Abstract

We present a shaper scheme that fully controls the spectral phase, amplitude, and polarization of femtosecond laser pulses. In particular, it enables independent manipulation over the major axis orientation and the axis ratio of the polarization ellipse. This is accomplished by integrating a 4f-shaper setup in both arms of a Mach–Zehnder interferometer and rotating the polarization by 90° in one of the arms before overlaying the beams. The generated pulses are resolved in a simple and intuitive detection scheme.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. C. Weinacht, B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, "Coherent control using adaptive learning algorithms," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2001).
  2. A. M. Weiner and Z. Zheng, "Coherent control of second harmonic generation using spectrally phase coded femtosecond waveforms," Chem. Phys. 267, 161-171 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. A. Shapiro, M. Spanner, and M. Ivanov, "Coherent control of rotational wave-packet dynamics via fractional revivals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093001 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Quantum control of the angular momentum distribution in multiphoton absorption processes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, "Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses," Science 292, 709-713 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, N. Dudovich, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 063816 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. L. Polachek, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Full control of the spectral polarization of ultrashort pulses ," Opt. Lett. 31, 631-633 (2006).
  13. T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, "Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I2 molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
    [PubMed]
  14. T. Brixner and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 26, 557-559 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, "Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, 133-144 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. J. Walecki, D. N. Fittinghoff, A. L. Smirl, and R. Trebino, "Characterization of the polarization state of weak ultrashort coherent signals by dual-channel spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 22, 81-83 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. R. Trebino, "Measuring the ultrafast polarization dynamics: POLLIWOG," in Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Springer, 2002), pp. 375-389.
  18. G. E. Jellison, Jr., and D. H. Lowndes, "Time-resolved ellipsometry measurements of the optical properties of silicon during pulsed excimer laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 718-721 (1985).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

L. Polachek, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Full control of the spectral polarization of ultrashort pulses ," Opt. Lett. 31, 631-633 (2006).

2005 (1)

D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, N. Dudovich, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 063816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, "Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I2 molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[PubMed]

E. A. Shapiro, M. Spanner, and M. Ivanov, "Coherent control of rotational wave-packet dynamics via fractional revivals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Quantum control of the angular momentum distribution in multiphoton absorption processes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, "Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, 133-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 26, 557-559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, "Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses," Science 292, 709-713 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Weinacht, B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, "Coherent control using adaptive learning algorithms," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2001).

A. M. Weiner and Z. Zheng, "Coherent control of second harmonic generation using spectrally phase coded femtosecond waveforms," Chem. Phys. 267, 161-171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Walecki, D. N. Fittinghoff, A. L. Smirl, and R. Trebino, "Characterization of the polarization state of weak ultrashort coherent signals by dual-channel spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 22, 81-83 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

G. E. Jellison, Jr., and D. H. Lowndes, "Time-resolved ellipsometry measurements of the optical properties of silicon during pulsed excimer laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 718-721 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bardeen, C. J.

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, R.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumert, T.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, "Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, 133-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 26, 557-559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

T. C. Weinacht, B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, "Coherent control using adaptive learning algorithms," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2001).

Carpenter, S. D.

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dudovich, N.

D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, N. Dudovich, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 063816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Quantum control of the angular momentum distribution in multiphoton absorption processes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, "Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, 133-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Brixner and G. Gerber, "Femtosecond polarization pulse shaping," Opt. Lett. 26, 557-559 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graefe, O.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horn, C.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.

E. A. Shapiro, M. Spanner, and M. Ivanov, "Coherent control of rotational wave-packet dynamics via fractional revivals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jellison, G. E.

G. E. Jellison, Jr., and D. H. Lowndes, "Time-resolved ellipsometry measurements of the optical properties of silicon during pulsed excimer laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 718-721 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Kanai, T.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, "Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I2 molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[PubMed]

Kapteyn, H. C.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiefer, B.

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krampert, G.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, "Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, 133-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Levis, R. J.

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, "Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses," Science 292, 709-713 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liese, D.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lowndes, D. H.

G. E. Jellison, Jr., and D. H. Lowndes, "Time-resolved ellipsometry measurements of the optical properties of silicon during pulsed excimer laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 718-721 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Menkir, G. M.

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, "Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses," Science 292, 709-713 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Minemoto, S.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, "Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I2 molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[PubMed]

Misoguti, L.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niklaus, P.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, "Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, 133-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

L. Polachek, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Full control of the spectral polarization of ultrashort pulses ," Opt. Lett. 31, 631-633 (2006).

D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, N. Dudovich, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 063816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Quantum control of the angular momentum distribution in multiphoton absorption processes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pearson, B. J.

T. C. Weinacht, B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, "Coherent control using adaptive learning algorithms," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2001).

Pfeifer, T.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polachek, L.

L. Polachek, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Full control of the spectral polarization of ultrashort pulses ," Opt. Lett. 31, 631-633 (2006).

Rabitz, H.

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, "Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses," Science 292, 709-713 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakai, H.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, "Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I2 molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[PubMed]

Selle, R.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seyfried, V.

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, E. A.

E. A. Shapiro, M. Spanner, and M. Ivanov, "Coherent control of rotational wave-packet dynamics via fractional revivals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

L. Polachek, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Full control of the spectral polarization of ultrashort pulses ," Opt. Lett. 31, 631-633 (2006).

D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, N. Dudovich, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 063816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Quantum control of the angular momentum distribution in multiphoton absorption processes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smirl, A. L.

Spanner, M.

E. A. Shapiro, M. Spanner, and M. Ivanov, "Coherent control of rotational wave-packet dynamics via fractional revivals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strehle, M.

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, "Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I2 molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[PubMed]

Trebino, R.

W. J. Walecki, D. N. Fittinghoff, A. L. Smirl, and R. Trebino, "Characterization of the polarization state of weak ultrashort coherent signals by dual-channel spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 22, 81-83 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Trebino, "Measuring the ultrafast polarization dynamics: POLLIWOG," in Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Springer, 2002), pp. 375-389.

Vdovin, G.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villeneuve, D. M.

D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, N. Dudovich, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 063816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walecki, W. J.

Warren, W. S.

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weber, P. M.

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T. C.

T. C. Weinacht, B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, "Coherent control using adaptive learning algorithms," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2001).

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner and Z. Zheng, "Coherent control of second harmonic generation using spectrally phase coded femtosecond waveforms," Chem. Phys. 267, 161-171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

White, J. L.

T. C. Weinacht, B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, "Coherent control using adaptive learning algorithms," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2001).

Wilson, K. R.

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wollenhaupt, M.

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. V.

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, E.

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, Z.

A. M. Weiner and Z. Zheng, "Coherent control of second harmonic generation using spectrally phase coded femtosecond waveforms," Chem. Phys. 267, 161-171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, "Generation and characterization of polarization-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74, 133-144 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. E. Jellison, Jr., and D. H. Lowndes, "Time-resolved ellipsometry measurements of the optical properties of silicon during pulsed excimer laser irradiation," Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 718-721 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

A. M. Weiner and Z. Zheng, "Coherent control of second harmonic generation using spectrally phase coded femtosecond waveforms," Chem. Phys. 267, 161-171 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

K. R. Wilson, S. D. Carpenter, P. M. Weber, C. J. Bardeen, V. V. Yakovlev, and W. S. Warren, "Feedback quantum control of molecular electronic population transfer," Chem. Phys. Lett. 280, 151-158 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Full control of the spectral polarization of ultrashort pulses (1)

L. Polachek, D. Oron, and Y. Silberberg, "Full control of the spectral polarization of ultrashort pulses ," Opt. Lett. 31, 631-633 (2006).

Nature (1)

E. Zeek, L. Misoguti, G. Vdovin, I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, R. Bartels, S. Backus, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Shaped-pulse optimization of coherent emission of high-harmonic soft X-rays," Nature 406, 164-166 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

D. Oron, Y. Silberberg, N. Dudovich, and D. M. Villeneuve, "Efficient polarization gating of high-order harmonic generation by polarization-shaped ultrashort pulses," Phys. Rev. A 72, 063816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Weinacht, B. J. Pearson, J. L. White, and P. H. Bucksbaum, "Coherent control using adaptive learning algorithms," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063412 (2001).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

T. Brixner, G. Krampert, T. Pfeifer, R. Selle, G. Gerber, M. Wollenhaupt, O. Graefe, C. Horn, D. Liese, and T. Baumert, "Quantum control by ultrafast polarization shaping," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 208301 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Shapiro, M. Spanner, and M. Ivanov, "Coherent control of rotational wave-packet dynamics via fractional revivals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093001 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Quantum control of the angular momentum distribution in multiphoton absorption processes," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 103003 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Oron, N. Dudovich, and Y. Silberberg, "Femtosecond phase-and-polarization control for background-free coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 213902 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Suzuki, S. Minemoto, T. Kanai, and H. Sakai, "Optimal control of multiphoton ionization processes in aligned I2 molecules with time-dependent polarization pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 133005 (2004).
[PubMed]

Science (2)

M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, G. Gerber, A. Assion, and T. Baumert, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919-922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Levis, G. M. Menkir, and H. Rabitz, "Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses," Science 292, 709-713 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. Trebino, "Measuring the ultrafast polarization dynamics: POLLIWOG," in Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses (Springer, 2002), pp. 375-389.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Parallel shaper configuration. The pulses are first split by the beam splitter and then hit the grating at the same spot, but at different incidence angles. The spectral components of the pulses travel parallel to each other through the shaper and then they enter the second grating. Afterwards, the polarization of one of the components is rotated by a λ / 2 wave plate by 90° and passes through a delay stage. Both pulses are spatially and temporally overlapped by a polarization beam splitter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) Relative phase stability shown on the SFG signal. The light polarization from the parallel shaper was rotated by 45° and overlapped spatially and temporally in a nonlinear crystal. The intensity of the resulting sum-frequency signal was measured.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a) Theoretical and (b) experimental scans of the major axis orientation at a few constant ratios. The outgoing beam is passing through a 45° oriented polarizer and afterwards the intensity is recorded by a powermeter for the experimental curve and calculated for the theoretical. Different curves correspond to diverse axis ratios.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) Theoretical and experimental scans of the axis ratio of the polarization ellipse. The outgoing beam is passing through a 45° oriented polarizer and afterwards the intensity is calculated or measured. The different curves correspond to diverse orientations of the polarization ellipse.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) Polarization-sensitive SFG cross correlation. The shaped pulse polarization is first rotated by a wave plate, then the S-polarization component is extracted by a polarizer. Afterwards, the beam is focused and overlapped spatially in a β-barium borate (BBO) crystal with the reference beam that experiences an adjustable delay. The resulting SFG is recorded by a photomultiplier or a spectrometer as a function of reference pulse delay.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Example pulses. (a) Linear pulse with polarization orientation set to 0°. Retrieved intensity, polarization orientation (γ∕deg), and axis ratio (r) for this cross correlation are plotted as a function of the delay of the reference pulse. (b) Linear pulse with polarization orientation set to 60°. (c) Elliptical pulse with axis ratio set to 0.5 and orientation to 45°. (d) Circularly polarized pulse.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) Pulse structure where the orientation of the polarization changes in time from −30° to 30° while the axis ratio remains on the same level.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P = ( 1 0 )   and   S = ( 0 1 )
E = E P ( ϕ a P , ϕ b P ) P + E S ( ϕ a S , ϕ b S ) S
= E 0 [ cos   1 2 ( ϕ a P ϕ b P ) exp ( i 2 ( ϕ a P + ϕ b P ) ) cos   1 2 ( ϕ a S ϕ b S ) exp ( i 2 ( ϕ a S + ϕ b S ) ) ] ,
( x   cos ( γ ) + y   sin ( γ ) ) 2 a 2 + ( x   cos ( γ ) y   sin ( γ ) ) 2 b 2 = 1.
1 sin 2 ( ϵ ) [ [ E x E 0 x ] 2 + [ E y E 0 y ] 2 2 E x E 0 x E y E 0 y cos ( ϵ ) ] = 1 ,
T P = 1 2 I I 0 [ 1 ( r 2 1 ) cos ( 2 γ ) 2 ( r 2 + 1 ) ] ,
T S = 1 2 I I 0 [ 1 + ( r 2 1 ) cos ( 2 γ ) 2 ( r 2 + 1 ) ] ,
ϵ = ± sin ( 2 γ ) | sin ( 2 γ ) | × arccos [ r 2 1 1 + r 4 + r 2 ( cot 2 ( γ ) + tan 2 ( γ ) ) ] 1 / 2 .
P ( I , r , γ , θ ) = 1 2 I [ 1 r 2 1 r 2 + 1 cos ( 2 ( γ θ ) ) ] .
I SFG ( I ( t ) , r ( t ) , γ ( t ) , α ) = 1 2 I ( t ) [ 1 r ( t ) 2 1 r ( t ) 2 + 1 × cos ( 2 ( γ ( t ) 2 α ) ) ] .

Metrics