Abstract

Air density is a key sensing object for its high variability especially in the mesosphere, and ozone plays an important role in the physical, chemical, and radiant processes in the atmosphere system. Therefore it is essential to obtain their global vertical distributions jointly with high precision and vertical resolution. There is little work on joint retrieval of air density and ozone distributions using the ultraviolet limb-scan technique, although much work has been done on ozone measurement. Numerical simulations of joint air density and ozone retrieval in the middle atmosphere (2090  km) are carried out using limb-scattered radiances at four bands (255, 300, 320, and 340  nm). Results show that joint retrieval of dual parameters using the limb-scan technique is feasible with high precision in nearly the whole region concerned, where air density and ozone have a precision of 1%2% and 3%5%, respectively, provided that high measurement precision and accurate correction of multiple-scattered radiance at long ultraviolet bands are ensured.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
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  12. R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. F. Heath, A. J. Krueger, H. A. Roeder, and B. D. Henderson, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS) for NIMBUS G," Opt. Eng. 14, 323-332 (1975).
  14. P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. P. Chu and M. P. McCormick, "Inversion of stratospheric aerosol and gaseous constituents from spacecraft solar extinction data in the 0.38-1.0-μm wavelength region," Appl. Opt. 18, 1404-1413 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. E. Flittner, P. K. Bhartia, and B. M. Herman, "O3 profiles retrieved from limb scatter measurements: theory," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2601-2604 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).
  20. K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. I. K. Khabibrakhmanov, D. A. Degenstein, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Mesospheric ozone: determination from orbit with the OSIRIS instrument on Odin," Can. J. Phys. 80, 493-504 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2003

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. K. Khabibrakhmanov, D. A. Degenstein, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Mesospheric ozone: determination from orbit with the OSIRIS instrument on Odin," Can. J. Phys. 80, 493-504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Flittner, P. K. Bhartia, and B. M. Herman, "O3 profiles retrieved from limb scatter measurements: theory," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2601-2604 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984

D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

1979

1976

1975

D. F. Heath, A. J. Krueger, H. A. Roeder, and B. D. Henderson, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS) for NIMBUS G," Opt. Eng. 14, 323-332 (1975).

1974

G. S. Kent and W. Keenliside, "Laser radar observations of seasonal changes in atmospheric density in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1409-1412 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973

D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1970

G. S. Kent and R. W. H. Wright, "A review of laser radar measurements of atmospheric properties," J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 32, 917-943 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Aruga, T.

Barnes, R. A.

D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Barth, C. A.

D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Bhartia, P. K.

D. E. Flittner, P. K. Bhartia, and B. M. Herman, "O3 profiles retrieved from limb scatter measurements: theory," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2601-2604 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bovensmann, H.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brogniez, C.

W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. L.

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Buchwitz, M.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, J. P.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Callan, M. T.

D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K. V.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chu, W. P.

W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Chu and M. P. McCormick, "Inversion of stratospheric aerosol and gaseous constituents from spacecraft solar extinction data in the 0.38-1.0-μm wavelength region," Appl. Opt. 18, 1404-1413 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Clements, L. E.

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Cunnold, D. M.

D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Dao, P. D.

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, G.

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Degenstein, D.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Degenstein, D. A.

I. K. Khabibrakhmanov, D. A. Degenstein, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Mesospheric ozone: determination from orbit with the OSIRIS instrument on Odin," Can. J. Phys. 80, 493-504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dosanjh, R.

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eichmann, K.-U.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

Elson, L. S.

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Evans, W. F. J.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Flittner, D. E.

D. E. Flittner, P. K. Bhartia, and B. M. Herman, "O3 profiles retrieved from limb scatter measurements: theory," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2601-2604 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Flower, D. A.

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Flynn, L. E.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Frerick, J.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Froidevaux, L.

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gattinger, R. L.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goede, A. H. P.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Griffioen, E.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Haley, C. S.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heath, D. F.

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Aruga and D. F. Heath, "Determination of vertical ozone distributions by spacecraft measurements using a limb-scan technique," Appl. Opt. 21, 3047-3054 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. F. Heath, A. J. Krueger, H. A. Roeder, and B. D. Henderson, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS) for NIMBUS G," Opt. Eng. 14, 323-332 (1975).

Henderson, B. D.

D. F. Heath, A. J. Krueger, H. A. Roeder, and B. D. Henderson, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS) for NIMBUS G," Opt. Eng. 14, 323-332 (1975).

Herman, B. M.

D. E. Flittner, P. K. Bhartia, and B. M. Herman, "O3 profiles retrieved from limb scatter measurements: theory," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2601-2604 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hilsenrath, E.

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Igarashi, T.

Janz, S. J.

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jarnot, R. F.

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Joseph, B. M.

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Keenliside, W.

G. S. Kent and W. Keenliside, "Laser radar observations of seasonal changes in atmospheric density in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1409-1412 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kent, G. S.

G. S. Kent and W. Keenliside, "Laser radar observations of seasonal changes in atmospheric density in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1409-1412 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Kent and R. W. H. Wright, "A review of laser radar measurements of atmospheric properties," J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 32, 917-943 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Khabibrakhmanov, I. K.

I. K. Khabibrakhmanov, D. A. Degenstein, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Mesospheric ozone: determination from orbit with the OSIRIS instrument on Odin," Can. J. Phys. 80, 493-504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Klemetti, W.

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krueger, A. J.

D. F. Heath, A. J. Krueger, H. A. Roeder, and B. D. Henderson, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS) for NIMBUS G," Opt. Eng. 14, 323-332 (1975).

Kyrola, E.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, G. M.

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lenoble, J.

W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Llewellyn, E. J.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. K. Khabibrakhmanov, D. A. Degenstein, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Mesospheric ozone: determination from orbit with the OSIRIS instrument on Odin," Can. J. Phys. 80, 493-504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lloyd, N. D.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mateer, C. L.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McConnell, J. C.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, M. P.

W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Chu and M. P. McCormick, "Inversion of stratospheric aerosol and gaseous constituents from spacecraft solar extinction data in the 0.38-1.0-μm wavelength region," Appl. Opt. 18, 1404-1413 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
[CrossRef]

McDade, I. C.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McDade, L. C.

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McLinden, C. A.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

McNutt, R. T.

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McPeters, R. D.

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Megie, G.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meriwether, J. W.

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moskowitz, W.

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mount, G. H.

D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Murtagh, D. P.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Noël, S.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noxon, J. F.

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pruvost, P.

W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Read, W. G.

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Roeder, H. A.

D. F. Heath, A. J. Krueger, H. A. Roeder, and B. D. Henderson, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS) for NIMBUS G," Opt. Eng. 14, 323-332 (1975).

Rottman, G. J.

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rozanov, A.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

Rozanov, V.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

Rozanov, V. V.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rusch, D. W.

D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, R. W.

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sioris, C. E.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Solheim, B.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stegman, J.

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Strong, K.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, G. E.

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, R. J.

D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Veiga, R. E.

D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
[CrossRef]

von König, M.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

von Savigny, C.

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Waters, J. W.

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wellemeyer, C.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wright, R. W. H.

G. S. Kent and R. W. H. Wright, "A review of laser radar measurements of atmospheric properties," J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 32, 917-943 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Zawodny, J. M.

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Can. J. Phys.

K. Strong, B. M. Joseph, R. Dosanjh, L. C. McDade, C. A. McLinden, J. C. McConnell, J. Stegman, D. P. Murtagh, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Retrieval of vertical concentration profiles from OSIRIS UV-visible limb spectra," Can. J. Phys. 80, 409-434 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. K. Khabibrakhmanov, D. A. Degenstein, and E. J. Llewellyn, "Mesospheric ozone: determination from orbit with the OSIRIS instrument on Odin," Can. J. Phys. 80, 493-504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Abstracts

A. Rozanov, V. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, K.-U. Eichmann, M. von König, S. Noël, C. von Savigny, and J. P. Burrows, "Retrieval of SCIAMACHY limb measurements: first results," Geophys. Res. Abstracts 5, 06627 (2003).

Geophys. Res. Lett.

C. von Savigny, C. S. Haley, C. E. Sioris, I. C. McDade, E. J. Llewellyn, D. Degenstein, W. F. J. Evans, R. L. Gattinger, E. Griffioen, E. Kyrola, N. D. Lloyd, J. C. McConnell, C. A. McLinden, G. Megie, D. P. Murtagh, B. Solheim, and K. Strong, "Stratospheric ozone profiles retrieved from limb scattered sunlight radiance spectra measured by the OSIRIS instrument on the Odin satellite," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1755-1782 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. D. McPeters, S. J. Janz, E. Hilsenrath, T. L. Brown, D. E. Flittner, and D. F. Heath, "The retrieval of ozone profiles from limb scatter measurements: results from the Shuttle Ozone Limb Sounding experiment," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2597-2600 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Flittner, P. K. Bhartia, and B. M. Herman, "O3 profiles retrieved from limb scatter measurements: theory," Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 2601-2604 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. H. Mount, D. W. Rusch, J. M. Zawodny, J. F. Noxon, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, R. J. Thomas, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Measurements of NO2 in the earth's stratosphere using a limb scanning visible light spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 265-268 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Thomas, C. A. Barth, G. J. Rottman, D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, G. M. Lawrence, R. W. Sanders, G. E. Thomas, and L. E. Clements, "Ozone density distribution in the mesosphere (50-90 km) measured by the SME limb scanning near infrared spectrometer," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 245-248 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Barth, D. W. Rusch, R. J. Thomas, G. H. Mount, G. J. Rottman, G. E. Thomas, R. W. Sanders, and G. M. Lawrence, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer: scientific objectives and results," Geophys. Res. Lett. 10, 237-240 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci.

H. Bovensmann, J. P. Burrows, M. Buchwitz, J. Frerick, S. Noël, V. V. Rozanov, K. V. Chance, and A. H. P. Goede, "SCIAMACHY--mission objectives and measurement modes," J. Atmos. Sci. 56, 127-150 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Kent and W. Keenliside, "Laser radar observations of seasonal changes in atmospheric density in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere," J. Atmos. Sci. 31, 1409-1412 (1974).
[CrossRef]

L. Froidevaux, J. W. Waters, W. G. Read, L. S. Elson, D. A. Flower, and R. F. Jarnot, "Global ozone observations from UARS MLS: an overview of zonal mean results," J. Atmos. Sci. 51, 2846-2866 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Terr. Phys.

G. S. Kent and R. W. H. Wright, "A review of laser radar measurements of atmospheric properties," J. Atmos. Terr. Phys. 32, 917-943 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Geo. Phys. Res.

P. K. Bhartia, R. D. McPeters, C. L. Mateer, L. E. Flynn, and C. Wellemeyer, "Algorithm for the estimation of vertical ozone profiles from the backscattered ultraviolet technique," J. Geo. Phys. Res. 101, 18793-18806 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

W. P. Chu, M. P. McCormick, J. Lenoble, C. Brogniez, and P. Pruvost, "SAGE II inversion algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8339-8351 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Meriwether, P. D. Dao, R. T. McNutt, W. Klemetti, W. Moskowitz, and G. Davidson, "Rayleigh lidar observations of mesosphere temperature structure," J. Geophys. Res. 99, 16973-16987 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Cunnold, W. P. Chu, R. A. Barnes, M. P. McCormick, and R. E. Veiga, "Validation of SAGE I measurements," J. Geophys. Res. 94, 8447-8460 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. W. Rusch, G. H. Mount, C. A. Barth, R. J. Thomas, and M. T. Callan, "Solar Mesosphere Explorer Ultraviolet spectrometer: measurement of ozone in the 1.0-0.1 mbar region," J. Geophys. Res. 89, 11677-11687 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

D. F. Heath, A. J. Krueger, H. A. Roeder, and B. D. Henderson, "The Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet and Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (SBUV/TOMS) for NIMBUS G," Opt. Eng. 14, 323-332 (1975).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Map of limb scanning.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Differential coefficients of air density for a mid-latitude summer standard atmosphere. The observational tangent height is scanned from 20 to 90   km in discrete 1   km intervals for wavelengths (a) 255, (b) 300, (c) 320, (d) 340   nm . Each curve represents a tangent height.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Differential coefficients of ozone concentration in the same condition as Fig. 2 for wavelengths (a) 255, (b) 300, (c) 320, (d) 340   nm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized weighting functions for air density (left) and ozone (right) under the same conditions as Figs. 2 and 3 for wavelengths of (a) 255, (b) 300, (c) 320, and (d) 340   nm .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Joint normalized weighting functions P ij for air density (left) and Q i j for ozone (right). Discrete limb-scanning altitude intervals of 20–30, 30–45, 45–60, and 60 90   km are selected for wavelengths of 340, 320, 300, and 255   nm , respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Results of computer simulations for case 1 (upper graphs), case 2 (middle graphs), and case 3 (lower graphs). The Y axis is altitude (km). The X axis is the percentage ratio of number density to the real one. The solid curves stand for the predetermined distributions; the gray curves stand for single experiment results, and the thick solid black curves stand for joint experiment results.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Results of computer simulations for case 4 (upper graphs), case 5 (middle graphs), and case 6 (lower graphs).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Joint Retrieval Average rms Errors of the Six Cases with Measurement Errors of a Magnitude of 1% (in percent)

Tables Icon

Table 2 Joint Retrieval Average rms Errors of the Six Cases with Measurement Errors of a Magnitude of 2% (in percent)

Equations (177)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( 20 90   km )
340   nm
1% 2%
3% 5%
48 68   km
( 28 40   km )
50 90   km
70   km
70   km
85   km
15 50   km
10%
O 3
NO 2
O 3
NO 2
NO 3
O 3
( 50 70   km )
10 %
48 68   km
I λ M ( z 0 ) = F λ α λ ϕ ( φ ) d Ω sat d s N [ z ( s ) ] × exp { [ τ 1 ( s ) τ 2 ( s ) ] } T 0 ( s ) ,
z 0
F λ
σ λ
φ ( ϕ )
I λ M
( Ω )
τ 1 ( s ) = σ λ ( O 3 ) s sat d s N O 3 [ z ( s ) ] ,
τ 2 ( s ) = σ λ s sat d s N air [ z ( s ) ] .
sat , τ 1
τ 2
σ λ ( O 3 )
N O 3 [ z ( s ) ]
T 0 ( s )
N air ( x )
N O 3 ( x )
l 1 , l 2 , … ,  l m
F i
F i = I ( l i ) I ¯ ( l i ) , i = 1 , 2 , … ,  m ,
I ¯ ( l i )
I ( l 1 )
[ N air ( j ) , N O 3 ( j ) ]
[ N ¯ air ( j ) , N ¯ O 3 ( j ) ]
y j
z j
y j = [ N O 3 ( j ) N ¯ O 3 ( j ) ] / N ¯ O 3 ( j ) ,
z j = [ N air ( j ) N ¯ air ( j ) ] / N ¯ air ( j ) .
N O 3 [ j ] = N ¯ O 3 ( j ) ( 1 + y j ) ,
N air [ j ] = N ¯ air ( j ) ( 1 + z j ) , j = 1 , 2 , … ,  n .
N a i r * ( j )
N air ( j )
N ¯ air ( j )
N O 3 * ( j )
N a i r * ( j )
{ N a i r * ( j ) = { N ¯ air ( x ) N air ( x ) N ¯ air ( x ) ( 1 + z j ) j = 1 , 2 , … ,  n x < x j 1 , x > x j x j 1 x x j N O 3 * ( j ) = { N ¯ O 3 ( x ) N O 3 ( x ) N ¯ O 3 ( x ) ( 1 + y j ) j = 1 , 2 , … ,  n x < x j 1 , x > x j x j 1 x x j .
I ¯ * ( l i , y j , z j )
I ¯ ( l i )
F i
( 0 , …  , y j ,
z j , … ,  0 )
F i ( y j , z j )
F i ( y j , z j ) = F i ( 0 , 0 , … ,  y j , z j , … ,  0 , 0 ) = I ¯ * ( l i , y j , z j ) I ¯ ( l i ) ,
F i ( 0 ) = F ( 0 , 0 , … ,  0 , 0 , … ,  0 , 0 ) = I ¯ * ( l i , 0 , 0 ) I ¯ ( l i ) ,
F i ( y 1 , z 1 ) = F ( y 1 , z 1 , 0 , 0 , … ,  0 , 0 ) ,
F 1 ( y 2 , z 2 ) = F ( 0 , 0 , y 2 , z 2 , 0 , 0 , … ,  0 , 0 ) ,
 
F i ( y n , z n ) = F ( 0 , 0 , … ,  0 , 0 , y n , z n ) .
F i
F i = F i ( y 1 , z 1 , y 2 , z 2 , … ,  y n , z n ) .
j = 1 n F i ( y j , z j )
F i ( y 1 , z 1 , y 2 , z 2 , … ,  y n , z n )
( y j , z j )
ε i
F i = F i ( y 1 , z 1 , y 2 , z 2 , … ,  y n , z n )
= [ j = 1 n F i ( y j , z j ) ] ε i .
ε i
( y j , z j )
F i ( y j , z j ) = [ F i ( y j , z j ) y j ] y j = 0 y j + [ F i ( y j , z j ) z j ] z j = 0 z j .
D i j
E i j
D i j = [ F i ( y j , z j ) y j ] y j = 0 , E i j = [ F i ( y j , z j ) z j ] z j = 0 .
D i j = F i ( 0 , 0 , … ,  Δ y i 2 , 0 , … ,  0 , 0 ) F i ( 0 , 0 , … ,  Δ y i 2 , 0 , … ,  0 , 0 ) Δ y i = I ¯ * ( l i , Δ y i 2 , 0 ) I ¯ * ( l i , Δ y i 2 , 0 ) Δ y i ,
E i j = F i ( 0 , 0 , … ,  0 , Δ z i 2 , … ,  0 , 0 ) F i ( 0 , 0 , … ,  0 , Δ z i 2 , … ,  0 , 0 ) Δ z i = I ¯ * ( l i , 0, Δ z i 2 ) I ¯ * ( l i , 0 , Δ z i 2 ) Δ z i ,
I ¯ * [ l i , ± y j / 2 , 0 ]
I ¯ * [ l i , 0 , ± z j / 2 ]
[ N ¯ air , N ¯ O 3 ( 1 ± y j / 2 ) ]
[ N ¯ air ( 1 ± z j / 2 ) , N ¯ O 3 ]
F i = ( j = 1 n D i j y j + j = 1 n E i j z j ) ε i , i = 1 , 2 ,   ,  m .
20 90   km
340   nm
20 70   km
340   nm
E i j
D i j
340   nm
E i j
D i j
l i
x j
1   km
20   to   90   km
E i j
D i j
l i
l i
E i j
D i j
20   km
340   nm
P i j = D i j / j = 1 N D i j , Q i j = E i j / j = 1 N E i j .
20
60   km
255   nm
20 90   km
60 90   km
255   nm
Q i j
P i j
1 3   km
P i j
Q i j
20 90   km
+ 6.0 %
1 %
+ 10 %
1 %
+ 1 %
+ 1 %
1 %
+ 6.0 %
10 %
+ 1 %
+ 1 %
1 %
340   nm
60 90   km
255   nm
23
90   km
35
90   km
20
68   km
68   km
22 90   km
20 40   km
22 87   km
20 70   km
4%
15%
5%
1 .5%
3 .5%
15% 25%
10% 15%
80   km
5% 30%
1.03 %
2.42 %
2 %
1.74 %
3.46 %
20 90   km
( 255 340   nm )
20 90   km
1% 3%
3% 5%
20 90   km
90   km
1   km
340   nm
340   nm
340   nm
Q i j
60 90   km
255   nm

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