Abstract

The laboratory end-to-end testing of the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) for the Solar-B satellite is reported. A short overview of the EIS, which observes in two bands in the extreme-ultraviolet wavelength range, is given. The calibration apparatus is described, including details of the light sources used. The data reduction and analysis procedure are outlined. The wavelength calibration using a Penning source to illuminate the aperture fully is presented. We discuss the aperture determination using a radiometrically calibrated hollow-cathode-based source. We then give an account of the predicted and measured efficiencies from consideration of the efficiencies of individual optical elements in first order, an account of efficiencies out of band when radiation incident in one band is detected in the other, and efficiencies in multiple orders. The efficiencies measured in first order for in band and out of band are compared with the predictions and the sensitivity, and its uncertainties are derived. Application of the radiometric calibration is discussed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2006

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "New FTS measurements, optimised energy levels and refined VUV standards in the Ne iii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 37, 1-21 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "The Ne ii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 39, 331-350 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, and J. Reader, "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne ii," Phys. Scr. 74, 156-167 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

M. Richter, W. Paustian, and R. Thornagel, "Re-calibration of the SUMER calibration source," BESSY Annual Report (Berliner Elektronenspeicherring Gesellschaft für Synchronenstrahlung m.b.H., 2005).

2004

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, D. L. Windt, S. Donguy, and B. Kjornrattanawanich, "Normal-incidence efficiencies of multilayer-coated laminar gratings for the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on the Solar-B mission," Appl. Opt. 43, 1463-1471 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Seely, "Multilayer grating for the Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer (EIS)," in X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions IV, R. Hoover and A. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE 4138, 174-181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. E. Kramida, T. Bastin, E. Biémont, P.-D. Dumont, and H.-P. Garnier, "A critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne iv spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 525-546 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994

1988

1982

K. P. Dere, "Extreme ultraviolet spectra of solar active regions and their analysis," Sol. Phys. 77, 77-93 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979

K. P. Dere, H. E. Mason, K. G. Widing, and A. K. Bhatia, "XUV electron density diagnostics for solar flares," Astrophys. J. Suppl. 40, 341-364 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Finlay, S. Bowyer, F. Paresce, and R. F. Malina, "Continuous discharge Penning source with emission lines between 50 Å and 300 Å," Appl. Opt. 18, 649-654 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977

1973

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972

C. Canali, M. Martini, G. Ottavani, and A. Alberigi Quaranta, "Measurements of the average energy per electron-hole pair in silicon between 5-320 K," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-19,9-19 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970

Al-Janabi, K.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Bastin, T.

A. E. Kramida, T. Bastin, E. Biémont, P.-D. Dumont, and H.-P. Garnier, "A critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne iv spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 525-546 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, A. K.

K. P. Dere, H. E. Mason, K. G. Widing, and A. K. Bhatia, "XUV electron density diagnostics for solar flares," Astrophys. J. Suppl. 40, 341-364 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Biémont, E.

A. E. Kramida, T. Bastin, E. Biémont, P.-D. Dumont, and H.-P. Garnier, "A critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne iv spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 525-546 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Blouke, M. M.

Bowyer, S.

Bradley, L. J.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Breeveld, A. A.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Breeveld, E. R.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bromage, B. J. I.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, D. H.

J. Lang (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxforshire OX11 0QX, UK), D. H. Brooks, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Martin, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson are preparing a manuscript to be called "The in-flight monitoring and validation of the SOHO CDS Normal Incidence Spectrometer radiometric calibration."

Brown, C. M.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. E. Kramida, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, and J. Reader, "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne ii," Phys. Scr. 74, 156-167 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, D. L. Windt, S. Donguy, and B. Kjornrattanawanich, "Normal-incidence efficiencies of multilayer-coated laminar gratings for the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on the Solar-B mission," Appl. Opt. 43, 1463-1471 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Brown (Space Science Division, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20375), A. E. Kramida, U. Feldman, and J. Reader are preparing a manuscript to be called "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne III."

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Canali, C.

C. Canali, M. Martini, G. Ottavani, and A. Alberigi Quaranta, "Measurements of the average energy per electron-hole pair in silicon between 5-320 K," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-19,9-19 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Castelli, C.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Catura, P.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chaudry, R. A.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Culhane, J. L.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Danzmann, K.

Davila, J.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Dere, K.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Dere, K. P.

K. P. Dere, "Extreme ultraviolet spectra of solar active regions and their analysis," Sol. Phys. 77, 77-93 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Dere, H. E. Mason, K. G. Widing, and A. K. Bhatia, "XUV electron density diagnostics for solar flares," Astrophys. J. Suppl. 40, 341-364 (1979).
[CrossRef]

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Doschek, G. A.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Dumont, P.-D.

A. E. Kramida, T. Bastin, E. Biémont, P.-D. Dumont, and H.-P. Garnier, "A critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne iv spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 525-546 (1999).
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Duncan, D.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
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Dupree, A. K.

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Eaton, T.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
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Feldman, U.

A. E. Kramida, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, and J. Reader, "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne ii," Phys. Scr. 74, 156-167 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Finlay, D. S.

Fischer, J.

Foley, C. R.

J. Lang, W. T. Thompson, C. D. Pike, B. J. Kent, and C. R. Foley, "The radiometric calibration of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 105-120.

Garnier, H.-P.

A. E. Kramida, T. Bastin, E. Biémont, P.-D. Dumont, and H.-P. Garnier, "A critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne iv spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 525-546 (1999).
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Goldberg, L.

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Günther, M.

Hagood, R.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
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J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Hansteen, V.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Hara, H.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Harra, L. K.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Heidemann, K.

Henneken, H.

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
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Hollandt, J.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
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J. Hollandt, "Strahlungsnormale für die solare Spektroradiometrie im Vakuum-UV," Ph.D. dissertation (Technischen Universität, Berlin, 1994).

J. Hollandt, Physikalisch-Technische Bundensanstalt, D-10587 Berlin (personal communication, 2004).

J. Hollandt, M. Kühne, M. C. E. Huber, and B. Wende, "Source standards for radiometric calibration of astronomical telescopes in the VUV spectral range traceable to the primary standard BESSY," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 51-68.

Huber, M. C. E.

E. M. Reeves, J. G. Timothy, M. C. E. Huber, and G. L. Withbroe, "Photometric calibration of the EUV spectroheliometer on ATM," Appl. Opt. 16, 849-857 (1977).
[PubMed]

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. Hollandt, M. Kühne, M. C. E. Huber, and B. Wende, "Source standards for radiometric calibration of astronomical telescopes in the VUV spectral range traceable to the primary standard BESSY," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 51-68.

James, A. M.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Kent, B.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Kent, B. J.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, and J. F. Seely, "The proposed calibration of Solar-B EIS," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 337-345.

J. Lang, W. T. Thompson, C. D. Pike, B. J. Kent, and C. R. Foley, "The radiometric calibration of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 105-120.

Keyser, C.

Kjornrattanawanich, B.

Klein, R.

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kock, M.

Korendyke, C. M.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Kosugi, T.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Kramida, A. E.

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "The Ne ii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 39, 331-350 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, and J. Reader, "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne ii," Phys. Scr. 74, 156-167 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "New FTS measurements, optimised energy levels and refined VUV standards in the Ne iii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 37, 1-21 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida, T. Bastin, E. Biémont, P.-D. Dumont, and H.-P. Garnier, "A critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne iv spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 525-546 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krumrey, M.

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kühne, M.

K. Danzmann, M. Günther, J. Fischer, M. Kock, and M. Kühne, "High current hollow cathode as a radiometric transfer standard source for the extreme vacuum ultraviolet," Appl. Opt. 27, 4947-4951 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hollandt, M. Kühne, M. C. E. Huber, and B. Wende, "Source standards for radiometric calibration of astronomical telescopes in the VUV spectral range traceable to the primary standard BESSY," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 51-68.

Kuschnerus, P.

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lang, J.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lang (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxforshire OX11 0QX, UK), D. H. Brooks, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Martin, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson are preparing a manuscript to be called "The in-flight monitoring and validation of the SOHO CDS Normal Incidence Spectrometer radiometric calibration."

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, and J. F. Seely, "The proposed calibration of Solar-B EIS," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 337-345.

J. Lang, W. T. Thompson, C. D. Pike, B. J. Kent, and C. R. Foley, "The radiometric calibration of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 105-120.

Lanzafame, A. C.

J. Lang (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxforshire OX11 0QX, UK), D. H. Brooks, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Martin, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson are preparing a manuscript to be called "The in-flight monitoring and validation of the SOHO CDS Normal Incidence Spectrometer radiometric calibration."

Lemen, J. R.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mahmoud, S.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Malina, R. F.

Mapson-Menard, H.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Mariska, J.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Mariska, J. T.

Martin, R.

J. Lang (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxforshire OX11 0QX, UK), D. H. Brooks, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Martin, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson are preparing a manuscript to be called "The in-flight monitoring and validation of the SOHO CDS Normal Incidence Spectrometer radiometric calibration."

Martini, M.

C. Canali, M. Martini, G. Ottavani, and A. Alberigi Quaranta, "Measurements of the average energy per electron-hole pair in silicon between 5-320 K," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-19,9-19 (1972).
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Mason, H. E.

K. P. Dere, H. E. Mason, K. G. Widing, and A. K. Bhatia, "XUV electron density diagnostics for solar flares," Astrophys. J. Suppl. 40, 341-364 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Matsuzaki, K.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Morrison, M.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moser, J.

Moye, R.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Myers, S.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Nave, G.

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "The Ne ii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 39, 331-350 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "New FTS measurements, optimised energy levels and refined VUV standards in the Ne iii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 37, 1-21 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Newmark, J.

J. Newmark, Space Science Division, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, D.C., 20375 (personal communication, 2005).

Noyes, R. W.

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ottavani, G.

C. Canali, M. Martini, G. Ottavani, and A. Alberigi Quaranta, "Measurements of the average energy per electron-hole pair in silicon between 5-320 K," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-19,9-19 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Paresce, F.

Parkinson, W. H.

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Reeves and W. H. Parkinson, "Calibration changes in EUV solar satellite instruments," Appl. Opt. 9, 1201-1208 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paustian, W.

M. Richter, W. Paustian, and R. Thornagel, "Re-calibration of the SUMER calibration source," BESSY Annual Report (Berliner Elektronenspeicherring Gesellschaft für Synchronenstrahlung m.b.H., 2005).

Payne, J.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pike, C. D.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lang (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxforshire OX11 0QX, UK), D. H. Brooks, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Martin, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson are preparing a manuscript to be called "The in-flight monitoring and validation of the SOHO CDS Normal Incidence Spectrometer radiometric calibration."

J. Lang, W. T. Thompson, C. D. Pike, B. J. Kent, and C. R. Foley, "The radiometric calibration of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 105-120.

Pool, P.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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F. Powell, Luxel Corp., P.O. Box 1879, Friday Harbor, WA 98250. Small pinholes in aluminum filters are repaired by plugging them with a silver epoxy filler applied by a micromanipulator. It is nearly impossible to get large format aluminum filters without some pinholes. The area of such plugs on the flight filters is negligible (personal communication, 2003).

Probyn, B. J.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Quaranta, A. Alberigi

C. Canali, M. Martini, G. Ottavani, and A. Alberigi Quaranta, "Measurements of the average energy per electron-hole pair in silicon between 5-320 K," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-19,9-19 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Rabus, H.

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Reader, J.

A. E. Kramida, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, and J. Reader, "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne ii," Phys. Scr. 74, 156-167 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rees, K.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Reeves, E. M.

E. M. Reeves, J. G. Timothy, M. C. E. Huber, and G. L. Withbroe, "Photometric calibration of the EUV spectroheliometer on ATM," Appl. Opt. 16, 849-857 (1977).
[PubMed]

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Reeves and W. H. Parkinson, "Calibration changes in EUV solar satellite instruments," Appl. Opt. 9, 1201-1208 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richter, M.

M. Richter, W. Paustian, and R. Thornagel, "Re-calibration of the SUMER calibration source," BESSY Annual Report (Berliner Elektronenspeicherring Gesellschaft für Synchronenstrahlung m.b.H., 2005).

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Samson, J. A. R.

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, 1967).

Scholze, F.

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Seely, J.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Seely, J. F.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, D. L. Windt, S. Donguy, and B. Kjornrattanawanich, "Normal-incidence efficiencies of multilayer-coated laminar gratings for the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on the Solar-B mission," Appl. Opt. 43, 1463-1471 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Seely, "Multilayer grating for the Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer (EIS)," in X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions IV, R. Hoover and A. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE 4138, 174-181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, and J. F. Seely, "The proposed calibration of Solar-B EIS," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 337-345.

Shaughnessy, B. M.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Shea, J.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Shepler, E.

Shing, L.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, and M. M. Blouke, "Quantum efficiency measurements and modeling of ion-implanted, laser-annealed charge-coupled devices: x-ray, extreme-ultraviolet, ultraviolet, and optical data," Appl. Opt. 33, 2521-2533 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simnett, G. M.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Smith, A.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stern, R. A.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, and M. M. Blouke, "Quantum efficiency measurements and modeling of ion-implanted, laser-annealed charge-coupled devices: x-ray, extreme-ultraviolet, ultraviolet, and optical data," Appl. Opt. 33, 2521-2533 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steward, R.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sze, S. M.

S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley, 1981).

Tandy, J.

Tandy, J. A.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Thomas, P.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Thomas, R. J.

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Thompson, W. T.

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Lang (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxforshire OX11 0QX, UK), D. H. Brooks, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Martin, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson are preparing a manuscript to be called "The in-flight monitoring and validation of the SOHO CDS Normal Incidence Spectrometer radiometric calibration."

J. Lang, W. T. Thompson, C. D. Pike, B. J. Kent, and C. R. Foley, "The radiometric calibration of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 105-120.

Thornagel, R.

M. Richter, W. Paustian, and R. Thornagel, "Re-calibration of the SUMER calibration source," BESSY Annual Report (Berliner Elektronenspeicherring Gesellschaft für Synchronenstrahlung m.b.H., 2005).

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Timothy, J. G.

Ulm, G.

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Ulm and B. Wende, "X-Ray radiometry," in Röntgen Centennial, A.Haase, G.Landwehr, and E.Umbach, eds. (World Scientific, 1997), pp. 81-99.

Walton, D.

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Wende, B.

J. Hollandt, M. Kühne, M. C. E. Huber, and B. Wende, "Source standards for radiometric calibration of astronomical telescopes in the VUV spectral range traceable to the primary standard BESSY," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 51-68.

G. Ulm and B. Wende, "X-Ray radiometry," in Röntgen Centennial, A.Haase, G.Landwehr, and E.Umbach, eds. (World Scientific, 1997), pp. 81-99.

Whillock, M. C. R.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Widing, K. G.

K. P. Dere, H. E. Mason, K. G. Widing, and A. K. Bhatia, "XUV electron density diagnostics for solar flares," Astrophys. J. Suppl. 40, 341-364 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wikstol, Ø.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Windt, D.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Windt, D. L.

Winter, B.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Withbroe, G. L.

E. M. Reeves, J. G. Timothy, M. C. E. Huber, and G. L. Withbroe, "Photometric calibration of the EUV spectroheliometer on ATM," Appl. Opt. 16, 849-857 (1977).
[PubMed]

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Young, P. R.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

Appl. Opt.

E. M. Reeves and W. H. Parkinson, "Calibration changes in EUV solar satellite instruments," Appl. Opt. 9, 1201-1208 (1970).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Reeves, J. G. Timothy, M. C. E. Huber, and G. L. Withbroe, "Photometric calibration of the EUV spectroheliometer on ATM," Appl. Opt. 16, 849-857 (1977).
[PubMed]

D. S. Finlay, S. Bowyer, F. Paresce, and R. F. Malina, "Continuous discharge Penning source with emission lines between 50 Å and 300 Å," Appl. Opt. 18, 649-654 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, and M. M. Blouke, "Quantum efficiency measurements and modeling of ion-implanted, laser-annealed charge-coupled devices: x-ray, extreme-ultraviolet, ultraviolet, and optical data," Appl. Opt. 33, 2521-2533 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Danzmann, M. Günther, J. Fischer, M. Kock, and M. Kühne, "High current hollow cathode as a radiometric transfer standard source for the extreme vacuum ultraviolet," Appl. Opt. 27, 4947-4951 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. Seely, C. M. Brown, D. L. Windt, S. Donguy, and B. Kjornrattanawanich, "Normal-incidence efficiencies of multilayer-coated laminar gratings for the Extreme-Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer on the Solar-B mission," Appl. Opt. 43, 1463-1471 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Korendyke, C. M. Brown, R. J. Thomas, C. Keyser, J. Davila, R. Hagood, H. Hara, K. Heidemann, A. M. James, J. Lang, J. T. Mariska, J. Moser, R. Moye, S. Myers, B. J. Probyn, J. F. Seely, J. Shea, E. Shepler, and J. Tandy, "Optics and mechanisms for the extreme-ultraviolet imaging spectrometer on the Solar-B satellite," Appl. Opt. 45, 8674-8688 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Astrophys. J.

M. C. E. Huber, A. K. Dupree, L. Goldberg, R. W. Noyes, W. H. Parkinson, E. M. Reeves, and G. L. Withbroe, "The Harvard experiment on OSO-6: instrumentation, calibration, operation, and description of observations," Astrophys. J. 183, 291-312 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. Suppl.

K. P. Dere, H. E. Mason, K. G. Widing, and A. K. Bhatia, "XUV electron density diagnostics for solar flares," Astrophys. J. Suppl. 40, 341-364 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "The Ne ii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 39, 331-350 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida and G. Nave, "New FTS measurements, optimised energy levels and refined VUV standards in the Ne iii spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 37, 1-21 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kramida, T. Bastin, E. Biémont, P.-D. Dumont, and H.-P. Garnier, "A critical compilation and extended analysis of the Ne iv spectrum," Eur. Phys. J. D 7, 525-546 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.

C. Canali, M. Martini, G. Ottavani, and A. Alberigi Quaranta, "Measurements of the average energy per electron-hole pair in silicon between 5-320 K," IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. NS-19,9-19 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, A. A. Breeveld, E. R. Breeveld, B. J. I. Bromage, J. Hollandt, J. Payne, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson, "The laboratory calibration of the SOHO Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," J. Opt. A 2, 88-106 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A

F. Scholze, H. Henneken, P. Kuschnerus, H. Rabus, M. Richter, and G. Ulm, "Determination of the electron-hole pair creation energy for semiconductors from the spectral responsivity of photodiodes," Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 439, 208-215 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Scr.

A. E. Kramida, C. M. Brown, U. Feldman, and J. Reader, "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne ii," Phys. Scr. 74, 156-167 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. F. Seely, "Multilayer grating for the Extreme Ultraviolet Spectrometer (EIS)," in X-Ray Optics, Instruments, and Missions IV, R. Hoover and A. Walker, eds., Proc. SPIE 4138, 174-181 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Stern, L. Shing, P. Catura, M. Morrison, D. Duncan, J. R. Lemen, T. Eaton, P. Pool, R. Steward, D. Walton, and A. Smith, "Characterisation of the flight CCD detectors for the Goes N and O Solar X-Ray Imagers," in Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, S. Fineschi and M. A. Gummin, eds., Proc. SPIE 5171, 77-88 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sol. Phys.

J. L. Culhane, L. K. Harra, A. M. James, K. Al-Janabi, L. J. Bradley, R. A. Chaudry, K. Rees, J. A. Tandy, P. Thomas, M. C. R. Whillock, B. Winter, G. A. Doschek, J. Mariska, S. Myers, C. M. Brown, K. Dere, R. Hagood, C. M. Korendyke, R. Moye, J. Seely, J. Lang, B. Kent, B. M. Shaughnessy, P. R. Young, G. M. Simnett, C. Castelli, S. Mahmoud, H. Mapson-Menard, B. J. Probyn, R. J. Thomas, J. Davila, D. Windt, J. Shea, H. Hara, T. Watanabe, K. Matsuzaki, T. Kosugi, V. Hansteen, and Ø. Wikstol, "The EUV Imaging Spectrometer for Solar-B," Sol. Phys. (to be published).

K. P. Dere, "Extreme ultraviolet spectra of solar active regions and their analysis," Sol. Phys. 77, 77-93 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Synchrotron Radiat. News

R. Klein, M. Krumrey, M. Richter, F. Scholze, R. Thornagel, and G. Ulm, "Radiometry with synchrotron radiation at the PTB laboratory BESSY II," Synchrotron Radiat. News 15, 23-29 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

F. Powell, Luxel Corp., P.O. Box 1879, Friday Harbor, WA 98250. Small pinholes in aluminum filters are repaired by plugging them with a silver epoxy filler applied by a micromanipulator. It is nearly impossible to get large format aluminum filters without some pinholes. The area of such plugs on the flight filters is negligible (personal communication, 2003).

L. Engström, "GFit Version 10.0," Lund Reports on Atomic Physics, LRAP-232 (Lund Institute, 1998).

"NIST Atomic Spectra Database," http://physics.nist.gov/PhysRefData/ASD/index.html (2005).

M. Richter, W. Paustian, and R. Thornagel, "Re-calibration of the SUMER calibration source," BESSY Annual Report (Berliner Elektronenspeicherring Gesellschaft für Synchronenstrahlung m.b.H., 2005).

J. Hollandt, "Strahlungsnormale für die solare Spektroradiometrie im Vakuum-UV," Ph.D. dissertation (Technischen Universität, Berlin, 1994).

J. Hollandt, Physikalisch-Technische Bundensanstalt, D-10587 Berlin (personal communication, 2004).

J. Lang, B. J. Kent, and J. F. Seely, "The proposed calibration of Solar-B EIS," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 337-345.

C. M. Brown (Space Science Division, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20375), A. E. Kramida, U. Feldman, and J. Reader are preparing a manuscript to be called "Extended EUV and UV spectrum of Ne III."

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy (Wiley, 1967).

J. Lang, W. T. Thompson, C. D. Pike, B. J. Kent, and C. R. Foley, "The radiometric calibration of the Coronal Diagnostic Spectrometer," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 105-120.

J. Lang (Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxforshire OX11 0QX, UK), D. H. Brooks, A. C. Lanzafame, R. Martin, C. D. Pike, and W. T. Thompson are preparing a manuscript to be called "The in-flight monitoring and validation of the SOHO CDS Normal Incidence Spectrometer radiometric calibration."

Penning discharge lamp, Model PDS, Berkeley Photonics Inc., 147 Overhill Road, Orinda, CA 94563.

J. Hollandt, M. Kühne, M. C. E. Huber, and B. Wende, "Source standards for radiometric calibration of astronomical telescopes in the VUV spectral range traceable to the primary standard BESSY," in The Radiometric Calibration of SOHO, A.Pauluhn, M.C. E.Huber, and R.von Steiger, eds., ISSI Scientific Rep. SR-002 (International Space Science Institute, 2002), pp. 51-68.

G. Ulm and B. Wende, "X-Ray radiometry," in Röntgen Centennial, A.Haase, G.Landwehr, and E.Umbach, eds. (World Scientific, 1997), pp. 81-99.

S. M. Sze, Physics of Semiconductor Devices (Wiley, 1981).

J. Newmark, Space Science Division, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, D.C., 20375 (personal communication, 2005).

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

EIS optical layout.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plan view of the calibration apparatus.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity of the Ne iii 282.5 283.9   Å emission from the radiometric source as a function of fine mirror position with the source on the LW band and the mirror at the center of its coarse adjustment range.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Image of the calibrated source using Ne buffer gas, showing the filter mesh and the shadow of an aluminum filter pinhole repair.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

SW wide-slot neon spectrum and fitted lines.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of the wide-slot and narrow-slit SW aluminum and Ne spectra.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reference wavelength minus fitted wavelength as a function of wavelength for each of the EIS wavelength bands.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Spider and 1 5 0   mm mirror diameter aperture as seen from the source with the mirror at the center of its coarse and fine ranges.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Projection of the shutter housing edge on the grating for 2 9 0   Å , the worst case. Three wavelength positions on the detector are indicated. Also shown is the projection of the mirror on the grating for the mirror at the center of its adjustment ranges. The orange shaded area shows the LW mirror area that is unaffected by the housing vignetting.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Comparison of the predicted and measured product of flight mirror and flight grating efficiencies.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Comparisons of the predicted and measured slit transmissions of the slit filter and for the product of the entrance and slit filter transmissions.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

SW (top) and LW (bottom) effective areas based on the measurements of the efficiencies of the individual optical elements of the EIS. The vignetting by the slit and shutter housing in the LW is also included.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Effective areas for the LW band illuminated via the SW band and vice versa.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

SW and LW second-order effective areas.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

LW band responsivity for the laboratory setup. The points and curves are as designated in the text.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

LW (top) and SW (bottom) band responsivities D p .

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Mirror aperture as a function of coarse mirror position. The falloff in area for the LW from positions −6 to 1 0 m m is a result of vignetting by the shutter housing.

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Basic EIS Characteristics

Tables Icon

Table 2 Source Calibration Line List a

Tables Icon

Table 3 Calibration Wavelengths for the LW Band

Tables Icon

Table 4 Calibration Wavelengths for the SW Band

Tables Icon

Table 5 Shutter Housing Vignetting Factors and Resulting Net Area for the Mirror at the Center of its Adjustment Ranges

Tables Icon

Table 6 Measured Line Data Numbers per Second, Measured Responsivities, and Their Comparison with Predictions

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ ( p ) = λ 0 + a p + b p 2 ,
I l = ( D l / D p ) ( 1 / A ) ( 1 / A s ) [ ( 180.0 × 60.0 2 ) / π ] 2   photons   cm 2 s 1 sr 1 .

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