Abstract

We present an automatic excimer laser bench (SOCRATE) allowing for the treatment of optical components by laser conditioning. This apparatus, developed at the Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique–Le Ripault, has been designed to add to this conditioning process an in situ, accurate laser-induced damage threshold (LIDT) measurement and different nondestructive optical techniques for the characterization of the component during treatment. Through different examples, we demonstrate the importance of these characterizations to improve the understanding of the laser conditioning. The role of an in situ adapted metrology associated in real time with a laser conditioning bench offers new opportunities to analyze laser-induced damage mechanisms and subsequently to increase the LIDT of optical components.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 43-49 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Bertussi, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, "Effect of polishing process on silica surface laser-induced damage threshold at 355 nm," Opt. Commun. 242, 227-231 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Bercegol, "What is laser conditioning? A review focused on dielectric multilayers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, "Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Opt. Lett. 30, 2766-2768 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "System for evaluation of laser-induced performance of optical materials for large aperture laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3298-3301 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Gallais and J. Y. Natoli, "Optimized metrology for laser-damage measurement: application to multiparameter study," Appl. Opt. 42, 960-971 (2003).
  10. J. Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, "Laser-induced damage of material in bulk, thin film and liquid forms," Appl. Opt. 41, 3156-3166 (2002).
  11. A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchick, R. L. Flyod, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).
  12. B. Bertussi, "Etude des mécanismes initiateurs de l'endommagement laser: vers une amélioration de la tenue au flux," Ph.D. dissertation (Paul Cezanne University, 2005).
  13. P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Different precursor populations revealed by microscopic studies of bulk damage in DP and DKDP crystals," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 599-604 (2006).
  14. M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchick, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 74-82 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).
  16. H. Fang and M. R. Perrone, "Numerical simulation of excimer laser with unstable resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2369-2375 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).
  19. C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. G. Demos and M. Staggs, "Application of fluorescence spectroscopy for noninvasive detection of surface contamination and precursors to laser-induced damage," Appl. Opt. 41, 1977-1980 (2002).
  21. R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W. Jackson, N. M. Amer, A. C. Boccara, and D. Fournier, "Photothermal deflection spectroscopy and detection," Appl. Opt. 20, 1333-1344 (1981).
  23. M. Commandre and P. Roche, "Characterization of optical coatings by photothermal deflection," Appl. Opt. 35, 5012-5034 (1996).
  24. G. D. Boreman and R. T. Menzies, eds., Feature issue on "Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 42, 5929-6225 (2003).
  25. S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  26. Standard ISO 11254-1, "Determination of laser damage threshold of optical surfaces. Part 1: 1 on 1 test" (International Organization for Standardization, 2002).
  27. Standard ISO 11254-2, "Determination of laser damage threshold of optical surfaces. Part 2: S on 1 test" (International Organization for Standardization, 2002).
  28. A. E. Chmel, "Fatigue laser-induced damage in transparent materials," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 49, 175-190 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  29. J.-Y. Natoli and B. Bertussi, "Effect of multiple laser irradiations on silica at 1064 and 355 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1315-1317 (2005).
  30. J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).
  31. A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).
  32. M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).
  33. D. Damiani, H. Piombini, and D. Plessis, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: correlation of non-destructive optical diagnostics at 351 nm with laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 540-551 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  34. M. Runkel and M. C. Nostrand, "An overview of raster-scanning for ICF-class laser optics," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 136-146 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. J. Adams, "Wavelength and pulselength dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in doubler-cut KH2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 540-553 (2006).

2006 (6)

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Different precursor populations revealed by microscopic studies of bulk damage in DP and DKDP crystals," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 599-604 (2006).

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).

J. J. Adams, "Wavelength and pulselength dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in doubler-cut KH2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 540-553 (2006).

2005 (8)

J.-Y. Natoli and B. Bertussi, "Effect of multiple laser irradiations on silica at 1064 and 355 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1315-1317 (2005).

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, and D. Plessis, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: correlation of non-destructive optical diagnostics at 351 nm with laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 540-551 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, "Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Opt. Lett. 30, 2766-2768 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "System for evaluation of laser-induced performance of optical materials for large aperture laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3298-3301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, "Effect of polishing process on silica surface laser-induced damage threshold at 355 nm," Opt. Commun. 242, 227-231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchick, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 74-82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchick, R. L. Flyod, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).

L. Gallais and J. Y. Natoli, "Optimized metrology for laser-damage measurement: application to multiparameter study," Appl. Opt. 42, 960-971 (2003).

M. Runkel and M. C. Nostrand, "An overview of raster-scanning for ICF-class laser optics," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 136-146 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Boreman and R. T. Menzies, eds., Feature issue on "Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 42, 5929-6225 (2003).

2002 (3)

J. Y. Natoli, L. Gallais, H. Akhouayri, and C. Amra, "Laser-induced damage of material in bulk, thin film and liquid forms," Appl. Opt. 41, 3156-3166 (2002).

M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos and M. Staggs, "Application of fluorescence spectroscopy for noninvasive detection of surface contamination and precursors to laser-induced damage," Appl. Opt. 41, 1977-1980 (2002).

1999 (1)

M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 43-49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

H. Bercegol, "What is laser conditioning? A review focused on dielectric multilayers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. E. Chmel, "Fatigue laser-induced damage in transparent materials," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 49, 175-190 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Commandre and P. Roche, "Characterization of optical coatings by photothermal deflection," Appl. Opt. 35, 5012-5034 (1996).

1994 (1)

H. Fang and M. R. Perrone, "Numerical simulation of excimer laser with unstable resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2369-2375 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

Adams, J. J.

J. J. Adams, "Wavelength and pulselength dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in doubler-cut KH2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 540-553 (2006).

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Akhouayri, H.

Amer, N. M.

Amra, C.

André, M. L.

M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 43-49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Auerbach, J.

M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bercegol, H.

H. Bercegol, "What is laser conditioning? A review focused on dielectric multilayers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bertussi, B.

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).

J.-Y. Natoli and B. Bertussi, "Effect of multiple laser irradiations on silica at 1064 and 355 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1315-1317 (2005).

H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, "Effect of polishing process on silica surface laser-induced damage threshold at 355 nm," Opt. Commun. 242, 227-231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Bertussi, "Etude des mécanismes initiateurs de l'endommagement laser: vers une amélioration de la tenue au flux," Ph.D. dissertation (Paul Cezanne University, 2005).

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Boccara, A. C.

Boreman, G. D.

G. D. Boreman and R. T. Menzies, eds., Feature issue on "Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 42, 5929-6225 (2003).

Burnham, A. K.

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchick, R. L. Flyod, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).

M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Capoulade, J.

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Carr, C. W.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "System for evaluation of laser-induced performance of optical materials for large aperture laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3298-3301 (2004).
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J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).

H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
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Damiani, D.

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, and D. Plessis, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: correlation of non-destructive optical diagnostics at 351 nm with laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 540-551 (2005).
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M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

DeMange, P.

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Different precursor populations revealed by microscopic studies of bulk damage in DP and DKDP crystals," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 599-604 (2006).

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, "Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Opt. Lett. 30, 2766-2768 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "System for evaluation of laser-induced performance of optical materials for large aperture laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3298-3301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DeMange, P. P.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Demos, S. G.

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Different precursor populations revealed by microscopic studies of bulk damage in DP and DKDP crystals," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 599-604 (2006).

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, "Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Opt. Lett. 30, 2766-2768 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
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C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "System for evaluation of laser-induced performance of optical materials for large aperture laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3298-3301 (2004).
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S. G. Demos and M. Staggs, "Application of fluorescence spectroscopy for noninvasive detection of surface contamination and precursors to laser-induced damage," Appl. Opt. 41, 1977-1980 (2002).

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
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DeYoreo, J. J.

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
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Donohue, E. E.

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

Donval, T.

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
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Fang, H.

H. Fang and M. R. Perrone, "Numerical simulation of excimer laser with unstable resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2369-2375 (1994).
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Feit, M. D.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
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C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
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M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchick, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 74-82 (2004).
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A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchick, R. L. Flyod, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).

Flyod, R. L.

Fournier, D.

Gallais, L.

Guillet, F.

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).

Hackel, R. P.

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
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Hawley-Fedder, R. A.

Hollingswoth, W. G.

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

Jackson, W.

Kucheyev, S. O.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lamaignère, L.

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
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Lambert, S.

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).

Land, T. A.

Listiyo, K.

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

Loiseau, M.

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
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Luthi, R. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
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Mathis, H.

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Menzies, R. T.

G. D. Boreman and R. T. Menzies, eds., Feature issue on "Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy," Appl. Opt. 42, 5929-6225 (2003).

Natoli, J. Y.

Natoli, J.-Y.

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).

J.-Y. Natoli and B. Bertussi, "Effect of multiple laser irradiations on silica at 1064 and 355 nm," Opt. Lett. 30, 1315-1317 (2005).

H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Neeb, K.

M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
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Negres, R. A.

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Different precursor populations revealed by microscopic studies of bulk damage in DP and DKDP crystals," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 599-604 (2006).

R. A. Negres, P. DeMange, and S. G. Demos, "Investigation of laser annealing parameters for optimal laser-damage performance in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Opt. Lett. 30, 2766-2768 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Norton, M. A.

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

Nostrand, M. C.

M. Runkel and M. C. Nostrand, "An overview of raster-scanning for ICF-class laser optics," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 136-146 (2003).
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Perrone, M. R.

H. Fang and M. R. Perrone, "Numerical simulation of excimer laser with unstable resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2369-2375 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Piombini, H.

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, and D. Plessis, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: correlation of non-destructive optical diagnostics at 351 nm with laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 540-551 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Plessis, D.

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, and D. Plessis, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: correlation of non-destructive optical diagnostics at 351 nm with laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 540-551 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pommies, M.

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Pryatel, J. A.

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

Radousky, H. B.

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Different precursor populations revealed by microscopic studies of bulk damage in DP and DKDP crystals," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 599-604 (2006).

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "System for evaluation of laser-induced performance of optical materials for large aperture laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3298-3301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Roche, P.

M. Commandre and P. Roche, "Characterization of optical coatings by photothermal deflection," Appl. Opt. 35, 5012-5034 (1996).

Rubenchick, A. M.

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchick, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 74-82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchick, R. L. Flyod, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).

Rubenchik, A. M.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Runkel, M.

M. Runkel and M. C. Nostrand, "An overview of raster-scanning for ICF-class laser optics," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 136-146 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Burnham, M. Runkel, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchick, R. L. Flyod, T. A. Land, W. J. Siekhaus, and R. A. Hawley-Fedder, "Laser-induced damage in deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate," Appl. Opt. 42, 5483-5495 (2003).

M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sell, W. D.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shirk, M. D.

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siekhaus, W. J.

Spaeth, M. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Staggs, M.

M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Demos and M. Staggs, "Application of fluorescence spectroscopy for noninvasive detection of surface contamination and precursors to laser-induced damage," Appl. Opt. 41, 1977-1980 (2002).

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stanley, J. R.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stolz, C. J.

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

Surmin, A.

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).

Vickers, J. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weiland, T. L.

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (7)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. DeYoreo, and H. B. Radousky, "Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2367-2369 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Eng. Des. (1)

M. L. André, "The French MégaJoule Project (LMJ)," Fusion Eng. Des. 44, 43-49 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. Fang and M. R. Perrone, "Numerical simulation of excimer laser with unstable resonator," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2369-2375 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

A. E. Chmel, "Fatigue laser-induced damage in transparent materials," Mater. Sci. Eng. B 49, 175-190 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, H. Piombini, J.-Y. Natoli, and H. Mathis, "Detection and characterization of absorption heterogeneities in KH2PO4 crystals," Opt. Commun. (to be published).

B. Bertussi, J. Y. Natoli, and M. Commandre, "Effect of polishing process on silica surface laser-induced damage threshold at 355 nm," Opt. Commun. 242, 227-231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (16)

J.-Y. Natoli, J. Capoulade, B. Bertussi, M. Commandre, and H. Piombini, "Need to define a functional LIDT in multiple irradiation cases: examples of silica and KDP at 1064 nm and 355 nm," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 103-112 (2006).

A. Surmin, F. Guillet, S. Lambert, D. Damiani, and M. Pommies, "Structural study of large scale KDP crystals using high energy X-ray diffraction," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 592-598 (2006).

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, and D. Plessis, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: correlation of non-destructive optical diagnostics at 351 nm with laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 540-551 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Runkel and M. C. Nostrand, "An overview of raster-scanning for ICF-class laser optics," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4932, 136-146 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, "Wavelength and pulselength dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in doubler-cut KH2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 540-553 (2006).

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, and S. G. Demos, "Stoichiometric changes to KH2PO4 during laser-induced breakdown," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 306-312 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Piombini, D. Damiani, J.-Y. Natoli, B. Bertussi, and M. Commandre, "Highlighting of local inhomogeneity in excimer laser conditioning of KDP," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 279-289 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Runkel, K. Neeb, M. Staggs, J. Auerbach, and A. K. Burnham, "The results of raster-scan laser conditioning studies on DKDP triplers using Nd:YAG and excimer lasers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 4679, 368-383 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Damiani, H. Piombini, D. Plessis, T. Donval, L. Lamaignère, and M. Loiseau, "Excimer laser conditioning of KDP: influence of the laser parameters and crystal orientation on the laser damage threshold," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 290-298 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Bercegol, "What is laser conditioning? A review focused on dielectric multilayers," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 3578, 421-426 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. DeMange, R. A. Negres, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "Different precursor populations revealed by microscopic studies of bulk damage in DP and DKDP crystals," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 599-604 (2006).

M. D. Feit and A. M. Rubenchick, "Implications of nanoabsorber initiators for damage probability curves, pulselength scaling and laser conditioning," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5273, 74-82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Pommies, D. Damiani, B. Bertussi, J. Capoulade, J.-Y. Natoli, H. Piombini, and H. Mathis, "Non destructive optical characterization of KH2PO4 crystals heterogeneities and adapted excimer laser conditioning process," in Optical Fabrication, Testing and Metrology II, A. Duparré, R. Geyl, and L. Wang, eds., Proc. SPIE 5965, 509-517 (2006).

J. J. Adams, T. L. Weiland, J. R. Stanley, W. D. Sell, R. L. Luthi, J. L. Vickers, C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, M. L. Spaeth, and R. P. Hackel, "Pulse length dependence of laser conditioning and bulk damage in KD2PO4," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 265-278 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Norton, C. J. Stolz, E. E. Donohue, W. G. Hollingswoth, K. Listiyo, J. A. Pryatel, and R. P. Hackel, "Impact of contaminants on the laser damage threshold of 1ω coatings," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5991, 241-249 (2006).

C. W. Carr, M. D. Feit, A. M. Rubenchik, P. P. DeMange, S. O. Kucheyev, M. D. Shirk, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "The nature of emission from optical breakdown induced by pulses of fs and ns duration," in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, G. J. Exarhos, A. H. Guenther, K. L. Lewis, M. J. Soileau, and C. J. Stolz, eds., Proc. SPIE 5647, 494-500 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

P. DeMange, C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, "System for evaluation of laser-induced performance of optical materials for large aperture laser," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 3298-3301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

B. Bertussi, "Etude des mécanismes initiateurs de l'endommagement laser: vers une amélioration de la tenue au flux," Ph.D. dissertation (Paul Cezanne University, 2005).

Standard ISO 11254-1, "Determination of laser damage threshold of optical surfaces. Part 1: 1 on 1 test" (International Organization for Standardization, 2002).

Standard ISO 11254-2, "Determination of laser damage threshold of optical surfaces. Part 2: S on 1 test" (International Organization for Standardization, 2002).

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Figures (18)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SOCRATE bench for laser conditioning and nondestructive characterization of optical components.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of the pulse profiles for the stable and unstable resonator configurations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output profile with the unstable resonator optics.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical beam profile in the sample plane (off-axis unstable resonator).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Beam profile in the (a) X and (b) Y directions in the sample plane (off-axis unstable resonator).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Detection of damage during a laser shot: (a) before shot, (b) during shot at 21 J / cm 2 , (c) after shot.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measurement of the light scattered by defects present in the material.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Front surface luminescence measurement.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optical absorption measurement by photothermal deflection.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Detection of scattering defects with the SOCRATE facility. (a) Photograph of the KDP front face. (b) Scattering map of the sample.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Detection of surface contaminants by luminescence measurement.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Detection of absorbing heterogeneities by photothermal measurement.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Highlighting of the defect orientation in the material from photothermal measurements: (a) absorption map of the front surface, (b) x-ray diffraction of the square zone, (c) absorption map of the rear surface.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Spectrum of a KDP for a laser fluence of 30 J∕cm2.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Raman spectra of a KDP sample: (a) measurement at 351 and 353 nm with the SOCRATE facility, (b) measurement at 532 nm with a confocal system (CEA∕DEN).

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Correlation between luminescence and laser-induced damage. (a) Front face luminescence. (b) Local surface LIDT measurement.

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Evolution of the optical absorption of the material during laser conditioning: (a) before laser irradiation (map at 5   J / cm 2 ), (b) after laser irradiation of the two bands (map at 10 J / cm 2 ).

Fig. 18
Fig. 18

Comparison of damage probability before and after laser conditioning.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Beam Characterization versus the Configuration of the Excimer Laser

Tables Icon

Table 2 Characteristics of the Three-Dimensional Translation Stages for the Sample Positioning

Metrics