Abstract

We report the operation of an optical in-well-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser. The laser delivers 1 W at 855 nm and is pumped with a cost-effective fiber-coupled laser diode emitting at 806 nm. The laser modal gain is examined and ways of optimizing the system are investigated and discussed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. J. Alford, Th. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, "High power and good beam quality at 980 nm from a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 663-666 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).
  7. C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, "Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 2 29, L2127-L2129 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. A. Chang, J. R. Chen, H. C. Kuo, Y. K. Kuo, and S. C. Wang, "Theoretical and experimental analysis on InAlGaAs/AlGaAs active region of 850-nm vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 536-643 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).
  13. S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).
  15. M. Schmid, "VECSELs: an attractive new source in the near-IR," Photonics Spectra 38, 58-64 (2004).
  16. M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.
  17. K. J. Knopp, D. H. Christensen, and J. R. Hill, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with low-ripple optical pumping windows," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 366-371 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. J. Bohn and J. G. McInerey, "Resonant optical pumping of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers," Opt. Commun. 117, 111-115 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Holm, "Vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers," Ph.D. thesis (University of Strathclyde, 2001).
  20. Z. L. Liau, "Semiconductor wafer bonding via liquid capillarity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651-653 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. McGinily and E. Riis, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, U.K., are preparing a manuscript to be called, "Optically pumped 850 nm VECSEL based on InAlGaAs material."
  22. A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. H. Abram, K. S. Gardner, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, "Narrow linewidth operation of a tunable optically pumped semiconductor laser," Opt. Express 12, 5434-5439 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford U. Press, 1991).
  25. M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  26. M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

R. H. Abram, K. S. Gardner, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, "Narrow linewidth operation of a tunable optically pumped semiconductor laser," Opt. Express 12, 5434-5439 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schmid, "VECSELs: an attractive new source in the near-IR," Photonics Spectra 38, 58-64 (2004).

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

W. J. Alford, Th. D. Raymond, and A. A. Allerman, "High power and good beam quality at 980 nm from a vertical external-cavity surface-emitting laser," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 663-666 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. L. Liau, "Semiconductor wafer bonding via liquid capillarity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651-653 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K. J. Knopp, D. H. Christensen, and J. R. Hill, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with low-ripple optical pumping windows," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 366-371 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. J. Bohn and J. G. McInerey, "Resonant optical pumping of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers," Opt. Commun. 117, 111-115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

1990 (2)

C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, "Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 2 29, L2127-L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Abram, R.

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Abram, R. H.

Alford, W. J.

Allerman, A. A.

Anderson, W. R.

C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Aschwanden, A.

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Benchabane, S.

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beyertt, S.-S.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Bohn, M. J.

M. J. Bohn and J. G. McInerey, "Resonant optical pumping of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers," Opt. Commun. 117, 111-115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, C. C.

C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brauch, U.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Brennan, T. M.

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Brueck, S. R. J.

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, S.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Caprara, A.

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Celotta, R. J.

C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. A.

Charles, J.

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. R.

Chilla, J.

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Christensen, D. H.

K. J. Knopp, D. H. Christensen, and J. R. Hill, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with low-ripple optical pumping windows," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 366-371 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Corzine, S. W.

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

Dalibard, J.

C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, M. D.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).

Dohler, G. H.

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Ferguson, A. I.

R. H. Abram, K. S. Gardner, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, "Narrow linewidth operation of a tunable optically pumped semiconductor laser," Opt. Express 12, 5434-5439 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gardner, K. S.

Giesen, A.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Gini, E.

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guellati, S.

C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Haering, R.

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hakimi, F.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hammons, B. E.

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hastie, J. E.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).

Hill, J. R.

K. J. Knopp, D. H. Christensen, and J. R. Hill, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with low-ripple optical pumping windows," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 366-371 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Holm, M.

M. Holm, "Vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers," Ph.D. thesis (University of Strathclyde, 2001).

Holm, M. A.

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, J. M.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hugel, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

Jeon, C. W.

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karnutsch, C.

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Keller, U.

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kemp, A. J.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).

Knopp, K. J.

K. J. Knopp, D. H. Christensen, and J. R. Hill, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with low-ripple optical pumping windows," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 366-371 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krysa, A. B.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).

Kubler, T.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H. C.

Kuo, Y. K.

Kurosu, T.

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, "Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 2 29, L2127-L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, M.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liau, Z. L.

Z. L. Liau, "Semiconductor wafer bonding via liquid capillarity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651-653 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Linder, N.

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Luft, J.

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

McClelland, J. J.

C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

McGinily, S.

S. McGinily and E. Riis, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, U.K., are preparing a manuscript to be called, "Optically pumped 850 nm VECSEL based on InAlGaAs material."

McInerey, J. G.

M. J. Bohn and J. G. McInerey, "Resonant optical pumping of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers," Opt. Commun. 117, 111-115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

McInerney, J. G.

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Mooradian, A.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Morier-Genoud, F.

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morton, L. G.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).

Muller, M. I.

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Opower, H.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

Osinski, M.

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, W. D.

C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Raja, M. Y. A.

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Raymond, Th. D.

Reed, M.

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Riis, E.

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Abram, K. S. Gardner, E. Riis, and A. I. Ferguson, "Narrow linewidth operation of a tunable optically pumped semiconductor laser," Opt. Express 12, 5434-5439 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. McGinily and E. Riis, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, U.K., are preparing a manuscript to be called, "Optically pumped 850 nm VECSEL based on InAlGaAs material."

Roberts, J. S.

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).

Salomon, C.

C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schaus, C. F.

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schmid, M.

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Schmid, "VECSELs: an attractive new source in the near-IR," Photonics Spectra 38, 58-64 (2004).

Schmid, W.

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Shimizu, F.

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, "Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 2 29, L2127-L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. A.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Spinelli, L.

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sprague, R.

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

St. Butterworth,

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Streubel, K.

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

Torabi-Goudarzi, F.

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trankle, G.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Valentine, G. J.

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Voss, A.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

Wang, S. C.

Wenzel, H.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Weyers, M.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wittig, K.

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford U. Press, 1991).

Zeitschel, A.

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zorn, M.

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Giesen, H. Hugel, A. Voss, K. Wittig, U. Brauch, and H. Opower, "Scalable concept for diode-pumped high-power solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. B 58, 365-372 (1994).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. L. Liau, "Semiconductor wafer bonding via liquid capillarity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 651-653 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Schmid, S. Benchabane, F. Torabi-Goudarzi, R. Abram, A. I. Ferguson, and E. Riis, "Optical in-well pumping of a vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 4860-4862 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

C. Salomon, J. Dalibard, W. D. Phillips, A. Clairon, and S. Guellati, "Laser cooling of cesium atoms below 3-mu-K," Europhys. Lett. 12, 683-688 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

R. Haering, R. Paschotta, A. Aschwanden, E. Gini, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, "High-power passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1268-1275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S.-S. Beyertt, M. Zorn, T. Kubler, H. Wenzel, M. Weyers, A. Giesen, G. Trankle, and U. Brauch, "Optical in-well pumping of a semiconductor disk laser with high optical efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1439-1449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Kemp, G. J. Valentine, J. M. Hopkins, J. E. Hastie, S. A. Smith, S. Calvez, M. D. Dawson, and D. Burns, "Thermal management in vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting lasers: finite-element analysis of a heatspreader approach," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 148-155 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. A. Raja, S. R. J. Brueck, M. Osinski, C. F. Schaus, J. G. McInerney, T. M. Brennan, and B. E. Hammons, "Resonant periodic gain surface-emitting semiconductor-lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1500-1512 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Kuznetsov, F. Hakimi, R. Sprague, and A. Mooradian, "Design and characteristics of high power (0.5-W CW) diode-pumped vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers with circular TEM00 beams," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 561-573 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Knopp, D. H. Christensen, and J. R. Hill, "Vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with low-ripple optical pumping windows," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 366-371 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. A. Holm, D. Burns, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "Actively stabilized single-frequency vertical-external-cavity AlGaAs laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1551-1553 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Hastie, J. M. Hopkins, S. Calvez, C. W. Jeon, D. Burns, R. Abram, E. Riis, A. I. Ferguson, and M. D. Dawson, "0.5-W single transverse-mode operation of an 850-nm diode-pumped surface-emitting semiconductor laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 894-896 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Kurosu and F. Shimizu, "Laser cooling and trapping of calcium and strontium," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , Part 2 29, L2127-L2129 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. J. Bohn and J. G. McInerey, "Resonant optical pumping of vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers," Opt. Commun. 117, 111-115 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Photonics Spectra (1)

M. Schmid, "VECSELs: an attractive new source in the near-IR," Photonics Spectra 38, 58-64 (2004).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. C. Bradley, J. J. McClelland, W. R. Anderson, and R. J. Celotta, "Magneto-optical trapping of chromium atoms," Phys. Rev. A 61, 053407 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Chilla, St. Butterworth, A. Zeitschel, J. Charles, A. Caprara, M. Reed, and L. Spinelli, "High power optically pumped semiconductor lasers," in Solid State Lasers XIII: Technology and Devices, R. Scheps and H. J. Hoffman, eds., Proc. SPIE 5332, 143-150 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (6)

J. E. Hastie, L. G. Morton, A. J. Kemp, M. D. Dawson, A. B. Krysa, and J. S. Roberts, "Tunable ultraviolet output from an intracavity frequency-doubled red vertical-external-cavity surface-emitting laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 061114 (2006).

L. A. Coldren and S. W. Corzine, Diode Lasers and Photonic Integrated Circuits (Wiley, 1995).

M. I. Muller, C. Karnutsch, J. Luft, W. Schmid, K. Streubel, N. Linder, S.-S. Beyertt, U. Brauch, A. Giesen, and G. H. Dohler, "Optically pumped vertical-external-cavity semiconductor thin disk laser with cw operation at 660 nm," in Proceedings of the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors (IOP, 2002), Vol. 174, pp. 427-430.

M. Holm, "Vertical external cavity surface emitting lasers," Ph.D. thesis (University of Strathclyde, 2001).

S. McGinily and E. Riis, Department of Physics, University of Strathclyde, 107 Rottenrow, Glasgow G4 0NG, U.K., are preparing a manuscript to be called, "Optically pumped 850 nm VECSEL based on InAlGaAs material."

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications (Oxford U. Press, 1991).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

VECSEL structure. A highly reflecting Bragg mirror and a strain-compensated gain region are grown on a GaAs substrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured reflectance (right ordinate) and photoluminescence emission spectra (left ordinate) of the VECSEL sample at room temperature with normal incidence. The sample is excited by an 806   nm pump source.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL excitation spectrum. The peak fluorescence at around 840   nm is shown as a function of the excitation wavelength. The angle of incidence is near 0° for the square symbols and 45° for the triangular symbols, respectively. The operating temperature was 20   ° C .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optimum pump angle as a function of pump wavelength. The optimum pump angle was taken to be that which resulted in the highest PL intensity at the 840   nm maximum. The operating temperature was 20 °C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser output power versus pump power at a pump angle of 27° and a laser temperature of 15   ° C with (upper curve with square symbols) and without (bottom curve with triangular symbols) retroreflection. The pump wavelength was fixed at 806   nm by changing the pump cooling temperature at different powers. Inset, VECSEL spectrum at maximum pump power and no recycling. The structure in the spectrum is due to the diamond heat spreader acting like an etalon.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Laser output power versus absorbed pump power for the laser with (square symbols) and without (triangular symbols) pump retroreflection. The slope efficiencies for the laser without and with pump recycling are 6% and 10 .6% , respectively.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output power versus output coupling without pump retroreflection. The fitted curve (see text) indicates a gain of 10 .4% and an internal loss of 3 .1% in the cavity.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Gain dependence of the VECSEL with (square symbols fitted with a solid curve) and without (triangular symbols fitted with a dashed curve) pump retroreflection.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Calculated values of the enhancement factors ( Γ cav and Γ RPG ) as a function of wavelength for both normal incidence (dashed curve) and at an angle of 27° (solid curve).

Metrics