Abstract

Linear astigmatism of a confocal off-axis reflective imaging system when the object plane is tilted and located at a finite distance from the imaging system is derived. We show that linear astigmatism can be eliminated by proper configuration of the parent mirror axes in confocal off-axis two-mirror systems. The tilt angle of the image plane is also derived. The developed theory is verified by ray-tracing analysis of an example system.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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