Abstract

The detectors used in the cryogenic limb-emission sounder MIPAS-B2 (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding) show a nonlinear response, which leads to radiometric errors in the calibrated spectra if the nonlinearity is not taken into account. In the case of emission measurements, the dominant error that arises from the nonlinearity is the changing detector responsivity as the incident photon load changes. The effect of the distortion of a single interferogram can be neglected. A method to characterize the variable responsivity and to correct for this effect is proposed. Furthermore, a detailed error estimation is presented.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2004 (2)

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

1987 (1)

F. Szmulowicz and F. L. Madarsz, "Blocked impurity band detectors--an analytic model: figures of merit," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2533-2540 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1984 (1)

Abrams, M. C.

Best, F. A.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bodeker, G. E.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Bronstein, I. N.

I. N. Bronstein and K. A. Semendjajew, Taschenbuch der Mathematik, 5th ed. (Harri Deutsch, 1991).

Camy-Peyret, C.

Chase, D. B.

Ciganovich, N. C.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dedecker, R. G.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dirkx, T. P.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ellington, S. C.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feltz, W. F.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, H.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Friedl-Vallon, F.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, R. K.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guelachvili, G.

Hawat, T.

Howell, H. B.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jeseck, P.

Kanzawa, H.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Keim, C.

Kleinert, A.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Knuteson, R. O.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kouker, W.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lachance, R. L.

R. L. Lachance and L. Rochette, "Non-linearity correction of FTIR instruments," presented at the Fifth Workshop of Infrared Emission Measurements by FTIR, Québec City, Canada, 9-11 February 2000.

Lengel, A.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Madarsz, F. L.

F. Szmulowicz and F. L. Madarsz, "Blocked impurity band detectors--an analytic model: figures of merit," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2533-2540 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Maucher, G.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, H.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Nordmeyer, H.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oelhaf, H.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Payan, S.

Petroff, M. D.

M. D. Petroff and M. G. Stapelbroek, "Blocked impurity band detectors," U.S. patent 4,568,960 (4 February 1986).

Reddmann, Th.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Revercomb, H. E.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, L.

R. L. Lachance and L. Rochette, "Non-linearity correction of FTIR instruments," presented at the Fifth Workshop of Infrared Emission Measurements by FTIR, Québec City, Canada, 9-11 February 2000.

Ruhnke, R.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schindler, R. A.

Seefeldner, M.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Semendjajew, K. A.

I. N. Bronstein and K. A. Semendjajew, Taschenbuch der Mathematik, 5th ed. (Harri Deutsch, 1991).

Short, J. F.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stapelbroek, M. G.

M. D. Petroff and M. G. Stapelbroek, "Blocked impurity band detectors," U.S. patent 4,568,960 (4 February 1986).

Stowasser, M.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Sugita, T.

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Szmulowicz, F.

F. Szmulowicz and F. L. Madarsz, "Blocked impurity band detectors--an analytic model: figures of merit," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2533-2540 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tobin, D. C.

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Toon, G. C.

Trieschmann, O.

F. Friedl-Vallon, G. Maucher, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, C. Keim, H. Oelhaf, H. Fischer, M. Seefeldner, and O. Trieschmann, "Design and characterization of the balloonborne Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS-B2)," Appl. Opt. 43, 3335-3355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

von Clarmann, T.

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wetzel, G.

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

Geophys. Res. Lett. (1)

M. Stowasser, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, A. Kleinert, G. Wetzel, F. Friedl-Vallon, W. Kouker, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, Th. Reddmann, and H. Fischer, "The variation of shortlived NOy species around sunrise at mid-latitudes as measured by MIPAS-B and calculated by KASIMA," Geophys. Res. Lett. 30, 1432-1436, 10.1029/2002GL016727 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Szmulowicz and F. L. Madarsz, "Blocked impurity band detectors--an analytic model: figures of merit," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2533-2540 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. (1)

R. O. Knuteson, H. E. Revercomb, F. A. Best, N. C. Ciganovich, R. G. Dedecker, T. P. Dirkx, S. C. Ellington, W. F. Feltz, R. K. Garcia, H. B. Howell, W. L. Smith, J. F. Short, and D. C. Tobin, "Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI). II. Instrument performance," J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol. 21, 1777-1789 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

G. Wetzel, H. Oelhaf, R. Ruhnke, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, W. Kouker, G. Maucher, Th. Reddmann, M. Seefeldner, M. Stowasser, O. Trieschmann, T. von Clarmann, and H. Fischer, "NOy partitioning and budget and its correlation with N2O in the Arctic vortex and in summer mid-latitudes in 1997," J. Geophys. Res. 107(D16), 4280-4290, 10.1029/2001JD000916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

I. N. Bronstein and K. A. Semendjajew, Taschenbuch der Mathematik, 5th ed. (Harri Deutsch, 1991).

H. Kanzawa, T. Sugita, H. Nakajima, G. E. Bodeker, H. Oelhaf, M. Stowasser, G. Wetzel, A. Engel, U. Schmidt, I. Levin, G. C. Toon, B. Sen, J.-F. Blavier, S. Aoki, T. Nakazawa, K. W. Jucks, D. G. Johnson, W. A. Traub, C. Camy-Peyret, S. Payan, P. Jeseck, I. Murata, H. Fukunishi, M. von Koenig, H. Bremer, H. Kuellmann, J. H. Park, L. L. Pan, T. Yokota, M. Suzuki, M. Shiotani, and Y. Sasano, "Validation and data characteristics of nitrous oxide and methane profiles observed by the Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer (ILAS) and processed with the version 5.20 algorithm," J. Geophys. Res. 108(D16), 8003-8038, 10.1029/2002JD002458 (2003).

H. Oelhaf, F. Friedl-Vallon, A. Kleinert, A. Lengel, G. Maucher, H. Nordmeyer, G. Wetzel, G. Zhang, and H. Fischer, "ENVISAT validation with MIPAS-B," in Proceedings of the Envisat Validation Workshop, H. Sawaya-Lacoste, ed., ESA SP-531 (European Space Agency, 2003), http://envisat.esa.int/pub/ESAlowbarDOC/envisatlowbarvallowbar1202/proceedings/ACV/balloon/02lowbaroelhaf.pdf.

M. D. Petroff and M. G. Stapelbroek, "Blocked impurity band detectors," U.S. patent 4,568,960 (4 February 1986).

R. L. Lachance and L. Rochette, "Non-linearity correction of FTIR instruments," presented at the Fifth Workshop of Infrared Emission Measurements by FTIR, Québec City, Canada, 9-11 February 2000.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum of channel 1 with nonlinearity artifacts. The measured spectrum is shown by the darker curve; the corrected one, by the lighter curve. The cubic artifact is enlarged in the inset. In the corrected spectrum the quadratic artifact below 250 cm−1 and the cubic artifact have disappeared. The residual artifact from 1500 to 2000 cm−1 in the corrected spectrum is due to double passing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured and simulated spectra of channel 1 to estimate the influence of a fourth-order artifact. In the simulation the artifact is slightly stronger than in the measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Influence of the detector temperature on the calculated responsivity changes. The filled symbols represent measurements during flight; the open symbols refer to laboratory measurements. In channel 1, only one measurement during flight was available.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the calibrated lid blackbody spectrum and the corresponding Planck function for T = 277 K in (a) channel 1 and (b) channel 2. When the nonlinearity (nl) correction is applied, the result is very close to the Planck function. Without the nonlinearity correction the calibrated blackbody spectra deviate from the Planck function by 12–16%. In the lower parts of the figures the relative differences between the calibrated blackbody spectra and the Planck function are shown with and without correction.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Relative Responsivities during Flight 10

Tables Icon

Table 2 Error Estimation of the Nonlinearity Correction (%)

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

IFG IFG lin + a 2 × IFG lin 2 + a 3 × IFG lin 3 .
S S lin + a 2 × S lin S lin + a 3 × S lin S lin S lin .
U ( U lin ) = U 0 + ( U lin U 0 ) + a 2 × ( U lin U 0 ) 2 + a 3 × ( U lin U 0 ) 3 ,
R = d U d U lin = 1 + 2 a 2 × ( U lin U 0 ) + 3 a 3 × ( U lin U 0 ) 2 .
Δ R = R ( U min ) R ( U max ) R ( U max ) .

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