüller, T. Esslinger, A. Hemmerich, C. Zimmermann, V. Vuletic, W. König, and T. W. Hänsch, "A compact grating-stabilized diode laser system for atomic physics," Opt. Commun. 117, 541-549 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C. E.

K. L. Corwin, Z.-T. Lu, C. F. Hand, R. J. Epstein, and C. E. Wieman, "Frequency-stabilized diode laser with the Zeeman shift in an atomic vapor," Appl. Opt. 37, 3295-3298 (1998).

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