Abstract

A near-IR tunable external-cavity laser that uses an electro-optic deflector and a reflection grating as a tunable filter is demonstrated. The deflector is an electronically reconfigurable nonpixelated nematic liquid-crystal device. By controlling the voltage applied to the electro-optic deflector, a tuning range of 12  nm and a side-mode suppression higher than 30  dB are obtained.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Anthon, J. D. Berger, and A. Tselikov, "C+L MEMS tunable external cavity semiconductor laser," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), pp. 759-761.
  2. J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.
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  4. L. Ménager, L. Cabaret, I. Lorgeré, and J.-L. Le Gouët, "Diode laser extended cavity for broad-range fast ramping," Opt. Lett. 25, 1246-1248 (2000).
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  6. M. Kouroger, K. Imai, B. Widyatmoko, T. Shimizu, and M. Ohtsu, "Continuous tuning of an electrically tunable external cavity semiconductor laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 1165-1167 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstain, and L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. A. Riza and S. A. Khan, "Liquid-crystal-deflector based variable fiber-optic attenuator," Appl. Opt. 43, 3449-3455 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

1998 (1)

1983 (1)

I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstain, and L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Anthon, D.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

D. Anthon, J. D. Berger, and A. Tselikov, "C+L MEMS tunable external cavity semiconductor laser," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), pp. 759-761.

Berger, J. D.

D. Anthon, J. D. Berger, and A. Tselikov, "C+L MEMS tunable external cavity semiconductor laser," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), pp. 759-761.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Boggs, B.

Cabaret, L.

Casson, J. L.

Eisenstain, G.

I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstain, and L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fennema, A.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Furushima, Y.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gahagan, K. T.

Gopalan, V.

Grade, J. D.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Greiner, G.

Hrinya, S.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Imai, K.

Jain, R. K.

Jerman, H.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstain, and L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Khan, S. A.

Kim, H. S.

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. H.

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kouroger, M.

Kudo, K.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, O. K.

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Le Gouët, J.-L.

Lee, H.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Libatique, N. J. C.

Lin, H.

Lorgeré, I.

Ménager, L.

Merlier, J. De.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mizutani, K.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mossberg, T. W.

Naniwae, K.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K. R.

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

Pan, C. L.

Pan, R. P.

Riza, N. A.

Robinson, J. M.

Sander, R. K.

Sato, K.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sato, S.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scrymgeour, D. A.

Shimizu, T.

Sim, E. D.

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstain, and L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tselikov, A.

D. Anthon, J. D. Berger, and A. Tselikov, "C+L MEMS tunable external cavity semiconductor laser," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), pp. 759-761.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Wang, L.

Wang, T.

Widyatmoko, B.

Yun, H. K.

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

Appl. Opt. (2)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. P. Kaminow, G. Eisenstain, and L. W. Stulz, "Measurement of the modal reflectivity of an antireflection coating on a superluminescent diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 493-495 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

J. De. Merlier, K. Mizutani, S. Sudo, K. Naniwae, Y. Furushima, S. Sato, K. Sato, and K. Kudo, "Full C-band external cavity wavelength tunable laser using a liquid-crystal-based tunable mirror," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 681-683 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. K. Kwon, K. H. Kim, E. D. Sim, H. K. Yun, J. H. Kim, H. S. Kim, and K. R. Oh, "Proposal of electrically tunable external-cavity laser diode," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1804-1806 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

D. Anthon, J. D. Berger, and A. Tselikov, "C+L MEMS tunable external cavity semiconductor laser," in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 95 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), pp. 759-761.

J. D. Berger, Y. Zhang, J. D. Grade, H. Lee, S. Hrinya, H. Jerman, A. Fennema, A. Tselikov, and D. Anthon, "Widely tunable external cavity diode laser using a MEMS electrostatic rotary actuator," in Proceedings of the LEOS Summer Topical Meeting, Copper Mountain, Colon (2001), pp. 41-42.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed tunable ECLD.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Detailed tuning model.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Structure of the LC deflector.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Operating principle of the LC deflector: (a) with no voltage and (b) with voltage higher than 9   V .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spectral characteristic of the tunable laser device: The wavelength is initially at 1526.24   nm with no voltage applied.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power spectra at 13 different applied voltages.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Laser wavelength versus the applied voltage to the deflector.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

SMSR as a function of the wavelength.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Output power versus injection current.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ λ = λ 2 λ 1 = 4 d   cos ( θ 1 + θ 2 2 ) sin ( Δ θ 2 ) 2 d   cos   θ 1 Δ θ .
n ( ϕ ) = n e n o n e 2 sin 2 ϕ + n o 2 cos 2 ϕ .
θ p = sin - 1 ( n LC   sin   α ) α .
θ p 0 = sin - 1 ( n e   sin   α ) α .
θ p 1 = sin - 1 ( n o   sin   α ) α .
θ d = θ p θ p 1 .
θ d max θ p 0 θ p 1 .

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