## Abstract

A synthetic model for the scattering phase function is used to develop simple algebraic equations, valid for any water type, for evaluating the ratio of the backscattering to absorption coefficients of spatially uniform, very deep waters with data from upward and downward planar irradiances and the remotely sensed reflectance.
The phase function is a variable combination of a forward-directed Dirac delta function plus isotropic scattering, which is an elementary model for strongly forward scattering such as that encountered in oceanic optics applications. The incident illumination at the surface is taken to be diffuse plus a collimated beam. The algorithms are compared with other analytic correlations that were previously derived from extensive numerical simulations, and they are also numerically tested with forward problem results computed with a modified *F*
_{N} method.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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